Contact Public Affairs
October 8, 2005
of Irish Workers' Party and Official Irish Republican Army
Arrested in United Kingdom on U.S. Indictment
Charging Trafficking in Counterfeit United States Currency
Washington, D.C. - United States Attorney Kenneth
L. Wainstein and Special Agent in Charge James B. Burch, United States
Secret Service, Washington Field Office, announced today that Irish
Workers' Party leader Sean Garland, 71, was arrested late Friday,
October 7, 2005, in Northern Ireland on a provisional arrest warrant
requested by the United States, based on charges pending in the District
of Columbia that Garland operated a years-long scheme to obtain, transport,
sell, and pass as genuine, highly deceptive counterfeit $100 United
States Federal Reserve Notes (FRNs), sometimes referred to as "Supernotes."
Garland, of Dublin, Republic of Ireland, was charged together with
six other conspirators in an Indictment returned by a Federal Grand
Jury in the District of Columbia on May 19, 2005; the Indictment was
unsealed upon Garland's arrest.
In announcing the arrest and Indictment, which is the result an extensive
U.S. Secret Service investigation, U.S. Attorney Wainstein stated,
"The worldwide trafficking in counterfeit currency provides a
source of illegal revenue for criminal organizations around the globe.
This prosecution is a significant step in our effort to disrupt that
trade and cripple those organizations."
"This arrest is one of the most significant related to the 16-year
long investigation into the distribution of this family of highly
deceptive counterfeit U.S. currency notes," said Special Agent
in Charge Burch. "It is the result of the strong partnerships
the Secret Service, as an agency of the Department of Homeland Security,
has built with law enforcement agencies worldwide."
The Indictment identifies Garland as Chief of Staff of the Official
Irish Republican Army (OIRA), with which the Workers' Party was associated,
and as Managing Director of a firm called GKG Communications International,
Ltd. (GKG Comms). According to the Indictment, the highly deceptive
notes which began to appear in worldwide circulation in or
about 1989 were manufactured in the Democratic People's Republic
of Korea (North Korea) and under auspices of the government and transported
worldwide by North Korean individuals acting as ostensible government
officials. The Indictment alleges that this family of counterfeit
notes began appearing in Ireland during the early 1990s, and that
in the late 1990s after the United States re-designed the $100
FRNs to add additional security features correspondingly re-designed
"Supernotes" began to appear. The re-designed currency was
commonly referred to as "big heads" because of the increased
size of the portrait it depicted.
The Indictment describes the efforts of Garland and certain of his
associates, between December 1997 and July 2000, to obtain quantities
of the counterfeit notes from North Korean sources and to transport,
and to either pass as genuine or resell, the Supernotes in the United
Kingdom and elsewhere. According to the Indictment, Garland used his
official capacities with the Workers' Party and GKG Comms as ostensibly
legitimate vehicles for traveling, communicating and meeting with
persons, including North Koreans, engaged in transporting and selling
"Supernotes," and arranging the purchase, transportation,
and resale of Supernotes in quantities up to $1 million. The Indictment
also alleges that, as a security measure, Garland falsely let other
conspirators believe the source of the highly deceptive notes was
Garland's codefendants, also charged in the Indictment, are Christopher
John Corcoran, 57, of Dublin, Ireland; David Levin, also known as
David Batikovitch Batikian, 39, of Birmingham and London, United Kingdom;
Hugh Todd, 68, of South Africa; and Terence "Terry" Silcock,
50, Mark Adderley, 47, and Alan Jones, 48, of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
All the codefendants remain outside the United States. U.S. Attorney
Wainstein stated that the United States will be seeking the codefendants'
arrests, and the extradition of all the defendants to the United States
to stand trial on the charges.
The one-count Indictment charges all seven defendants with a violation
of the federal conspiracy statute, Title 18, United States Code, Section
371, and two federal counterfeiting statutes, Title 18, United States
Code, Sections 470 (Counterfeiting Acts Outside the United States)
and 473 (Counterfeiting) that prohibit the extraterritorial acts of
possessing and trafficking in counterfeit United States currency.
Upon conviction, the defendants face imprisonment for not more than
five (5) years and a fine of $250,000 or both.
In announcing Garland's arrest and the Indictment's unsealing, U.S.
Attorney Wainstein and Special Agent in Charge Burch praised the dedicated
efforts of the many United States Secret Service agents and other
personnel, including agents and officials with the United States Department
of Treasury, who worked tirelessly for many years to bring this case
to Indictment. They also expressed deep appreciation for the outstanding,
and continuing, contributions of foreign law enforcement authorities,
most notably the United Kingdom's National Crime Squad which had investigated
the Birmingham- and London-based activities of the defendants, and
the Police Service of Northern Ireland, which made important contributions
to the investigation and effected the arrest of the lead defendant,
Sean Garland. U.S. Attorney Wainstein noted, "the Garland investigation
is a fine example of the international cooperation among law enforcement
personnel that is critical to success in such major transnational
cases." He also commended the contributions of the Justice Department's
Office of International Affairs. The case is being prosecuted by Assistant
United States Attorneys Laura A. Ingersoll and Brenda J. Johnson,
of the National Security Section of the United States Attorney's Office.