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Authors and Contributors this page: T.F. Mills
Page created 15 July 2000. Corrected and updated 14.07.2006
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The  Border Regiment
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by A. Melville-Brown
United Kingdom 
  Titles & Lineage
  Battle Honours
  Colours, Standards & Guidons
  Uniforms & Badges

  Biography & Gallantry Awards
  Associations, Forums, Re-Enactors
  Museums, Monuments, Memorials

How to find information about individuals who served in this corps
1881.07.01 The Border Regiment
organised as the county regiment of Cumberland and Westmorland, encompassing its Militia and Volunteer infantry [see below] and uniting two regular battalions:
1959.10.01 amalgamated with The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster), to form
The King's Own Royal Border Regiment
pip The Border Regiment, by Chris Baker (The British Army in the Great War).
pip The Border Regiment, by Brad Chappell (The Regimental Warpath 1914-1918)
pip A brief history of the Border Regiment during World War II (Victory in Europe Reenactment Association)
  RHQ and Depot:
    34th Regimental District at Carlisle [1881-1905]
    D Group at Carlisle [1946-48]
    Lancastrian Brigade at Preston [1948-1959]
    1st Battalion [1881-1959]
    2nd Battalion [1881-1950]
Militia and Special Reserve:
  3rd Battalion (Royal Cumberland Regiment of Militia) [1881-1953]
  4th Battalion (Royal Westmoreland Regiment of Militia) [1881-1908]
Territorials and Volunteers:
  1st (Cumberland) Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  2nd (Westmorland) Volunteer Battalion [1881-1908]
  3rd ( Cumberland) Volunteer Battalion [1900-1908]
  4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) Battalion [1908-1959]
  5th (Cumberland) Battalion [1908-1939, 1944-1947]
Hostilities-Only Units (First and Second World War, including T.A. duplicates):
2/4th (Cumberland and Westmorland) Battalion [1914-1920]
4th (Reserve) (Cumberland and Westmorland) Battalion [1915-1919]
2/5th (Cumberland) Battalion [1914-1915]
5th (Reserve) (Cumberland) Battalion [1915-1916]
6th (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
6th (East Cumberland) Battalion [1939-1947]
7th (Service) Battalion [1914-1917]
7th (Westmoreland and Cumberland Yeomanry) Battalion [1917-1919]
7th (Cumberland) Battalion [1939-1947]
8th (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
8th (Home Defence) Battalion [1939-1941]
9th (Service) Battalion [1914-1919]
9th Battalion [1940-1945]
10th (Reserve) Battalion [1914-1916]
11th (Lonsdale) (Service) Battalion [1914-1918]
12th (Reserve) Battalion [1915-1916]
13th (Service) Battalion [1918-1918]
30th Battalion [1941-1942]
70th (Young Soldier) Battalion [1940-1943]
[combined battle honours of 34th Regiment and 55th Regiment, plus:]

Havannah1, St. Lucia 17782, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902

The Great War [16 battalions]:  Ypres 1914 '15 '17 '18, Langemarck 1914 '17, Gheluvelt, Neuve Chapelle, Frezenberg, Bellewaarde, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Loos, Somme 1916 '18, Albert 1916 '18, Bazentin, Delville Wood, Pozières, Guillemont, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Thiepval, Le Transloy, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916, Arras 1917 '18, Scarpe 1917, Bullecourt, Messines 1917 '18, Pilckem, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Rosières, Lys, Estaires, Hazebrouck, Bailleul, Kemmel, Scherpenberg, Aisne 1918, Amiens, Bapaume 1918, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Courtrai, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18, Piave, Vittorio Veneto, Italy 1917-18, Doiran 1917 '18, Macedonia 1915-18, Helles, Landing at Helles, Krithia, Suvla, Landing at Suvla, Scimitar Hill, Gallipoli 1915-16, Egypt 1916, N W Frontier India 1916-17

Afghanistan 1919

The Second World War:  Defence of Escaut, Dunkirk 1940, Somme 1940, Arnhem 1944, North-West Europe 1940 '44, Tobruk 1941, Landing in Sicily, Imphal, Sakawng, Tamu Road, Shenam Pass, Kohima, Ukhrul, Mandalay, Myinmu Bridgehead, Meiktila, Rangoon Road, Pyawbwe, Sittang 1945, Chindits 1944, Burma 1943-45

4th Battalion:  South Africa 1900-02
5th Battalion:  South Africa 1901-02

1.  awarded 1909 for service of 34th Regiment.
2.  awarded 1909 for service of 55th Regiment.

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Badges: construction sign
Uniform: 1881-1913: scarlet; facings: white
1913-1953: scarlet; facings: yellow
1953-1959: blue; facings: yellow; piping: yellow
headdress: construction sign
1881 [1st Bn:] Gen. Alexander Maxwell, CB
1881 [2nd Bn:] Gen. Sir Henry Charles Barnston Daubeney, GCB
1889.03.09 [1st Bn:] Gen. Sir Richard Denis Kelly, KCB [also R Irish Regt, Leinster Regt]
1903.01.18 Lt-Gen. Sir Robert Hume, GCB [also KOYLI]
1909.02.06 Maj-Gen. William John Chads, CB
1915.10.29 Gen. Sir Bruce Meade Hamilton, GCB, KCVO
1923.08.22 Maj-Gen. Ewen George Sinclair-Maclagan, CB, CMG, DSO
1936.02.28 Brig-Gen. George Hyde Harrison, DSO
1947.06.14 Maj-Gen. Philip James Shears, CB
1952.06.03 Maj-Gen. Valentine Blomfield, CB, DSO [continued 1959 in K O R Border Regt]
vc Victoria Crosses, by Mike Chapman (VC Reference).
vc VCs in the Border Regimental Museum, by Iain Stewart.
Motto: construction sign
Nicknames: construction sign
Anniversaries: Arroyo dos Molinos (28 Oct.)
Freedoms: construction sign
Marches: construction sign
Musicians: construction sign
Mascot: construction sign
Miscellaneous Tradition Links:
Canada flag The Saskatchewan Border Regiment
Canada flag The South Saskatchewan Regiment 1936-1959
Australia flag 31st Infantry Battalion (The Kennedy Regiment)
Australia flag 34th Infantry Battalion (The Illawarra Regiment) 1936-1951,
swords The Border Regiment (Great War Association)
swords 2nd Battalion, The Border Regiment in the Great War by Mark Tully [US]
swords C Company, 1st Battalion The Border Regiment, 1st Airborne Division [WW2] (Victory in Europe Reenactment Association)
swords 9th Battalion The Border Regiment, 63rd Brigade, 17th Indian Division [WW2] (Forgotten Armies)
monument King's Own Royal Border Regiment Museum, Carlisle (Army Museums Ogilby Trust)
monument King's Own Royal Border Regiment Museum, Carlisle (Simonides site)
monument Border and Kings Own Royal Border Regimental Museum, Carlisle, by Stuart Eastwood.
Regimental Journal:
book The Border magazine.
Full Histories:
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Short Histories:
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First World War:

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Second World War:

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book Fraser, George MacDonald. Quartered safe out here : a recollection of the war in Burma. London : Harvill, 1992. ISBN: 0002726602
book Fraser, George MacDonald. Quartered safe out here : a recollection of the war in Burma. [new ed.] London : Harvill, 1993. ISBN: 0002726874
book Fraser, George MacDonald. Quartered safe out here : a recollection of the war in Burma. London : HarperCollins, 1995. ISBN: 0002726874 (pbk.)
book Fraser, George MacDonald. Quartered safe out here : a recollection of the war in Burma with a new epilogue: Fifty years on. London : HarperCollins, 2000. ISBN: 0007105932
book Fraser, George MacDonald. Quartered safe out here : a recollection of the war in Burma. A Common Reader ed. Pleasantville, N.Y. : Akadine Press, 2001. ISBN: 1585790249 (pbk.)