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Announcements
PRAY FOR NICK

The power of prayer is working. Thanks for all your prayers. Nick's surgery went really well and they were able to remove the whole tumor and his spine was not affected. He did lose half of his lower back muscle and has to learn to walk again. He also has five weeks or daily radiation. So we still need your prayers for his full recovery. THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU from Nick's family and friends. Nicholas Nichols, 18 years old, Quincy, CA.

Featured Festival
ADVERTISE YOUR FESTIVAL HERE FOR ONLY $75 PER MONTH
CLICK HERE FOR DETAILS

Featured Festival
Ooklah The Moc
Ooklah The Moc & Kindread
Tuesday, February 20, 2007
The Sets, Tempe AZ
Hotline: 480-233-7144 or 480-606-8966

Featured Festival
Leon & the Peoples
Leon & The Peoples
Appearing with "For The Love Of It Tour"
featuring Beres Hammond & Marcia Griffiths

Jan 3 2007 The Independent San Francisco, CA • Jan 4 2007 The Independent San Francisco, CA • Jan 5 2007 House of Blues Los Angeles, CA • Jan 6 2007 Downtown Brewery San Luis Obispo, CA • Jan 7 2007 4thand B San Diego, CA • Jan 8 2007 Coach House San Juan Capistrano, CA • Jan 10 2007 The Depot Salt Lake City, UT • Jan 11 2007 Gothic Theatre Englewood, CO • Jan 13 2007 First Avenue Minneapolis, MN • Jan 14 2007 House of Blues Chicago, IL • Jan 15 2007 Majestic Detroit, MI • Jan 17 2007 Alrosa Villa Columbus, OH • Jan 19 2007 Metropolis Montreal, Quebec • Jan 20 2007 International Centre Ballroom Toronto, ON • Jan 21 2007 Icon Buffalo, NY • Jan 22 2007 Washington Avenue Armory Albany, NY • Jan 24 2007 Webster Theater Hartford, CT • Jan 25 2007 BB Kings New York, NY • Jan 26 2007 House of Blues Atlantic City, NJ • Jan 27 2007 Rams head Live Baltimore, MD • Jan 28 2007 9:30 Club Washington, Washington DC • Feb 2 2007 The Norva Norfolk, VA • Feb 2 2007 Neighborhood Theater Charlotte, NC • Feb 3 2007 Legacy Atlanta, GA • Feb 4 2007 Club NV St. Petersburg, FL • Feb 9 2007 Plush Jacksonville, FL • Feb 10 2007 Bergeron Rodeo Grounds Davie, FL • Feb 11 2007 Hard Rock Live Orlando, FL www.leonandthepeoples.net

Featured Festival

Renegade Winter Line-Up 2007
Renegade Winter Line-Up 2007

RENEGADE WINTER REGGAE LINE-UP
Hotline: 530-583-2801

Sun, February 18
Michael Franti and Spearhead
also Keller Williams
MontBleu Resort Showroom,
Stateline (South Lake Tahoe), NV

Wed, February 21
Steel Pulse & Eek-A-Mouse
Radisson Hotel Ballroom,
Sacramento, CA

Fri, February 23
Eek-A-Mouse
Tahoe Biltmore, Crystal Bay, NV

Sun, February 25
Steel Pulse & Eek-A-Mouse
Grand Sierra Resort, Reno, NV

Tue, February 27
Morgan Heritage & Eek-A-Mouse
Historic Ashland Armory, Ashland, OR

Announcements

Seeking Art for the 2007 Cover of Guide
It should be colorful, vertical, look like a festival, and in focus. We pay! We will not use it without your written permission. CONTACT US

Reggae History

Reggae is the heartbeat of Jamaica - a brand of music as strongly identified with the island as R&B is with Detroit or jazz with New Orleans. Jamaican Flag It's a major factor in the Jamaican economy, at no time better demonstrated than during Reggae Sunsplash and Reggae Sumfest (enormous annual reggae festivals), when almost one-quarter million visitors arrive from overseas to dance and sway in delirious union to the soulful, syncopated beat on the tiny island.

Reggae evolved in the ghettos of Kingston, Jamaica, born of the tensions and social protest simmering violently in the late 1960's. Jamaicans will tell you that reggae means "coming from de people," a phrase coined (as was the name reggae itself) by Toots Hibbert of Toots and the Maytals.

Bob Marley Bob Marley

Reggae is associated above all with one man: Robert Nesta Marley. Bob Marley had established himself as an early leading influence, with his creative style and unique stage presence. The type of reggae he performed is called Roots Reggae. He adopted Rastafarianism, injecting his music with greater soul and more poignant lyrics that helped spark a worldwide "Third World consciousness." Bob Marley became an international superstar and is considered a prophet by the followers of the Rastafarian religion.

Though Marley died in 1981, Reggae has gone from strength to strength. International stars such as Eric Clapton and Paul Simon even began to incorporate Reggae tunes into their smash hit albums. Bob Marley has sold more albums posthumously than any other recording artist. On his birthday, February 6, 2001 Marley was awarded a star on the famed Hollywood Walk of Fame. He receives numerous awards for his contributions to music each year.

Types of Reggae

Not all reggae stars are Jamaican. Reggae has a huge following in Scandinavia, Germany, England and Japan and indeed in most countries throughout the world where homegrown performers are bursting onto the scene. Nor do all reggae artists embrace social commentary in their music. Other types of West Indian music that actually preceded Reggae but can be found at most reggae festivals and are all grouped under the term "Reggae" to the masses:

Lovers Rock Melodic, romanticized reggae. Maxi Priest is one of the most popular to sing this type of reggae.

Dub Purely instrumental reggae. Jamaican DJ's invented their own lyrics to dub over the music, initially in a verse form that has since evolved into...

Dancehall Reggae similar to rap music.

Ska this frenetic forerunner of reggae accentuated by a strong horn section has made a comeback and is popular among young adults in USA and UK.

Rock Steady ska slowed down to half speed and became more syncopated. The dance style was more languid with minimal movements.

Soca from Trinidad, this fast-paced dance music has a pedigree going back two decades and gained prominence in Jamaica only recently at Carnival time. It is now the music of choice at upscale discos in 'uptown Kingston' (dancehall is the music of 'downtown').

Calypso fast-paced music from Trinidad featuring steel drums.

World Beat West African Highlife Music

Popular Marketing

Reggae may have put Jamaica on the musical map, but the nation's musical heritage runs much deeper. It is also constantly evolving, setting the tone and pace for the world to follow. Kingston has become the 'Nashville of the Third World' and recording studios pump out dozens of new titles each month. Reggae has influenced so many of today's marketing efforts with reggae jingles with its distinctive beat being heard on the radio and television around the world selling everything from laundry soap to soft drink. It is 'feel-good' music and marketers capitalize on that.

Rastafarians & Dreadlocks

The Rastafarians with their uncut, uncombed hair grown into long sun-bleached tangles known as dreadlocks or dreads are synonymous with the island in the sun. Rastas wear their hair in dreadlocks because of their intrepretation of a passage in the Bible. There are perhaps 100,000 "Rastas" in Jamaica (and millions worldwide). They adhere to an unorganized religion - a faith, not a church. Their influence has far outweighed their small number as youth around the globe admire their easy-going lifestyle and philosophy of One World family. Rastafarianism is a type of Christianity and they study the Bible.

Rastafarians have adapted traditional Christian tenets to fit their philosophical mold. The basic belief is that His Imperial Majesty, The Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia, was the second coming of Jesus Christ. They site passages in the Bible that confirm this. It advocates a peaceful fight against oppression against Babylon (the establishment). They are vegetarians that eat fish, strict teetotalers, they shun tobacco, coffee, sugar, and processed food. Those who copy Rastafarian lifestyle but bring ill repute are called 'wolves'.

Dreadlocks have become en vogue and can be seen on models in magazines and actors and ac tresses on television and in the movies.

Patois: Language of Reggae

In Jamaica, officially English is the spoken language. In reality, Jamaica is a bilingual country as everyone speaks patois (pa-twah), a musical dialect with a unique rhythm and cadence. Patois evolved from the Creole English and a twisted alchemy of the mother tongue peppered with African, Portuguese, and Spanish terms and Rastafarian slang. Most Jamaicans will vary the degree and intensity of their Patois according to whom they're speaking with.


 
 
 
 
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