PYONGYANG North KoreaPyongyang Metro Map © UrbanRail.Net

 System

Pyongyang is the capital of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and has 1.7 million inhabitants.

Construction of the small metro network began in the late 1960's and opened in 1973 between Pulgunbyol and Ponghwa (7.5 km, 6 stations). A second line, the Hyokshin Line, was inaugurated in 1978. It reached its current length in 1985. The first line, the Chollima Line, was extended towards the south (Puhung) in 1987. The total length is currently 22.5 km, with 17 stations, all underground. The system has third rail power supply (825V) and uses 3-4-car-trains (5-6 during peak hours), track gauge is 1435 mm. Both lines run under the city's main streets, Hyokshin Line under Ragwon and Pipa streets, and Chollima Line under Podunamu, Kaeson, Sungni and Yonggwang streets.

Stations lie very deep (20-100m), at an average distance of 1500 m. Like in Russia, they were designed like underground palaces, each in a different colour and decorated with marble, paintings, mosaics and sculptures. The Pyongyang metro is the only one in the world where station names do not refer to a geographical location nearby, but to some theme of the socialist revolution (like Renovation, Victory, Unity, etc). Kwangmyong is currently closed, apparently because it's too close to the Kumsusam Memorial Palace.

 History

6 Sept 1973: Ponghwa-Pulgunbyol (7.5 km, 6 stations)
9 Oct 1975: Hyokshin-Rakwon
6 Oct 1978: Hyokshin-Hwangummbol
9 Sept 1978: Hwanuggumbol-Kwongbok
10 Apr 1987: Ponghwa-Puhung

 Projects

 

 Practical Info

The Pyongyang metro operates from 5:00 until 23:00, with trains every 5-7 minutes (every 2 minutes during morning peak).

KPW 20,00 per trip

 Links

Simon Bone's Pyongyang Metro Page includes many maps and a lot of photographs

Osamu Abe's Map

Pyong Yang Metro System

Pyong Yang Metro on Wikipedia

 

 

 


Peter Kim Hee Tae from Seoul reports (27 Nov 1999):

According to recently declassified secret documents by the Korean National Intelligence Service, the Pyongyang Subway was the subway of tragedy. The disaster struck in 1971, when a sector of an underwater tunnel at Ponghwa station collapsed. More than 100 lives were lost. Among them were the families of high class military officers. Ponghwa metro station is part of the Chollima-Mangyongdae Line, which was opened in September 6th, 1973. The line became the first Subway line on the Korean Peninsula. Originally, the Chollima line was intended to connect the areas north and south of Taedong river. The entire sector of the line and Hyokshin Line was opened in 1978. There are 17 stations altogether, and Pyongyang metro has a total 48 carriages. The vehicles were based on Chinese design. The type was originally used in Beijing metro until 1987, when the Chinese capital city began to upgrade their rolling stock. The Chollima Line starts at Puheung station and finishes at Pulgunbyol. The Hyokshin Line starts at Kwangbok station and finishes at Rakwon in the east. Of the stations along the Hyoksin line, Kwangmyong station is not in use. The main reason is that the subway station is near Kim Jong Il's palace. The Pyongyang metro plans to make extensions by 10 kms, and the only information received is the extension of Hyokshin line west of Kwangbok station. The Chollima Line had operating problems, and the line from Ponghwa to Puheung went under repairs, and the entire line was in normal service from 1987. Pyongyang metro is usually dark, because of the electricity supply problems, and the entire service is suspended once a month, on the first Monday of each month.


2004 © UrbanRail.Net by Robert Schwandl.