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Gardens of the Great Mughals

by C.M. Villiers Stuart

First published by Adam and Charles Black in 1913. Online edition published by Gardenvisit.com in 2006 by kind permission of the author's family.

CM Villiers-Stuart, Preface, Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3, Chapter 4, Chapter 5, Chapter 6, Chapter 7, Chapter 8, Chapter 9, Chapter10, Chapter 11, Chapter 12, Glossary of Mughal Gardens, Chronology of Mughal Gardens,

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PREFACE to CM Villiers Stuart Mughal Gardens

CHAPTER I OF SOME EARLY GARDEN HISTORY

Indian gardening

Symbolism in Eastern garden design

Flowers in Indian gardens

Afahan and Pathan gardens

Hafiz, Sadi, Persian poetry and gardens

Persian garden culture and climate

Water in Persian gardens

Canals and tanks in Persian gardens

Tree planting in Persian gardens

Babur Garden in Kabul

Bagh-i-Vafa in Kabul

Mughal Baghs and Tudor gardens - a comparison

Mughal paradise parks

Mughal encampment gardens

Mughal town planning in India

Conservation of gardens in India and Italy

Villiers Stuart at Pinjore Yadavindra Gardens

Horticulture and garden design in India

English gardening in India

English landscape style in India

CHAPTER II GARDENS OF THE PLAINS - AGRA

Babur on Samarkand gardens

Babur flower gardens

Babur on making a charbagh

Babur Agra gardens

Babur Mughal garden design

Ram Bagh Garden Agra

Zuhara Bagh Garden

Akbar Tomb Garden at Sikandra

Tree of Life

Sikandra design as cosmic symbol

Islamic mausoleum gardens

Bagh-i-Kilan Garden Istalif

Bauhinia variegata flowering tree

Itmad-Ud-Daula Tomb Garden

Raised walks in Villiers Stuart garden

CHAPTER III THE GARDENS OF THE TAJ

Taj Mahal garden - dawn tour

Taj Mahal garden plan

Taj Mahal history - Bernier

Mughal planting design

Jahangir on Mughal planting design

Taj Mahal palace visit

Spring flowers at Taj Mahal

Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan gardens

Jumna river ferry

River Terrace at Taj Mahal

Genius of the place in garden design

Taj Mahal location

CHAPTER IV THE AGRA GRAPE GARDEN

Agra Fort zenana harem garden

Agra Fort garden history

Agra Fort and Indian garden planting

Indian miniature paintings

Garden paradise carpets

CHAPTER V GARDENS OF THE PLAINS - DELHI

Seven cities of Delhi

Humayun Mughal Tomb

Humayun Mughal Tomb Garden

Festival for birth of Humayun

Design of Humayun Garden

Indian water gardens

Safdar Jang Tomb Garden

Shalimar Bagh Delhi

Description of Shalimar Bagh Delhi

Mubarak Bagh Delhi

Delhi garden of Roshanara Begam

English design for Roshanara Garden

Talkatora Bagh Garden Delhi

Mughal Roof Garden

Red Fort Delhi

Mahtab Bagh in Red Fort

Hyat Bakhsh Bagh in Red Fort

Mughal Emperors

CHAPTER VI GARDENS OF THE PLAINS - LAHORE

Romance of Akbar and Nur Jehan

Lahore palace garden

Shahdara Mughal Garden Lahore

Mughal garden design principles

Wazir Khan Mosque

Chauburji Mosque Lahore

Shalimar Bagh Mughal Garden Lahore

Udaipur courtyard gardens

Irrigation in Mughal gardens

Mughal garden baradari

Indian garden fountains

Shalimar Mughal terraces

Persian carpets and garden design

Neglect of Shalimar Bagh in Lahore

CHAPTER VII GARDENS OF THE DAL LAKE

Travel to Kashmir

Bagh-i Wah Garden Pakistan

Manasbal Garden, Kashmir

Nisim Bagh Mughal Garden

Kashmir garden fountains

Shalimar Bagh Kashmir

Bernier visit to Kashmir gardens

Nishat Bagh - the gayest Mughal garden

Shah Jahan visit to Nishat Bagh

Empty water gardens

Stone thrones in Nishat Bagh

Flowers and baradari in Kashmir

Flower festivals in Kashmir gardens

Kashmiri pride in imperial gardens

Lotus blossom in Kashmir gardens

Chasma Shahi Garden Kashmir

CHAPTER VIII SUMMER GARDENS OF KASHMIR

Dara Shukoh Garden at Bijbehara

Islamabad travel

Verinag Bagh - Vernag Garden

Vernag Garden

Vernag Mughal Garden

Achibal Bagh - Achabal Garden

Bernier on Achabal Garden

Kashmiri wood carving

Mughal garden symbolism

Achibal orchard garden

CHAPTER IX PINJOR - AN INDIAN COUNTRY-HOUSE AND ITS GARDEN

Pinjore and the Mahabharata

Pinjore and the Pandava brothers

Fadai Khan garden designer

Goitre and the desertion of Pinjore Garden

Gurkas at Pinjore Gardens

Pinjore Gardens in spring

Baradari in Pinjore Gardens

Decorative lighting in Indian gardens

Purdah Garden at Pinjore

British solidiers at Pinjore Gardens

Rang Mahal Painted Palace

Bathing tank at Pinjore

Evening in Pinjore Gardens

British Viceroys at Pinjore

Hindu bathing tanks at Pinjore

Approach to Pinjore

CHAPTER X HOW THE LOTUS OF THE GOOD LAW WENT A-VOYAGING

Lotus flower symbolism in Indian gardens

Flowers in Hindu and Buddhist gardens

Hindu Arama as woodland garden

Gardens in Mahabharata and Ramayana

Early Indian gardens

Indian Buddhist gardens

Buddhist garden buildings in Japan

Japanese Buddhist gardens

CHAPTER XI MOONLIGHT GARDENS, AND THE PALACE OF DEEG

Trees in Indian gardens

Garden soil in India

Fruit in Indian gardens

Orchard gardens in India

Hindu flower gardens

Sacred trees in India

Divinity of trees

Perfume in Indian gardens

Birds in Indian gardens

Evening and Moonlight gardens

White flowers in Indian gardens

Deeg Garden Palace

Sawan rains gardens

Swings in Indian gardens

Swimming pools in Indian gardens

CHAPTER XII SOME GARDEN CONTRASTS AND A DREAM

Landscape gardening in India

Modern Jain Garden

Hill Station Garden

Eastern and Western garden symbolism

Decay of Indian gardens

New Delhi urban design

New Delhi planning

Government House Garden New Delhi

Kipling - The Flowers

GLOSSARY OF MUGHAL GARDENS

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF THE FIRST SIX MUGHAL EMPERORS AND OF THE PRINCIPAL GARDENS BUILT DURING THEIR REIGNS

 

 
 

 

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