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Remarkable discoveries, historical milestones, attractions and curiosities, faults and myths have been connected to the Czech Republic. Recall the best known and discover many more.

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  • KALININGRAD

    The Russian city of Kaliningrad (former Königsberg) on the Baltic seaside was established by Czech king Přemysl Otakar II as "Kralovec" during one of his campaigns.

    Getting to know Czech Republic


  • BOHEMIA

    According to Roman reports, the Latin name of the Czech lands Boiohaemum (Bohemia) is derived from the name of the Celtic tribe that settled on the territory of today´s Czech Republic.

    Getting to know Czech Republic


  • SATELLITE VIEW

    The Czech Republic is one of the few inland countries whose borders can be seen from satellite photographs. The location of the Czech Republic can be best recognized by its border mountains on satellite photos made from a height of 900 kilometers.

    Getting to know Czech Republic


  • MEDIEVAL TANKS

    The principle of an offensive vehicle was used almost 500 years before the first tanks appeared by the Hussite captain Jan Žižka of Trocnov at the Battle of Malešov in 1424.

    Getting to know Czech Republic


  • CZECH SIBERIA

    "Czech Siberia" is the nickname of an area of hilly countryside only a few kilometers south of the capital city of Prague. The area is as cold as it would be located 200 meters higher than it is, because of the frequency of temperature inversions in winter.

    Getting to know Czech Republic


  • CZECH PUCKS AT THE OLYMPICS

    The Czech company Gufex was the exclusive supplier of ice-hockey pucks for the 2006 Olympic Games in Turin and the 2006 World Championship in Latvia. Some 10,000 hockey pucks, bearing the Olympic emblem on one side and a hockey symbol and the Olympic rings on the other, were sent to Turin. Gufex was also the supplier of pucks for the Olympics in Nagano and Salt Lake City. Gufex owes its success to a unique technology and composition used in manufacturing. The pucks, from Wallachia, don’t leave black marks on the ice.

    Economy, business, science


  • DECIPHERING THE HITTITE LANGUAGE

    In 1915, professor Bedřich Hrozný was able to decipher the cuneiform scripts and hieroglyphics of the ancient Hittite people. Hrozný deciphered the scripts found on tablets produced in Asia Minor some 2,000 years before Christ. The Hittites were the first Indo-Europeans about whom there are historical records.

    Economy, business, science


  • THE FIRST NANOFIBERS

    Professor Oldřich Jirsák of Liberec’s Technical University and his team were the first in the world to create a machine for the industrial production of nanofibers. Nanofibers are 1,000 times thinner than a human hair and will be used in filtration systems, for hygienic purposes and for sound absorption.

    Economy, business, science


  • THE DISCOVERER OF POLAROGRAPHY

    Jaroslav Heyrovsky won the Nobel Prize in 1959 after discovering the polarographic method of electro-analytical chemistry.

    Economy, business, science


  • THE MOST EFFECTIVE AIDS DRUG

    Czech scientist Antonín Holý (born 1936) and his team developed a medicine called Tenofovir. In cooperation with scientists from five other European countries and the United States, the drug was produced under the name Viread. It has been shown that after five days of treatment with Viread, the HIV virus completely disappears from the blood of mothers, meaning that children will not be infected. And, if an HIV-positive person continues to take the drug, he or she can live a normal life. Nevertheless, Viread hasn’t been able to completely eradicate the HIV virus that causes AIDS.

    Economy, business, science


  • THE OLDEST GLASS WORKS

    The oldest running glass works in Europe is located in Chřibská near Děčín. It has been in operation since 1414.

    Economy, business, science


  • FIRST FAIR IN THE WORLD

    The very first fair in the world took place in August 1754 in Veltrusy as Veltruský velký trh tovaru Království českého (The Big Fair of Goods of the Czech Kingdom in Veltrusy). The fair was visited not only by many businessmen from abroad but also by Her Majesty Empress Maria Theresa herself.

    Economy, business, science


  • TRAIL MARKERS

    The Czech Republic has one of the most comprehensive and complex networks of hiking trails in the world. The system used to mark the trails was established by the Czech Hiking Club in 1889 and has since made accessible a vast network of beautiful trails across the whole country. Currently in the Czech Republic there are approximately 40 000 km of marked trails for hikers, skiers and cyclists.

    Tourism and sport


  • RADIOACTIVE SPA

    The first radioactive spa in the world was opened in 1906 in Jáchymov.

    Tourism and sport


  • IVAN HLINKA

    Ivan Hlinka became the second European coach in the NHL after the Finn Alp Suhonen.

    Tourism and sport


  • THE 2016 OLYMPICS?

    Prague, the capital city of the Czech Republic, is planning on a candidacy for the Summer Olympic Games in 2016 or 2020.

    Tourism and sport


  • THE BEST KNOW CZECH SONG

    Undoubtedly, the world’s best known Czech song is Jaromír Vejvoda’s Škoda lásky. It was one of the most popular songs internationally during the Second World War. The American General Dwight Eisenhower purportedly said that the song helped win the war. Even so, the song was popular even before the war. In 1938, the German accordion player Will Glahé’s recording of the song, called Rosamunde in Germany, went gold. Just before the war American Shapiro Bernstein bought the rights to the song for the American market and distributed it under the name Beer Barrel Polka. Eventually the Andrew Sisters, the Glenn Miller Orchestra, Benny Goodman and Billie Holiday had added the song to their own repertoires. The song has been translated into almost 30 languages.

    Cultural heritage


  • THE FIRST RADIOACTIVE SPA

    The world’s first radioactive spa was established in Jáchymov. Radioactive springs were found in the area at the beginning of the 20th century and by 1906 the first radon spas in the world were established.

    Cultural heritage


  • THE LARGEST EQUESTRIAN STATUE

    On Prague’s Vítkov hill stands the largest statue of a rider cast in bronze. The statue of the general and Hussite leader Jan Žižka of Trocnov weighs 16.5 tonnes and is 9 meters high, 9.6 meters long and 5 meters wide. It took sculptor Bohumil Kafka some ten years to sculpt the interesting and realistic statue.

    Cultural heritage


  • CZECH MUSIC ON THE MOON

    American Neil Armstrong, the first man to step onto the surface of the moon as part of the 1969 Apollo mission, counted among his personal items on the voyage a recording of Antonín Dvořák’s 9th symphony. The symphony ranks among the world’s best symphonic compositions of all time.

    Cultural heritage


  • PÍSEK’S GOTHIC BRIDGE

    The Czech Republic’s oldest stone bridge, which is said to have been constructed before the end of the 13th century, is also the second-oldest bridge of its kind north of the Alps after a bridge in the German city of Regensburg.

    Cultural heritage


  • THE WORLD’S LARGEST INLAID WINDOW

    The largest inlaid or panel window in the world can be found in the southern nave of Prague Castle’s St. Vitus Cathedral. The window, which was constructed from 1937 to 1939 and depicts a biblical theme, has an area of 160 square meters.

    Cultural heritage


  • IMPERIAL CHAIN BRIDGE

    Europe’s only chain bridge can be found over the Lužnice River in the South Bohemian town of Stádlec. The bridge was constructed in the first half of the 19th century and is still in use today.

    Cultural heritage


  • MISS KOOH-I-NOOR

    The picture of Miss Kooh-i-noor with a press button in her left eye is the most famous Czech portrait of a girl in the world. The creator of this brand image was the Czech painter František Kupka. 

    Cultural heritage


  • ELECTRIFIED THEATER

    The first electrified theater in the world was the Municipal, today Mahen’s, Theater in Brno. The electrification was realized in 1882 according to the plans of Thomas Edison, who also helped with the installation.

    Cultural heritage


  • THE MOST FAMOUS MIME

    The best-known mime of the 19th century, Jean Gaspar Debureau, was born in the Czech city of Kolín.

    Cultural heritage


  • EINSTEIN AT CHARLES UNIVERSITY

    Albert Einstein worked as a professor in Charles University’s German section at the turn of the 20th century.

    Work and study


  • CZECH TOP 100

    The Czech Top 100 chart includes a list of the most significant and respected companies in the Czech Republic.

    Work and study


  • OBLIGATORY CZECH LANGUAGE COURSES

    All elementary schools are obligated to organize special preparation courses of Czech language for students from all EU member states.

    Work and study


  • ECONOMIC STUDIES

    Czech universities are most attractive for students of economic fields of study — up to 50,000 applicants compete annually in the entrance examination.

    Work and study


  • CHARLES UNIVERSITY

    Charles University in Prague is the oldest university in the Central Europe. It was established April 7, 1348, and today is attended by 42,000 students.

    Work and study


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