Linus Pauling and the twentieth Century - A Biography of Linus Pauling

Chapter 8 - No More War!

Pauling protesting in front of the White House - AP Worldwide photo  
Pauling's early political talks explained nuclear fission. More and more, he started expressing the need for international treaties and the use of international law to settle disputes instead of war. During the McCarthy era, many scientists who had taken an anti-nuclear stand avoided the controversy and were putting their efforts back into science. Pauling maintained his stance and was investigated by the Senate committee. With continual questioning about where Pauling had been given certain information, Pauling made the statement, "Nobody tells me what to think, except Mrs. Pauling."

Pauling lost funding grants from the NIH and the NSF. When he asked the NIH why he had been denied his grants, he was told to reapply under the name of his associates. The grant was reinstated and even increased.

In 1958 Pauling wrote No More War! which discussed the threat of nuclear war and testing. He and Ava Helen, with the support of students, circulated then submitted an anti-nuclear petition to the United Nations, which included the signatures of over 11,000 scientists from 49 countries.

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