Jean Giraud

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Jean Giraud
Birth name Jean Henri Gaston Giraud
Born May 8, 1938 (1938-05-08) (age 69)
Nogent-sur-Marne, Paris
Area(s) penciller, inker, writer
Pseudonym(s) Moebius, Gir
Notable works Blueberry
John Difool
The Incal
Awards full list

Jean Henri Gaston Giraud (born May 8, 1938) is a French comics artist. Giraud has earned worldwide fame, not only under his own name but also under the pseudonym Moebius, and to a lesser extent Gir, the latter appearing mostly in the form of a boxed signature at the bottom of the artist's paintings, for instance the volumes' covers.


[edit] Biography

Blueberry is one of Moebius' most famous creations.
Blueberry is one of Moebius' most famous creations.

Jean Giraud was born in Nogent-sur-Marne, in the suburbs of Paris. At age 16, he began his only technical training at the Arts Appliqués.[1] At 18, he was drawing his own comic strip, "Frank et Jeremie" for the magazine Far West. In 1961, Giraud became an apprentice of Jijé, one of the leading comic artists in Europe of the time, and collaborated on an album of Jerry Spring.[1] In 1962 Giraud and writer Jean-Michel Charlier started the comic strip Fort Navajo for Pilote. It was a great hit and continued uninterrupted until 1974. The Lieutenant Blueberry character, created by Giraud and Charlier for Fort Navajo, quickly became its most popular character, and his adventures as told in the spin-off Western serial Blueberry, are possibly Giraud's best known work in his native France. Giraud's prestige in France – where comics tend to be held in higher artistic regard than in the United States – is enormous; France has even issued postage stamps to commemorate him. Under the names Giraud and Gir, he also wrote numerous comics for other comic artists like Auclair and Tardi.

One of the Starwatcher series of paintings.
One of the Starwatcher series of paintings.

The Moebius pseudonym, which Giraud came to use for his science fiction and fantasy work, was born in 1963.[1] In a satire magazine called Hara-Kiri, Moebius did 21 strips in 1963–64 and then disappeared for almost a decade. In 1975 Métal Hurlant (a magazine which he co-created) brought it back and in 1981 he started his famous L'Incal series in collaboration with Alejandro Jodorowsky. Moebius' famous serial The Airtight Garage and his groundbreaking Arzach also began in Métal Hurlant.

Moebius has contributed storyboards and concept designs to numerous science fiction films. In 1982 he collaborated with director René Laloux to create the science fiction feature-length animated movie Les Maîtres du temps (released in English as Time Masters) based on a novel by Stefan Wul. In 1988 Moebius worked on the American comic character The Silver Surfer with Stan Lee for a special two-part limited series. Moebius' take on the character was unfavourably alluded to in the film Crimson Tide by Lt. Commander Ron Hunter (played by Denzel Washington) in deference to that of Silver Surfer co-creator Jack Kirby (in a scene written by an uncredited Quentin Tarantino). Moebius/Giraud is also known to be a friend of filmmaker Hayao Miyazaki. From December 2004 to March 2005, the two of them shared an exhibition at La Monnaie in Paris which showcased work by both artists.

Jean Giraud is drawing one of the two-part last volume of the XIII series titled La Version irlandaise (The Irish Version) on a script by Jean Van Hamme, to accompany the other part by the regular team Van Hamme-William Vance, Le dernier round (The Last Round). Both parts are scheduled for publication at the same date in November 2007.[2]

[edit] Major works

Cover for Silver Surfer: Parable.
Cover for Silver Surfer: Parable.
  • The Collected Fantasies of Jean Giraud (1987-1994):
  • Moebius 0 - The Horny Goof & Other Underground Stories (Dark Horse, 1990)
  • Moebius ½ - The Early Moebius & Other Humorous Stories (Graphitti Designs, 1991)
  • Moebius 1 - Upon A Star (Marvel/Epic, 1987)
  • Moebius 2 – Arzach & Other Fantasy Stories (Marvel/Epic, 1987)
  • Moebius 3 - The Airtight Garage (Marvel/Epic, 1987)
  • Moebius 4 - The Long Tomorrow & Other Stories (Marvel/Epic, 1987)
  • Moebius 5 - The Gardens of Aedena (Marvel/Epic, 1988)
  • Moebius 6 - Pharagonesia & Other Strange Stories (Marvel/Epic, 1988)
  • Moebius 7 - The Goddess (Marvel/Epic, 1990)
  • Moebius 8 - Mississippi River (Epic, 1991)
  • Moebius 9 - Stel (Marvel/Epic, 1994)

[edit] Film work

  • Fellini: I'm a Born Liar (2002) Giraud conceived the poster for the documentary's 2003 North American release and appears in the bonus extras of the French version.

[edit] Video game work

  • Panzer Dragoon (1995)
  • Pilgrim: Faith as a Weapon (1998)
  • An arcade and bar based on Giraud's work, called The Airtight Garage, was one of the original main attractions at the Metreon in San Francisco when the complex opened in 1999. It included three original games: Quaternia, a first-person shooter networked between terminals and based on the concept of "junctors" from Major Fatal and The Airtight Garage; a virtual reality bumper cars game about mining asteroids; and Hyperbowl, an obstacle course bowling game incorporating very little overtly Moebius imagery. The arcade was closed and reopened as "Portal One", retaining much of the Moebius-based decor and Hyperbowl but eliminating the other originals in favor of more common arcade games.

[edit] Awards

[edit] Further reading

[edit] Trivia

In the Twisted Toyfare Theater comic "These Boots were Made for Daywalkin'!" Jean Giraud is killed by Blade due to him getting the names Moebius and Morbius mixed up. Blade simply says afterward "Eh, at least he was French."

[edit] References

[edit] External links

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