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Buenos Aires, Argentina

Puerto Madero
Puerto Madero

Buenos Aires - "Good Airs" in Spanish, originally meaning "Fair Winds" - is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in Latin America. Buenos Aires is located on the southern shore of the River Plate, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent, opposite Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay. The City of Miami and Buenos Aires signed a Sister City agreement on April 19, 1979.

Argentines sometimes refer to the city as Capital Federal to differentiate the city from the province of the same name. Since 1994 its name formally includes the title of Autonomous City (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires). The people of Buenos Aires are known as porteños ("people of the port"), acknowledging the major historical importance of the port in the development of the city and the whole nation.

Caminito, La Boca
Caminito, La Boca
The city proper has a population of 2,776,138 according to the 2001 census, while the Greater Buenos Aires, which also encompasses suburbia that belong to the province of Buenos Aires, has more than 11.4 million inhabitants. Suburbanites are called porteños and also bonaerenses; only the last term applies to the rest of the province.

Buenos Aires is the financial, industrial, commercial, and cultural hub of Argentina. Its port is one of the busiest in the world; navigable rivers connect it to north-east Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay. As a result, it serves as the distribution hub for a vast area of the south-eastern region of the continent.

To the west of Buenos Aires is the Pampa Húmeda, the most productive agricultural region of Argentina (as opposed to the dry southern pampa, mostly used for cattle farms). Meat, dairy, grain, tobacco, wool and hide products are processed or manufactured in the Buenos Aires area. Other leading industries are automobile manufacturing, oil refining, metalworking, machine building, and the production of textiles, chemicals, clothing, and beverages.

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