Air Force Historical Research Agency

85 Air Division (Defense) Emblem

85 Air Division (Defense)

Lineage

Established as 85 Fighter Wing on 4 Nov 1943. Activated on 10 Nov 1943. Inactivated on 30 Jun 1948. Redesignated 85 Air Division (Defense) on 3 May 1955. Activated on 8 Sep 1955. Inactivated on 1 Sep 1958..

Assignments

Fourth Air Force, 10 Nov 1943; IV Fighter Command, 28 Nov 1943-10 Jan 1944; Army Service Forces, 10 Jan-17 Feb 1944; Fifth Air Force, 18 Feb 1944; Far East Air Forces, 11 May 1945; Thirteenth Air Force, 1 Sep 1945; Fifth Air Force, 1 Jun 1947-30 Jun 1948. Eastern Air Defense Force, 8 Sep 1955-1 Sep 1958.

Components

Wing. 4625 Air Defense (SAGE) (later, Washington Air Defense Sector): 1 Dec 1956-1 Sep 1958.

Groups. 18 Fighter: 15 Mar 1946-1 May 1947. 49 Fighter: 19 Apr-c. 22 Jun 1944. 348 Fighter: c. 15 Jun 1944-c. 25 Jul 1945. 414 Fighter: c. 15 Dec 1945-c. 30 Sep 1946. 475 Fighter: 16 Jun 1944-18 May 1945.

Squadrons. 17 Photographic Reconnaissance: 1 Feb-22 Mar 1946. 48 Fighter-Interceptor: 1 Mar 1956-1 Sep 1958. 95 Fighter-Interceptor: 1 Mar 1956-1 Sep 1958. 419 Night Fighter: 10 Jan 1946-20 Feb 1947. 482 Fighter-Interceptor: 8 Apr 1956-1 Sep 1958. 550 Night Fighter: 7 Apr-c. 30 Jun 1945.

Stations

Hamilton Field, CA, 10 Nov 1943; San Francisco Municipal Airport, CA, 10 Nov 1943-10 Jan 1944; Gusap, New Guinea, 25 Feb 1944; Hollandia, New Guinea, 24 Jul 1944; Leyte, Philippine Islands, 24 Oct 1944, Fort William McKinley, Luzon, Philippine Islands, c. 15 Jun 1945; Floridablanca, Luzon, Philippine Islands, c. 15 Jul 1946; Nagoya, Japan, 1 Jun 1947-30 Jun 1948. Andrews AFB, MD, 8 Sep 1955-1 Sep 1958.


Commanders

Col John M. Bartella, 10 Nov 1943; Col Harlan T. McCormick, 6 Dec 1943; Col Philip H. Greasley, 11 Nov 1944; Col George A. Walker, 23 Apr 1945; Brig Gen George P. Tourtellot, 20 May 1945; Lt Col Vernon L. Head, 2 Oct 1945; Col Raymond J. Reeves, 1 Feb 1946; Brig Gen William M. Morgan, 26 Feb 1946; unkn, 2 May 1947-30 Jun 1948. Brig Gen Emmett F. Yost, 8 Sep 1955; Brig Gen Ernest H. Beverly, 1 Aug-1 Sep 1958.

Aircraft

P-38, 1944-1946; P-40, 1944; P-47, 1944-1945, 1947; P (later, F)-51, 1945-1947; B-25, 1946; F-5, 1946; F-6, 1946; P-61, 1946; P (later, F)-80, 1946-1947. F-86, 1956-1958, F-94, 1956-1957; F-102, 1957-1958.

Operations

During World War II, the 85th, participated in aerial combat in New Guinea and the Philippine Islands (Feb 1944-Aug 1945). Subordinate units flew cover missions for convoys, patrols, escorted bombers, attacked enemy airfields, and supported ground forces. After the war's end, the organization provided fighter protection for the Philippine Islands and conducted an intensive training program in aerial combat, gunnery, and instrument flying, until Jun 1948. It was assigned to the Eastern Air Defense Force in Sep 1955. Until Sep 1958, the division intercepted unidentified aircraft and participated in numerous training exercises. It also took part in gunnery and air launched training and readiness tests.

Service Streamers. None.

Campaign Streamers. World War II: Leyte; Luzon; New Guinea.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation.

Emblem

A shield, per bend azure and of the sky proper, a sinister quarter pointed or; overall in chief, a silhouetted futuramic jet aircraft bendwise, volant, sable, with speed lines gules; in base a lightning bolt, bendwise of the third, over a checky grid throughout proper (red). (Approved 26 Dec 1956).

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 1 Sep 1958.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 1 Sep 1958.



AFHRA

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