The Cicero Homepage


Cicero Texts

Texts provided by Chris Mitchell, Emanuele Narducci, Lukacs Varga, and various contributors to the Wiretap archive (see invididual texts for attributions).

De Amicitia
Pro Archia
In Catilinam I
In Catilinam II
In Catilinam III
In Catilinam IV
In Verrem, actio prima
Pro Ligario
Pro Marcello
Brutus

Selections from the Rhetorica on genres of oratory (English).


Cicero Chronology

All dates are B.C. Chronology of writing and publication of some of Cicero's works is uncertain.
106
Cicero born at Arpinum
104
Brother Quintus born
90
Cicero's military service in the Social War
81
Pro P. Quinctio
80
Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino
79
Cicero travels to Athens and Rhodes to continue education (returns in 77)
77
Cicero marries Terentia (?)
Pro Q. Roscio Comoedo (?)
75
Cicero quaestor in Sicily
70
Divinatio in Caecilium
In Verrem
69
Cicero aedile
Pro A. Caecina
Pro M. Fonteio
Pro M. Tullio
66
Cicero praetor
Pro Cluentio
Pro Lege Manilia
65
Son Marcus born
63
Cicero consul
In Catilinam
Pro Murena
Pro C. Rabirio perduellionis
De Lege Agraria
62
Cicero testifies against Clodius in the Bona Dea trial
Pro Archia
Pro Sulla
59
Pro Flacco
58
Cicero exiled (goes to northern Greece)
57
Cicero recalled from exile
De Domo Sua
Post Reditum ad Quirites
Post Reditum ad Senatum
56
Pro Balbo
Pro Caelio
Pro Sestio
In Vatinium
De Haruspicum Responsis
De Provinciis Consularibus
55
De Oratore
In Pisonem
54
Pro Plancio
Pro C. Rabirio Postumo
53
Tiro freed
52
Pro Milone
51
Cicero proconsul of Cilicia (until middle of following year)
De Republica
De Legibus
47
Cicero divorces Terentia
46
Cicero marries and divorces Publilia
Brutus
De Optimo Genere Oratorum
Orator
Paradoxa Stoicorum
Pro Ligario
Pro Marcello
45
Tullia dies
Academica
De Finibus
Disputationes Tusculanae
Pro Rege Deiotaro
44
Topica
De Senectute
De Amicitia
De Divinatione
De Officiis
Philippicae
43
Cicero (and Quintus) proscribed and killed
Philippicae


Cicero Bibliography

Special thanks to Bob Cape and Chris Craig who supplied most of the following listing. This should be regarded as an on-going project. Please mail in any suggestions you may have. We are in particular need of help for bibliography on the philosophical writings. Some of the more common journal titles are abbreviated.

Database searches

  • Do a TOCS-IN search for "Cicero" in the tables of contents of recent periodicals.
  • Do a search for "Cicero" in back issues of the Bryn Mawr Classical Review.

    Books:

  • E. Ciaceri, Cicerone e i suoi tempi. 2nd ed. 2 vols. (Genova, Roma, Napoli 1939-1941).
  • C.J. Classen, Recht - Rhetorik - Politik (Darmstadt 1985).
  • C.P. Craig, Form as Argument in Cicero's Speeches: A Study of Dilemma. American Classical Studies, 31 (Atlanta 1993).
  • V. Cucheval, Cicéron orateur, Analyse et critique des discours de Cicéron. 2 vols. (Paris 1901-1902).
  • G.A. Kennedy, The Art of Rhetoric in the Roman World: 300 B.C.-A.D. 300 (Princeton 1972).
  • L. Laurand, Etudes sur le style des discours de Ciceron, 3 vol. (Paris 1928).
  • W. Ludwig (ed.), Éloquence et Rhétorique chez Cicéron, Entretiens sur l'Antiquité Classique, vol. 28 (Vandoeuvres-Genève 1982).
  • J. M. May, Trials of Character (Chapel Hill 1988).
  • E. Narducci, Modelli etici e società: Un' idea di Cicerone (Pisa 1989).
  • -----, Introduzione a Cicerone (Roma/Bari 1992).
  • -----, Gli orizzonti dell'eloquenza: Retorica e progetto culturale in Cicerone (forthcoming).
  • Chr. Neumeister, Grundsätze der forensischen Rhetorik gezeigt an Gerichtsreden Ciceros. Langue et parole, Sprach- und Literaturstrukturelle Studien, 3. (Munich 1964).
  • W. Stroh, Taxis und Taktik (Stuttgart 1975).
  • A. Vasaly, Representations: Images of the World in Ciceronian Oratory (Berkeley 1993).
  • F. Wieacker, Cicero als Advokat (Berlin 1965).
  • N. Wood, Cicero's Social and Political Thought (Berkeley 1988).

    Oratory and Rhetoric:

  • J. Axer, "Tribunal-Stage-Arena: Modelling of the Communication Situation in Cicero's Judicial Speeches," Rhetorica 7.4 (1989) 299-311.
  • C.J. Classen, "Ciceros Kunst der Uberredung," pp. 149-84 in W. Ludwig (ed.), Eloquence et Rhetorique chez Ciceron (1982).
  • C.P. Craig, "The Accusator as Amicus: An Original Roman Tactic of Ethiclal Argumentation," TAPA 111 (1981) 31-7.
  • -----, "The Structural Pedigree of Cicero's Speeches Pro Archia, Pro Milone and Pro Quinctio," CP 80(1985) 136-37.
  • U. Heibges, "Religion and Rhetoric in Cicero's Speeches," Latomus 28.4 (1969) 833-849.
  • A. Leen, "Cicero and the Rhetoric of Art," AJP 112 (1991) 229-245.
  • J.M. May, "The Rhetoric of Advocacy and Patron-Client Identification. Variations on a Theme," AJP 102 (1981) 308-315.
  • R. Preiswerk, De inventione orationum Ciceronianarum (diss. Basel 1905).
  • A.M. Riggsby, "Appropriation and Reversal as a Basis for Oratorical Proof," CP 90 (1995) 245-56.
  • F. Rohde, Cicero, quae de Inventione praecepit, quatenus secutus sit in orationibus generis iudicialis (diss. Regimonti Borussorum 1903).

    Philosophy and Religion:

  • U. Heibges, "Cicero, A Hypocrite in Religion?" AJP 90 (1969) 304-312.
  • M. Beard, "Cicero and Divination: the Formation of a Latin Discourse," JRS 76 (1986) 33-46.

    Life and Reputation:

  • A. Afzelius, "Zwei Episoden aus dem Leben Ciceros," Classica et Medievalia 5 (1942) 209-17.
  • H. J. Mette, "Der junge Anwalt Cicero," Gymnasium 72 (1965) 10-27.
  • A.M. Riggsby, "Pliny on Cicero and Oratory: Self-Fashioning in the Public Eye," AJP 116 (1995) 123-35.
  • M. N. Winkler, "Juvenal's Attitude Toward Ciceronian Poetry and Rhetoric," RhM 131 (1988) 84-97.

    Publication:

  • W. C. McDermott, "Cicero's Publication of His Consular Orations," Philologus 116 (1972) 277-84.
  • B. A. Marshall, "Excepta Oratio, The Other Pro Milone and the Question of Shorthand," Latomus 46 (1987) 730-36.
  • C. Saunders, "The Consular Speeches of Cicero," CW 10 (1917) 153-56.

    De Oratore:

  • E. Fantham, E., "Ciceronian Conciliare and Aristotelian Ethos," Phoenix 27 (1973) 262-75.
  • W. W. Fortenbaugh,"Benevolentiam conciliare and animos permovere: Some remarks on Cicero's De Oratore 2.178-216," Rhetorica 6 (1988) 259-73.
  • -----, "Cicero's Knowledge of the Rhetorical Treatises of Aristotle and Theophrastus," In Cicero's Knowledge of the Peripatos, edited by W. W. Fortenbaugh and P. Steinmetz, 39-60. Rutgers University Studies in Classical Humanities, 4 (New Brunswick 19 89).
  • G. Grube, "Educational, Rhetorical and Literary Theory in Cicero," Phoenix 16 (1962) 234-57.
  • J. Hall, "Persuasive Design in Cicero's De Oratore," Phoenix 48 (1994) 210-25.
  • T. Janson, Latin Prose Prefaces: Studies in Literary Conventions (Stockholm, Göteborg, Uppsala 1964).
  • W. Kroll, "Studien Über Ciceros Schrift De Oratore,"RhM 58 (1903) 552-97.
  • A. D. Leeman and H. Pinkster. M. Tullius Cicero, De Oratore Libri III, Kommentar. Vol. 1 (Heidelberg 1981) on I.1-165.
  • A. D. Leeman, H. Pinkster, and H. L. W. Nelson. M. Tullius Cicero, De Oratore Libri III, Kommentar. Vol. 2 (Heidelberg 1985) on 1.166-265; 2.1-98.
  • A. D. Leeman, H. Pinkster, and E. Rabbie. M. Tullius Cicero, De Oratore Libri III, Kommentar. Vol. 3 (Heidelberg 1989) on 2.99-290.
  • P. MacKendrick, The Philosphical Books of Cicero (London 1989).
  • E. Rawson, "Lucius Crassus and Cicero: The Formation of a Statesman," Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 17 (1971) 75-88.
  • E. Schuetrumpf, "Platonic Elements in the Structure of Cicero's De Oratore Book One," Rhetorica 6 (1988) 237-58.
  • F. Solmsen, "Aristotle and Cicero on the Orator's Playing upon the Feelings," CP 33 (1938) 390-404. reprinted in Kleine Schriften II (Hildesheim 1968) 216-230.

    Disputationes Tusculanae:

  • S.A. White, "Cicero and the Therapists," pp. 219-46 of J.G.F. Powell, ed., Cicero the Philosopher: Twelve Papers (Oxford 1995).

    De Amicitia:

  • E. W. Leach, "Absence and Desire in Cicero's De Amicitia," CW 87 (1993) 3-???.

    De Republica:

  • W. Suerbaum, "Studienbibliographie zu Ciceros De re publica," Gymnasium 85 (1978) 59-88.
  • J. E. G. Zetzel, ed. Cicero: De Re Publica, Selections (Cambridge 1995).

    Letters:

  • R. Degl'Innocenti Pierini (ed., trans., notes), Tullio Cicerone, Lettere dall'esilio (Firenze:Casa Editrice Le Lettere 1996).

    Fragmentary Speeches:

  • J. W. Crawford, ed. M. Tullius Cicero: The Fragmentary Speeches, 2nd ed. (Atlanta 1994).

    Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino:

  • A. Afzelius, "Zwei Episoden aus dem Leben Ciceros," Classica et Medievalia 5 (1942) 209-17.
  • V. Buchheit, "Chrysogonus als Tyrann in Ciceros Rede für Roscius aus Ameria," Chiron 5 (1975) 193-211.
  • -----, "Ciceros Kritik an Sulla in der Rede für Roscius aus Ameria," Historia 24 (1975) 570-91.
  • A. R. Crittenden, ed. Cicero: Oration for Sextus Roscius Amerinus (Boston, New York, Philadelphia 1904).
  • E. H. Donkin, ed. M. Tullii Ciceronis pro Sexto Roscio Amerino oratio ad Iudices. 2nd ed. (London 1955); reprint of the 1916 edition.
  • W. G. Gossrau, ed. M. Tullii Ciceronis pro Sexto Roscio Amerino Oratio. (Quedlinburgi 1853).
  • R. Heinze, "Ciceros politische Anfänge," pp. 87-140 In Vom Geist des Römertums. 3rd ed., edited by E. Burck, (Darmstadt 1960 [1909]).
  • A. A. Imholz, "Gladiatorial Metaphors in Cicero's Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino," CW 65 (1972) 228-30.
  • T. Kinsey, "A Dilemma in the Pro Roscio Amerino," Mnemosyne 19 (1966) 270-1.
  • -----, "The Dates of the Pro Roscio Amerino and Pro Quinctio," Mnemosyne 20 (1967) 61-7.
  • -----, "Cicero, Pro Roscio Amerino, 125," Mnemosyne 21 (1968) 290-2.
  • -----, "Cicero's Speech of Roscius of Ameria," SO 50 (1975) 91-104.
  • -----, "Cicero's Case against Magnus, Capito, and Chrosogonus in the Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino and its Use for the Historian," AntCl 49 (1980) 173-90.
  • -----, "A Problem in the Pro Roscio Amerino," Eranos 79 (1981) 149-50.
  • -----, "The Political Insignificance of Cicero's Pro Roscio," LCM 7 (1982) 39-40.
  • -----, "The Case against Sextus Roscius of Ameria," AntCl 54 (1985) 188-96.
  • -----, "The Partitio of Cicero's Pro Roscio Amerino," Mnemosyne 38 (1985) 387-8.
  • -----, "Criminal Courts at Rome under the Sullan Regime," Hermes 115 (1987) 502.
  • -----, "Cicero, Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino, 2," Latomus 46 (1987) 847.
  • -----, "The Lacuna in Cicero's Pro Rexto Roscio Amerino," RBPh 66 (1988) 78-9.
  • -----, "The Sale of the Property of Roscius of Ameria. How Illegal was it?," AC 57 (1988) 296-7.
  • G. Landgraf, ed. Kommentar zu Ciceros Rede Pro Sex. Roscio Amerino. 2nd ed. (Berlin 1914).
  • E. Lincke, "Zur Beweisführung Ciceros in der Rede für Sextus Roscius aus Ameria," Commentationes Fleckeisenianae 1 (1890) 187-98.
  • H. Nohl, ed. Ciceros Rede für den Sex. Roscius aus Ameria. 2nd ed. (Leipzig 1897).
  • E. Osenbrüggen, ed. Cicero's [sic] Rede für Sextus Roscius aus Ameria (Braunschweig 1844).
  • F. Richter and A. Fleckeisen, eds. Ciceros Rede für Sex. Roscius. 4th ed. (Leipzig and Berlin 1906), rev. G. Ammon.
  • W. B. Sedgwick, "Cicero's Conduct of the Case Pro Roscio," CR 48 (1934) 13.
  • F. Solmsen, "Cicero's First Speeches: A Rhetorical Analysis," TAPA 69 (1938) 542-556.
  • S. Stock, ed. Cicero Pro Sexto Roscio Amerino. 2nd ed. (Oxford 1901).
  • A. Vasaly, "The Masks of Rhetoric: Cicero's Pro Roscio Amerino," Rhetorica 3 (1985) 1-20.

    Divinatio in Caecilium:

  • E. Badian, "Three Non-Trials in Cicero: Notes on the Text, Prosopography and Chronology of Divinatio in Caecilium 63," Klio 66 (1984) 291-309.
  • C. P. Craig, "Dilemma in Cicero's Divinatio in Caecilium," AJP 106 (1985) 442-46.
  • Q. Fabbri, "Q. Cecilio e la Divinatio," Historia: studi storici per l'antichità classica 6 (1932) 292-96.
  • K. Hachtmann, ed. M.T. Ciceronis Divinatio in Caecilium. Gotha: Bibliotheca Gothana, 1891.
  • W. E. Heitland and H. Cowie, eds. M.T. Ciceronis in Q. Caecilium Divinatio et in C. Verrem Actio Prima, 2nd ed. (Cambridge 1900).
  • W. Sternkopf, "Gedankengang und Gliederung der `Divinatio in Caecilium'," Gymnasium Dortmund Jahresbericht (1904-1905) 4-17. reprinted in B. Kytzler, ed., Ciceros literarische Leistung, Wege der Forschung vol. 240 (Darmstadt 1973) 267-299.
  • É. Thomas, ed. Cicéron, Verrines: Divinatio in Q. Caecilium et Actionis Secundae Libri IV et V, De Signis et De Suppliciis. Paris: Hachette, 1894.
  • L. A. Thompson, L. A., "The Relationship between Provincial Quaestors and their Commanders-in-Chief," Historia 11 (1962) 339-55.

    Pro Q. Roscio Comoedo:

  • J. Axer, ed., Oratio pro Q. Roscio Comoedo (Leipzig 1976).
  • -----, The Style and Composition of Cicero's Speech Pro Roscio Comoedo, Origin and Function = Studia Antiqua, 3. (Warsaw 1980).
  • T. Giaro, "La 'pro Roscio' interpretata," Index: Quaderni comerti di studi romanistici 12 (1983-1984) 566-69.

    Pro Cluentio:

  • F. Charpin, "A propos de Pro Cluentio I,1," in Ciceroniana: Homages a Kazimierz Kumaniecki, edited by A. Michel and R. Verdière (Leiden 1975).
  • C. J. Classen, "Cicero, Pro Cluentio 1-11 im Licht der rhetorischen Theorie und Praxis," RhM 108 (1965) 104-42.
  • ----- . "Die Anklage gegen A. Cluentius Habitus," ZSS 89 (1972) 1-17.
  • J. F. Davies, "Cicero's Speech for A. Cluentius Habitus," Hermathena 2 (1876) 387-422.
  • G. Dörries, "Ciceros Rede für Cluentius," (diss. Münster 1957).
  • J. Granrud, "Was Cicero Successful in the Art Oratorical?" CJ 8 (1913) 234-43.
  • H. Grose Hodge, ed. Murder at Larinum, Being the Narrative Portions of Cicero's Speech "Pro Cluentio" (Cambridge 1927).
  • G. Hoenigswald, "The Murder Charges in Cicero's Pro Cluentio," TAPA 93 (1962) 109-23.
  • J. Humbert, "Comment Cicéron mystifia les juges de Cluentius," REL 16 (1938) 275-96.
  • J. T. Kirby, The Rhetoric of Cicero's Pro Cluentio = London Studies in CP 23 (Amsterdam 1990).
  • W. Kroll, "Ciceros Rede für Cluentius," Neue Jahrbücher für das klassische Altertum 53 (1924) 174-84.
  • T. Maslowski, "On the Margin of Cicero, Pro Cluentio 169 and 170," AJP 103 (1982) 325-31.
  • P. Moreau, "Structures de parenté et d'alliance à Larinum d'après le Pro Cluentio," In Les Bourgeoisies municipales italiennes aux IIe et Ier siècles av. J.C, edited by M. Cébeillac-Gervasoni (Paris 1983).
  • W. Peterson, "Cicero, Pro Cluentio," CR 12 (1898) 294-96.
  • G. Pugliese, "Aspetti giuridici della pro Cluentio di Cicerone," Iura 21 (1970) 155-81.
  • ----- ed. L'orazione per Aulo Cluenzio Abito (Milan 1972).
  • J. Stöcklein, "De iudicio Iuniano," In Commentationes Philologicae, 196-201 (Munich 1891). NUC #NBO612448.

    Pro Lege Manilia:

  • P. Rose, "Cicero and the Rhetoric of Imperialism: Putting the Politics Back into Political Rhetoric," Rhetorica 13.4 (1995) 359-399.

    Pro Murena:

  • C. Craig, "Cato's Stoicism and the Understanding of Cicero's Speech for Murena," TAPA 116 (1986) 229-239.
  • J. D'Arms, "Pro Murena 16 and Cicero's Use of Historical Exempla," Phoenix 26 (1972) 82-4.
  • T. Kinsey, "Cicero, Pro Murena, 71," RBPh 43 (1965) 57-9.
  • A.D. Leeman, "The Technique of Persuasion in Cicero's Pro Murena," in Eloquence et rhétorique chez Cicéron (Vandoeuvres-Geneva 1982) 193-228.
  • P. Moreau, "Ciceron, Clodius, et la publication du Pro Murena," REL 58 (1980) 220-37.

    De Lege Agraria:

  • A. Vasaly, "Ars dispositionis: Cicero's Second Agrarian Speech," Hermes 116 (1988) 409-27.

    Pro C. Rabirio Postumo:

  • W.B. Tyrrell, "The Trial of C. Rabirius in 63 B.C.," Latomus 32 (1973) 285-300.

    In Catilinam:

  • Walter Allen Jr., "In Defense of Catiline," CJ 34 (1938-1939) 70-85.
  • W.W. Batstone, "Cicero's Construction of Consular Ethos in the First Catilinarian," TAPA 124 (1994) 211-266.
  • R. W. Cape, "The Rhetoric of Politics in Cicero's Fourth Catilinarian," AJP 116 (1995) 255-77.
  • C. P. Craig, "Three Simple Questions for Teaching Cicero's First Catilinarian," CJ 88 (1993) 255-67.
  • T. Crane, "Times of the Night in Cicero's First Catilinarian," CJ 61 (1965-1966) 264-67.
  • H. Draheim, "Die ursprunglische Form der katilinarischen Reden Ciceros," Wochenschrift für Klassische Philologie 1917 (1917) 1061-72.
  • H. Fuchs, "Eine Dopplefassung in Ciceros Catilinarischen Reden," Hermes 87 (1959) 463-69.
  • G. Goulet, "Introduction à la première Catilinaire," Les Études Classiques (1932) 438-41.
  • E. S. Gruen, "Notes on the First Catilinarian Conspiracy," CP 64 (1969) 20-24.
  • E. G. Hardy, "A Catilinarian Date," JRS 6 (1916) 56-58.
  • -----, "The Catilinarian Conspiracy in Its Context: A Re-Study of the Evidence," JRS 7 (1917) 153-228.
  • L. Havas, "Crassus et `La Première Conjuration de Catilina'," Acta Classica Universitatis Scientiarum Debrecenensis 6 (1970) 35-43.
  • -----, "Die Catilinarische Bewegung unter dem Gesichtspunkt der Sogenannten Popularen- und Optimatenpolitik," Acta Classica Universitatis Scientiarum Debrecenensis 13 (1977) 11-21.
  • T. Rice Holmes, "Three Catilinarian Dates," JRS 8 (1918) 15-25.
  • C. John, "Die Enstehungsgeschichte der Catilinarischen Verschwörung. Ein Beitrag zur Kritik der Sallustius," Jahrbuch für klassische Philologie 8 (1875-1876) 701-819.
  • -----, "Der Tag der ersten Rede Ciceros gegen Catilina," Philologus 46 (1888) 650-65.
  • Charles Knapp, "Studies in the Catilinarian Orations," CW 13 (1920) 193-96, 201-4.
  • D. Konstan, "Rhetoric and the Crisis of Legitimacy in Cicero's Catilinarian Orations," pp. 11-30 in Rethinking the History of Rhetoric: Multidisciplinary Essays on the Rhetorical Tradition, edited by T. Poulakos (Boulder 1993).
  • A. LaPenna, "L'Interpretazione Sallustiana della Congiura di Catilina," Studi italiani di filologia classica 31 (1959) 1-64, 127-68.
  • M.C. Leff, "Redemptive Identification: Cicero's Catilinarian Orations," pp. 158-77 in Explorations in Rhetorical Criticism, G.P. Mohrmann et al., Eds. (Penn. State Univ. Press 1973); reprinted in Critical Questions, W. L. Nothstine et al., eds. (New Y ork 1994) 323-42.
  • D.A. March, "Cicero and the Gang of Five," CW 82 (1989) 225-234.
  • C. Loutsch, "L'exorde dit ex abrupto de la première Catilinaire de Cicéron," REL 68 (1990) 31-49.
  • W. C. McDermott, "Cicero's Publication of His Consular Orations," Philologus 116 (1972) 277-84.
  • E. J. Phillips, "Catiline's Conspiracy," Historia 25 (1976) 441-48.
  • F. H. Potter, "The Date of Cicero's First Oration against Catiline," CJ 21 (1925-1926) 164-76.
  • A. Primmer, "Historisches und Oratorisches zur ersten Catilinaria," Gymnasium 84 (1977) 18-38.
  • M. P. Procacci, "La questione giuridica nel processo di Catilina," Atene e Roma 2 9 (1928) 254-64.
  • A. Rabe, "Die Senatssitzung am 8 November des Jahres 63 v. Chr. und die Entstehung der ersten catilinarischen Rede Ciceros," Klio 5 (1929) 74-87.
  • R. Seager, "The First Catilinarian Conspiracy," Historia 13 (1964) 338-47.
  • -----, "Iusta Catilinae," Historia 22 (1973) 240-48.
  • O. Seel, "Catilina," Der Altsprachliche Unterricht 1 (1951) 5-35.
  • W. Stroh, "Über Absicht und Ablauf von Ciceros ersten Catilinarie," Die Alten Sprachen in Unterrricht 29, no. 1 (1982) 7-15.
  • -----, "Ciceros erste Rede gegen Catilina," Mitteilungen des Deutsches Altphilologen-Verbandes, Landesverband Niedersachsen 36, no. 1 (1985) 2-15.
  • J. von Ungern-Sternberg, "Ciceros erst Catilinarische Rede und Diodor XL 5a," Gymnasium 78 (1971) 47-54.
  • K. H. Waters, "Cicero, Sallust and Catiline," Historia 19 (1970) 195-215.
  • Z. Yavits, "The Failure of Catiline's Conspiracy," Historia 12 (1963) 485-99.

    Pro Archia:

  • S.P. Haley, "Archias, Theophanes, and Cicero: The Politics of the Pro Archia," Classical Bulletin 59 (1983) 1-4.

    Orationes Post Reditum:

  • E. Gabba, "Cicerone e la Falsificazione dei Senatoconsulti," Studi Classici e Orientali 10 (1961) 89-96.
  • R. G. M. Nisbet, ed. M. Tulli Ciceronis De Domo Sua ad Pontifices Oratio (Oxford 1939 [repr. 1979]).
  • A. Robinson, "Cicero's References to His Banishment," CW 87.6 (1994) 475-480.
  • W. J. Tatum, "The Lex Papiria de Dedicationibus," CP 88 (1993) 319-28.

    Pro Sulla:

  • E. Gabba, "Cicerone e la Falsificazione dei Senatoconsulti," Studi Classici e Orientali 10 (1961) 89-96.
  • J. T. Ramsey, "Cicero, pro Sulla 68 and Catiline's Candidacy in 66 BC," HSCP 86 (1982) 121-131.

    Pro Sestio:

  • P. Boyance, "Cum Dignitate Otium," Revue des Études Antiques 43 (1941) 172-91.
  • E. Evrard, "Le Pro Sestio de Cicéron: un leurre," pp. 223-34 of Filologia e forme letterarie (Festschrift della Corte), vol. 2 (Urbino 1987).
  • W.K. Lacey, "Cicero, Pro Sestio 96-143," CQ n.s. 12 (1962) 67-71.
  • C. Wirszubski, "Cicero's cum Dignitate Otium: a Reconsideration," JRS 44 (1954) 1-13.

    Pro Milone:

  • J. Axer, "Le Forum Romanum dans le plaidoyer de Cicéron 'Pro Milone'," pp. 31-36 in Travaux du Centre d'Archéologie Méditerranéenne del'Académie Polonaise des Sciences 30 (1989); Études et Travaux XV.
  • A. C. Clark, ed. M. Tulli Ciceronis pro T. Annio Milone ad iudices oratio (Oxford 1895 [reprint Amsterdam 1967]).
  • M.E. Clark and J.S. Ruebel, "Philosophy and Rhetoric in Cicero's Pro Milone," RhM 128 (1985) 57-72.
  • F. Donnelly, Cicero's Milo: A Rhetorical Commentary (New York 1935).
  • B. A. Marshall, "Excepta Oratio, The Other Pro Milone and the Question of Shorthand," Latomus 46 (1987) 730-36.
  • J. M. May, "The Ethica Digressio and Cicero's Pro Milone: A Progression of Intensity from Logos to Ethos to Pathos," CJ 74 (1979) 240-46.
  • J. Ruebel, "The Trial of Milo in 52 B.C.: A Chronological Study," TAPA 109 (1979) 231-49.
  • A. Scaillet, "Cicéron, Pro Milone: La théorie oratoire appliquée à l'exorde et à la narration," Les Études Classiques 59 (1991) 345-47.
  • J. N. Settle, "The Trial of Milo and the Other Pro MIlone," TAPA 94 (1963) 268-80.
  • A. M. Stone, "Pro Milone, Cicero's Second Thoughts," Antichthon 14 (1980) 88-111.
  • E. Vereeke, "Le rythme binaire et terniare dans l'argumentation. Cicéron, Pro Milone, 1-31," Les Études Classiques 59 (1991) 171-78.

    Pro Caelio:

  • R. G. Austin, ed. M. Tulli Ciceronis Pro M. Caelio Oratio, 3rd ed. (Oxford 1960).
  • E. Ciaceri, "Il processo di M. Celio Rufo e l'arringa di Cicerone," Atti della Reale Accademia di Archeologia, Lettere e Belle Arti, Napoli, n.s. 11 (1929-1930) 1-24.
  • C. J. Classen, "Ciceros Rede für Caelius," ANRW I.3 (1973) 60-94.
  • C.P. Craig, "Reason, Resonance, and Dilemma in Cicero's Speech for Caelius," Rhetorica 7 (1989) 313-328.
  • T. A. Dorey, "Cicero, Clodia, and the Pro Caelio," G+R 5 (1958) 175-80.
  • H. Drexler, "Zu Ciceros Rede pro Caelio," Nachrichten von der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, Philologisch-Historisches Klasse 1944 (1944) 1-32.
  • M. J.-C.Dumont, "Cicéron et le théàtre," pp. 424-30 in Actes du IXe Congrès de l'Association Guillaume Budé, Rome 13-18 avril, 1973 (Paris 1975).
  • W. G. Englert, ed. Cicero, Pro Caelio (Bryn Mawr 1990).
  • K.A. Geffcken, Comedy in the Pro Caelio = Mnemosyne Suppl. 18 (Leiden 1973).
  • H.C. Gotoff, "Cicero's Analysis of the Prosecution Speeches in the Pro Caelio: An Exercise in Practical Criticism," CP 81 (1980) 122-132.
  • R. Heinze, "Ciceros Rede pro Caelio," Hermes 60 (1925) 193-258.
  • J. Linderski, "Ciceros Rede Pro Caelio und die Ambitus- und Vereinsgezetsgebung der ausgehenden Republik," Hermes 89 (1961) 106-19.
  • F. Lovera, "Questioni riguardanti il processo de vi di M. Celio Rufo e l'orazione di Cicerone," Il Mondo Classico 6 (1936) 167-78.
  • G. Pacitti, "Cicerone al processo di M. Celio Rufo," pp. 67-79 in Atti I Congresso Internazionale di Studi Ciceroniani, vol. 2 (Roma 1961).
  • E.S. Ramage, "Clodia in Cicero's Pro Caelio," pp. 201-11 in Classical Texts and Their Traditions: Studies in Honor of C. R. Trahman, ed. D.R. Bright and E.S. Ramage (Chico 1984).
  • R. Reizenstein, "Ciceros Rede für Caelius," Nachrichten von der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, Philologisch-Historisches Klasse 1925 (1925) 25-32.
  • M.R. Salzman, "Cicero, the Megalenses and the Defense of Caelius," AJP 103 (1982) 299-304.
  • M. Volpe, "The Persuasive Force of Humor: Cicero's Defense of Caelius," Quarterly Journal of Speech 63 (1977) 311-323.
  • J. van Wageningen, ed. M. Tulli Ciceronis Oratio pro M. Caelio. (Groningen 1908).

    De Provinciis Consularibus:

  • P. Rose, "Cicero and the Rhetoric of Imperialism: Putting the Politics Back into Political Rhetoric," Rhetorica 13.4 (1995) 359-399.

    Pro Plancio:

  • J. Adamietz, "Ciceros Verfahren in den Ambitus-Prozessen gegen Murena und Plancius," Gymnasium 93 (1986) 102-17.
  • H. W. Auden, ed. Cicero Pro Plancio (London 1897).
  • G. B. Bonino, ed. L'Orazione di M. Tullio Cicerone in Difesa di Cn. Plancio. (Torino 1923 [1886]).
  • C. P. Craig, "Cicero's Strategy of Embarrassment in the Speech for Plancius," AJP 111 (1990) 75-81.
  • R. W. Husband, "Election Laws in Republican Rome," CJ 11 (1915-1916): 535-45.
  • R. C. B. Kerin and A. H. Allcroft, eds. Cicero: Pro Plancio (London 1891).
  • E. Koepke, ed. Ciceros Rede für Cn. Plancius, 3rd ed. (Leipzig 1887), rev. G. Landgraf.
  • W. Kroll, "Ciceros Rede für Plancius," RhM 86 (1937) 127-39.
  • L. R. Taylor, "Magistrates of 55 B.C. in Cicero's Pro Plancio and Catullus 52," Athenaeum n.s. 42 (1968) 12-28.
  • C. Venturini, "L'Orazione pro Cn. Plancio e la Lex Licinia de Sodaliciis," pp. 787-804 in Studi in Onore di Cesare San Filippo, vol. 5 (Milano 1984).
  • E. Wunder, ed. M. Tulli Ciceronis Oratio pro Cn. Plancio (Leipzig 1830).

    Caesarian Orations:

  • Bringmann, K., "Der Diktator Caesar als Richter? Zu Ciceros Reden 'Pro Ligario' und 'Pro Rege Deiotaro'," Hermes 141 (1986) 72-88.
  • Cipriani, G., "La Pro Marcello e il suo significato come orazione politica," Atene e Roma 22 (1977) 113-25.
  • C.P. Craig, "The Central Argument of Cicero's Speech for Ligarius," CJ 79 (1984) 193-99.
  • R.R. Dyer, "Rhetoric and Intention in Cicero 'Pro Marcello,'" JRS 80 (1990) 17-30.
  • H. C. Gotoff, Cicero's Caesarian Speeches: A Stylistic Commentary (Chapel Hill 1993).
  • K. Kumaniecki, "Der Prozess gegen Q. Ligarius," Hermes 95 (1967) 434-57.
  • C. Loutsch, "Ironie et Libert&eactue; de Parole: Remarques sur l'exorde ad Principem du Pro Ligario de Cic&eactue;ron," REL 62 (1984) 98-110.
  • W. C. McDermott, "In Ligarianam," TAPA 101 (1970) 317-47.
  • H.W. Montague, "Advocacy and Politics: The Paradox of Cicero 'Pro Ligario,'" AJP 113.4 (1992) 559-574.
  • G. Petrone, "La parola e l'interdetto. Nota alla Pro rege Deiotaro e alle orazioni cesariane," Pan 6 (1978) 85-104.
  • M. Rambaud, "Le Pro Marcello el l'insinuation politique," Caesarodonum 19 (1984) 43-56.
  • H. W. Ritter, "Caesars erstes Zusammentreffen mit Deiotarus," Historia 18 (1969) 255-56.
  • G. Walser, "Der Prozess gegen Q. Ligarius im Jahre 46 v.
    Chr," Historia 8 (1959) 90-96.

    Philippicae:

  • D. R. Shackleton Bailey, ed. Cicero: Philippics (Chapel Hill 1986).
  • S. Cerutti, "Further Discussion on the Delivery and Publication of Cicero 'Second Philippic,'" Classical Bulletin, 70.1 (1994) 23-28.
  • M. Delaunois, "Statistiques des Idées dans le Cadre du Plan Oratoire des Philippiques de Cicéron," Les Études Classiques 34 (1966) 3-34.
  • J. Denniston, ed. M. Tulli Ciceronis in M. Antonium orationes philippicae prima et secunda (Oxford 1926).
  • J. R. Dunkle, "The Greek Tyrant and Roman Political Invective of the Late Republic," TAPA 98 (1967) 151-71.
  • H. Frisch, Cicero's Fight for the Republic: The Historical Background of Cicero's Philippics (Copenhagen 1946).
  • W. Hauschiled, De Sermonis Proprietatibus Quae in Philippicis Ciceronis Orationibus Inveniuntur (diss. Halle 1886).
  • -----, "A "Paraklausithyron" in Cicero's Second Philippic," pp. 215-27 in Studies in Latin Literature and Roman History VI, edited by Carl Deroux, 215-27 = Collection Latomus, 217 (Bruxelles 1992).
  • W. K. Lacey, ed. Cicero: Second Philippic (Warminster 1986).
  • W. Stroh, W., "Die Nachahmung des Demosthenes in Ciceros Philippiken," pp. 1-40 in Éloquence et Rhétorique chez Cicéron, edited by W. Ludwig, 1-31 (Vandoeuvres-Genève 1982).
  • L. A. Sussman, "Antony as a Miles Gloriosus in Cicero's Second Philippic," Scholia 3 (1994) 53-83.
  • -----, "Antony The Meretrix Audax: Cicero's Novel Invective in Philippic 2.44-46," Eranos (1994).
  • C. W. Wooten, Cicero's Philippics and Their Demosthenic Model (Chapel Hill 1983).


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    Andrew M. Riggsby
    UT Austin Classics
    http://www.dla.utexas.edu/depts/classics/Riggsby.html