CHAPTER II —FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
obligations of Government.
||4. All organs of Government
and all authorities and persons exercising legislative, executive
or judicial powers shall conform to, observe and apply the provisions
of this Chapter.
5. (1) The Republic of Sierra Leone shall be a State
based on the principles of Freedom, Democracy and Justice.
(2) It is accordingly declared that—
sovereignty belongs to the people of Sierra Leone
from whom Government through this Constitution derives all its
powers, authority and legitimacy;
the security, peace and welfare of the people
of Sierra Leone shall be the primary purpose and responsibility
of Government, and to this end it shall be the duty of the Armed
Forces, the Police, Public Officers and all security agents
to protect and safeguard the people of Sierra Leone; and
the participation of the people in the governance
of the State shall be ensured in accordance with the provisions
of this Constitution.
6. (1) The motto of the Republic of Sierra Leone shall
be Unity, Freedom and Justice.
(2) Accordingly, the State shall promote national
integration and unity and discourage discrimination on the grounds
of place of origin, circumstance of birth, sex, religion, status,
ethnic or linguistic association or ties.
(3) For the purposes of promoting national integration and unity,
the State shall—
- provide adequate facilities for and encourage free mobility
of people, goods and services throughout Sierra Leone; and
- secure full rights of residence for every citizen in all parts
of the State.
(4) The State shall protect and defend the liberty of the individual,
enforce the rule of law and ensure the efficient functioning of
(5) The State shall take all steps to eradicate all corrupt practices
and the abuse of power.
7. (1) The State shall within the context of the ideals and objectives
for which provisions are made in this Constitution—
- harness all the natural resources of the nation to promote national
prosperity and an efficient, dynamic and self-reliant economy;
- manage and control the national economy in such a manner as
to secure the maximum welfare and freedom of every citizen on
the basis of social justice and equality of opportunity;
- protect the right of any citizen to engage in any economic activity
without prejudice to the rights of any other person to participate
in areas of the economy;
- place proper and adequate emphasis on agriculture in all its
aspects so as to ensure self-sufficiency in food production; and
- ensure that Government shall always give priority and encouragement
to Sierra Leoneans to participate in all spheres of the economy
in furtherance of these objectives.
8. (1) The Social Order of the State shall be founded on the ideals
of Freedom, Equality and Justice.
(2) In furtherance of the Social Order—
- every citizen shall have equality of rights, obligations, and
opportunities before the law, and the State shall ensure that
every citizen has an equal right to all opportunities and benefits
based on merit;
- the State shall recognise, maintain and enhance the sanctity
of the human person and human dignity; and
- the Government shall secure and maintain the independence, impartiality
and integrity of courts of law and unfettered access thereto,
and to this end shall ensure that the operation of the legal system
promotes justice on the basis of equal opportunity, and that opportunities
for securiting justice are not denied any citizen by reason of
economic or other disability.
(3) The State shall direct its policy towards ensuring that—
- every citizen, without discrimination on any grounds whatsoever,
shall have the opportunity for securing adequate means of livelihood
as well as adequate opportunities to secure suitable employment;
- conditions of service and work are fair, just and humane and
that there are adequate facilities for leisure and for social,
religious and cultural life;
- the health, safety and welfare of all persons in employment
are safeguarded and not endangered or abused, and in particular
that special provisions be made for working women with children,
having due regard to the resources of the State;
- there are adequate medical and health facilities for all persons,
having due regard to the resources of the State;
- there is equal pay for equal work without discrimination on
account of sex, and that adequate and satisfactory remuneration
is paid to all persons in employment; and
- the care and welfare of the aged, young and disabled shall be
actively promoted and safeguarded.
9. (1) The Government shall direct its policy towards ensuring
that there are equal rights and adequate educational opportunities
for all citizens at all levels by—
- ensuring that every citizen is given the opportunity to be educated
to the best of his ability, aptitude and inclination by providing
educational facilities at all levels and aspects of education
such as primary, secondary, vocational, technical, college and
- safeguarding the rights of vulnerable groups, such as children,
women and the disabled in security educational facilities; and
- providing the necessary structures, finance and supportive facilities
for education as and when practicable.
(2) The Government shall strive to eradicate illiteracy, and to
this end, shall direct its educational policy towards achieving—
- free adult literacy programmes;
- free compulsory basic education at primary and junior secondary
school levels; and
- free senior secondary education as and when practicable.
(3) The Government shall promote the learning of indigenous languages
and the study and application of modern science, foreign languages,
technology, commerce and business.
10. The Foreign Policy Objectives of the State Shall be—
- the promotion and protection of the National interest;
- the promotion of sub-regional, regional and inter-African co-operation
- the promotion of international co-operation for the consolidation
of international peace and security and mutual respect among all
nations; and respect for their territorial integrity and independence;
- respect for international law and treaty obligations, as well
as the seeking of settlement of international disputes by negotiation,
conciliation, arbitration or adjudication.
of the mass media.
||11. The press, radio and television
and other agencies of the mass media shall at all times be free to
uphold the fundamental objectives contained in this Constitution and
highlight the responsibility and accountability of the Government
to the people.
of national culture.
12. The Government shall—
- promote Sierra Leonean culture such as music, art, dance, science,
philosophy, education and traditional medicine which is compatible
with national development;
- recognize traditional Sierra Leonean institutions compatible
with national development;
- protect and enhance the cultures of Sierra Leone; and
- facilitate the provision of funds for the development of culture
in Sierra Leone.
|Duties of the
13. Every citizen shall—
- abide by this Constitution, respect its ideals and its institutions,
the National Flag, the National Anthem and authorities and offices
established constituted under this Constitution or any other law;
- cultivate a sense of nationalism and patriotism so that loyalty
to the State shall override sectional, ethnic tribal or other
- protect and preserve public property and prevent the misappropriation
and squandering of funds belonging to the Government, local authorities
or public corporations;
- help enhance the power, prestige and good name of the State
and to defend the State and tender national service as may be
- respect the dignity and religious of other individuals, and
the rights and interests of others;
- make positive and useful contributions to the advancement, progress,
and well-being of the community, wherever he resides;
- work conscientiously in a lawful and chosen occupation and abstain
from any activity detrimental to the general welfare of others;
- ensure the proper control and upbringing of his children and
- participate in and defend all democratic processes and practices;
- render assistance to appropriate and lawful agencies in the
maintenance of law and order.
principles not justicable.
14. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 4, the provisions
contained in this Chapter shall not confer legal rights and shall
not be enforceable in any court of law, but the principles contained
therein shall nevertheless be fundamental in the governance of the
State, and it shall be the duty of Parliament to apply these principles
in making laws.