Kameng district is situated in the Western part of Arunachal Prdesh
which exactly lies to the east of West Kameng District. The area
of the district is 4134 Sq. Kms with headquaters at Seppa. It
is lying between 92.36' E and 93.24' E longitudes and 26.56' to
27.59' N latitudes. The district is predominantly habited by the
Scheduled Tribes. the major tribes inhabitating this district
are Nishang, Akas, Myis and the Puroiks (Sulung). The HQ of this
district is Seppa.
Till 1914, East Kameng was part of Darang District of Assam. By
Govt. of India's notification of 1914, the area covered by this
district became part of the western Section of the North east
Frontier Tract. This tract was renamed in 1919 as Balipara Tract
with its headquarter at Charduar, Assam. In 1946 the area coovered
by Balipara Tract was divided into Sela Agency and Subansiri Area
and the hqr. continued to be at Charduar. In 1954, Sela Agency
was renamed as the Kameng Frontier Division with its hqr at Bomdila.
In 1965 Kameng Frontier was renamed Kameng District. In 1980,
the district was bifurcated into two districts namely East Kameng
(Formerly known as Sepla Subdivision) and West Kameng (formerly
known as Bomdila subdivison). Now it has become an independent
district with its hqr at Seppa (Till 1975, Seppa was Sapla meaning
marshy land in local dialect). The name Kameng has been derived
from the Kameng river originating from the glacier lake below
Gorichan mountain and is one of the tributaries of River Brahmaputra.
The entire district, except a small area on the southern most
tip bordering Assam, is mountainous.
and Physical Features (Geography)
East Kameng district is situated in the Western part of Arunachal
Pradesh surrounded by West Kameng in the west, Papumpare in the
East, Part of Lower Subansiri and Macmohan (International Boundary)
line in the North and Sonitpur District of Assam in the South
covering an area of 4134 sq kms. The entire district barring a
small area on the southernmost tip of Assam is mountainous. The
deep gorges and narrow valleys frequently open into wide valleys.
The district is an extension part of the North eastward Himalayan
range. It lies between 92° 36" E to 93° 24" E longitudes and 26°
56" to 27° 59" Latitudes. The District Hqr, Seppa lies on the
bank of River Kameng. Important tributaries of river Kameng which
are turbulent and high speed rivers are Para, Pachi, Pachok, Pakoti,
Keya Bichom, Pacha, Pakke, Papu, Passa, Narmorah and Dikalmukh.
The rugged terrains of the district make transport and communication
extremely difficult. There are few surface roads, which remain
cutoff during summer seasons due to flood and landslide.
The climatic condition of this district varies largely with topography
and altitude. The altitude of different administrative centres
varies ranging from 362 m to 1906 m. The foothill zone is subtropical
and has hot and humid climate. Average temperature decreases as
elevations increase in the mountains. The district experiences
heavy rainfall averaging 287 mm falling mostly between June and
October and in winter extreme cold. As a result of heavy rainfall
during monsoon season, most of the rivers and streams are highly
inflated and disrupt normal transport system and communication.
Although heavy monsoon helps regeneration of forests, it is also
responsible for speedy soil erosion and landslides which make
the maintenance of roads quite costly. Many developing activities
are held up during the monsoons. The months from October to March
are the most favourable time for intensive work for development.
PEOPLE AND CULTURE (LANGUAGE & ART FORMS
The Major tribes inhabiting this district are Bangnis(Nyishi),
Akas, Mijis and Puroiks (Sulung). Each tribe has their own dialects,
customs, and religion. Social and cultural events are very much
associated with their life, environment and other relevant activities.
Bangnis also called Nishi, Nishang, Nissi or Dafla and Sullungs
inhabit the area contagious to the North Earstern Kameng extending
upto Lower Subansiri District. The Akas inhibit the Bana Area
and Mijis inhibit to the region eastern of West Kameng District
i.e., Lada Circle.
Marriage of the Bangnis takes place through the process of formal
negotiations between the parents of both parties. After a stipulated
bride price payment, the girl comes to live with the husband.
There are no formal ceremonies which mark the consummation of
marriage. The husband and the wife both clad in clothes and wear
a number of ornaments. Polygamy is very common.
Sulungs (Puroiks) are a very scattered tribe. The Sulung society
is based on the unit of village community. The Sulungs own land
but in some cases they are dependent upon their Bangni Master.
Festival of the Bangnis is Nyokum Yullo which is celebrated in
the month of Februaly. The local priest (Nibu) does the devination
by examining the liver of a fowl and the yolk of an egg respectively.
The site where the festival is performed is called Nyokum Kyageng.
The Sulungs celebrate Gumkum Gumpa in the month of April.