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Toma Chagelishvili

Toma Chageishvili began working on the documentary program "Georgia - Modern History" in January 2001 in Rustavi 2 Broadcasting Company. 24 documentaries have been shot since then. Director of the documentaries - Demna Japaridze, journalist - Zaza Jgharkava.

High production documentary films gives the audience in depth look at the most interesting periods of Georgian modern history. Combining dramatic storyline and historical research, and using unique material including secret documents, rare photographs, seldom seen archival and TV footage, the films explore the most remarkable personas and striking events.

The audience witnesses the most interesting and dramatic episodes of Georgian history.

"Assassination of Ilia Chavchavadze", "Georgians in the World War II", "Georgians in Kremlin", "Capital Punishment", "Closed Circle(Tbilisi War)", "Last Days of Zviad Gamsakhurdia's Life", "Abkazian Trap", - this is only a small list of the documentaries produced and broadcasted by Rustavi 2 Broadcasting Company.





A column of tanks headed for Kutaisi from Senaki in midnight of 19 October 1998. Servicemen of the brigade from Senaki had a firm decision to begin the final battle to overthrow the government of Eduard Shevardnadze.
The rebels were headed by the deputy head of the Senaki brigade of the ministry of Defense colonel Rezo Asamava and head of the special tasks group Saturn colonel Akaki Eliava.
They plan to seize Kutaisi peacefully, block Rikoti pass and declare recovery of the government of Zviad Gamsakhurdia in the Western Georgia. Nobody in Kutaisi and Tbilisi could imagine waking up in a divided country.
What were the plans of the rebels? How they were going to overthrow Shevardnadze's government and gain the power? Authors speak about this operation for the first time in the documentary. How and where did they plan the operation? Who were the leaders? All these questions have been secreted until now.
What were the obstacles the last warriors of Gamsakhurdia? Why did not they manage to bring the plan into life? - It turns out that the rebels have had a real chance of gaining power.
The real military forces of Eliava and the Government will be shown for the first time in the documentary.
You will find detailed answers on all these questions in the new documentary of Toma Chagelishvili.

On 7 April 1989 air liner of Michael Gorbachev, General Secretary of the USSR, flying from London landed in Moscow. He was accompanied by Minister of Foreign Affairs Eduard Shevardnadze. As Gorbachev was informed, several thousands of people rallied in front of Government House claiming independence. The process was going out of control; Patiashvili could not manage the situation.
“Eduard Ambrosievich, fly in Tbilisi on the same plane,”- Gorbachev told Shevardndze. After a pause Shevardnadze told the Leader he was going to discuss his possible visit with Patiashvili first. Why didn’t obey Shevardnadze the order?
Toma Chagelishvili’s new documentary “Mystery of 9 April” concerns bloody events of April 1989.

Why the Security was misinforming Moscow? Who was interested in Patiashvili’s fiasco and complicating situation in Georgia? Why didn’t people listen to Patriarch of Georgia, who warned them of possible bloodshed? – documentary gives answers to these questions.

You will see unique pictures of raiding of the rally – the most complete version of the video material shooted 18 years ago.

The First Republic

Following Russian Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, Georgia, previously a part of the Russian Empire, declared independence. The film covers the 3-year-long period of Georgian statehood that was marked with a constant struggle for maintenance of independence. In 1921, under the initiative of Lenin and Stalin Soviet Army invaded Georgia and annexed its territory. The film provides material which was classified as top secret in Soviet archives and was unavailable for the public during the years of the Soviet rule. 58 min. video clip

From April 9 to April 9

The film is about national liberation movement in Georgia. It investigates the period from April 9,1989 to the collapse of the communist regime and declaration of independence in 1999. 74 min. video clip

Assassination of Ilia Chavchavadze

This film takes a close look at assasination of Ilia chavchavadze, the 19th century leader of the national liberation movement in Georgia. In 1907 he was murdered by terrorists from Social-Democratic party of Russia. The film investigates details of the assassination and reveals how the Soviet authority tried to put the blame on special sirvices of Russian empire. 72 min. video clip

Last Days of Zviad Gamsakhurdia's Life (1x57)

The documentary, dealing with the Civil War taking place in Georgia in 1993-93 and with the last days of life of the first president of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia. On 6 January 1992, the opposition by force of arms made Zviad Gamsakhurdia to leave Georgia for Chechnya. On 24 September 1993, he returns to Georgia with a view to regain power. At that time Eduard Shevardnadze is governing the country. The state is involved in internal conflicts. The authority fights against Abkhazian separatist for preserving the territorial integrity. Gamsakhurdia's arrival in Georgia is followed by a defeat of Georgian authority in Abkhazia, the second stage of the Civil War, the opposition between supporters of Shevardnadze and Gamsakhurdia commences. Unique sequences of the Abkhazian and Civil wars are used. The defeated Gamsakhurdia with a small number of supporters takes shelter in the woods, staying there for two months under hard conditions. All abandon him except for three persons. On 31 December 1993, Gamsakhurdia perishes. According to one version, he committed suicide. Through efforts of Jokhar Dudaev, president of Chechnya, Gamsakhurdia is buried in Grozny, the capital of Chechnya. Rare sequences depicting Gamsakhurdia's burial are used... video clip

Political Dissidents of the 1970-ies

What methods did the Soviet State Security Committee apply against the freedom of speech? Take a look at the facts dealing with national liberation movement in Georgia. See how people openly opposing the regime and fighting for freedom of speech were persecuted and arrested continually. The film contains rare shots made by the Security Committee. In this film former political prisoners recall the years spent in jails of the Soviet Security Services. 72 min. video clip

April 9

The film exposes details of the tragic events of April 9, 1989, when Soviet Army troops suppressed a peaceful demonstration in the capital of Georgia. Twenty innocent civilians were killed in the crush. The protesters demanded Georgia's secession from the Soviet Union and declaration of independence. The film contains rare video material, including the shots made by the State Security Committee during that infamous night. 49 min. video clip

Capital Punishment (1x28)

The documentary dealing with the capital punishment procedure in Georgia during the Soviet times - beginning with the passing of a death sentence in court and ending with the capitally convicted persons burial. The last death sentence was executed in 1995. Seven convicts were shot in a day. Former capitally convicted persons, pardoned by the President, retell the minutes spent in the cell and how the condemned were taken out to be shot. The prosecutor, who attended executions, tells how the convicts behaved before being shot. Unique sequences are used - shoes of the last seven capitally punished convicts are still scattered about in the cell where the death sentences were carried out. video clip

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