The Faculty of Medicine was one
of the first Faculties created when the University
College, Ibadan came into being in 1948.
The fundamental problem which faced the Faculty in
the early stages of its existence was that of maintaining
high standards and securing world-wide recognition.
The alignment of the Medical School in special relation
with the University of London helped to attract the
recognition of the General Medical Council of Great
Britain. By special relation, medical students of
the University College, Ibadan took courses in Medicine
leading to the degree of M. B., B.S. of the University
In choosing a site for the University College, it
had been decided that there should be only one campus
on which all Faculties should be built. The choice
of Ibadan as the University town had the obvious drawback,
in the early days that there was no hospital of high
enough standard to be used as a teaching hospital.
Pre-medical courses in Chemistry, Physics and Biology
were, as they are, taught in the Faculty of Science.
The pre-clinical departments teaching Anatomy and
Physiology, were housed in the Old Yaba Medical School
in Lagos until 1950 when the dissection rooms and
laboratories for these courses were built in Ibadan.
The pre-clinical courses thus started were given recognition
by London University in 1948.
In anticipation of the clinical training which would
have to be given to the pre-clinical students who
had started their courses, the College had to make
plans for the running of a teaching hospital. In 1948,
the College became responsible for the administration
of Adeoyo Hospital, a hospital which had, up till
then been run by the City Council of lbadan (the so
called "native Administration") and the
Government-controlled Jericho Hospital. It was obvious
from the beginning that the facilities in the two
hospital would not be adequate for the clinical training
of medical students.
The Faculty therefore, made alternative arrangements
for the clinical training of its medical students
who were sent overseas until clinical courses could
start in a new Teaching Hospital.
The first projected scheme for a permanent hospital
had been that a large 800-bed hospital should be built
on the permanent site of the College. This was rejected
as being too costly, and an alternative decision was
taken in 1949, in which the University of London acquiesced,
that the temporary site of the College should be converted
into a teaching hospital as soon as the other Faculties
of the College moved to the new site.
Until early in 1951 this decision governed policy
and expectations. Meanwhile work was carried on at
Yaba and at the Jericho and Adeoyo Hospitals on the
assumption that the latter would serve for clinical
training for a short period.
In August 1951, the Government assumed full and direct
responsibility for the provision of an entirely new
teaching hospital. Efforts were immediately made to
implement this decision in the shortest. time possible.
A special ad hoc co-ordinating committee, representing
the interests of all
the parties concerned with the projected new hospital,
was formed in London in the autumn of 1951 by London
University at the invitation of the College Council.
In February 1952, important discussions, attended
by representatives of the College and directly affecting
its policy in relation to the Faculty of Medicine,
took place in London. At these discussions, it was
decided that, in the period required to plan, build
and bring the projected new hospital into active operations,
medical students should continue to go overseas for
their clinical training, with the co-operation of
Universities in Great Britain, Ninety-five students
of the University College, Ibadan, qualified by this
The first group of students who proceeded overseas
for their clinical training in 1950 graduated in 1954.
A number of students who had already advanced in their
clinical training following courses given at Yaba,
continued training under the College for the Diploma
or Licentiate of Medicine and Surgery, entitling them
to practise in Nigeria. Arrangements were made for
them and for other former Yaba graduates to study,
if they wished, for the Conjoint Board in London to
obtain a qualification registrable with the General
Medical Council, and the majority did" so qualify
as the years passed.
A new 500-bed hospital some four miles from the University
College Ibadan, was planned. In this circumstances
every effort was made to complete the new hospital
and to provide adequate staffing and facilities by
1956. The choice of the site was dictated, by the
practical need to make it easily accessible to the
people of Ibadan.
With the statutory establishment of a Board of Management
(on which the Faculty was represented), the first
meeting of which was held in June 1953, the scheme
progressed more rapidly than was expected.
Clinical teaching commenced on 7 October, 1957 and
the hospital was formally opened by the Princess Royal
on 20 November of the same year. The first thirteen
medical students, wholly trained in this Medical School,
qualified in 1960. Between 1960 and 1966, 246 students
of the Ibadan Medical School took the M. B., B.S.
degree of the University of London. Since 1967 to
date, a further 4,572 graduands have received the
degree of M.B., B.S (Ibadan). Thus up to October,
1997 the medical School produced 4818 doctors, several
of whom are now on the teaching staff of the College
and on the staff of other medical schools in Nigeria
and other Commonwealth countries. One in every two
Nigerian doctors today is a graduate of the Ibadan
In December 1962, the Federal Parliament passed a
bill for an Act to establish the University of Ibadan.
On 27th of December, 1962, when
the Governor-General gave his assent to the Bill,
the University became an autonomous institution, and
the Medical School curriculum was then changed so
that our medical students would be trained better
for the Nigerian environment in which they would practise.
After twelve years the curriculum was further revised
to remove most of the previous drawbacks. The current
curriculum came into operation in the 1974/75 academic
The demand for places in the medical school has been
great and the standard of entrance accepted by the
University is high. For several sessions running and
due to limited facilities, the College has not been
able to offer admission to more than a quarter of
the available qualified applicants.