Presque Isle State Park
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Presque Isle State Park

Presque Isle State Park, so designated in 1921, is a 3,200-acre sandy peninsula that arches lakeward into Lake Erie. It also became a National Natural Landmark in 1967. Diverse and rare plants and animals attract naturalists. The park contains a greater number of the state's endangered, threatened and rare species than any other area of comparable size in Pennsylvania.

The first users of the inland waters of the peninsula were the Eriez Nation. The Eriez inhabited the Lake Erie shoreline, giving Lake Erie and them city of Erie its name. They were defeated by the Iroquois in 1654. According to the Legend of the Sheltering Arm of the Great Spirit, the Great Spirit led the tribe to the peninsula because of the abundance of game that would feed and clothe; the pure water; and the cool, health-giving breezes "coming from the land of snow and ice."

Misery Bay was the temporary home of the fleet of ships commanded by Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry in the War of 1812. Six of his nine vessels, including two brigs, were constructed in Erie Bay using trees from the local vicinity, most likely from the peninsula. The shores and waters of Presque Isle protected Commodore Perry's fleet during construction. Commodore Perry and his men engaged the British in battle on September 10, 1813, at Put-in-Bay (near Sandusky, Ohio).

After the battle, Perry and his men remained in Misery Bay and Erie Harbor because of threats of another British uprising. During the winter of 1813-1814, many of Perry's men suffered from smallpox and were quarantined in Misery Bay. Many of them died, and their bodies were buried in the adjacent pond known as Grave Yard Pond. The hulls of the Lawrence and the Niagara were sunk in Misery Bay to preserve and protect them from the weather. They were later raised, and the Niagara has been rebuilt, and is docked at the foot of Holland Street, Erie. The Perry Monument on Crystal Point was built in 1926 to commemorate this significant battle. Misery Bay received its name in remembrance of the hardships of that winter following the Battle of Lake Erie.

The Presque Isle Lighthouse was built in 1872 and first lit on July 12, 1873. It is the second American lighthouse built on Lake Erie. The 74-foot tower has a red-brick dwelling at the base, and is currently used as a park residence. It flashes a white light, and is still maintained by the US Coast Guard.

Presque Isle is a recurving sand spit. Geologists believe it formed more than 11,000 years ago. Over time the coastline "floated" as the forces of wind and water carried sand from the neck of the peninsula eastward, depositing it at Gull Point and causing the Gull Point area to grow. This growth and migration of the peninsula occurred rapidly, at least in geologic time. Scientists believe that the peninsula has moved eastward one-half mile per century, although they see smaller changes every year. These changes created an extremely diverse and fragile environment.

Presque Isle's location relates to a ridge of sediment called a moraine that crosses Lake Erie. Huge slowly moving glaciers carry moraines, consisting of clay, sand, and gravel. The glacier that formed the moraine across Lake Erie was a late, minor advance of the last major ice sheet that covered much of northern Pennsylvania. The moraine marks the location where the glacier stopped, and was left behind as the ice melted away.

Although the French name Presque Isle means "almost an island," the area has actually been a real island several times. Storm waves have broken through the neck to isolate the main section of the spit at least four times since 1819. One gap remained open for thirty-two years.

See map of the park.

We would like to thank David Rutkowski, Assistant Park Manager, Presque Isle State Park, for information for this page.We would also like to thank Ann Rhodes, Senior Biologist, Pennsylvania Flora Project, Morris Arboretum and Tracylea Byford, Manager, Kaskey Memorial Botanical Garden, Greenhouses and Animal Faculty, Biology Department, both of the University of Pennsylvania, for their assistance. We would also like to thank Walt Hawley, a former resident of Erie PA, for the story of King of the Peninsula.


Flora

  • Common Name (Order Family Genus species)

    Monocotyledons

  • American Beachgrass (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Ammophila breviligulata)
  • Asparagus (Liliales Liliaceae Asparagus officinalis)
  • Autumn Bent (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Agrostis perennans)
  • Autumn Coral Root (Orchidales Orchidaceae Corallorhiza odontorhiza)
  • Baltic Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus balticus)
  • Barnyard Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Echinochloa crusgalli
  • Bayonet Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus militaris)
  • Bebb’s Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex bebbii)
  • Bladder Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex intumescens)
  • Blue Flag (Wild Iris) (Liliales Iridaceae Iris versicolor)
  • Bluebead Lily (Liliales Liliaceae Clintonia borealis)
  • Bluejoint Grass (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Calamagrostis canadensis)
  • Bog Tway-blade (Orchidales Orchidaceae Liparis loeselii)
  • Bottle Brush Sedge (Porcupine Sedge) (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex hystericina)
  • Bright-green Spike-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eleocharis olivacea)
  • Bristly Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex comosa)
  • Brownish Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex brunnescens)
  • Bur-reed (Typhales Sparganiaceae Sparganium americanum)
  • Canada Blue Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Poa compressa)
  • Canadian Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus canadensis)
  • Canadian Single-spike Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex scabrata)
  • Carolina Love Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Eragrostis pectinacea)
  • Carrion-flower (Liliales Smilacaceae Smilax herbacea)
  • Cattail (Typhales Typhaceae Typha latifolia)
  • Clasping-leaf Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton perfoliatus)
  • Colony Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex communis)
  • Coltsfoot (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Tussilago farfara)
  • Common Hemicarpa (Cyperales Cyperaceae Hemicarpha micrantha)
  • Common Reed (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Phragmites australis)
  • Common Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus effusus solutus)
  • Common Waterweed (Cyperales Cyperaceae Elodea canadensis)
  • Commons’ Panic Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Panicum commonsianum)
  • Creeping Bent (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Agrostis stolonifera)
  • Crested Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex cristatella)
  • Curly Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton crispus)
  • Curly-leaf Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton zosteriformis)
  • Cutgrass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Leersia oryzoides)
  • Cyprus-like Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex pseudocyperus)
  • Dark Green Bulrush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus atrovirens)
  • Dewey's Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex deweyana)
  • Downy Chess (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Bromus tectorum)
  • Downy Rattlesnake Plantain (Orchidales Orchidaceae Goodyera pubescens)
  • Drooping Sedge (Cyperales CyperaceaeCarex prasina)
  • Drooping Wood Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex arctata)
  • Dry Woods Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex artitecta)
  • Dudley's Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus dudleyi)
  • Elk Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex garberi)
  • Elliptic Spike-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eleocharis tenuis)
  • Emory's Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex emoryi)
  • Engelmann’s Flatsedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus engelmanni)
  • False Solomon’s Seal (Liliales Liliaceae Smilacina racemosa)
  • Fern Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton robbinsii)
  • Few-flowered Spike-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eleocharis pauciflora)
  • Flat-stemmed Spike-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eleocharis compressa)
  • Flowering Rush (Liliidae Butomaceae Butomus umbellatus)
  • Four-angled spike-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eleocharis quadrangulata)
  • Fowl Mannagrass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Glyceria striata)
  • Fox Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex vulpinoidea)
  • Golden Millet Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Milium effusum)
  • Golden-fruited Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex aurea)
  • Grass (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Apera gigantea)
  • Grassleaf Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus marginatus)
  • Grassy Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton gramineus)
  • Gray Love Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Eragrostis cilianensis)
  • Green Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex viridula)
  • Great Bulrush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus acutus)
  • Great Bur-reed (Typhales Sparganiaceae Sparganium eurycarpum)
  • Greater Duckweed (Arales Lemnaceae Spirodela polyrhiza)
  • Green-fruited Bur-reed (Typhales Sparganiaceae Sparganium chlorocarpum)
  • Hairy Wood Sedge (Hitchcock's Sedge) (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex hitchcockiana)
  • Helleborine (Orchidales Orchidaceae Epipactis helleborine)
  • Hooker’s Orchid (Orchidales Orchidaceae Habenaria hookeri)
  • Hybrid Cattail (Typhales Typhaceae Typha glauca)
  • Illinois Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton illinoensis)
  • Indian Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Sorghastrum nutans)
  • Jointed Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton natans)
  • Jointed Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus articulatis)
  • Jointed Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus nodosus)
  • Kentucky Blue Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Poa pratensis)
  • Lakebank Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex lacustris)
  • Larger Stellate Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex laricina)
  • Leafy Pondweed. (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton foliosus)
  • Lesser Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton pusillus pusillus)
  • Lesser Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton pusillus tenuissimus)
  • Lined Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex laxiflora)
  • Little Bluestem (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Andropogan scoparius)
  • Little Prickly Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex echinata)
  • Long-leaf Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton nodosus)
  • Many-leaved Bulrush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus polyphyllus)
  • Marsh Arrowgrass (Juncales Juncaginaceae Triglochin palustris)
  • Mexican Satin Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Muhlenbergia mexicana)
  • Narrow-leaved Cattail (Typhales Typhaceae Typha angustifolia)
  • Narrow-panicle Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus brevicaudatus)
  • Needle Spike-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eleocharis acicularis)
  • Nodding Fescue (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Festuca obtusa)
  • Nodding Ladies’ Tresses (Orchidales Orchidaceae Spiranthes cernua)
  • Nodding Waternymph (Zosterales Najadaceae Najas gracillima)
  • Oats (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Avena sativa)
  • Orchard Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Dactylis glomerata)
  • Pale Green Orchid (Orchidales Orchidaceae Habenaria flava)
  • Pale Spike-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eleocharis palustris)
  • Panic Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Panicum implicatum)
  • Path Rush (Poverty Rush) (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus tenuis)
  • Perennial Rye Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Lolium perenne)
  • Perfoliate Bellwort (Liliales Liliaceae Uvularia perfoliata)
  • Plantain Lily (Liliales Liliaceae Hosta ventricosa)
  • Pointed Blue-eyed Grass (Liliales Iridaceae Sisyrinchium angustifolium)
  • Pointed Broom Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex scoparia)
  • Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton amplifolius)
  • Pondweed (Typhales Sparganiaceae Sparganium amplifolius)
  • Prairie Switchgrass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Panicum virgatum)
  • Poverty Brome (Ridged Bromegrass) (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Bromus sterilis)
  • Poverty Oats (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Danthonia spicata)
  • Prickly Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex cephalantha)
  • Purple Fringed Orchid (Orchidales Orchidaceae Habenaria psycodes)
  • Purple Sandgrass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Triplasis purpurea)
  • Ragged Fringed Orchid (Orchidales Orchidaceae Habenaria lacera)
  • Rattlesnake Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Glyceria canadensis)
  • Ribbed Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex virescens)
  • Rice Cutgrass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Lemna minor)
  • Rice Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Oryzopsis asperifolia)
  • Richardson's Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton richardsonii)
  • Richardson’s Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus alpinus)
  • River Bulrush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus fluviatilis)
  • Rosy Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex rosea)
  • Round-leaved Orchid (Orchidales Orchidaceae Habenaria orbiculata)
  • Rye Brome (Chess) (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Bromus secalinus)
  • Sago Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton pectinatus)
  • Sand Dropseed (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Sporobolus cryptandrus)
  • Sand Rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Bulbostylis capillaris)
  • Sand-bracted Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex muhlenbergii)
  • Sartwell’s Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex sactwellii)
  • Schweinitz's Flatsedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus schweinitzii)
  • Schweinitz’s Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex schweinitzii)
  • Scribner's Panic Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Panicum oligosanthes)
  • Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex x macounii)
  • Sessile-fruited Arrow-head (Alismatales Alismataceae Sagittaria rigida)
  • Sheep Fescue (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Festuca ovina)
  • Shining Cyperus (Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus rivularis)
  • Shiny Wedgescale (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Sphenopholis nitida)
  • Silvery Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex canescens)
  • Six-weeks Fescue (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Vulpia octoflora)
  • Slender Cottongrass (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eriophorum gracile)
  • Slender Fescue (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Festuca octoflora tenella)
  • Slender Fimbry (Cyperales Cyperaceae Fimbristylis autumnalis)
  • Slender Naiad (Zosterales Najadaceae Najas flexilis)
  • Slender Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex lasiocarpa)
  • Slender Woodland Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex digitalis)
  • Slender Spike-rush (Cyperales CyperaceaeEleocharis elliptica)
  • Small Bur-reed (Typhales Sparganiaceae Sparganium minimum)
  • Small-headed Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus brachycephalus)
  • Smith’s Bulrush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus smithii)
  • Spike-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Eleocharis smallii)
  • Squirrel Tail (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Hordeum jubatum)
  • Star Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex convoluta)
  • Stellate Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex rugosperma)
  • Stemless Lady-slipper (Moccasin Flower) (Orchidales Orchidaceae Cypripedium acaule)
  • Straight-Styled Wood Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex radiata)
  • Straw-coloured Flatsedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus strigosus)
  • Swamp-pink (Orchidales Orchidaceae Arethusa bulbosa)
  • Tape Grass (Hydrocharitales Hydrocharitaceae Vallisneria americana)
  • Tapertip Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus acuminatus)
  • Teal Love Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Eragrostis hypnoides)
  • Three-square Rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus americanus)
  • Threeway Sedge (Cyperales CyperaceaeDulichium arundinaceum)
  • Ticklegrass (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Agrostis hyemalis)
  • Torrey’s Bulrush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus torreyi)
  • Torrey’s Rush (Juncales Juncaceae Juncus torreyi)
  • Tufted Fescue Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex brevior)
  • Umbrella Flatsedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus diandrus)
  • Upright Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex stricta)
  • Water Flag (LilialesIridaceae Iris pseudacorus)
  • Water Bulrush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus subterminalis)
  • Water Plantain (Alismatales Alismataceae Alisma plantago-aquatica)
  • Water Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex aquatilis)
  • Water Star-grass (Commelinales Pontederiaceae Heteranthera dubia)
  • Western Panic Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Dichantelium acuminatum villosissimum)
  • White-stemmed Pondweed (Najadales Potamogetonaceae Potamogeton praelongus)
  • Whorled Nutrush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scleria verticillata)
  • Wide-leaved Ladies’ Tresses (Orchidales Orchidaceae Spiranthes lucida)
  • Wild Lily-of-the-valley (Liliales Liliaceae Maianthemum canadense)
  • Wild Oat Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Danthonia compressa)
  • Wild Onion (LilialesLiliaceae Allium canadense)
  • Wild Rice (Indian Rice) (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Zizania aquatica)
  • Wild Rye (Poales Graminae (Poaceae) Elymus canadensis
  • Wiry Flatsedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus filiculmis)
  • Witch Grass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Panicum capillare)
  • Wood Club-rush (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus verecundus)
  • Woodland Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex blanda)
  • Woolly Sedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex lanuginosa)
  • Wool Grass (Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus cyperinus)
  • Wright’s Spike-rush (Cyperales CyperaceaeEleocharis obtusa)
  • Yellow Bristlegrass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Setaria glauca)
  • Yellow Flatsedge (Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus flavescens)
  • Yellow-green Sedge (Lurid Sedge) (Cyperales Cyperaceae Carex lurida)

    Dicotyledons

  • Alfalfa (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Medicago sativa)
  • Allegheny Serviceberry (Rosales Rosaceae Amelanchier laevis)
  • Alsike Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Trifolium hybridum)
  • Alternate-leaf Dogwood (Cornales Cornaceae Cornus alternifolia)
  • American Basswood (Malvales Tiliaceae Tilia americana)
  • American Mountain Ash (Rosales Rosaceae Sorbus americana)
  • American Searocket (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Cakile edentula)
  • Arrow-leaved Tear-thumb (PolygonalesPolygonaceae Polygonum sagittatum)
  • Arrow-leaved Violet (Violales Violaceae Viola sagittata)
  • Autumn Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix serissima )
  • Balsam Apple (Wild Cucumber) (Violales Cucurbitaceae Echinocystis lobata)
  • Balsam Poplar (Salicales Salicaceae Populus balsamifera)
  • Basket Willow (Purple Osier (Salicales Salicaceae Salix purpurea)
  • Bayberry (Myricales Myricaceae Myrica pensylvanica)
  • Beach Peavine (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Lathyrus littoralis)
  • Bearberry Manzanita (Ericales Ericaceae Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
  • Bebb Willow (Beaked Willow) (Salicales Salicaceae Salix bebbiana)
  • Beck’s Water Marigold (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Megalodonta beckii)
  • Bind Weed (Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonum cilinode)
  • Bittersweet (Polemoniales Solanaceae Solanum dulcamara)
  • Black Alder (Celastrales Aquifoliaceae Ilex verticillata)
  • Black Cherry (Rosales Rosaceae Prunus serotina)
  • Black Gum (Sour Gum (Cornales Nyssaceae Nyssa sylvatica)
  • Black Huckleberry (Ericales Ericaceae Gaylussacia baccata)
  • Black Locust (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Robinia pseudoacacia)
  • Black Medick (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Medicago lupulina)
  • Black Nightshade (Polemoniales Solanaceae Solanum nigrum)
  • Black Oak (Fagales Fagaceae Quercus velutina)
  • Black Snakeroot (Umbellales Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Sanicula canadensis)
  • Black Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix nigra)
  • Bladder Campion (Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Silene vulgaris)
  • Bladder-nut (Sapindales Staphyleaceae Staphylea trifolia)
  • Blue-stemmed Goldenrod (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Solidago caesia)
  • Blunt-leaf Bedstraw (Rubiales Rubiaceae Galium obtusum)
  • Blunt-leaved Spurge (Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia obtusata)
  • Boneset (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Eupatorium perfoliatum)
  • Branched Plantain (Plantaginales Plantaginaceae Plantago arenaria)
  • Bristly Buttercup (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculus pensylvanicus)
  • Bristly Sarsaparilla (Umbellales Araliaceae Aralia hispida)
  • Broad-leaved Arrow-head (Najadales Alismataceae Sagittaria latifolia)
  • Brook Lobelia (Campanulales Campanulaceae Lobelia kalmii)
  • Brown Mustard (Indian Mustard) (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Brassica juncea)
  • Buckbean (Bogbean) (Polemoniales Menyanthaceae Menyanthes trifoliata)
  • Buckhorn (Plantaginales Plantaginaceae Plantago aristata)
  • Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock (Umbellales Umbelliferae Cicuta bulbifera)
  • Bull Thistle (Asterales Compositae (Asteraceae) Cirsium vulgare)
  • Bullhead-lily (Nymphaeles Nymphaeaceae Nuphar variegata)
  • Bush Cinquefoil (Rosales Rosaceae Potentilla paradoxa)
  • Bush Honeysuckle (DipsacalesCaprifoliaceae Diervilla lonicera)
  • Bushy Aster (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Aster dumosus)
  • Buttonbush (Rubiales Rubiaceae Cephalanthus occidentalis)
  • Button-bush Dodder (Polemoniales Cuscutaceae (Convolvulaceae) Cuscuta cephalanthii)
  • Canada Anemone (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Anemone canadensis)
  • Canada Blueberry (Ericales Ericaceae Vaccinium myrtilloides)
  • Canada Buffalo-berry (Proteales Elaeagnaceae Shepherdia canadensis)
  • Canada Goldenrod (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Solidago canadensis)
  • Canada Thistle (Asterales Compositae (Asteraceae) Cirsium arvense)
  • Canadian St. John’s-wort (Theales Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) Hypericum canadense)
  • Carolina Grass-of-Parnassus (RosalesSaxifragaceae Parnassia glauca)
  • Carolina Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix caroliana)
  • Catfoot (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Gnaphalium obtusifolium)
  • Charlock (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Brassica kaber)
  • Chicken Grape (Rhamnales Vitaceae Vitis vulpina)
  • Choke Cherry (Rosales Rosaceae Prunus virginiana)
  • Clammy Everlasting (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Gnaphalium viscosum)
  • Clammy Gound Cherry (Polemoniales Solanaceae Physalis heterophylla)
  • Clammy Hedge-hyssop (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Gratiola neglecta)
  • Clammy-weed (Capparales Capparidaceae Polanisia dodecandra)
  • Clasping-leaved Dogbane (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Apocynum canabinum var. hypericifolium )
  • Closed Gentian (Bottle Gentian) (Gentianales Gentianaceae Gentiana andrewsii)
  • Closed Gentian (Bottle Gentian) (Gentianales Gentianaceae Gentiana clausa)
  • Cocklebur (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Xanthium strumarium)
  • Common Barberry (Ranunculales Berberidaceae Berberis vulgaris)
  • Common Blackberry (Rosales Rosaceae Rubus allegheniensis)
  • Common Cinquefoil (Rosales Rosaceae Potentilla simplex)
  • Common Dandelion (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Taraxacum officinale)
  • Common Dodder (Polemoniales Cuscutaceae (Convolvulaceae) Cuscuta gronovii)
  • Common Elder (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Sambucus canadensis)
  • Common Fleabane (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Erigeron philadelphicus)
  • Common Ground-nut (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Apios americanus)
  • Common Hop-tree (Wafer Ash) (Sapindales Rutaceae Ptelea trifoliata)
  • Common Milkweed (Gentianales Asclepiadaceae Asclepias syriaca)
  • Common Mullein (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Verbascum thapsus)
  • Common Plantain (Plantaginales Plantaginaceae Plantago major)
  • Common St. John’s-wort (Theales Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) Hypericum perforatum)
  • Common Scullcap (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Scutellaria galericulata)
  • Common Snakeroot (Umbellales Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Sanicula gregaria)
  • Common Strawberry (Rosales Rosaceae Fragaria virginiana)
  • Cordate Willow (Heart-leafed Willow) (Salicales Salicaceae Salix eriocephala)
  • Cordate Willow (Heart-leafed Willow) (Salicales Salicaceae Salix rigida)
  • Cow Vetch (Tufted Vetch) (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Vicia cracca)
  • Cow-wheat (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Melampyrum lineare)
  • Crack Willow (Brittle Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix fragilis)
  • Cranberry (Ericales Ericaceae Vaccinium macrocarpon)
  • Cucumber-tree (Magnoliales Magnoliaceae Magnolia acuminata)
  • Currant (Rosales Saxifragaceae Ribes rubrum)
  • Cursed Crowfoot (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculus sceleratus)
  • Cypress Spurge (Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia cyparissias)
  • Daisy Fleabane (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Erigeron strigosus)
  • Dewberry ((Rosales Rosaceae Rubus hispidus)
  • Dogberry (Wild Gooseberry) (Rosales Saxifragaceae Ribes cynosbati)
  • Dove’s-foot Crane’s-bill (GeranialesGeraniaceae Geranium molle)
  • Downy False Foxglove (Schrophulariales Orobanchaceae Aureolaria virginica)
  • Downy Serviceberry (Rosales Rosaceae Amelanchier arborea)
  • Downy Yellow Violet (Violales Violaceae Viola pubescens)
  • Deerberry (Ericales Ericaceae Vaccinium stamineum)
  • Diamond Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix gracilis textoris)
  • Ditch Stonecrop (Rosales Crassulaceae Penthorum sedoides)
  • Dune Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix myricoides)
  • Dwarf St. John’s-wort (Theales Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) Hypericum mutilum)
  • Early Meadow Rue (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Thalictrum dioicum)
  • Eastern Cottonwood (Salicales Salicaceae Populus deltoides)
  • Enchanter's-nightshade (Myrtales Onagraceae Circaea lutetiana canadensis)
  • English Plantain (Plantaginales Plantaginaceae Plantago lanceolata)
  • Eurasian Water-milfoil (Myrtales Haloragaceae Myriophyllum spicatum)
  • European White Birch (Fagales Betulaceae Betula pendula)
  • Evening Primrose (Myrtales Onagraceae Oenothera biennis)
  • Evergreen Bayberry (Myricales Myricaceae Myrica heterophylla)
  • False Buckwheat (PolygonalesPolygonaceae Polygonum scandens)
  • False Dragonhead (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Physostegia virginiana)
  • False Nettle (Urticales Urticaceae Boehmeria cylindrica)
  • False Silky Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix petiolaris)
  • False Silky Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix xsubsericea)
  • Field Bindweed (Polemoniales Convolvulaceae Convolvulus arvensis)
  • Field Everlasting (Broad-leaved Pussytoes) (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Antennaria neglecta)
  • Field Milkwort (Polygonales Polygalaceae Polygala sanguinea)
  • Field Mustard (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Brassica rapa)
  • Field Penny Cress (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Thlaspi arvense)
  • Field Sow Thistle (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Sonchus arvensis uliginosus)
  • Fireweed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Erechtites hieracifolia)
  • Flatleaf Bladderwort (Scrophulariales Lentibulariaceae Utricularia intermedia)
  • Flowering Raspberry (Rosales Rosaceae Rubus odoratus)
  • Fly Honeysuckle (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Lonicera canadensis)
  • Fragrant Bedstraw (Rubiales Rubiaceae Galium triflorum)
  • Fragrant Water-lily (Nymphaeles Nymphaeaceae Nymphaea odorata)
  • Fringed Gentian (Gentianales Gentianaceae Gentianopsis crinita)
  • Frost Aster (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Aster pilosus)
  • Frost Grape (Rhamnales Vitaceae Vitis riparia)
  • Garden Phlox (Polemoniales Polemoniaceae Phlox paniculata)
  • Germander (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Teucrium canadense)
  • Golden Privet (Gentianales Oleaceae Ligustrum vulgare)
  • Golden Ragwort (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Senecio aureus)
  • Goosegrass (RubialesRubiaceae Galium aparine)
  • Grass-leaved Arrow-head (Najadales Alismataceae Sagittaria graminea)
  • Gray Goldenrod (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Solidago nemoralis)
  • Great Lobelia (Campanulales Campanulaceae Lobelia siphilitica)
  • Greater Bladderwort (Scrophulariales Lentibulariaceae Utricularia vulgaris)
  • Greenbrier (Catbrier (Liliales Liliaceae Smilax rotundifolia)
  • Grove Bluegrass (Poales Gramineae (Poaceae) Poa alsodes)
  • Grove Sandwort (Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Arenaria lateriflora)
  • Hairy Bedstraw (Rubiales Rubiaceae Galium pilosum)
  • Hairy Pinweed (Malvales Cistaceae Lechea villosa)
  • Hairy Vetch (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Vicia villosa)
  • Halberd-leaved Tear-thumb (PolygonalesPolygonaceae Polygonum arifolium)
  • Heal-all (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Prunella vulgaris)
  • Heart-leafed Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix cordata)
  • Heart-leaved Aster (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Aster lowrilanus)
  • Heath Aster (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Aster ericoides)
  • Hedge Bindweed (PolemonialesConvolvulaceae Calystegia sepium)
  • Hedge Mustard (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Sisymbrium officinale)
  • Henbit (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Lamium amplexicaule)
  • Herb Robert (Geraniales Geraniaceae Geranium robertianum)
  • Highbush Blueberry (Ericales Ericaceae Vaccinium corymbosum)
  • Highbush Cranberry (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Viburnum opulus)
  • Highbush Trilobum (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Viburnum trilobum)
  • Hispid Gromwell (Polemoniales Boraginaceae Lithospermum caroliniense)
  • Hoary Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix candida)
  • Hobble-bush (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Viburnum lantanoides)
  • Hollow-stem Joe-pye Weed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Eupatorium fistulosum)
  • Hop Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Trifolium aureum)
  • Hop Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Trifolium campestre)
  • Hop Hornbeam (Ironwood) (Fagales Betulaceae Ostrya virginiana)
  • Horned Bladderwort (Scrophulariales Lentibulariaceae Utricularia cornuta)
  • Horse-balm (Lamiales Labiatae Collinsonia canadensis)
  • Horseweed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Conyza Canadensis)
  • Hound’s Tongue (Polemoniales Boraginaceae Cynoglossum officinale)
  • Humped Bladderwort (Scrophulariales Lentibulariaceae Utricularia gibba)
  • Indian Hemp (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Apocynum cannabinum)
  • Indian Pipe (Ericales Pyrolaceae Monotropa uniflora)
  • Japanese Barberry (Ranunculales Berberidaceae Berberis thunbergii)
  • Japanese Bush Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Lespedeza bicolor)
  • Jerusalem Artichoke (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Helianthus tuberous)
  • Jerusalem Oak (Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium botrys)
  • Jointed Charlock (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Raphanus raphanistrum)
  • Kidneyleaf Buttercup (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculus arbortivus)
  • Lance-leaved Goldenrod (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Euthania graminifolia gramnifolia)
  • Larger Canadian St. John’s-wort (Theales Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) Hypericum majus)
  • Late Goldenrod (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Solidago gigantea)
  • Laurel Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix pentandra)
  • LeConte’s Violet (Violales Violaceae Viola affinis)
  • Lesser Bladderwort (Scrophulariales Lentibulariaceae Utricularia minor)
  • Lesser Marsh Bedstraw (Rubiales Rubiaceae Galium palustre)
  • Long-spurred Violet (Violales Violaceae Viola rostrata)
  • Longbranch Frostweed (Violales Cistaceae Helianthemum canadense)
  • Lopseed (Lamiales Verbenaceae Phryma leptostachya)
  • Low Cudweed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Gnaphalium uliginosum)
  • Low-bush Blueberry (Ericales Ericaceae Vaccinium angustifoluim)
  • Lupine (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Lupinus perennis)
  • Lyre-leaved Rock Cress (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Arabis lyrata)
  • Mad-dog Skullcap (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Scutellaria lateriflora)
  • Maple-leaved Arrow-wood (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Viburnum acerifolium)
  • Marsh St. Johnswort (Theales Clusiaceae Triadenum virginicum)
  • Meadow-sweet (Rosales Rosaceae Spiraea alba)
  • Meadow-sweet (Rosales Rosaceae Spiraea latifolia)
  • Mermaid-weed (Myrtales Haloragaceae Proserpinaca palustris)
  • Mexican Tea (Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium ambrosioides)
  • Milk Vetch (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Astragalus canadensis)
  • Mill Water-pepper (Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonum hydropiperoides)
  • Monkey Flower (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Mimulus ringens)
  • Moth Mullein (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Verbascum blattaria)
  • Motherwort (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Leonurus cardiaca)
  • Mouse-ear Chickweed (Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Cerastium vulgatum)
  • Mouse-ear Cress (Capparales Brassicacae (Cruciferae) Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Mullein Pink (Rose Campion) (Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Lychnis coronaria)
  • Nees Shining Aster (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Aster firmus)
  • New England Aster (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Aster novae-angliae)
  • Nipplewort (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Lapsana communis)
  • Nits-and-lace (Theales Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) Hypericum drummodii)
  • Nodding Bur Marigold (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Bidens cernua)
  • Northeastern Bladderwort (Scrophulariales Lentibulariaceae Utricularia resupinata)
  • Northern Arrow-wood (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Viburnum recognitum)
  • Northern Bugleweed (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Lycopus uniflorus)
  • Northern Dewberry (Rosales Rosaceae Rubus flagellaris)
  • Northern False Foxglove (Schrophulariales Orobanchaceae Aureolaria flava)
  • Northern Red Oak (Fagales Fagaceae Quercus rubra)
  • Northern St. Johnswort (Theales Clusiaceae (Guttiferae) Hypericum boreale)
  • Northern Three-lobed Bedstraw (Rubiales Rubiaceae Galium trifidum)
  • One-sided Pyrola (Ericales Pyrolaceae Orthilia seconda)
  • Orange Hawkweed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Hieracium aurantiacum)
  • Oswego Tea (Beebalm) (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Monarda didyma)
  • Paint Cohosh(Ranunculales Berberidaceae Caulophyllum thalictroides)
  • Pale Corydalis (Papaverales Fumariaceae Corydalis sempervirens)
  • Pale Plantain (Plantaginales Plantaginaceae Plantago rugelii)
  • Pale Smartweed (Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonum lapathifolium).
  • Panicled Aster (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Aster simplex)
  • Partridge Berry (Rubiales Rubiaceae Mitchella repens)
  • Pea-tree (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Colutea arborescens)
  • Peach-leaf Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix amygdaloides)
  • Pear (Rosales Rosaceae Pyrus communis)
  • Pearly Everlasting (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Anaphalis margaritacea)
  • Pennsylvania Bittercress (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Cardamine pensylvanica)
  • Pennsylvannia Blackberry (Rosales Rosaceae Rubus pensilvanicus)
  • Pennsylvania Smartweed (Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonum pensylvanicum)
  • Pennyroyal (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Hedeoma pulegioides)
  • Peppermint (Lamiales Labiatae Mentha piperita)
  • Persian Speedwell (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Veronica persica)
  • Pickerel-weed (Commelinales Pontederiaceae Pontederia cordata)
  • Pin Cherry (Rosales Rosaceae Prunus pennsylvanica)
  • Pin Oak (Fagales Fagaceae Quercus palustris)
  • Pink Pyrola (Ericales Pyrolaceae Pyrola americana)
  • Poison Ivy (Poison Oak) (Sapindales Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron radicans)
  • Poison Sumac (Sapindales Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron vernix)
  • Pokeweed (Caryophyllales Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca americana)
  • Prince’s Pine (Ericales Pyrolaceae Chimaphila umbellata)
  • Purple Chokeberry (Rosales Rosaceae Aronia prunifolia)
  • Purple Cudweed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Gnaphalium purpureum)
  • Purple Gerardia (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Agalinis (Gerardia) paupercula)
  • Purple Joe-pye Weed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Eupatorium purpureum)
  • Purple Loosetrife (Myrtales Lythraceae Lythrum salicaria)
  • Pussy Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix discolor)
  • Quillwort (Isoetales Isoetaceae Isoetes echinospora muricata)
  • Rabbit-foot Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Trifolium arvense)
  • Red Baneberry (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Actaea rubra)
  • Red Chokeberry (Rosales Rosaceae Aronia arbutifolia)
  • Red Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Trifolium pratense)
  • Red Maple (Sapindales Aceraceae Acer rubrum)
  • Red Osier (Cornales Cornaceae Cornus stolonifera)
  • Red Raspberry (Rosales Rosaceae Rubus strigosus)
  • Red Sorrel (Polygonales Polygonaceae Rumex acetosella)
  • Red-berried Elder (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Sambucus racemosa pubens)
  • Redtop (Rosales Rosaceae Agrimonia gryposepala)
  • Richardson Plantain Pussy-toes (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Antennaria plantaginifolia arnoglassa)
  • Ridged Yellow Flax (Geraniales Linaceae Linum striatum)
  • Rose Mallow (Malvales Malvaceae Hibiscus moscheutos)
  • Rose Pink (Gentianales Gentianaceae Sabatia angularis)
  • Rough Cinquefoil (Rosales Rosaceae Potentilla norvegica)
  • Rough-hedge Nettle (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Stachys tenuifolia)
  • Round-headed Bush Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Lespedeza capitata)
  • Round-leaved Sundew (Nepenthales Droseraceae Drosera rotundifolia)
  • Round-leaved Yellow Violet (Violales Violaceae Viola rotundifolia)
  • Running Strawberry Bush (CelastralesCelastraceae Euonymus obovatus)
  • Russian Thistle (Prickly Glasswort) (Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Salsola kali)
  • Sand Cherry (Rosales Rosaceae Prunus pumila)
  • Sandbar Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix exigun )
  • Sandbar Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix interior)
  • Sassafras (Laurales Lauraceae Sassafras albidum)
  • Scarlet Oak (Fagales Fagaceae Quercus coccinea)
  • Sea Pea (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Lathyrus japonicus)
  • Seaside Spurge (Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia polygonifolia)
  • Seedbox (Myrtales Onagraceae Ludwigia alternifolia)
  • Serviceberry (Rosales Rosaceae Amelanchier intermedia)
  • Sheepberry (Nannyberry) (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Viburnum lentago)
  • Shining Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix lucida)
  • Shinleaf (Ericales Pyrolaceae Pyrola elliptica)
  • Showy Tick Trefoil (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Desmodium canadense)
  • Silvery Cinquefoil (Rosales Rosaceae Potentilla argentea)
  • Silky Dogwood (Cornales Cornaceae Cornus amomum)
  • Silverweed (Rosales Rosaceae Potentilla anserina)
  • Sleepy Catchfly (Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Silene antirrhina)
  • Small-leafed Lime (Malvales Tiliaceae Tilia cordata)
  • Smaller Forget-me-not (Polemoniales Boraginaceae Myosotis laxa)
  • Smooth Hawk’s-beard (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Crepis capillaris)
  • Smooth Rock Cress (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Arabis laevigata)
  • Smooth Solomon’s Seal (Liliales Liliaceae Polygonatum biflorum)
  • Soapwort (Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Saponaria officinalis)
  • Sour Dock (Polygonales Polygonaceae Rumex crispus)
  • Southern Tickseed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Bidens coronata)
  • Spatterdock (Nymphaeles Nymphaeaceae Nuphar advena)
  • Spearmint (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Mentha spicata)
  • Spiny-leaved Sow Thistle (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Sonchus asper)
  • Spotted Joe-pye Weed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Eupatorium maculatum)
  • Spotted Touch-me-not (Geraniales Balsaminaceae Impatiens capensis)
  • Spotted Wintergreen (Ericales Pyrolaceae Chimaphila maculata)
  • Staff Tree (Celastrales Celastraceae Celastrus scandens)
  • Staghorn Sumac (Sapindales Anacardiaceae Rhus typhina)
  • Star-flower(Chickweed Wintergreen) (Primulales Primulaceae Trientalis borealis)
  • Stiff Marsh Bedstraw (Rubiales Rubiaceae Galium tinctorium)
  • Stiff Yellow Flax (Geraniales Linaceae Linum medium)
  • Stout Goldenrod (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Solidago squarrosa)
  • Summer Grape (Rhamnales Vitaceae Vitis aestivalis)
  • Sun Spurge (Euphorbiales Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia helioscopia)
  • Sundrops (Myrtales Onagraceae Oenothera perennis)
  • Swamp Beggar-tick (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Bidens connata)
  • Swamp Beggar-tick (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Bidens discoidea)
  • Swamp Dewberry (Rosales Rosaceae Rubus porteri)
  • Swamp Dogwood (Cornales Cornaceae Cornus foemina racemosa)
  • Swamp Candles (Primulales Primulaceae Lysimachia terrestris)
  • Swamp Milkweed (Gentianales Asclepiadaceae Asclepias incarnata)
  • Sweet Cicely (Umbellales Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) Osmorhiza claytonii)
  • Sweet Fern (Myricales Myricaceae Myrica peregrina)
  • Swamp Rose (Rosales Rosaceae Rosa palustris)
  • Sweet White Violet (Violales Violaceae Viola blanda)
  • Sweetbrier Rose (Rosales Rosaceae Rosa eglanteria)
  • Sycamore (Buttonwood) (Hamamidales Platanaceae Platanus occidentalis)
  • Tall Goldenrod (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Solidago canadense scabra)
  • Tall Wormwood (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Artemisia caudata)
  • Thimbleweed (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Anemone virginiana)
  • Thin-leaved Coneflower (Brown-eyed Susan) (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Rudbeckia triloba
  • Thyme-leaved Sandwort (Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Arenaria serpyllifolia)
  • Torrey’s Mountain Mint (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Pycnanthemum verticillatum)
  • Touch-me-not (Geraniales Balsaminaceae Impatiens pallida)
  • Tower Mustard (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Arabis glabra)
  • Trailing Wild Bean (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Strophostyles helvula)
  • Tufted Loosestrife (Primulales Primulaceae Lysimachia thrysiflora)
  • Tumbleweed (Caryophyllales Amaranthaceae Amaranthus blitoides)
  • Tumbling Mustard (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Sisymbrium altissimum)
  • Turtlehead (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Chelone glabra)
  • Upland Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix humilis)
  • Velvet-leaved Dewberry (Rosales Rosaceae Rubus roribaccus)
  • Vetchling (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Lathyrus palustris)
  • Virginia Bugle-weed (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Lycopus virginicus)
  • Virginia Creeper (Rhamnales Vitaceae Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
  • Virginia Knotweed (Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonum virginianum)
  • Virginia Mountain Mint (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Pycnantheum virginianum)
  • Virginia Pepper Grass (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Lepidium virginicum)
  • Virgin’s Bower (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Clematis virginiana)
  • Wall Speedwell (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Veronica arvensis)
  • Water Dock (Polygonales PolygonaceaeRumex verticillatus)
  • Water Hemlock (Umbellales Umbelliferae Cicuta maculata)
  • Water Horehound (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Lycopus americanus)
  • Water Smartweed (PolygonalesPolygonaceae Polygonum amphibium emersum)
  • Water Smartweed (Polygonales Polygonaceae Polygonum punctatum)
  • Water Speedwell (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Veronica anagallis-aquatica)
  • Water Willow (Lythrales Lythraceae Decodon verticillatus)
  • Water-purslane (Myrtales Onagraceae Ludwigia palustris)
  • Water-shield (Nymphaeales Cabombaceae Brasenia schreberi)Dicot*
  • Western Ragweed (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Ambrosia psilostachya)
  • White Ash (Gentianales Oleaceae Fraxinus americana)
  • White Avens (RosalesRosaceae Geum canadense)
  • White Baneberry (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Actaea pachypoda)
  • White Campion (Caryophyllales Caryophyllaceae Silene pratensis)
  • White Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Trifolium repens)
  • White Elm (American Elm) (Urticales Ulmaceae Ulmus americana)
  • White Lettuce (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Prenanthes alba)
  • White Oak (Fagales Fagaceae Quercus alba)
  • White Snakeroot (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Eupatorium rugosum)
  • White Sweet Clover (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Melilotus alba)
  • White Water Buttercup (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculus longirostris)
  • White Wild Licorice (Rubiales Rubiaceae Galium circaezans)
  • White Willow (Salicales Salicaceae Salix alba)
  • Wild Bergamot (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Monarda fistulosa)
  • Wild Black Currant (Rosales Saxifragaceae Ribes americanum)
  • Wild Carrot (Caryophyllales Carophyllaceae Daucus carota)
  • Wild Ginger (Aristolochiales Aristolochiaceae Asarum canadense)
  • Wild Honeysuckle (Dipsacales Caprifoliaceae Lonicera dioica)
  • Wild Lettuce (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Hieracum canadensis)
  • Wild Mint (Lamiales Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Mentha arvensis)
  • Wild Pansy (Violales Violaceae Viola rafinesquii)
  • Wild Plum (Rosales Rosaceae Prunus americana)
  • Wild Rose (Rosales Rosaceae Rosa virginiana)
  • Wild Sarsaparilla (Umbellales Araliaceae Aralia nudicaulis)
  • Wild Senna (Fabales Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Cassia hebecarpa)
  • Wild White Violet (Violales Violaceae Viola macloskeyi)
  • Winged Monkey Flower (Scrophulariales Scrophulariaceae Mimulus alatus)
  • Winged Pigweed (Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Cycloloma atriplicifolium)
  • Wingstem (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Actinomeris verbesina alternifolia)
  • Winter Cress (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Barbarea vulgaris)
  • Wintergreen (Ericales Ericaceae Gaultheria procumbens)
  • Witch Hazel (Hamamelidales Hamamelidaceae Hamamelis virginiana)
  • Wood Strawberry (Rosales Rosaceae Fragaria vesca)
  • Woodland Sunflower (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Helianthus stromosus)
  • Woolly Blue Violet (Violales Violaceae Viola sororia)
  • Wrinkled Rose (Rosales Rosaceae Rosa rugosa)
  • Yarrow (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Achillea millefolium)
  • Yellow Birch (Fagales Betulaceae Betula alleghaniensis)
  • Yellow Cress (Capparales Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Rorippa islandica)
  • Yellow Harlequin (Papaverales Fumariaceae Corydalis flavula)
  • Yellow Poplar (Tulip Tree) (Magnoliales Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera)
  • Yellow Water-crowfoot (Ranunculales Ranunculaceae Ranunculus flabellaris)
  • Zigzag Goldenrod (Asterales Asteraceae (Compositae) Solidago flexicaulis)

    Gymnosperms

  • Eastern Hemlock (ConiferalesPinaceae Tsuga canadensis)
  • Ground Hemlock (Taxales Taxaceae Taxus canadensis)
  • Juniper (ConiferalesCupressaceae Juniperus communis depressa)
  • Scrub Pine (Virginia Pine (Coniferales Pinaceae Pinus virginiana)
  • White Pine (Coniferales Pinaceae Pinus strobus)

    Horsetails

  • Common Horsetail (Equisetales Equisetaceae Equisetum arvense)
  • Scouring Rush (Equisetales Equisetaceae Equisetum hyemale)
  • Smooth Horsetail (Equisetales Equisetaceae Equisetum laevigatum)
  • Swamp Horsetail (Equisetales Equisetaceae Equisetum fluviatile)
  • Variegated Scouring Rush (Variegated Horsetail) (Equisetales Equisetaceae Equisetum variegatum)

    Ferns

  • Blunt-lobed Woodsia Fern (Dryopteridales Dryopteridaceae Woodsia obtusa)
  • Bracken Fern (Polypodiales Polypodiaceae Pteridium aquilinum)
  • Broad Beech-fern (Athyriales Thelypteridaceae Thelypteris phegopteris hexagonoptera)
  • Christmas Fern (Dryopteridales Dryopteridaceae Polystichum acrostichoides)
  • Interrupted Fern (Osmundales Osmundaceae Osmunda claytoniana)
  • Lady-fern (Athyriales Athyriaceae Athyrium asplenioides)
  • Marsh Fern (Athyriales Thelypteridaceae Thelypteris palustris)
  • Mountain Wood Fern (Dryopteridales Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris campyloptera)
  • Rock Cap Fern (Polypodiales Polypodiaceae Polypodium virginianum)
  • Royal Fern (Osmundales Osmundaceae Osmunda regalis spectabilis)
  • Sensitive Fern (Polypodiales Polypodiaceae Onoclea sensibilis)
  • Silvery Spleenwort (Athyriales Athyriaceae Athyrium thelypteroides)
  • Spinulose Shield Fern (Dryopteridales Dryopteridaceae Dryopteris intermedia)

    Mosses

  • Ground Cedar (Lycopodiales Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium digitatum)
  • Ground Pine (Lycopodiales Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium obscurum isophyllum)
  • Running Pine (Lycopodiales Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium clavatum)
  • Shinning Clubmoss (Lycopodiales Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium lucidulum)
  • Stiff Clubmoss (Lycopodiales Lycopodiaceae Lycopodium annotinum)


Fauna

  • Common Name (Order Family [Subfamily] Genus species)

    Birds

  • Acadian Flycatcher (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax virescens)
  • Alder Flycatcher (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax alnorum)
  • American Avocet (Charadriiformes Recurvirostridae Recurvirostra americana)
  • American Bittern (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Botaurus lentiginosus)
  • American Black Duck (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anas rubripes)
  • American Coot (Gruiformes Rallidae Fulica americana)
  • American Crow (Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus brachyrhynchos)
  • American Goldfinch (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Carduelis tristis)
  • American Kestrel (Falconiformes Falconidae Falco sparverius)
  • American Redstart (Passeriformes Parulidae Setophaga ruticilla)
  • American Robin (Passeriformes Turdidae Turdus migratorius)
  • American Tree Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Spizella arborea)
  • American White Pelican (Pelecaniformes Pelecanidae Pelecanus erythrorhyncos)
  • American Wigeon (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anasamericana)
  • American Woodcock (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Scolopacinae] Scolopax minor)
  • Baird’s Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris bairdii)
  • Bald Eagle (Falconiformes Accipitridae Haliaeetus leucocephalus)
  • Bank Swallow (Passeriformes Hirundinidae [Hirundininae] Riparia riparia)
  • Barn Swallow (Passeriformes Hirundinidae [Hirundininae] Hirundo rustica)
  • Barred Owl (Strigiformes Strididae [Buboninae] Strix varia)
  • Barrow’s Goldeneye (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Bucephala islandica)
  • Bay-breasted Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica castanea)
  • Bell’s Vireo (Passeriformes Vireonidae [Veroninae] Vireo bellii)
  • Belted Kingfisher (Coraciiformes Alcedinidae [Cerylinae] Ceryle alcyon)
  • Black Scoter (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Melanitta nigra)
  • Black Tern (Charadriiformes Laridae [Sterninae] Chlidonias niger)
  • Black-and-white Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Mniotilta varia)
  • Black-bellied Plover (Charadriiformes Charadriidae Pluvialis squatarola)
  • Black-billed Cuckoo (Cuculiformes Cuculidae [Phaenicophaeinae] Coccyzus erythropthalmus)
  • Black-billed Magpie (Passeriformes Corvidae Pica pica)
  • Black-capped Chickadee (Passeriformes Paridae Parus atricapilla)
  • Black-crowned Night Heron (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Nycticorax nycticorax)
  • Black-legged Kittiwake (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Rissa tridactyla)
  • Black-throated Blue Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica caerulescens)
  • Black-throated Gray Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica nigrescens)
  • Black-throated Green Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica virens)
  • Blackburnian Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica fusca)
  • Blackpoll Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica striata)
  • Blue Jay (Passeriformes Corvidae Cyanocitta cristata)
  • Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Passeriformes Sylviidae Polioptila caerulea)
  • Blue-winged Teal (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae) Anas discors)
  • Blue-winged Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Vermivora pinus)
  • Bobolink (Passeriformes Icteridae [Dolichonychinae] Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
  • Bohemian Waxwing (Passeriformes Bombycillidae [Bombycillinae] Bombycilla garrulus)
  • Bonaparte’s Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus philadelphia)
  • Boreal Chickadee (Passeriformes Paridae Parus hudsonica)
  • Brant (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anserinae] Branta bernicla)
  • Broad-winged Hawk (Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo platypterus)
  • Brown Creeper (Passeriformes Certhiidae [Certhiinae] Certhia americana)
  • Brown Thrasher (Passeriformes Mimidae Toxostoma rufum)
  • Brown-headed Cowbird (Passeriformes Icteridae [Icterinae] Molothrus ater)
  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Tryngites subruficollis)
  • Bufflehead (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Bucephala albeola)
  • California Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus californicus)
  • Canada Goose (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anserinae] Branta canadensis)
  • Canada Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Wilsonia canadensis)
  • Canvasback (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Aythya valisineria)
  • Cape May Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica tigrina)
  • Carolina Wren (Passeriformes Troglodytidae Thryothorus ludoviciantus)
  • Caspian Tern (Charadriiformes Laridae [Sterninae] Sterna caspia)
  • Cattle Egret (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Bubulcus ibis)
  • Cedar Waxwing (Passeriformes Bombycillidae [Bombycillinae] Bombycilla cedrorum)
  • Cerulean Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica cerulea)
  • Chestnut-sided Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica pensylvanica)
  • Chimney Swift (Apodiformes Apodidae Chaetura pelagica)
  • Chipping Sparrow ((Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Spizella passerina)
  • Chuck-will’s-widow (Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae [Caprimulginae] Caprimulgus carolinensis)
  • Cinnamon Teal (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anas cyanoptera)
  • Clay-colored Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Spizella breweri)
  • Cliff Swallow (Passeriformes Hirundinidae [Hirundininae] Hirundo pyrrhonota)
  • Common Barn-owl (Strigiformes Tytonidae Tyto alba)
  • Common Black-headed Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus ridibundus)
  • Common Goldeneye (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Bucephala clangula)
  • Common Grackle (Passeriformes Icteridae [Icterinae] Quiscallus quiscula)
  • Common Loon (Gaviiformes Gaviidae Gavia immer)
  • Common Merganser (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Mergus merganser)
  • Common Moorhen (Gruiformes Rallidae Gallinula chloropus)
  • Common Nighthawk (Caprimulgiformes Caprimulginidae [Chordeilinae] Chordeiles minor)
  • Common Raven (Passeriformes Corvidae Corvus corax)
  • Common Redpoll (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Carduelis flammea)
  • Common Snipe (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Gallinagoninae] Galligano galligano)
  • Common Tern (Charadriiformes Laridae [Sterninae] Sterna hirundo)
  • Common Yellowthroat (Passeriformes Parulidae Geothlypis trichas)
  • Connecticut Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Oporornis agilis)
  • Cooper’s Hawk (Falconiformes Accipitridae Accipiter cooperii)
  • Dark-eyed Junco (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Junco hyemalis)
  • Dickcissel (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Cardinalinae] Spiza americana)
  • Double-crested Cormorant (Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Phalacrocorax auritus)
  • Downy Woodpecker (Piciformes Picidae [Picinae] Picoides pubescens)
  • Dunlin (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris alpina)
  • Eared Grebe (Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps nigricollis)
  • Eastern Bluebird (Passeriformes Turdidae Sialia sialis)
  • Eastern Kingbird (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Tyrannus tyrannus)
  • Eastern Meadowlark (Passeriformes Icteridae [Icterinae] Sturnella magna)
  • Eastern Phoebe (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Sayornis phoebe)
  • Eastern Screech Owl (Strigiformes Strigidae [Buboninae] Otus asio)
  • Eastern Wood-Pewee (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Contopus virens)
  • Eurasian Wigeon (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anas penelope)
  • European Starling (Passeriformes Sturnidae [Sturninae] Sturnus vulgaris)
  • Evening Grosbeak (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Coccothraustes vespertinus)
  • Field Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Spizella pusilla)
  • Forster’s Tern (Charadriiformes Laridae [Sterninae] Sterna forsteri)
  • Fox Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Passerella iliaca)
  • Franklin’s Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus pipixcan)
  • Gadwall (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anas strepera)
  • Glaucous Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus hyperboreus)
  • Glossy Ibis (Ciconiiformes Threskiornithidae Plegadis falcinellus)
  • Golden Eagle (Falconiformes Accipitridae Aquila chrysaetos)
  • Golden-crowned Kinglet (Passeriformes Regulidae Regulus satrapa)
  • Golden-winged Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Vermivora chrysoptera)
  • Grasshopper Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Ammodramus savannarum)
  • Gray Catbird (Passeriformes Mimidae Dumetella carolinensis)
  • Gray-cheeked Thrush (Passeriformes Turdidae Catharus minimus)
  • Great Black-backed Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus marinus)
  • Great Blue Heron (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ardea herodias)
  • Great Crested Flycatcher (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Myiarchus crinitus)
  • Great Horned Owl (Strigiformes Strigidae [Buboninae] Bubo virginianus)
  • Great White Egret (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Casmerodius albus)
  • Greater Scaup (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Aythya marila)
  • Greater White-fronted Goose (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anserinae] Anser albifrons)
  • Greater Yellowlegs (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Tringa melanoleuca)
  • Green-backed Heron (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Butorides striatus)
  • Green-winged Teal (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anas crecca)
  • Gyrfalcon (Falconiformes Falconidae Falco rusticolus)
  • Hairy Woodpecker (Piciformes Picidae [Picinae] Picoides villosus)
  • Harlequin Duck (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Histrionicus histrionicus)
  • Harris’ Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Zonotrichia querula)
  • Henslow’s Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Ammodramus henslowii)
  • Hermit Thrush (Passeriformes Turdidae Catharus guttatus)
  • Herring Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus argentatus)
  • Hoary Redpoll (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Carduelis hornemanni)
  • Hooded Merganser (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Lophodytes cucullatus)
  • Hooded Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Wilsonia citrina)
  • Horned Grebe (Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps auritus)
  • Horned Lark (Passeriformes Alaudidae Eremophila alpestris)
  • House Finch (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Carpodacus mexicanus)
  • House Sparrow (Passeriformes Passeridae Passer domesticus)
  • House Wren (Passeriformes Troglodytidae Troglodytes aedon)
  • Hudsonian Godwit (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Limosa haemastica)
  • Iceland Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus glaucoides)
  • Indigo Bunting (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Cardinalinae] Passerina cyanea)
  • Kentucky Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Oporornis formosus)
  • Killdeer (Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius vociferus)
  • King Eider (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Somateria spectabilis)
  • King Rail (Gruiformes Rallidae Rallus elegans)
  • Lapland Longspur (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Calcarius lapponicus)
  • Lark Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Chondestes grammacus strigatus)
  • Laughing Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus atricilla)
  • Le Conte’s Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Ammodramus leconteii)
  • Least Bittern (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Ixobrychus exilis)
  • Least Flycatcher (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax minimus)
  • Least Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris minutilla)
  • Least Tern (Charadriiformes Laridae [Sterninae] Sterna antillarum)
  • Lesser Black-backed Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus fuscus)
  • Lesser Golden Plover (Charadriiformes Charadriidae Pluvialis dominica)
  • Lesser Scaup (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae) Aythya affinis)
  • Lesser Yellowlegs (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Tringa flavipes)
  • Lincoln’s Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Melospiza lincolnii)
  • Little Blue Heron (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta caerulea)
  • Little Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus minutus)
  • Loggerhead Shrike (Passeriformes Laniidae [Laniinae] Lanius ludovicianus)
  • Long-billed Dowitcher (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Gallinagoninae] Limnodromus scolopaceus)
  • Long-eared Owl (Strigiformes Strigidae [Buboninae] Asio otus)
  • Louisiana Waterthrush (Passeriformes Parulidae Seiurus motacilla)
  • Magnolia Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica magnolia)
  • Mallard (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anas platyrhynchos)
  • Marbled Godwit (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Limosa fedoa)
  • Marsh Wren (Passeriformes Troglodytidae Cistothorus palustris)
  • Merlin (Falconiformes Falconidae Falco colombarius)
  • Mourning Dove (Columbiformes Columbidae Zenaida macroura)
  • Mourning Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Oporornis philadelphia)
  • Mute Swan (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anserinae] Cygnus olor)
  • Nashville Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Vermivora ruficapilla)
  • Northern Bobwhite (Galliformes Phasianidae [Odontophorinae] Colinus virginianus)
  • Northern Cardinal (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Cardinalinae] Cardinalis cardinalis)
  • Northern Flicker (Piciformes Picidae [Picinae] Colaptes auratus)
  • Northern Gannet (Pelecaniformes Sulidae Sula bassanus)
  • Northern Goshawk (Falconiformes Accipitridae Accipiter gentilis)
  • Northern Mockingbird (Passeriformes Mimidae Mimus polyglottos)
  • Northern Oriole (Passeriformes Icteridae [Icterinae] Icterus galbula)
  • Northern Parula (Passeriformes Parulidae Parula americana)
  • Northern Pintail (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anas acuta)
  • Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Passeriformes Hirundinidae [Hirundininae] Stelgidopteryx serripennis)
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl (Strigiformes Strigidae [Buboninae] Aegolius acadicus)
  • Northern Shoveler (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Anas clypeata)
  • Northern Shrike (Passeriformes Laniidae [Laniinae] Lanius excubitor)
  • Northern Waterthrush (Passeriformes Parulidae Seiurus noveboracensis)
  • Olive-sided Flycatcher (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Contopus borealis)
  • Orange-crowned Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Vermivora celata)
  • Orchard Oriole (Passeriformes Icteridae [Icterinae] Icterus spurius)
  • Osprey (Falconiformes Pandionidae Pandion haliaetus)
  • Ovenbird (Passeriformes Parulidae Seiurus aurocapillus)
  • Palm Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica palmarum)
  • Parasitic Jaeger (Charadriiformes Stercorariidae Stercorarius parasiticus)
  • Pectoral Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris melanotos)
  • Peregrine Falcon (Falconiformes Falconidae Falco peregrinus)
  • Philadelphia Vireo (Passeriformes Vireonidae [Veroninae] Vireo philadelphicus)
  • Pied-billed Grebe (Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podilymbus podiceps)
  • Pileated Woodpecker (Piciformes Picidae [Picinae] Dryocopus pileatus)
  • Pine Grosbeak (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Pinicola enucleator)
  • Pine Siskin (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Carduelis pinus)
  • Pine Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica pinus)
  • Piping Plover (Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius melodus)
  • Pomarine Jaeger (Charadriiformes Stercorariidae Sterocorarius pomarinus)
  • Prairie Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica discolor)
  • Prothonotary Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Protonotaria citrea)
  • Purple Finch (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Carpodacus purpureus)
  • Purple Gallinule (Gruiformes Rallidae Porphyrula martinica)
  • Purple Martin (Passeriformes Hirundinidae [Hirundininae] Progne subis)
  • Purple Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris maritima)
  • Red Crossbill (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Loxia curvirostra)
  • Red Knot (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris canutus)
  • Red Phalarope (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Phalaropodinae] Phalaropus fulicarius)
  • Red-bellied Woodpecker (Piciformes Picidae [Picinae] Melanerpes carolinus)
  • Red-breasted Merganser (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Mergus serrator)
  • Red-breasted Nuthatch (Passeriformes Sittidae [Sittinae] Sitta canadensis)
  • Red-eyed Vireo (Passeriformes Vireonidae [Veroninae] Vireo olivaceus)
  • Red-headed Woodpecker (Piciformes Picidae [Picinae] Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
  • Red-necked Grebe (Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Podiceps grisegena)
  • Red-necked Phalarope (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Phalaropodinae] Phalaropus lobatus)
  • Red-shouldered Hawk (Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo lineatus)
  • Red-tailed Hawk (Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo jamaicensis)
  • Red-throated Loon (Gaviiformes Gaviidae Gavia stellata)
  • Red-winged Blackbird (Passeriformes Icteridae [Icterinae] Agelaius pheoniceus)
  • Reddish Egret (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta rufescens)
  • Redhead (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Aythya americana)
  • Ring-billed Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus delawarensis)
  • Ring-necked Duck (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Aythya collaris)
  • Ring-necked Pheasant (Galliformes Phasianidae [Phasianinae] Phasianus colchicus)
  • Rock Dove (Columbiformes Columbidae Columba livia)
  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Cardinalinae] Pheucticus ludovicianus)
  • Rough-legged Hawk (Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo lagopus)
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Passeriformes Regulidae Regulus calendula)
  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Apodiformes Trochilidae Archilochus colubris)
  • Ruddy Duck (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Oxyura jamaicensis)
  • Ruddy Turnstone (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Arenariinae] Arenaria interpres)
  • Ruff (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Philomachus pugnax)
  • Ruffed Grouse (Galliformes Tretraonidae Bonasa umbellus)
  • Rufous-sided Towhee (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Pipilo erythrophthalmus)
  • Rusty Blackbird (Passeriformes Icteridae [Icterinae] Euphagus carolinus)
  • Sabine’s Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Xema sabini)
  • Sanderling (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris alba)
  • Sandhill Crane (Gruiformes Gruidae [Gruinae] Grus canadensis)
  • Savannah Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Passerculus sandwichensis)
  • Scarlet Tanager (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Thraupinae] Piranga olivacea)
  • Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Tyrannus forficatus)
  • Sedge Wren (Passeriformes Troglodytidae Cistothorus platensis)
  • Semipalmated Plover (Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius semipalmatus)
  • Semipalmated Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris pusilla)
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk (Falconiformes Accipitridae Accipiter striatus)
  • Sharp-tailed Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Ammodramus caudacutus)
  • Short-billed Dowitcher (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Gallinagoninae] Limnodromus griseus)
  • Short-eared Owl (Strigiformes Strigidae [Buboninae] Asio flammeus)
  • Snow Bunting (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Plectrophenax nivalis)
  • Snow Goose (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anserinae] Chen caerulescens)
  • Snowy Egret (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta thula)
  • Snowy Owl (Strigiformes Strididae [Buboninae] Nyctea scandiaca)
  • Solitary Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Tringa solitaria)
  • Solitary Vireo (Passeriformes Vireonidae [Veroninae] Vireo solitarius)
  • Song Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Melospiza melodia)
  • Sora (Gruiformes Rallidae Porzana carolina)
  • Spotted Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Actitis macularia)
  • Stilt Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris himantopus)
  • Summer Tanager (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Thraupinae] Piranga rubra)
  • Surf Scoter (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Melanitta perspicillata)
  • Surfbird (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae Aphriza virgata)
  • Swainson’s Hawk (Falconiformes Accipitridae Buteo swainsoni)
  • Swainson’s Thrush (Passeriformes Turdidae Catharus ustulatus)
  • Swamp Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Melospiza georgiana)
  • Tennessee Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Vermivora peregrina)
  • Thayer’s Gull (Charadriiformes Laridae [Larinae] Larus thayeri)
  • Thick-billed Murre (Charadriiformes Alcidae Uria lomvia)
  • Three-toed Woodpecker (Piciformes Picidae [Picinae] Picoides tridactylus)
  • Townsend’s Solitaire (Passeriformes Turdidae Myadestes townsendi)
  • Tree Swallow (Passeriformes Hirundinidae [Hirundininae] Tachycineta bicolor)
  • Tricolored Heron (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Egretta tricolor)
  • Tufted Titmouse (Passeriformes Paridae Parus bicolor)
  • Tundra Swan (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anserinae] Cygnus columbianus)
  • Turkey Vulture (Falconiformes Cathartidae Cathartes aura)
  • Upland Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Bartramia longicauda)
  • Veery (Passeriformes Turdidae Catharus fuscescens)
  • Vesper Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Pooecetes gramineus)
  • Virginia Rail (Gruiformes Rallidae Rallus limicola)
  • Warbling Vireo (Passeriformes Vireonidae [Veroninae] Vireo gilvus)
  • Water Pipit (Passeriformes Motacillidae Anthus spinoletta)
  • Western Grebe (Podicipediformes Podicipedidae Aechmophorus occidentalis occidentalis)
  • Western Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris mauri)
  • Whimbrel (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Numenius phaeopus)
  • Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgiformes Caprimulginidae [Caprimulginae] Caprimulgus vociferus)
  • White-breasted Nuthatch (Passeriformes Sittidae [Sittinae] Sitta carolinensis)
  • White-crowned Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Zonotrichia leucophrys)
  • White-eyed Vireo (Passeriformes Vireonidae [Veroninae] Vireo griseus)
  • White-rumped Sandpiper (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Calidridinae] Calidris fusciollis)
  • White-throated Sparrow (Passeriformes Emberizidae [Emberizinae] Zonotrichia albicollis)
  • White-winged Crossbill (Passeriformes Fringillidae [Carduelinae] Loxia leucoptera)
  • White-winged Scoter (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Melanitta fusca)
  • Wild Turkey (Galliformes Meleagrididae Meleagris gallopavo)
  • Willet (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Tringinae] Catoptrophorus semipalmatus)
  • Willow Flycatcher (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax traillii)
  • Wilson’s Phalarope (Charadriiformes Scolopacidae [Phalaropodinae] Phalaropus tricolor)
  • Wilson’s Plover (Charadriiformes Charadriidae Charadrius wilsonia)
  • Wilson’s Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Wilsonia pusilla)
  • Winter Wren (Passeriformes Troglodytidae Troglodytes troglodytes)
  • Wood Duck (Anseriformes Anatidae [Anatinae] Aix sponsa)
  • Wood Stork (Ciconiiformes Ciconiidae Mycteria americana)
  • Wood Thrush (Passeriformes Turdidae Hylocichla mustelina)
  • Worm-eating Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Helmitheros vermivorus)
  • Yellow Rail (Gruiformes Rallidae Coturnicops noveboracensis)
  • Yellow Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica petechia)
  • Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Passeriformes Tyrannidae Empidonax flaviventris)
  • Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Piciformes Picidae [Picinae] Sphyrapicus varius)
  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Cuculiformes Cuculidae [Phaenicophaeinae] Coccyzus americanus)
  • Yellow-breasted Chat (Passeriformes Parulidae Icteria virens auricollis)
  • Yellow-crowned Night Heron (Ciconiiformes Ardeidae Nycticorax violaceus)
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird (Passeriformes Icteridae [Icterinae] Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica coronata)
  • Yellow-throated Vireo (Passeriformes Vireonidae [Veroninae] Vireo flavifrons)
  • Yellow-throated Warbler (Passeriformes Parulidae Dendroica dominica)

    Mammals

  • Beaver (Rodentia Castoridae Castor canadensis)
  • Big Brown Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Eptesicus fuscus)
  • Deer Mouse (Rodentia Muridae Peromyscus maniculatus)
  • Eastern Chipmunk (Rodentia Sciuridae Tamias striatus)
  • Eastern Cottontail (Lagomorpha Leporidae Sylvilagus floridanus)
  • Eastern Coyote (Carnivora Canidae Canis catrans)
  • Eastern Pipistrelle (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Pipistrellus subflavus)
  • Ermine (Carnivora Mustelidae [Mustelinae] Mustela erminea)
  • Evening Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Nycticeius humeralis)
  • Fox Squirrel (Rodentia Sciuridae Sciurus niger)
  • Gray Fox (Carnivora Canidae Urocyon cinereoargenteus)
  • Gray Squirrel (Rodentia Sciuridae Sciurus carolinensis)
  • Hairy-tailed Mole (Insectivora Talpidae Parascalops breweri)
  • Hoary Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Lasiurus cinereus)
  • House Mouse (Rodentia Muridae Mus musculus)
  • Indiana Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Myotis sodalis)
  • Keen’s Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Myotis keenii)
  • Least Shrew (Insectivora Soricidae Cryptotis parva)
  • Least Weasel (Carnivora Mustelidae [Mustelinae] Mustela nivalis)
  • Little Brown Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Myotis lucifugus)
  • Long-tailed Weasel (Carnivora Mustelidae [Mustelinae] Mustela frenata)
  • Masked Shrew (Insectivora Soricidae Sorex cinereus)
  • Meadow Jumping Mouse (Rodentia Zapodidae Zapus hudsonius)
  • Meadow Vole (Rodentia Muridae Microtus pennsylvanicus)
  • Mink (Carnivora Mustelidae [Mustelinae] Mustela vison)
  • Muskrat (Rodentia Muridae Ondatra zibethicus)
  • Northern Flying Squirrel (Rodentia Sciuridae Glaucomys sabrinus)
  • Norway Rat (Rodentia Muridae Rattus norvegicus)
  • Pigmy Shrew (Insectivora Soricidae Microsorex hoyii)
  • Raccoon (Carnivora Procyonidae Procyon lotor)
  • Red Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Lasiurus borealis)
  • Red Fox (Carnivora Canidae Vulpes vulpes)
  • Red Squirrel (Rodentia Sciuridae Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)
  • Short-tailed Shrew (Insectivora Soricidae Blarina brevicauda)
  • Silver-haired Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Lasionycterus noctivagans)
  • Small-footed Bat (Chiroptera Vespertilionidae Myotis leibii)
  • Smoky Shrew (Insectivora Soricidae Sorex fumeus)
  • Southern Bog Lemming (Rodentia Muridae Synaptomys cooperi)
  • Southern Flying Squirrel (Rodentia Sciuridae Glaucomys volans)
  • Southern Red-backed Vole (Rodentia Muridae Clethrionomys gapperi)
  • Star-nosed Mole (Insectivora Talpidae Condylura cristata)
  • Striped Skunk (Carnivora Mustelidae [Mephitinae] Mephitis mephitis)
  • Virginia Opossum (Marsupialia Didelphidae Didelphis virginiana)
  • White-footed Mouse (Rodentia Muridae Peromyscus leucopus)
  • White-tailed Deer (Artiodactyla Cervidae Odocoileus virginianus)
  • Woodchuck (Rodentia Sciuridae Marmota monax)
  • Woodland Jumping Mouse (Rodentia Zapodidae Napaeozapus insignis)
  • Woodland Vole (Rodentia Muridae Microtus pinetorum)

    Amphibians

  • Bullfrog (Anura Ranidae Rana catesbeiana)
  • Eastern American Toad (Anura Bufonidae Bufo americanus)
  • Fowler’s Toad (Anura Bufonidae Bufo woodhousei fowleri)
  • Gray Treefrog (Anura Hylidae Hyla versicolor)
  • Green Frog (Anura Ranidae Rana clamitans melanota)
  • Mudpuppy (Caudata Proteidae Necturus maculosus)
  • Northern Leopard Frog (Anura Ranidae Rana pipiens)
  • Northern Spring Peeper (Anura Hylidae Hyla crucifer)
  • Northern Spring Salamander (Caudata Plethodontidae Gyrinophilus porphyriticus)
  • Pickerel Frog (Anura Ranidae Rana palustris)
  • Red-spotted Newt (Caudata Salamandridae Notophthalmus viridescens)
  • Spotted Salamander (Caudata Ambystomatidae Ambystoma maculatum)
  • Wood Frog (Anura Ranidae Rana sylvatica)

    Reptiles

  • Blanding’s Turtle (Testudines Emydidae Emydoidea blandingi)
  • Common Musk Turtle (Stinkpot) (Testudines Kinosternidae Sternotherus odoratus)
  • Common Snapping Turtle (Testudines Chelydridae Chelydra serpentina)
  • Eastern Box Turtle (Testudines Emydidae Terrapene carolina)
  • Eastern Garter Snake (Squamata Colubridae Thamnophis sirtalis)
  • Eastern Hognose Snake (Squamata Colubridae Heterodon platyrhinos)
  • Eastern Milk Snake (Squamata Lampropeltis triangulum)
  • Eastern Ribbon Snake (Squamata Colubridae Thamnophis sauritus saurtis)
  • Eastern Spiny Softshell (Testudines Trionychidae Trionyx spiniferus)
  • Map Turtle (Testudines Emydidae Graptemys geographica)
  • Midland Painted Turtle (Testudines Emydidae Chrysemys picta marginata)
  • Northern Brown Snake (Squamata Colubridae Storeria dekayi)
  • Northern Ribbon Snake (Squamata Colubridae Thamnophis sauritus septintrionalis)
  • Northern Water Snake (Squamata Colubridae Nerodia sipedon)
  • Queen Snake (Squamata Colubridae Regina septemvittata)
  • Red-eared Slider (Testudines Emydidae Trachemys cripta elegans)
  • Shortheaded Garter Snake (Squamata Colubridae Thamnophis brachystoma)
  • Spotted Turtle (Testudines Emydidae Clemmys guttata)
  • Wood Turtle (Testudines Emydidae Clemmys insculpta)

    Fishes

  • Alewife (Clupeiformes Clupeidae [Clupeinae] Alosa pseudoharengu)
  • Banded Killifish (Cyprinodontiformes Fundulidae Fundulus diaphanus)
  • Bigeye Chub (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hybopsis amblops)
  • Black Crappie (Perciformes Centrarchidae Pomoxis nigromaculatus)
  • Black Bullhead (Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ictalurus melas)
  • Blacknose Dace (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Luciscinae] Rhinicthys atratulus)
  • Blue Pike (Perciformes Stizostedion vitreum glaucum)
  • Bluegill (Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis macrochirus)
  • Bluntnose Minnow (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pimephales notatus)
  • Bowfin (Amiiformes Amiidae Amia calva)
  • Brindled Madtom (Siluriformes Ictaluridae Noturus miurus)
  • Brook Silverside (Atheriniformes Atherinidae Labidesthes sicculus)
  • Brook Stickeback (Gasterosteiformes Gasterosteidae Culaea inconstans)
  • Brown Bullhead (Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ictalurus nebulosus)
  • Brown Trout (Salmoniformes Salmonidae [Salmoninae] Salmo trutta)
  • Burbot (Gadiformes Lotidae Lota lota)
  • Carp (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Cyprininae] Cyprinus carpio)
  • Channel Catfish (Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ictalurus punctatus)
  • Channel Darter (Perciformes Percidae Percina copelandi)
  • Chinook Salmon (Salmoniformes Salmonidae [Salmoninae] Oncorhynchus tshawyscha)
  • Common Shiner (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Luciscinae] Notropis cornutus)
  • Creek Chub (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Semotilus atromaculatus)
  • Deepwater Sculpin (Scorpaeniformes Cottidae Myoxocephalus thompsoni)
  • Eastern Sand Darter (Perciformes Percidae Etheostoma pellucioaAmmocrypta pellucioa)
  • Emerald Shiner (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Luciscinae] Notropis atherinoides)
  • Fantail Darter (Perciformes Percidae Ethostoma flaballare)
  • Fathead Minnow (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Pimephales promelas)
  • Freshwater Drum (Perciformes Sciaenidae Aplodinotus grunniens)
  • Golden Redhorse (Cypriniformes Catostomidae [Catostominae] Moxostoma erythrurum)
  • Gizzard Shad (Clupeiformes Clupeidae Dorosoma cepedianum)
  • Golden Shiner (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Notemigonus crysoleucas)
  • Goldfish (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Cyprininae] Carassius auratus)
  • Grass Pickerel (Salmoniformes Esocidae [Esocinae] Esox americanus vermiculatus)
  • Green Sunfish (Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis cyanellus)
  • Hog Sucker (Cypriniformes Catostomidae Hypentelium nigricans)
  • Horneyhead Chub (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Nocomis biguttatus)
  • Iowa Darter (Perciformes Percidae Etheostoma exile)
  • Johnny Darter (Perciformes Percidae Etheostoma nigrum)
  • Lake Herring (Cisco) (Salmonidae Coregonae Coregonus artedii)
  • Lake Sturgeon (Acipenseriformes Acipenseridae Acipenser fulvescens)
  • Lake Trout (Salmoniformes Salmonidae [Salmoninae] Salvelinus namaycush)
  • Lake Whitefish (Salmoniformes Salmonidae [Coregonae] Coregonus clupeaformis)
  • Largemouth Bass (Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus salmoides)
  • Logperch (Perciformes Percidae Percina caprodes)
  • Mimic Shiner (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Luciscinae] Notropis volucellus)
  • Mooneye (Osteoglossiformes Hiodontidae Hiodon tergisus
  • Mottled Sculpin (Scorpaeniformes Cottidae Cottus bairdi)
  • Mud Minnow (Salmoniformes Umbridae Umbra limi)
  • Muskellunge (Salmoniformes Esocidae [Esocidae] Esox masquinongy)
  • Northern Pike (Salmoniformes Esocidae [Esocidae] Esox lucius)
  • Pink Salmon (Salmoniformes Salmonidae [Salmoninae] Oncorhynchus gorbuscha)
  • Pumpkinseed (Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis gibbosus)
  • Quillback (Cypriniformes [Ictiodinae] Carpiodes cyprinus)
  • Rainbow Darter (Perciformes Percidae Etheostoma caeruleum)
  • Rainbow Smelt (Salmoniformes Osmeridae Osmerus americanus)
  • River Chub (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Nocomis micropogon)
  • Rockbass (Perciformes Centrarchidae Ambloplites rupestris)
  • Round Goby (Perciformes Gobiidae Neogobius melanostomus)
  • Sand ShineR (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Luciscinae] Notropis stramineus)
  • Sauger (Perciformes Serranidae Stizostedion canadense)
  • Sea Lamprey (Petromyzontiformes Petromyzontidae Petromyzon marinus)
  • Silver Chub (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Hybopsis storeriana)
  • Silver Chub (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Macrhybopsis storeriana)
  • Silver Lamprey (Petromyzontiformes Petromyzontidae Icthyomyzon unicuspis)
  • Smallmouth Bass (Perciformes Centrarchidae Micropterus dolomilui)
  • Spoonhead Sculpin (Scorpaeniformes Cottidae Cottus riceri)
  • Spotted Gar (Lepisosteiformes Lepisosteidae Lepisosteus oculatus)
  • Spottail Shiner (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Luciscinae] Notropis hudsonius)
  • Stonecat (Siluriformes Ictaluridae Noturus flavus)
  • Stoneroller (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Campostoma anomalum
  • Striped Shiner (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Luciscinae] Notropis chrysocephalus)
  • Troutperch (Percopsiformes Percopsidae Percopsis omiscomaycus)
  • Walleye (Perciformes Serranidae Stizostedion vitreum)
  • Warmouth Sunfish (Perciformes Centrarchidae Lepomis gulosus)
  • White Crappie (Perciformes Centrarchidae Pomoxis annularis)
  • White Perch (Perciformes Serranidae Morone americana)
  • White Sucker (Cypriniformes Catostomidae [Catostominae] Catostomus commersoni)
  • Yellow Bream (Cypriniformes Cyprinidae [Luciscinae] Chaenobryttus coronarius)
  • Yellow Bullhead (Siluriformes Ictaluridae Ictalurus natalis)
  • Yellow Perch (Perciformes Percidae Perca flavescens)

    Insects

  • Note: Only the Lepidoptera and Odonata Orders are included in this list.
  • Acadian Hairstreak Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Satyrium acadica)
  • America Copper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Lycaena americana)
  • American Painted Lady Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Vanessa virginiensis)
  • Aphrodite Fritillary Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Speyeria aphrodite)
  • Atlantis Fritillary Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Speyeria atlantis)
  • Baltimore Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Euphydryas phaeton)
  • Banded Hairstreak Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Satyrium calanus)
  • Black Saddlebags Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Tramea lacerata)
  • Black Swallowtail Butterfly (Lepidoptera Papillionidae Papilio polyxenes)
  • Blue Dasher Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Pachydiplax longipennis)
  • Bog Copper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Epidemia epixanthe)
  • Bronze Copper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Hyllolycaena hyllus)
  • Carolina Saddlebags Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Tramea carolina)
  • Clouded Sulphur Butterfly (Lepidoptera Pieridae Colias philodice)
  • Common Buckeye Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Junonia coenia)
  • Common Checkered Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Pyrgus communis)
  • Common Green Darner Dragonfly (Odonata Aeschidae Anax junius)
  • Common Sootywing Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Pholisora catullus)
  • Common Whitetail Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Plathemis lydia)
  • Common Wood Nymph Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae [Satyrinae] Cercyonis pegala alope)
  • Common Wood Nymph Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae [Satyrinae] Cercyonis pegala nephele)
  • Compton Tortoise Shell Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Nymphalis j-album)
  • Coral Hairstreak Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Harkenclenus titus)
  • Crossline Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Polites origenes)
  • Dainty Sulphur Butterfly (Lepidoptera Pieridae Nathalis iole)
  • Delaware Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Atrytone logan)
  • Dot-Tailed Whiteface Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Leucorrhinia intacta)
  • Dragonhunter Dragonfly (Odonata Gomphidae Hagenius brevistylus)
  • Dreamy Duskywing Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Erynnis icelus)
  • Dusky Clubtail Dragonfly (Odonata Gomphidae Gomphus spicatus)
  • Eastern Comma Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Polygonia comma)
  • Eastern Pine Elfin Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Incisalia niphon)
  • Eastern Pondhawk Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Mesothemis (Erythemis) simplicicollis)
  • Eastern Tailed-Blue Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Everes comyntas)
  • Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly (Lepidoptera Papillionidae Pterourus glaucus)
  • European Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola)
  • Eyed Brown Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Satyrodes eurydice)
  • Gray Hairstreak Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Strymon melinus)
  • Great Spangled Fritillary Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Speyeria cybele)
  • Halloweeen Pennant Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Celiteomis eponina)
  • Hickory Hairstreak Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Satyrium caryaevorum)
  • Hobomok Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Poanes hobomok)
  • Indian Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Hesperia sassacus)
  • Juvenal's Duskywing Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Erynnis juvenalis)
  • Least Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Ancyloxypha numitor)
  • Leonard's Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Hesperia leonardus)
  • Little Glassywing Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Pompeius verna)
  • Little Sulphur Butterfly (Lepidoptera Pieridae Pyrisitia lisa)
  • Little Wood Satyr Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae [Satyrinae] Megisto cymela)
  • Long Dash Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Polites mystic)
  • Meadow Fritillary Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Clossiana bellona)
  • Milbert's Tortoiseshell Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Aglais milberti)
  • Mourning Cloak Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Nymphalis antiopa)
  • Northern Broken Dash Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Wallengrenia egeremet)
  • Orange Sulphur Butterfly (Lepidoptera Pieridae Colias eurytheme)
  • Painted Lady Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Vanessa cardui)
  • Pearl Crescent Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Phyciodes tharos)
  • Peck's Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Polites coras)
  • Pepper and Salt Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Amblyscirtes hegon)
  • Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly (Lepidoptera Papillionidae Battus philenor)
  • Prince Baskettail Dragonfly (Odonata Corduliidae Epicordulia princeps)
  • Question Mark Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Polygonia interrogationis)
  • Red Admiral Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Vanessa atalanta)
  • Red-spotted Purple Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Basilarchia arthemis astyanax)
  • Regal Fritillary Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Speyeria idalia)
  • Roadside Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Amblyscirtes vialis)
  • Ruby MeadowhawkDragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Sympetrum rubicundulum)
  • Silver-spotted Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Epargyreus clarus)
  • Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Euphyes metacomet)
  • Slaty Skimmer Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Libellula incesta)
  • Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Clossiana selene)
  • Small White Butterfly (Lepidoptera Pieridae Artogeia rapae)
  • Spicebush Swallowtail Butterfly (Lepidoptera Papillionidae Pterourus troilus)
  • Spot-winged Glider Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Pantala hymenea)
  • Spring Azure Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Celastrina ladon)
  • Striped Hairstreak Butterfly (Lepidoptera Lycaenidae Satyrium liparops)
  • Tawny-edged Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Polites themistocles)
  • Twelve-spotted Skimmer Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Libellula pulchella)
  • Variegated Fritillary Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Euptoieta claudia)
  • Variegated Meadowhawk Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Sympetrum corruptum)
  • Viceroy Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Basilarchia archippus)
  • Wandering Glider Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Pantala flavescens)
  • West Virginia White Butterfly (Lepidoptera Pieridae Artogeia virginiensis)
  • White Admiral Butterfly (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae Basilarchia arthemis arthemis)
  • White-Faced Meadowhawk Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Sympetrum obtrusum)
  • Widow Skimmer Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Libellula luctuosa)
  • Yellow-legged Meadowhawk Dragonfly (Odonata Libellulidae Sympetrum vicinum)
  • Zabulon Skipper Butterfly (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Poanes zabulon)
  • Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly (Lepidoptera Papillionidae Eurytides marcellus)

    Crustaceans

  • Amphipod (Amphipoda Hyalellidae Hyalella azteca)
  • Aquatic Sowbug (Isopoda Asellidae Asellus militaris)
  • Crayfish (Decapoda Cambaridae Cambarus affinis)
  • Freshwater Shrimp (Amphipoda Gammaridae Gammarus fasciatus)
  • Grass Shrimp (Decapoda Palaemonidae Palaemonetes sp.)
  • Powder Blue Papershell Crayfish (Decapoda Cambaridae Orconectes immunis)

  • Note: Not all invertebrates found in the park have been listed.