the state capital of Uttaranchal since 9th Nov.2000 is the gateway to
beauteous Mussoorie. Chakrata and Rishikesh, part of the legendary kedarkhand,
Abode of Shiva, is also rail a rail head to Haridwa Badrinath, Kedarnath,
Gangotri and Yamunotri.He Here come Drona in Search of peace and centuries
later, GuruRamRai, after being driven away from the Punjab when the
Sikhs doubted his bonafides.Withitsbracing climate, this lovely city
is the home of the Indian Military Academy and various other top schools,
besides being an important Pilgrimage andGovernment Adminstration Centre.
Here too come Devotees from all over the country for the famous, Tapkeshar
Mela, To celebrate the birth day of Lord Shiva, and also, in April to
honour The Goddess Chandika, that won the victory over him. A gay perch
in the mountains, or to further pilgrimages in Himavan, the abode of
Rising on horse shoe- shaped foot-hill overlooking on the side the Sweltering
plains below, and on the vibrant magnetic silhouette of the Himalayas,
Mussoorie one time sanctuary of snow and silence and haunt of the hermit
of hillmen, now a playground of the elite and ultra, but where cast
distinctions are cast aside, offers a spectacular vacation to suit every
taste. Here, in the elegant hotels, the spirit of camaraderie or Hail
fellow well met prevails as the Maharaja greets mixes and mixes with
the fellow tourist, be he businessman or fellow sportsman.
Brief History of Dehradun
A Camp in the Valley
78°24’ E. Bounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Shivalik hills
in the south, the Ganges in the east and the Yamuna river in the west,
Dehra Dun the state capital of Uttaranchal is the gateway to beauteous
Mussoorie and Chakrata. In legend and lore, Dehra Dun formed part of
the region of Kedarkhand, abode of Lord Shiva who gave his name to the
Shivalik Hills. Here, Rama and Laxman bowed in penance for the killing
of the king of Lanka, Ravana. Here came Drona in search of peace, it
was then called Drona Ashram-the Abode of Drona-here came the five Pandvas
on their way to the Himalayas to immolate themselves.
Skipping through countless ages of man, when gods, in their infinite
grandeur, no longer roamed the earth and humans proclaimed themselves
emissaries of the Divine One. The thrice blessed ones who had come to
reform the earthlings we come to the year 1469, the year, the great
reformer Guru Nanak, who founded the Sikh faith, was born. Nanak did
not believe in idol worship and caste system, a follower of the Muslim
mystic, Baba Farid, he attempted to unite both the Hindus and Muslims
under one religion of Sikhism. He preached against humbug and hypocracy
in religion. He died in 1539 after firmly sowing the roots of his religion,
succession of gurus followed to carry on his teachings and laid the
faithful. In the 7th century, the Sikhs doubted the bonafides and legitimacy
of Guru Ram Rai and drove him from Punjab. He took refuge in the city
of Dehra Dun giving it its name; Dehra-Camp, Doon-Valley, between the
mountains. Guru Ram Rai eventually settled here; he arrived on the fifth
day after Holi - the event is still annually celebrated by hoisting
the ‘Flag’ ‘Jhanda’ on the Guru Ram Rai Gurdwara on the same day.
In 1757, Nazib-ud-Daula, Governor of Saharanpur, occupied Dehra Dun
but after his death it was swept by many invaders, the last were the
Gurkhas from Nepal, who annexed it. With the weakening of the Imperial
power in Delhi, the British with the help of malcontents led by treacherous
Mr. Jafar defeated the forces of 20 years old Siraj-ud-Daula, Moghul
Viceroy, at the Battle of Plassey. In 1764, Robert Clive, leading the
British forces, defeated the re¬grouped Imperial army at Buxar. Repeated
invasions from the Afghans and Persians under Nadir Shah had left the
Moghul Empire all but eclipsed. The defeat of the battle of Panipat
in 1761 left India like a swirling set at a high tide, angry and tumultous
but divided and lacking direction. In 1765, the British acquired from
the Moghul Emperor, Shah Alam the Diwani (revenue collection rights)
of the three provinces¬Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. Slowly, but steadily
and surely the East India Company was able to penetrate into the interior
and bring into protection the weak viceroyalities of the Moghuls, threatened
by the Marathas. Delhi was ruled by the nominal deputy of Ahmed Shah
on behalf of the wandering Shah Alam who was blinded by a crazed Afghan
Chief in 1788. From this arose the Kingdom of Delhi, a brief reflection
of former Moghul glory. In a short but decisive compaign, the power
of the Marathas 18 was destroyed by Col., later Lord Wallesley in 1803.
The primary object to the Company had been trade and trading required
peace. Threatened with bankruptcy, the Company appointed Warren Hast’rrrgs,
Governor in 1774, one of his first acts was to clear the dominions of
the Nawab of Oudh of the Rohilla menance. Oudh was important as a buffer
state from the Marathas. The Rohila ruler, Rehmat Khan was defeated
in the battle of Miranpur Katra. In 1801, the bulk of Uttar Pradesh
was in the hands of the British as a result of treaty with the ruler
of Oudh. After the defeat of the Marathas by Wallesley and Gen. Lake
in 1803, the rest of U.P also came under their domain. In 1815, after
the defeat of Nepolean by Lord Wallesley later Duke of Wellington, the
clearing of the European skies provided the opportunity for England
to extend its supremacy over the Indian, continued as a commercial necessity
for the internal flaw of trade. The final phase started with a war with
the Gurkhas in Nepal from which both emerged with mutual respect. The
frontier war gained, with the Treaty of Sugauli, in 1816 the districts
of Garhwal, Nainital, Kumaon and Dehra Dun. From that starts the modern
history of the city. Till 1835, the whole area was included in the Presidency
of Bengal when it was separated and called the North West Frontier Province,
under a Lt. Governor.
Due to lovely natural beauty, it is a favourite residential city and
an important educational centre in U.P., housing as it does, the Indian
Military Academy, rated as on par with England’s Sandhurst and the United
States’ West Point.Important Institutions
Some important Institutions are located in Dehradun that provide research
facilities and elaborate libraries with some of the best museums.
A List of such institutions is given below:
1. Anthropological Survey of India, 218 Kaulagarh road (Tel: 2759310,
2 Archaeological Survey of India (Tel : 2744966, 2743108)
3. Botanical Seurvey of India, 218 Kaulagarh Road (Tel : 2755478, 2753433)
4. Central Soils and Water Conservation Research & Training Institute.
(Tel : 2758564, 2757217)
5. Defence Electronics Applications Laboratory(DEAL), Raipur road
(Tel : 2687097, 2687331-34)
6. Forest Research Institute (Tel : 2755277, 2753225-28)
7. Indian Photo Interpretation Institute, Kalidas road (Tel: 2746174,
8. Indian Institute of Petroleum, Mohkampur (Tel : 2674508)
9. Instrument Research and Development Establishment (IRDE), Raipur
(Tel : 2687004-05)
10. National Institute of Visually Handicapped, Rajpur road. (Tel: 2744491,
11. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd., Kaulagarh road. (Tel: 2757841-43,
12. Rashtrya Indian Military College, Garhi Centt (Tel : 2752083)
13. Survey of India, Raipur road (Tel : 2657112-16)
14 Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, General Mahadev Singh road.
15. Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani (Tel : 2640112-15,2640910)
16. Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, Kalidas Road Tel : 274-1583.
17 India Military Academy, Chakrata Road (Tel : 2773741-42)
The Zoological Survey of India
Founded in 1916, the Zoological Survey of India, 5 km away on kaulagarh
road, a department under the Ministry of Environment and Forests is
a premier National Institute exploring the faunal diversity of the country.
It undertakes surveys in all the biogeographic zones to collect, identify,
collate and inventories faunal diversity of our country. .The Museum
of this Institute has a variety of himalayan faunal diversity.
1. Satya Narain: About 40 km from Dehra Dun on Haridwar-Rishikesh road.
For reservation of Forest Rest House at Satya Narain and Moti Ghur and
fishing permit, D.F.O.(East), Dehradun may be contacted.
2. Kansro : It is 36 km from Dehra Dun, on Haridwar rail route. For
reservation of Forest Rest House at Kansro and Gola Tapper and also
for obtaining permit-D.F.O. (East), Dehra Dun may be contacted.
3. Dhalipur: It is 52.4 km from Dehra Dun. Reservation of Forest Rest
House at Tamil and fishing permit - D.F.O.(West) , Dehra Dun may be
4. Kulhal : It is 43 km from Dehra Dun for reservation Forest Rest House
at Tamil and fishing permit - D.F.O. (West), Dehra Dun may be contacted.
5. Lachhiwala : 3 km form Doiwala and 22 km from Dehra Dun on Haridwar
- Rishikesh road is Lachhiwala. The serene and blissful spot is famous
for its picnic spots.The place also provides accommodation to the tourists
in the Forest Rest House nestles in the greenery. Reversation thru D.F.O
(East), Dehra Dun.Important Council Affiliated Schools in Dehradun
1. Col. Browne School, Curzon Road, Dehradun
2. Bala Hissar Academy, 5-Municipal Road, Dehradun (Ph. : 2675200)
3. Brightlands, 1-Dick Road, Dehradun (Ph. : 2652729)
4. Cambrian Hall, 13-Young Road, Dehradun (Ph. : 2623539)
5. Convent of Jesus & Mary, Convent Road, Dehradun (Ph. : 2654344,
6. Doon International School, Dalanwala, Dehradun ( Ph. : 2655392, 2658491)
7. Doon School, Mall Road, Dehradun (Ph. : 2758110) -~
8. Guru Nanak Academy, Rajpur Road, Dehradun (Ph. : 2687235) 10. Marshall
School, 40-E. C.Road,
Dehradun (Ph. : 2628048)
9. Raja Ram Mohan Roy Academy, Clement Town, Dehradun (Ph. : 2640544)
10. River Dale School, Balbir Road, Dehradun (Ph. : 2678356 )
11. St. Joseph’s Academy, Rajpur Road, Dehradun (Ph. : 2653861) 14.
Welham Boys School, Circular Road,
Dehradun (Ph.: 2656991) 15. Welham Girls School, Chander Road, Dehradun
(Ph. : 2654574, 2654293) Places of Tourist Interst1. Forest Research
Institute: 7 km from Clock Tower, the Forest Research Institute on the
Dehradun - Chakrata motorable road is the biggest forest based training
institute of India. Most of the forest officers are a product of this
institute.The F.R.I. wi#) jtg; majestic building also houses a Botanical
2. Indian Military Academy: Situated 8 km on Dehradun - Chakrata road
and 3 km beyond F.R.I. (Dehradun) is a premier training institute for
Army Officers. The Academy has the following places of tourist interst.
1. Museum 4.Arms & Ammunition
3. Library 5. Shooting Demonstration Room
4. War Memorial 6. FRIMA Golf Course (18 holes)
5. Sericulture Centre : Equally famous and 8 kilometres from the city
in Premnagar, is the Sericulture Institute, where it is worth-while
visiting the Mulberry Demonstration Farms; Grainage Section; Research
Section and the Cocoon Stiffing Section.
6. Robber’s Cave (Guchchu Pani): Eight kilometres from the city, too,
but near the cantonment is one of nature’s phenomenons to confuse man;
a stream of water suddenly disappears from sight, a short few metres
away it suddenly reappears-again as a gushing stream. The cave is motorable
till Anarwala, a distance of 6.4 kilometres. The last one and a half
kilometres has to be traversed on foot.
7. Tapkeshwar Mahadev and Fair (Mela): The small village of Garhi, 5.5
km from Dehra Dun comes to life once a year when crowds swarm in their
hundreds to worship and celebrate the birthday of Shiva; on the festival
of Shivaratri, the gay mood of the crowds rivals the brightness of the
colour of their costumes, when resplendent in their finery village bells
dazzle their swains. This is the Tapkeshwar Mela to honour the Deity
of the Tapkeshwar Mahadev Temple, one kilometre away by the side of
a seasonal river. Here, from the top of a rock water falls drop by drop
on the Shiva Ling; it has done so, for countless centuries.
8. Indian Institute of Pertroleum: Famous throughout of the world, the
institute is eight kilometres from the city.
9. Raipur Springs: A beautiful picnic spot, five km from Dehra Dun.
10. Tapovan: In the days of the Mahabharata, Drona Acharya, legendary
Kuru Prince, did penance in this forest retreat, five kilometres from
Dehra Dun. The motorable road to this place which breathes peace; the
surroundings are as calm and cool as they are beautiful, extends to
3.5 km. The rest of the distance has to be covered on foot. Ashram;
open to tourists, abound in this spot.
11. Guru Ram Rai’s Gurdwara - ‘Jhanda Mela’: Faithful followers of Guru
Ram Rai built a gurdwara for the saint that had been repudiated by the
Punjab and sought a heaven in Dehra Dun. Situated in the Jhanda Mohalla
area, a place of pilgrimage, it attracts devotees from all over the
country in early March. From the remotest corner of India they come
to rise flag on a very long staff, five days after Holi, celebrating
his arrival about 300 years ago, and re-affirming their faith in him.
He came to seek peace and tarried a while in the soothing, sylvan spot.
With a handful of followers he set up a temporary camp. It became a
city, has not forgotten and presents, every year, the biggest and best
celebrated fair in the Doon valley.
12. Chandi Devi Fair : The Goddess Chandrika, it is said, venting her
frustration and disgust at mortals, threatened to destroy the world
and true to her word, started to do so; all the pleadings of the gods
were in vain, there was consternation in Elysium. Finally it was suggested
that Shiva be approached, that he alone could satisfy her. He did, after
repeated misgivings- She relented, but it was her victory. A festival
fair is held every in April, in her honour, in Rajpur, 11Km. From dehradun,
enroute to Mussoorie. Once a year does this small town comes to life
as excitement, for “all the fun of the fair” Another town, Meerut, also
honours the goddess with its own week-long Nauchandi ka mela.
13. Central Braille Press: Amrican born Hellen Keller, world famous
figure who fought, with the help of a teacher, the three affictions
of her childhood; she was deaf, dumb and blind. Her work setting up
institutions for the blind contintues to amaze the world and will do
so as long as there are blimd people on this earth. Before she died
she fulfilled a lifelong ambition of meeting the late Prime Minister
Nehru. She come to India and ‘saw’ with her fingertips. India’s blind
have learnt to read Braille which brings th them world they cannot see.
The central Braille Press in one of the largest in India., producing
books for blind. It is 6 Km. On the rajpur road.
14. Laxman Siddh: just 12 Km. from the town, on the Rishikesh route
is jungle land; in the midst of which is the ‘Samadhi’ of India’s modern
saint- Swami Laxman siddh surrounded by dense forests.It is the lone
edifice in the area, there are no shops, no houses in the beautiful
wilderness only devotees and tourists come to pay homage.
15 Shahastra dhara (Thousands of Streams): 15 Km. from the city on a
motorable road, are the famous health giving Sulphur springs, whose
waters cure polio abd host of other ills. With its natural beauty, it
is a popoular picnic spot. The Baldi River and the caves provide a breathtaking
16. Kalanga Monument: all through the span of British history, both
at home and abroad has run the thread of valorous deeds, in times of
war, performed by the vanquished enemy. A stout hearted boy has always
won the admiration of the general that after a stiff battle crushed
him. The school boy is fed by the history of brave deeds of boths friends
and foe alike. The admiration has never been with-held. After the Nepalese
war of 1814 both sides came out with an increased mutual respect which
has lasted to this day. One such man who won England’s respect was Gen.
Balbhadra Thapa of Royal Nepalese Army who inflicted a crusheing defeat
on Maj. Gen. Gellespie of the British forces in the war of 1814. The
Gorkhas lost the war but on the peace, their soldiers were become the
nucleus of the crack Gorkha Regiment in the British Army, whose feats
during both world wars were to win them undying fame and the very first
(one of many) Victoria Cross in the world war 1st. Gorkhas werw recruited
into special privileges. Till well after world war 2nd, when Britian
began to give up her colonies, these ‘Soldiers of fortune’ were employed
to keep the peace throughout the Empire. An anachronism after the independence
of her former possession, Britian stopped further recruitment and the
soldiers were liberally pensioned off, though the ultra elite Queen’s
Own Guards regiment, partially stationed in Buckingham Palace, still
has many Gorkha officers in it.
Located 7Km. from Clock tower, on the right side of the Dehradun-Shahastradhara
route, the Kalanga monument recalls story of the bravery of an 180 year
old battle between the British and Gorkhas. Perched on a hill, 1000
feet over the banks of river Rispana, the monument represents the history
of the rulers of Garhwal.
17. Mal Devta: 4 Km. from Rajpur , Mal devta is 10 Km. from Dehradun.
The distance after rajpur is on foot, but the scenery is ample rewarding.
18. Dakpathar Barrage: Life giving barrages and dams has been termed
as modern temples, built to harness the needs of the Yamuna Project;
it is surrounded by beautiful gardens, making it a very attractive picnic
spot and modern temple of worship. 45 km. from Dehradun, Dakpathar is
a beautiful tourist spot in the western Doon valley, amidst the shivalik
range besides the Yamuna River. Accommodation is available in aTourist
Rest House, with swimming pool.
19. Ashokan Edict, Monuments (Protected) at Kalsi: The Buddha attained
Nirvana in 480 B.C., the Mauryan Empire, 150 years later and lasted
another 150 years. Among its great was the Samrat Ashok, who after a
period of warfare, was –converted to the Buddhist faith and in a moving
proclamation declared that the only conquest worth making was the conquest
of self. He set about the moral elevation of his people and put a number
of rock edicts over the length and breath of his kingdom. One of these
is a huge boulder, 51Km. from dehradun at Kalsi. Engraved on the boulder
are King Ashoka’s Decrees.
One such edict at Kalsi is made of Quartz which is 10ft long and 8ft
broad. ‘Gajottam’ meaning ‘the most of excellent elephant’ is inscribed
on the right side of the roch and is engraved in Brahmi script in the
eastern dialect of Magadhi, the then official language. The National
Archaeologial Depratment has taken the responsibility of preserving
the edict having a high historical significance.
20. Jagatgram- Horse sacrifice: Sis centuries after the Buddha, in the
third century A.D. king Shalivahan performed the Ashwamegh Yagya, or
the horse sacrifice, making the unchallenged accession to power. Excavation
at Jagatgram, near Kalsi, reveals that this was the site of the elaborate
21. Malsi Deer Park: 10Km. from dehradun, enroute Mussoorie is situated
a beautifully developed tourist spot lying at the foot-hills of the
Shivalik range. Malsi Deer Park is a mini-zoological park comprising
of a children’s park enveloped by beautiful, natural surroundings. Along
with the attractive environs the availability of refreshment makes the
place an ideal sight-seeing cum picnic spot.
22. Chandrabani: Situated 7Km. from Dhradun, on the Dehradun-Delhi road
is the famous temple of Chandrabani (Gautam kund). According to the
mythological beliefs, this spot was inhabited by Maharishi Gautam, his
wife and daughter Anjani who are widely worshipped by the people. It
is believed that daughter of heaven-Ganga ha manifested herself on the
spot which is now popularly known as the Gautam Kund. Every year devotees,
in large members, take a dip in the holy Kund. 2Km. away from the main
road, located in the midst of Shivalik hills, the place is beautiful
23. Sai Darbar: Situted 8Km. from the Clock tower on Rajpur road, is
the Sai Darbar temple. This place holde a high cultural and spiritual
value and is visited by tourists from across the country and foreigners
24. Tibetan Temple: Situated on Rajpur road near Sai Darbar is a huge
and colourful temple of Lord Buddha.
25. Santla Devi Temple: 15Km. from Dehradun on a steep cliff 2,803m
is situated the temple of Santla Devi. To reach the shrine one passes
through Garhi Cantt. and Panjabiwala villages. After atleast an hour’s
journey one reaches the shrine. Santla Devi, alongwith her brother,
on realizing that they would not be able to face the Mughal arm abandoned
their weapons and began to pray. A light flickered and within moments
they both were transformed into stone images. It is within the fort
that the shrine was built and Saturday marks the tranformation of the
Goddess into stone. Since then special obeisance is paid on Saturdays.
The shrine is widely believed to be an important place of worship for
the Hindus. The temple stands as a symbols of the faith people have
in the temple and has a great cultural and religious significance.26
Wadia Institute: 5Km. uphill from the Clock Tower, on General Mahadev
Singh road is situated the Wadia institute which houses a unique museum
of the Uttaranchal Glaciers.
27. Assan Barrage: Assan barrage, is situated near the confluence of
two perenial rivers Assan and Yamuna (though the Yamuna Canal from Dak