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Research Briefs

RAND research briefs present policy-oriented summaries of individual published, peer-reviewed documents or of a body of published work.

2006

¿Implosión demográfica?: La baja fecundidad y las medidas tomadas en la Unión Europea

Jonathan Grant, Stijn Hoorens, Suja Sivadasan, Mirjam van het Loo, Julie DaVanzo, Lauren Hale, Shawna Gibson, William Butz

“Evolutionary Acquisition” Is a Promising Strategy, But Has Been Difficult to Implement

Mark A. Lorell, Julia F. Lowell, Obaid Younossi

Acquiring Simulation Training: Evaluating and Implementing an Innovative Approach

Christopher Paul, Harry J. Thie, Elaine Reardon, Deanna Weber Prine, Laurence Smallman

Analysis of Alternatives for Recapitalizing the Air Force’s KC-135 Aerial Refueling Tanker

Michael Kennedy, Laura H. Baldwin, Michael Boito, Katherine M. Calef, James S. Chow, Joan Cornuet, Mel Eisman, Chris Fitzmartin, Jean R. Gebman, Elham Ghashghai, Jeff Hagen, Tom Hamilton, Gregory G. Hildebrandt, Yool Kim, Robert S. Leonard, Rosalind Lewis, Elvira N. Loredo, Daniel M. Norton, David T. Orletsky, Harold Scott Perdue, Raymond A. Pyles, Timothy Ramey, Charles Robert Roll, Jr., William Stanley, John Stillion, Fred Timson, John Tonkinson

Anxiety Disorders Can Have Broad, Negative Health Effects

Murray Stein, Peter Roy-Byrne, Michelle G. Craske, Alexander Bystritsky, J. Greer Sullivan, Jeffrey M. Pyne, Wayne J. Katon, Cathy D. Sherbourne

Are Small Businesses Riskier Than Larger Ones?

John Mendeloff, Christopher Nelson, Kilkon Ko, Amelia Haviland

Asian Countries Are Divided About U.S. Security Intentions in Central Asia

Rollie Lal

Better Methods of Analyzing Cost Uncertainty Can Improve Acquisition Decisionmaking

Mark V. Arena, Obaid Younossi, Lionel A. Galway, Bernard Fox, John C. Graser, Jerry M. Sollinger, Felicia Wu, Carolyn Wong

Building Partner Capacity Is the Key to a Successful Counterinsurgency Strategy

Alan J. Vick, Adam Grissom, William Rosenau, Beth Grill, Karl P. Mueller

Commercial Purchasing and Supply Management Practices Can Help the Air Force Reduce Costs

Nancy Y. Moore, Laura H. Baldwin, Frank Camm, Cynthia R. Cook

Consumer Decisionmaking in the Insurance Market

Melinda Beeuwkes Buntin, Jose J. Escarce, Kanika Kapur, Jill M. Yegian, M. Susan Marquis, Thomas A. Louis

Curbing Teen Dating Violence: Evidence from a School Prevention Program

Lisa H. Jaycox, Daniel F. McCaffrey, Beverly Weidmer Ocampo, Grant N. Marshall, Rebecca L. Collins, Laura J. Hickman, Denise D. Quigley

Cutting Drug Co-Payments for Sicker Patients on Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs Could Save a Billion Dollars Every Year

Dana P. Goldman, Geoffrey F. Joyce, Pinar Karaca-Mandic

Deployment, Stress, and Intention to Stay in the Military

James Hosek, Jennifer Kavanagh, Laura Miller

Despite Deep Scientific Uncertainty, Long-Term Problems Can Be Tackled

Steven W. Popper, Robert Lempert, Steven C. Bankes

Despite Some Risks, State Arts Agencies Might Benefit from Closer Relations with Government

Julia F. Lowell, Elizabeth Heneghan Ondaatje

Disparities in Care for HIV Patients: Results of the HCSUS Study

Ronald Andersen, Samuel A. Bozzette, Martin F. Shapiro, Patricia A. St. Clair, Sally C. Morton, Steve Crystal, Dana P. Goldman, Neil S. Wenger, Allen Gifford, Arleen Leibowitz, Steven M. Asch, Sandra H. Berry, T. Nakazono, Kevin C. Heslin, William Cunningham, Rosemarie Anderson, Marian Katz, Michael Stein, Ron D. Hays, Naihua Duan, L. E. Markson, John Fleishman, Paul Cleary, Cathy D. Sherbourne, Albert W. Wu, Daniel F. McCaffrey, Rebecca L. Collins, Ferd Eggan, William King, Carol P. Golin, Honghu H. Liu, Lin Ding, Bruce E. Landon, Ira B. Wison, Mitchell D. Wong, Tim Kellog, Vincent Mor, Leo S. Morales, Frank H. Galvan, Susan E. Cohn, Carl J. Fichtenbaum, J. Walton Senterfitt, Keith Cylar, Judith F. Perlman, Joan Keesey, A. Ananthanarayanan, Barbara J. Turner, Mark A. Schuster, Sally Zierler, A. S. London, M. Audrey Burnam, E. G. Bing, Doug L. Longshore, Kiyoshi Kuromiya, Christopher Nelson, Dale K. Lieu, Leslie A. Athey

Effect of Activation on Reservist Earnings

David S. Loughran, Jacob Alex Klerman, Craig Martin

Effects of Medicare’s Prospective Payment System on the Quality of Hospital Care

David Draper, William H. Rogers, Katherine L. Kahn, Emmett B. Keeler, Ellen J. Reinisch, Marjorie J. Sherwood, Maureen F. Carney, Jacqueline Kosecoff, Harry Savitt, Harris Montgomery Allen, Lisa V. Rubenstein, Robert H. Brook, Carol Pindar Roth, C. H. Chew, Stanley S. Bentow, Caren Kamberg

Emergency Preparedness Is Stimulating Changes in Public Health Practice

Nicole Lurie, Jeffrey Wasserman, Christopher Nelson

Emerging Security Environment Requires Sophisticated Intelligence, Rapid Response, and Long-Range Capabilities

David A. Shlapak

Enhancing Airlift Planning and Execution in the Joint Theater Distribution System

Robert S. Tripp, Kristin F. Lynch, Charles Robert Roll, Jr., John G. Drew, Patrick Mills

Evaluating National Flood Insurance

Lloyd Dixon, Noreen Clancy, Seth A. Seabury, Adrian Overton

The Evolution of the All-Volunteer Force

Bernard D. Rostker

Fear Cannot Counter Terror

Brian Michael Jenkins

The First National Report Card on Quality of Health Care in America

Elizabeth A. McGlynn, Steven M. Asch, John L. Adams, Joan Keesey, Jennifer Hicks, Alison H. DeCristofaro, Eve A. Kerr, Claude Messan Setodji, Mary M. Hogan, Rodney A. Hayward, Paul G. Shekelle, Lisa V. Rubenstein, Shaista Malik

Forging the Link Between Alcohol Advertising and Underage Drinking

Rebecca L. Collins, Phyllis L. Ellickson, Daniel F. McCaffrey, Katrin Hambarsoomians

Getting To Outcomes: Improving Community-Based Substance-Use Prevention

Matthew Chinman, Gordon Hannah, Abraham Wandersman, Patricia A. Ebener, Sarah Hunter, Pamela Imm, Jeffrey Sheldon, Debee Early, Penny Jenkins

Global Technology Revolution 2020: Technology Trends and Cross-Country Variation

Richard Silberglitt, Philip S. Anton, David R. Howell, Anny Wong, S. R. Bohandy, Natalie Gassman, Brian A. Jackson, Eric Landree, Shari Lawrence Pfleeger, Elaine M. Newton, Felicia Wu

Improving Access to Needed Health Care Improves Low-Income Children’s Quality of Life

Michael Seid, James W. Varni, Leslie Cummings, Matthias Schonlau

Integrated Operational and Combat Support Planning Will Support Air and Space Expeditionary Forces

Patrick Mills, Ken Evers, Donna Kinlin, Robert S. Tripp

Integrating Treatment for People with Co-Occurring Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders in Public Systems of Care

M. Audrey Burnam, Katherine E. Watkins

Is Military Disability Compensation Adequate?

Richard Buddin, Kanika Kapur

Measuring Capabilities of Air and Space Expeditionary Forces to Meet Policy Goals and Control Deployments

Don Snyder, Manuel Carrillo, Adam Resnick, Patrick Mills

Meeting the Health Care Needs of Adults with Severe Mental Illness

Marcela Horvitz-Lennon, Amy Kilbourne, Harold Alan Pincus

New Analytic Methods Can Improve the Development of Air Force Space and Missile Officers

Georges Vernez, S. Craig Moore, Steven Martino, Jeffrey Yuen

New Combat and Noncombat Roles for U.S. Aircraft Carriers

John Gordon, IV, Peter A. Wilson, John Birkler, Steven Boraz, Gordon T. Lee

New Techniques Help to Estimate Systems Engineering and Program Management Costs for Military Aircraft and Guided Weapons

David E. Stem, Michael Boito, Obaid Younossi

Positioning War Reserve Materiel Requires a Flexible, Global Approach

Mahyar A. Amouzegar, Ronald G. McGarvey, Robert S. Tripp, Louis Luangkesorn, Thomas Lang, Charles Robert Roll, Jr.

Preparing for Future Floods: Analyzing Reconstruction Pathways from Past Floods Can Help

James P. Kahan, Mengjie Wu, Sara Hajiamiri, Debra Knopman

Project ALERT Plus May Leverage the Effect of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign

Doug L. Longshore, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Phyllis L. Ellickson

Quality Improvement Methods Can Be Used to Improve Public Health Emergency Preparedness

Michael Seid, Debra Lotstein, Valerie L. Williams, Christopher Nelson, Nicole Lurie, Karen Ricci, Allison Diamant, Jeffrey Wasserman, Stefanie Stern

Quality Primary Care Requires More Than Insurance

Michael Seid, G. D. Stevens

Redefining and Reforming Health Care for the Last Years of Life

Joanne Lynn, David Adamson

Reforming Teacher Education, Again

Sheila Nataraj Kirby, Jennifer Sloan McCombs, Heather Barney, Scott Naftel

South Asia’s New Strategic Importance Calls for Stronger U.S. Military Relations in the Region

John E. Peters, James Dickens, Derek Eaton, C. Christine Fair, Nina Hachigian, Theodore W. Karasik, Rollie Lal, Rachel M. Swanger, Gregory F. Treverton, Charles Wolf, Jr.

Three Steps for Improving the Quality of Mental Health Care in the United States

Kavita Patel, Brittany Butler, Kenneth B. Wells

Transforming Combat Support in the Air National Guard Would Support Air Force Deployment and Sustainment Goals

Robert S. Tripp, Kristin F. Lynch, Ronald G. McGarvey, Don Snyder, Raymond A. Pyles, William A. Williams, Charles Robert Roll, Jr.

Triple Jeopardy for Vulnerable Children: Greater Health Needs, Less Access, Poorer Primary Care

Michael Seid, G. D. Stevens, James W. Varni, Neal Halfon, Ritesh Mistry, Hao Yu

The U.S. Air Force’s Aging Fleets Require an Improved Structural Integrity Program

Yool Kim, Stephen Sheehy, Darryl Lenhardt

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