Raya Dunayevskaya (1910–1987) is the founder of the philosophy of Marxist-Humanism. She concretized that philosophy during a lifetime in the revolutionary movement as she participated in all the freedom movements of our age—whether of workers, women, the Black dimension, and youth.
became Leon Trotsky's Russian-language secretary in 1937 during his exile in
Mexico, but broke with him in 1939 at the time of the Hitler-Stalin Pact. Her
simultaneous study of the Russian economy and of Marx's early writings (later
known as the 1844 Humanist Essays) led to her 1941-42 analysis that not only was
Russia a state-capitalist society, but that state-capitalism was a new world
more than a decade of developing the theory of state-capitalism, Dunayevskaya
made a philosophic breakthrough. In two letters written May 12 and 20, 1953, she
deepened her study of the Hegelian dialectic and saw in Hegel's Absolutes a dual
movement—a movement from practice that is itself a form of theory and a
movement from theory reaching to philosophy. She considered these 1953 letters
to be "the philosophic moment" from which the whole development of
Marxist-Humanism flowed. In 1955 she founded the organization News and Letters
Committees and the newspaper News & Letters.
authored what came to be known as her "trilogy of revolution":
addition, she selected and introduced a collection of writings, published in
the last year of her life she was working on a new book which she had
tentatively titled, "Dialectics of Organization and Philosophy: The 'Party'
and Forms of Organization Born Out of Spontaneity."
Raya Dunayevskaya's speeches, letters, publications, notes, recordings and other items are located in the Walter P. Reuther Library at Wayne State University in Detroit. Microfilm copies of the collection are available from the WSU Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs. Guides to collection are available from News & Letters.
Writings by Raya Dunayevskaya Online
This part of the News & Letters web site is made possible by The Raya
Dunayevskaya Memorial Fund. The fund was initiated by John Dwyer, Dunayevskaya's
colleague and partner, in 1988 following her death. It's aim is to make
Dunayevskaya's writings available and discussed as widely as possible. For
reprints, proposals, and information, contact:
This part of the News & Letters web site is made possible by The Raya Dunayevskaya Memorial Fund. The fund was initiated by John Dwyer, Dunayevskaya's colleague and partner, in 1988 following her death. It's aim is to make Dunayevskaya's writings available and discussed as widely as possible. For reprints, proposals, and information, contact:The Raya Dunayevskaya Memorial Fund
Published by News and Letters Committees