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Constitution of Malta Act, 1964

CONSTITUTION OF MALTA

CHAPTER I

The Republic of Malta

Substituted by:

LVIII. 1974.2.

The Republic of Malta

The Republic and

its territories.

Substituted by:

LVIII. 1974.3.

Amended by:

IV. 1987.2.

1. (1) Malta is a democratic republic founded on work and on

respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual.

(2) The territories of Malta consist of those territories

comprised in Malta immediately before the appointed day,

including the territorial waters thereof, or of such territories and

waters as Parliament may from time to time by law determine.

(3) Malta is a neutral state actively pursuing peace, security

and social progress among all nations by adhering to a policy of

non-alignment and refusing to participate in any military alliance.

Such a status will, in particular, imply that:

(a) no foreign military base will be permitted on Maltese

territory;

(b) no military facilities in Malta will be allowed to be

used by any foreign forces except at the request of the

Government of Malta, and only in the following cases:

(i) in the exercise of the inherent right of selfdefence

in the event of any armed violation of

the area over which the Republic of Malta has

sovereignty, or in pursuance of measures or

actions decided by the Security Council of the

United Nations; or

(ii) whenever there exists a threat to the sovereignty,

independence, neutrality, unity or territorial

integrity of the Republic of Malta;

(c) except as aforesaid, no other facilities in Malta will be

allowed to be used in such manner or extent as will

amount to the presence in Malta of a concentration of

foreign forces;

(d) except as aforesaid, no foreign military personnel will

be allowed on Maltese territory, other than military

personnel performing, or assisting in the performance

of, civil works or activities, and other than a

reasonable number of military technical personnel

assisting in the defence of the Republic of Malta;

*See The Malta Independence Order of the 2nd of September, 1964.

(e) the shipyards of the Republic of Malta will be used for

civil commercial purposes, but may also be used,

within reasonable limits of time and quantity, for the

repair of military vessels which have been put in a

state of non-combat or for the construction of vessels;

and in accordance with the principles of non-alignment

the said shipyards will be denied to the military

vessels of the two superpowers.

Religion.

Substituted by:

LVIII.1974.4.

2. (1) The religion of Malta is the Roman Catholic Apostolic

Religion.

(2) The authorities of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Church

have the duty and the right to teach which principles are right and

which are wrong.

(3) Religious teaching of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Faith

shall be provided in all State schools as part of compulsory

education.

National Flag.

Substituted by

LVIII. 1974.5.

3. (1) The National Flag of Malta consists of two equal

vertical stripes, white in the hoist and red in the fly.

(2) A representation of the George Cross awarded to Malta by

His Majesty King George the Sixth on the 15th April, 1942 is

carried, edged with red, in the canton of the white stripe.

National Anthem. 4. The National Anthem of Malta is "L-Innu Malti" opening

with the words "Lil din l-Art ]elwa 1-Omm li tatna isimha".

Language. 5. (1) The National language of Malta is the Maltese

language.

(2) The Maltese and the English languages and such other

language as may be prescribed by Parliament (by a law passed by

not less than two-thirds of all the members of the House of

Representatives) shall be the official languages of Malta and the

Administration may for all official purposes use any of such

languages:

Provided that any person may address the Administration in

any of the official languages and the reply of the Administration

thereto shall be in such language.

(3) The language of the Courts shall be the Maltese language:

Provided that Parliament may make such provision for the

use of the English language in such cases and under such

conditions as it may prescribe.

(4) The House of Representatives may, in regulating its own

procedure, determine the language or languages that shall be used

in Parliamentary proceedings and records.

Constitution to be

supreme law.

Substituted by:

LVII.1974.2;

LVIII. 1974.69.

6. Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (7) and (9) of

article 47 and of article 66 of this Constitution, if any other law is

inconsistent with this Constitution, this Constitution shall prevail

and the other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.

Back to Index of the Constitution of Malta

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