Welcome To BOI Web
Welcome To Pakistan

PAKISTAN

 

::. PAKISTAN AND THE NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT (NAM)

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) 's purpose, as declared in the Havana Declaration of 1979, is to ensure "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, apartheid, racism, including Zionism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics".

Pakistan And The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

The Non-Aligned Movement presently comprises 116 members as compared to the 25 that attended the first Summit held in erstwhile Yugoslavia in 1961. The Movement traces its origin to the Bandung Conference of 1955, which was co-sponsored by Pakistan, along with India, Sri Lanka, Burma and Indonesia. Pakistan, however, did not attend the first Summit due to its membership of the CENTO and SEATO. Pakistan has participated in the deliberations of NAM as a guest until its assumption of full membership during the 1979 Havana Summit.
 

NAM Summits at A Glance
 
  First Conference - Belgrade, September 1-6, 1961
Second Conference - Cairo, October 5-10, 1964
Third Conference - Lusaka, September 8-10, 1970
Fourth Conference - Algiers, September 5-9, 1973
Fifth Conference - Colombo, August 16-19, 1976
Sixth Conference - Havana, September 3-9, 1979
Seventh Conference - New Delhi, march 7-12, 1983
Eighth Conference - Harare, September 1-6, 1986
Ninth Conference - Belgrade, September 4-7, 1989
Tenth Conference - Jakarta, September 1-7, 1992
Eleventh Conference - Cartagena de Indias, October 18-20, 1995
Twelfth Conference - Durban, September 2-3, 1998
Thirteenth Conference – Kuala Lumpur, February 20-25, 2003

Pakistan was instrumental in evolving NAM consensus positions on the following important issues:
 

 

Peaceful settlement of disputes

In view of the unresolved Kashmir issue, it has been our efforts that the NAM decisions reflect an emphasis on peaceful settlement of disputes. We have, therefore, consistently urged the Movement to expeditiously evolve a mechanism for conflict resolution. In this context, the Final Document of the XII NAM Summit, held in Durban, had reiterated the need to secure a peaceful settlement of all outstanding issues in South Asia.

Nuclear Issue

Pakistan has fully supported NAM's principled position on the issue of global nuclear disarmament within a time-bound framework. On the question of the South Asian nuclear tests, the XII NAM Summit affirmed "the need for bilateral dialogue to secure peaceful solutions to all outstanding issues and the promotion of confidence and security building measures and mutual trust". The Summit also opposed unilateral, coercive or discriminatory measures being applied against Non-Aligned countries. This is a clear endorsement of Pakistan's position that a solution to the situation arising from the nuclear tests cannot be promoted in an atmosphere of coercion and pressure.

Self-Determination

Ever since its inception, NAM has consistently reiterated the continued validity of the fundamental right of all peoples to self-determination, the exercise of which, in the case of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation, is essential to ensure the eradication of all these situations and to guarantee universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. In this regard, the Movement has strongly condemned ongoing brutal repression of the legitimate aspirations for self-determination of peoples under colonial, alien domination and foreign occupation in various regions of the world.

Terrorism

The XII NAM Summit had stressed the need to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, regardless of race, religion or nationality of the victims or perpetrators of terrorism. The Summit, however, endorsed, in principle, the call for the definition of terrorism and to differentiate it from the legitimate struggle of peoples under colonial or alien domination and foreign occupation, for self-determination and national liberation.

Expansion of the Security Council

The XII NAM Summit inter-alia reaffirmed that Security Council reform must be adopted by a two-third majority of the UN membership and that there should be no imposed time limit. The Non-Aligned countries have so far consistently maintained the position that, in absence of consensus or general agreement, expansion should take place only in the non-permanent category.

Economic Issues

Since NAM predominantly comprises developing countries, it has consistently paid considerable attention on economic issues. The Movement has maintained its long-standing position on the need for conscious steps to regulate the market measures as a means of ensuring that growth in the world economy and trade is both dynamic as well as equitable. Accordingly, the Movement has rejected recent efforts to inject new conditionalities and protectionism, such as the insertion of the labour standards issues in the World Trade Organization. NAM has called for the urgent convening by the United Nations of a global monetary conference to address the old and new problems of the international financial system.

Pakistan desires to see NAM play an increasingly effective role in all international fora, particularly in the United Nations. It is important that the Movement safeguards and preserves the principled positions evolved by it on a wide range of international issues
 

  NAM Member States
 
 

1. Afghanistan

2. Algeria

3. Angola

4. Bahamas

5. Bahrain

6. Bangladesh

7. Barbados

8. Belarus

9. Belize

10. Benin

11. Bhutan

12. Bolivia

13. Botswana

14. Brunei Darussalam

15. Burkina Faso

16. Burundi

17. Cambodia

18. Cameroon

19. Cape Verde

20. Central African Republic

21. Chad

22. Chile

23. Colombia

24. Comoros

25. Congo

26. Cote d'Ivoire

27. Cuba

28. Cyprus

29. Democratic People's Rep of Korea

30. Democratic Republic of the Congo

31. Dominican Republic

32. Djibouti

33. Ecuador

34. Egypt

35. Equatorial Guinea

36. Eritrea

37. Ethiopia

38. Gabon

39. Gambia

40. Ghana

41. Grenada

42. Guatemala

43. Guinea

44. Guinea-Bissau

45. Guyana

46. Honduras

47. India

48. Indonesia

49. Iran, Islamic Rep of

50. Iraq

51. Jamaica

52. Jordan

53. Kenya

54. Kuwait

55. Lao People's DR

56. Lebanon

57. Lesotho

58. Liberia

59. Libyan Arab Jamahirya

60. Madagascar

61. Malawi

62. Malaysia

63. Maldives

64. Mali

65. Malta

66. Mauritania

67. Mauritius

68. Mongolia

69.Morocco

70. Mozambique

71. Myanmar

72. Namibia

73. Nepal

74. Nicaragua

75. Niger

76. Nigeria

77. Oman

78. Pakistan

79. Palestine

80. Panama

81. Papua New Guinea

82. Peru

83. Philippines

84. Qatar

85. Rwanda

86. Saint Lucia

87. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

88. Sao Tome and Principe

89. Saudi Arabia

90. Senegal

91. Seychelles

92. Sierra Leone

93. Singapore

94. Somalia

95. South Africa

96. Sri Lanka

97. Sudan

98. Suriname

99. Swaziland

100. Syrian Arab Republic

101. Thailand

102. Timor Leste

103. Togo

104. Trinidad and Tobago 

105. Tunisia

106. Turkmenistan

107. Uganda

108. United Arab Emirates

109. United Republic of Tanzania

110. Uzbekistan

111. Vanuatu

112. Venezuela

113. Viet Nam

114. Yemen

115. Zambia

116. Zimbabwe

 

 

[Home] [International Agreements] [Pakistan & The United Nations] [Pakistan & Organization of the Islamic Conference] [Pakistan & Economic Cooperation Organization] [Pakistan & Non-Aligned Movement] [Pakistan & South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation] [Pakistan & The D-8] [Avoidance Of Double Taxation] [Bilateral Investment Treaties]

 


All Rights Reserved ©Copyrights reserved 2001-2003 Board of Investment, Government of Pakistan.