William Harrow, 1822-1872

*HARROW, WILLIAM was born November 14, 1822, at Winchester, Kentucky. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in Lawrenceville, Illinois. He supposedly traveled the Eighth Judicial Court circuit in Illinois with Abraham Lincoln. Harrow moved to Vincennes, Indiana, and then to Mount Vernon, Indiana, in the late 1850s. When the Civil War broke out, Harrow became a captain of a militia unit, the Knox County Invincibles, followed by a commission as a major in the 14th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment, commanded by Natan Kimball. The 14th took an active part in the (West) Virginia operations in the fall of 1861, and were engaged at Cheat Mountain and Greenbrier River. After spending the winter in northern Virginia, the 14th was active in the pursuit of T.J. "Stonewall" Jackson in theWilliam HarrowShenandoah Valley campaign of 1862. Harrow, as a lieutenant colonel, commanded the 14th at the battle of Kernstown, Virginia, in March. The unit fought well, losing 54 men. Harrow was promoted colonel, although later he would be accused of drunkenness at Kernstown. The regiment continued to seek out Jackson, but later was transferred farther east. Harrow resigned in July 1862, but was reappointed in August. In September at the Antietam, Maryland, battle, the 14th lost half its strength. They were conspicuous for their gallantry in the fighting for the "Bloody Lane." Harrow was promoted to brigadier general in April 1863 (ranking from the previous November). He commanded a division at Gettysburg--in the face of Pickett's Charge. After Gettysburg, he was relieved of his command, but President Lincoln revoked the order and Harrow was given an assignment. In January 1864, Harrow was assigned to division command in the western theatre and took part in the Atlanta campaign. After a reorganization in September, Harrow was left without an assignment. Several commanding generals refused to accept him, including Oliver O. Howard, William T. Sherman and Winfield Scott Hancock. Harrow submitted his resignation in April and it was accepted. (It was reported that Harrow was ill-tempered and officious.) He returned to Mount Vernon to resume his law practice and interest in politics. On September 27, 1872, while campaigning for presidential candidate Horace Greeley, William Harrow was killed in a train wreck at New Albany, Indiana. He was buried at Mount Vernon, Indiana, in the Bellefontaine Cemetery.

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