APPEARANCE - Head, in general
outline, giving a square appearance when viewed from
any point. Breadth greatly desired; in ratio
to length of whole head and face as 2/3. Body
massive, broad, deep, long, powerfully built, on legs
wide apart and squarely set. Muscles sharply
defined. Size a great desideratum, if combined
with quality. Height and substance important
if both points are proportionately combined.
- Large, massive, powerful, symmetrical, well-knit
frame. A combination of grandeur and courage.
- Calm, affectionate to owners, but capable of guarding.
AND SKULL - Skull broad between ears, forehead
flat, but wrinkled when attention is excited.
Brows (superciliary ridges) slightly raised.
Muscles of temples and cheeks (temporal and masseter)
well developed. Arch across skull of a rounded,
flattened curve, with depression up centre of forehead
from median line between eyes, to halfway up sagittal
suture. Face or muzzle short, broad under eyes,
and keeping nearly parallel in width to end of nose;
Truncated, i.e. blunt and cut off squarely, thus forming
a right-angle with upper line of face, of great depth
from point of nose to under jaw. Under jaw broad
to end. Nose broad, with widely spreading nostrils
when viewed from front, flat (not pointed or turned
up) in profile. Lips diverging at obtuse angles
with septum and slightly pendulous so as to show a
square profile. Length of muzzle to whole head
and face as 1:3. Circumference of muzzle (measured
mid-way between eyes and nose) to that of head (measured
before the ears) as 3:5.
- Small, wide apart, divided by at least space of
two eyes. Stop between eyes well marked but
not too abrupt. Colour hazel brown, darker the
better, showing no haw.
- Small, thin to touch, wide apart, set on at highest
points of sides of skull, so as to continue outline
across summit, and lying flat and close to cheeks
when in repose.
- Canine teeth healthy; powerful and wide apart; incisors
level, or lower projecting beyond upper but never
so much as to become visible when mouth is closed.
- Slightly arched, moderately long, very muscular,
and measuring in circumference about 2.5 - 5 cms (1
- 2 ins) less than skull before ears.
- Shoulder and arm slightly sloping, heavy and muscular.
Legs straight, strong and set wide apart; bones being
large. Elbows square. Pasterns upright.
- Chest wide, deep and well let down between forelegs.
Ribs arched and well rounded. False ribs deep
and well set back to hips. Girth one-third more
than height at shoulder. Back and loins wide
and muscular; flat and very wide in bitch, slightly
arched in dog. Great depth of flanks.
- Broad, wide and muscular, with well-developed second
thighs, hocks bent, wide apart, and quite squarely
set when standing or walking.
- Large and round. Toes well arched. Nails
- Set on high, and reaching to hocks, or a little
below them, wide at its root and tapering to end,
hanging straight in repose, but forming a curve with
end pointing upwards, but not over back, when dog
- Powerful, easy extension.
- Short and close-lying, but not too fine over shoulders,
neck and back.
- Apricot-fawn, silver-fawn, fawn, or dark fawn-brindle.
In any case, muzzle, ears and nose should be black
with black around the orbits, and extending upwards
- Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which
the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion
to its degree.
- Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into the scrotum.
Utility Group A.N.K.C.
© January 1998