|More from Britannica on "Indonesia :: Japanese occupation"...|
|40 Encyclopædia Britannica articles, from the full 32 volume encyclopedia|
country located off the coast of the Southeast Asian mainland in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is an archipelago that lies across the Equator and spans a distance equivalent to one-eighth of the Earth's circumference. Its islands can be grouped into the Greater Sunda Islands of Sumatra (Sumatera), Java (Jawa), the southern extent of Borneo known as Kalimantan, and ...
|>||Malaysia and Indonesia|
from the Southeast Asian arts article
The first Malaysian newspaper in the vernacular language, which appeared in 1876, introduced a new style of prose, less literary and nearer to spoken Malay. Becoming immensely popular, the new style was further developed by other newspapers. (Although the early innovators were influenced by the English language, their followers were influenced by Arabic.) Around 1920 this ...
the Indonesian state philosophy, formulated by the Indonesian nationalist leader Sukarno. It was first articulated on June 1, 1945, in a speech delivered by Sukarno to the preparatory committee for Indonesia's independence, which was sponsored by the Japanese during their World War II occupation. Sukarno argued that the future Indonesian state should be based on the Five ...
influential Indonesian nationalist and prime minister who favoured the adoption of Western constitutional democracy for Indonesia.
narrow passage of the west-central Pacific Ocean, Indonesia. Extending 500 miles (800 km) northeastsouthwest from the Celebes Sea to the Java Sea, the strait passes between Borneo on the west and Celebes on the east and is 80 to 230 miles (130 to 370 km) wide. It is a deep waterway containing numerous islands, the largest of which are Laut Island and Sebuku. Balikpapan ...
|5 Student Encyclopedia Britannica articles, specially written for elementary and high school students|
|In July and August 1945 President Truman, Premier Stalin, and Prime Minister Churchill met in Potsdam, a suburb of Berlin. They discussed peace settlements and drew up plans for reconstructing Europe.|
|The area that is now East Timor has suffered repeated invasions and colonizations over its history. The Portuguese first settled on Timor in 1520, and the Spanish arrived in 1522. The Dutch took possession of the western portion of the island in 1613. Two hundred years later, the island came under British rule, which remained in force from 1812 to 1815. The Dutch and the ...
|Before the 16th century, the port of Sunda Kalapa served the Sundanese Hindu kingdom of Pajajaran in West Java. The Hindu influence had been introduced by traders from India centuries before. In 1527, the Muslim sultan of Bantam defeated the Portuguese near Sunda Kalapa and renamed the port Jayakerta, meaning glorious fortress. The name evolved and eventually became ...
|The Republic of the Philippines is the only predominantly Christian nation in Asia and has a unique heritage of Malay, Spanish, and American cultures. Ruled by Spain for nearly 330 years until 1898, its cultural characteristics are today in some ways more like those of the nations of Latin America than those of Southeast Asia, the ten-nation geographic region to which it ...
| (born 1949), human rights activist. After the Indonesian invasion of the tiny Southeast Asian island of East Timor, José Ramos-Horta was exiled and became his country's leading spokesman. Ramos-Horta devoted his life to speaking out against the human rights abuses of the totalitarian Indonesian forces. He was awarded the Nobel peace prize in 1996 for his commitment to ...