Balinese   Carakan (Balinese)

Origin

The Balinese alphabet or Carakan descended ultimately from the from Brahmi script of ancient India by way of the Pallava and Old Kawi scripts. The oldest known inscriptions in the Balinese alphabet date from the 11th century AD, but they are thought to be reproductions of texts originally written on palm leaves at an earlier date.

The Balinese alphabet is still used to this day, although very few people are familiar with it and it is mainly used for religious works. Generally a version of the Latin alphabet known as Tulisan Bali is used instead, though what little Balinese printed material exists in the Latin alphabet consists mainly of school books, religious works and a few books of stories. Although Tulisan Bali is a required subject in Balinese primary schools, most people promptly forget it afterwards.

Notable features

Used to write

Balinese (Basa Bali), an Austronesian language spoken by about 3 million people mainly on the Indonesian island of Bali and in western part of the neighbouring island of Lombok. Balinese is also spoken in Nusapenida, Java and Sulawesi.

Balinese consonants (Akśara Wreşāstra)

Balinese consonants

The appended forms (Pangangge Akśara) are shown in red.

Additional Balinese consonants (Akśara Şwalalita)

There consonants are used for writing words from the Kawi (Old Javanese) language.

Balinese Kawi consonants

The final consonants are shown in red.

Balinese vowels (Akśara Suara)

Balinese independent vowels

Balinese vowel diacrtics

Balinese vowel diacrtics

Balinese semi vowels

Balinese semi vowels

Balinese sound killers (Pangangge Tengenan)

These symbols are used at the ends of syllables to add a consonant sound or to mute the inherent vowel.

Balinese sound killers (Pangangge Tengenan)

Balinese numerals

Balinse numerals

Miscellaneous Balinese symbols

Miscellaneous Balinese symbols

Balinese punctuation

Balinese punctuation

The Balinese font used on this page was created by Jason Glavy (jglavy@livedoor.com) and is available from: http://www.geocities.com/jglavy/asian.html

Sample text in the Balinese alphabet

Sample text in the Balinese alphabet

Transliteration

Akeh akśarane, 47, luir ipun: akśara suara, 14, akśara wianjana, 33, akśara suara punika talĕr dados pangangge suara, tur madrĕwe suara kakalih, kawāśt,anin: suara hrĕswa miwah dīrgha

Sample text in Balinese

Sami manusane sane nyruwadi wantah merdeka tur maduwe kautamaan lan hak-hak sane pateh. Sami kalugrain papineh lan idep tur mangdane pada masawitra melarapan semangat pakulawargaan.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

books  Recommended books

Links

Free Balinese fonts
http://www.babadbali.com/aksarabali/balisimbar.htm
http://www.geocities.com/jglavy/asian.html

Information about the Balinese alphabet (in Indonesian and English)
http://www.babadbali.com/aksarabali.htm
http://www.babadbali.com/aksarabali/alphabet-c.htm

Information about the Balinese language
http://www.balivision.com/Article_Resources/TheBaliniseLanguage.asp
http://www.balitouring.com/bali_articles/balinesean.htm
http://www.coralreeffish.com/balinese.htm

Related languages

Balinese, Batak, Bugis, Buhid, Cebuano, Cham, Chamorro, Fijian, Hanuno'o, Hawaiian, Hiligaynon, Ilocano, Javanese, Makasar, Malagasy, Malay, Mandar, Maori, Rarotongan, Rarotongan, Redjang, Samoan, Tagalog, Tagbanwa, Tahitian, Tongan, Tuvaluan, Yapese

Other syllabic alphabets

Ahom, Balinese, Batak, Bengali, Brahmi, Buhid, Burmese, Cham, Dehong Dai/Tai Le, Devanagari, Ethiopic, Grantha, Gurmukhi (Punjabi) Hanuno'o, Hmong, Javanese, Kannada, Kayah Li, Kharosthi Khmer, Lanna, Lao, Lepcha, Limbu, Lontara/Makasar, Malayalam, Manpuri, Modi, Oriya, Phags-pa, Ranjana, Redjang, Sharda, Siddham, Sinhala, Sorang Sompeng, Sourashtra, Soyombo, Sil'oti Nagri, Tagalog, Tagbanwa, Tai Dam, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Tibetan, Tocharian, Varang Kshiti

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