Local Government Unit: Municipality of BUHI

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August 14, 2007
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Buhi is situated in the rugged volcanic terrain located at 13.25 and 52.4” North and 123.30 and 49.1” East with Malancao Hill as the point of referece. The laketown is 75 kms. and 53 kms. away northeast of Legaspi City and south on Naga City, respectively. Bounded on the east by Mt. Malinao, Albay, on the west by Mt. Asog and City of Iriga, on the north by Sagnay mountain ranges and on the south by low-lying ranges of Polangui, Albay.


It has a total land area of 22, 855 hectares. One thousand eight hundred (1,800) hectares of which comprise the Lake Buhi. The land area is subdivided in 38 barangays.


Land Uses



Area (Has.)




73.08 %



1.98 %



6.13 %



0.37 %



18.44 %


22, 855.00

100 %


Surface Features


Generally comprising of mountains and hilly surfaces. The urban center called poblacion (comprising seven barangays) which is in between Mt. Asog and Mt. Malinao is characterized by flat to gently rolling terrain with elevations ranging from 45m to 55 m above mean seal level. The general topography is reflected by outcropping volcanic tuff and rock formation.


Major Rivers, Lakes & Mountains


Mt. Malinao (5, 538 ft.) and Mt. Asog (4,823 ft.) dominates the town’s surface terrain whose highest elevation is 1, 143 m and 1, 548 m above mean sea level, respectively. Most part of Mt. Malinao are predominantly forest and secondary brush and most of its area and some parts of the poblacion including Lake Buhi was declared as watershed areas and reserved as permanent forest by virtue of Proclamation No. 573 of then President Ferdinand Marcos. The complete jurisdiction, control and regulation over the watershed areas and reservations surrounding its power generating plants was vested to the National Power Corporation by virtue of Executive Order No. 224.


Lake Buhi. The most important water resources of Buhi. The 1,800 hectares productive and scenic lake is the habitat of the smallest fish in the world called “Sinarapan”, scientific name – Mysytycthys Luzonensis Smith. The average depth of the lake is  8 meters.


            Lake Buhi gives life and inspiration to the Socio-Economic activities of the people as well as the paramount symbol of the town’s progress, unity and peace.


            This is also the main source of water supplying the National Power Corporation Hydro Electric Plant (founded in 1952) which generates an average of 2.8 megawatts and the National Irrigation Administration (NIA) irrigating at least 10, 000 hectares of downstream Rinconada towns and Iriga City.


Tabao River. The main drainage system of Buhi that drains Lake Buhi. Several rivers and other tributaries in the northeastern and northwestern slopes of Mt. Asog and Mt. Malinao, including the Poblacion area recharge Lake Buhi which finally drained by Tabao River. Tabao river’s main course flows from southwesterly direction passing the areas of Iriga City and Nabua before finally discharging into the Baao Lake.


Naporong River. The southern portion of Buhi is being drained by the Naporong River. This river originates form several springs and other tributaries in the western direction cutting across the southern periphery of Buhi and the northern part of the municipality of Libon, Albay before emptying into Lake Bato.




Buhi has a warm, humid climate. During the warmest months, from March to June, temperatures may reach 29.9 C. The weather cools off during the rainy season, which lasts from August to February with an average temperature of 24.7 C.


Rainfall averages 2.573 mm a year. Frequent typhoons and tropical depression strikes Buhi from October to December.

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