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General Information about the Fichtelgebirge

The Fichtelgebirge as one of the oldest mountains of Germany belongs to the low mountain ranges and lies primarily in Upper franconia. The highest elevation of the Fichtelgebirges is the snow mountain (Schneeberg) with 1053 ms, the Ochsenkopf, the Nußhardt, the Kösseine and the "Große Waldstein" are by far more known, nevertheless.

Roughly said the Fichtelgebirge lies between the cities Hof in the north, Weiden in the south, Bayreuth in the west and Eger in Czech Republic. In the heart of the Fichtelgebirge lies the county town Wunsiedel with the Luisenburg. Wider places are same Marktredwitz, Marktleuthen, Arzberg, Röslau, Weißenstadt, Waldershof, Kirchenlamitz and Tröstau (everything in the upper reaches of the Eger and the Röslau), further in the southeast and the south Bischofsgrün, Fichtelberg, Nagel, Neusorg, Erbendorf, Wiesau and Fuchsmühl, in the west Weidenberg, Creußen, Bayreuth, Bindlach and Bad Berneck, in the northwest Gefrees, Zell, Weißdorf, Münchberg (Obere Saale), as well as in the north, Rehau and Hof.

Morphologie of the Fichtelgebirge

Morphologically seen the Fichtelgebirge consists of several composite mountain pulls which are stored horseshoe-shaped. Hence, often it is spoken of the Fichtelgebirge horseshoe. In the essentials that are the high Fichtelgebirge with the snow mountain (Schneeberg), the ox's head (Ochsenkopf) and the Kösseinestock, the northern mountain pull with the forest stone (Waldstein), the Epprechtstein and the grain mountain (Kornberg), the southern part with the stone wood (Steinwald), the imperial forest (Reichsforst) and the cabbage mountain (Kohlberg) and the internal Fichtelgebirgs-high-plates.

Watercourses by the Fichtelgebirge

On account of the fact that in the Fichtelgebirge four meaning flows arise which run off in all four directions one spoke formerly of the " navel of Germany “ or the " heart well of Europe “. In the singles are this to the north the hall, to the east the Eger, after the south the Naab and to the west the White Main. In Bayreuth before the New Palace stands a well which illustrates these four flows.

Numerous moors and marshes are valuable water collectors. Meanwhile they stand all under nature conservation. By the Fichtelgebirge runs the European main divide which separates the influx to the North Sea and the Black Sea.

Geology und Age

Geologically the Fichtelgebirge consists in the essentials of granite and belongs to the oldest mountains generally. The history of the Fichtelgebirges begins in the Precambium before about 750 - 800 million years, in comparison with that the Alps with an origin work before approx., 30 - 35 million years almost in a juvenile manner.

Mining at the Fichtelgebirge

In the Fichtelgebirge mining was already ran in the early Middle Ages. Gold, tin, minerala, iron, stones and grounds was diminished, in new time uranium was discovered in uranium deposits. The processing of the metals follows in furnaces and smith's companies as well as in numerous hammer plants. Still today there end many local names on the term Hammer (e.g., Frankenhammer or Knopfhammer). The necessary coale for the smelting delivered the woods of the Fichtelgebirges, while the hit wood was processed to coal in many piles. At the end of the 30-year- war (1618-1648) the mining also came to an end by the exploitation, Alexander von Humboldt tried to animate the mining in the 18-th century again. The places Wunsiedel, Weißenstadt, Arzberg, Goldkronach or Fichtelberg-Neubau were founded by the mining in the Fichtelgebirge.

One can obtain an insight into the mining history of the Fichtelgebirges in the visitor mine Gleissinger Fels at Fichtelberg-Neubau, in the visitor tunnel Schmutzler at Goldkronach, in the golden mining museum in Goldkronach, in the mining exhibition in the Fichtelgebirgsmuseum in Wunsiedel or in the mining-info place in Arzberg.

Economy and tourism at the Fichtelgebirge

Beside the internationally known and Germany-far leading, prominent porcelain industry with the center in Selb, glass products are produced at numerous places in the Fichtelgebirge. The mining is only from historical interest.

The Fichtelgebirge has developed during the last years to a leading winter sports region in Germany, several Ski-Lifts and an almost enomous number in cross-country skiing cross-country trails form the basis for a snow pleasure for young and old. And, however, the tourism can show a long tradition in the Fichtelgebirge. Since the 20s of the 20-th century tourists travel to Bischofsgrün or in the old health resorts like Fichtelberg, Bad Berneck or Bad Alexandersbad. Today these places are modern health resorts with visits-worth thermal baths and health resort equipment.



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(c) 2006-2007 Axel Schröder