Crowne Gold
FAQ Sign In Open an Account
Overview Buy Gold Buy Silver Sell Gold Transfers & Exchanges Physical Delivery Referrals Merchants
Fees and Costs
Live Gold Spot
closes in 07 hrs.24 mins.
Aug 16, 2007 NY Time
bid 662.6
change -2.8
high 666.3
open 665.4
pctchangeS -0.42
prevclose 665.4
time_ymdhms 2007-08-16 07:24:16
Silver & PGM'S
closes in 07 hrs.24 mins.
Aug 16, 2007 NY Time
bid 12.34
change -0.10
high 12.52
open 12.44
pctchangeS -0.80
prevclose 12.44
time_ymdhms 2007-08-16 07:24:24
Gold players Citigroup, Deutsche Bank, UBS charged with market rigging in Italy - mar - 18, 2005

Dear Crowne Gold Clients;

Sean Trainor, President of Crowne Gold, Inc.

Citigroup, Morgan Stanley Named in Parmalat Probe

By Clara Ferreira-Marques and Giada Zampano
Thursday, March 17, 2005

MILAN -- Prosecutors investigating the Parmalat scandal have accused four foreign banks and an Italian asset management firm of helping the dairy foods giant mislead investors, moving closer toward a possible trial.

The prosecutors made the accusations on Thursday against U.S. banks Citigroup Inc. and Morgan Stanley, Germany's Deutsche Bank, Swiss bank UBS, and Nextra, the asset management arm of Italy's Banca Intesa.

In the report, seen by Reuters, the prosecutors also accused 13 bank executives, including an employee of Credit Suisse First Boston, of the Italian crime of market rigging.

Parmalat collapsed under 14 billion euros ($18.7 billion) of debt in late 2003, triggering one of the world's biggest financial scandals.

A spokeswoman at Citigroup said the claim "if pursued against Citigroup cannot be proven." UBS said its actions were legal and that any proceedings would be "vigorously defended."

Morgan Stanley said there was "no factual or legal basis for seeking any indictment." CSFB declined to comment.

Deutsche Bank denied any wrongdoing and said it fully supported its employees in the matter.

Nextra was not available for comment.

The banks have previously denied wrongdoing.

In a separate action in a New Jersey state court on Thursday, Citigroup countersued newly installed Parmalat Chief Executive Officer Enrico Bondi, accusing him in his capacity as the dairy company's representative of fraud, taking money owed to the world's largest bank, and negligent misrepresentation.

The prosecutors in Milan last year closed an initial inquiry, asking a judge to put on trial nearly 30 ex-Parmalat executives, auditors, and bankers plus three financial institutions.

The same prosecutors have been looking for months into whether banks helped Parmalat to mislead financial markets to help it raise billions of euros in now nearly worthless bonds.

Thursday's end of the probe into the banks, which had been expected last year, paves the way for prosecutors to request a separate trial for them.

Several of the financial institutions are set to become key shareholders in a new, slimmed-down Parmalat when it relists after a 12 billion-euro ($16 billion) debt-for-equity swap.

Under Italian law, the prosecutors' report must now be sent to the companies and the individuals accused. They then have 20 days to ask for more documents and further investigation.

After that, prosecutors can recommend that the executives and the banks stand trial. If a judge approves the request, they will be charged with the crimes in question.

Market rigging, or issuing false information that alters the price of bonds and shares, carries a basic jail sentence of up to five years, which can be increased if counts are multiple.

But sending people to prison in Italy is complicated by a long appeal process. Few served time after the 1990s "Clean Hands" corruption probes that wiped out a political generation.

Companies cannot be served with jail sentences but they can be fined or have their businesses suspended or shut down.

In the earlier inquiry -- into possible market rigging, false auditing, and regulatory obstruction -- they called for 29 executives plus Bank of America , auditing firm Deloitte & Touche, and the former Italian affiliate of Grant Thornton to stand trial.

Those companies have also denied wrongdoing.

Since then, two individual auditors have been sent to trial. A further 27 people and the three institutions are still in the preliminary phase of their hearings.

Prosecutors in Parma, where Parmalat is based, are conducting a separate probe that focuses on possible fraud within the company with the involvement of banks. They are set to close their inquiry at the end of March.

Crowne Gold

is the easiest way to buy, sell, transfer, or use Gold as a currency outside the banking system.



TO JOIN:  Subscription is free, visit us at

  International Customer Service: 1-869-466-4977USA Customer Service: 1-775-841-3573