During the recess at the Conference of Little Entente in Bled, August 24, 1938 - Archives of Serbia and Montenegro
PACT OF THE ORGANIZATION OF THE LITTLE ENTENTE
Geneva, 16 February 1933
His Majesty The King of Yugoslavia,
His Majesty The King of Romania,
The President of the Czechoslovak Republic,
In a desire to maintain and organize peace,
Guided by the strong will to strengthen economic ties with
all States without distinction, especially with Central European States,
In an endeavour to preserve peace in any circumstances, to
enable the evolution towards a definitive stabilisation of conditions in Central
Europe and to guarantee the respect for common interests of their three countries,
Resolved to provide, with this objective in mind, a natural
and permanent basis for friendly relations of alliance which exist among the three
States of the Little Entente, and
Convinced of the need to achieve this stability, by making
completely equal their general policy, and by setting up an administrative organ
of this common policy of the group of the three States of the Little Entente,
forming in this way an advanced international unit, which may be acceded to by
other States under conditions to be agreed upon in each particular case,
Decided to confirm the provisions below, and designated their
Plenipotentiaries as follows:
His Majesty The King of Yugoslavia:
His Excellency Mr. Bogoljub D. JevtiŠ, Minister of Foreign Affairs,
His Majesty The King of Romania:
His Excellency Mr. Nicola Titulescu, Minister of Foreign Affairs,
The President of the Czechoslovak Republic:
His Excellency Mr. Eduard Benes, Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Who, after submitting their Full Powers, agreed about the following
A Permanent Council of the States of the Little Entente shall
be set up as the administrative organ of the common policy of the group of the
three States, composed of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the three respective
countries or of the special delegates appointed for that purpose. The decisions
of the Permanent Council shall be brought unanimously.
The Permanent Council, in addition to its regular relations
maintained through the diplomatic channels, shall meet obligatorily at least three
times annually. One of the obligatory annual meetings shall be held alternately
in each of the three States, while the second shall be held in Geneva during the
session of the League of Nations.
The President of the Permanent Council shall be the minister
of foreign affairs of the State in which the obligatory annual meeting is held.
The initiative to set the date and venue of the meeting belongs to him. He shall
also determine the agenda and prepare the decisions to be adopted by the meeting.
Until the first obligatory meeting the following year the minister shall act as
the President of the Permanent Council.
In all the questions to be considered as well as in the decisions
to be brought, regardless of whether they concern the mutual relations among the
States of the Little Entente or their relations with third States, the principle
of full equality of the three States of the Little Entente shall be strictly respected.
The Permanent Council may decide, if the situation so requires,
to entrust the representation or the defence of the positions of the States of
the Little Entente in respect of a particular question to a single delegate or
to the Delegation of a single State.
The unanimous consent of the Council of the Little Entente
shall be required in the future as well for any political treaty of each State
of the Little Entente, for any unilateral act by which the present political situation
of one of the States of the Little Entente is changed with regard to some third
State, as well as for any economic agreement which entails major political consequences.
The existing political treaties of each State of the Little
Entente with third States shall, gradually and as far as possible, be equalized.
An Economic Council of the States of the Little Entente shall
be set up with a view to the gradual coordination of economic interests of the
three States, either among themselves or in their relations with third States.
It shall consist of economic, trade and financial experts and specialists and
shall function as an auxiliary advisory organ of the Permanent Council in the
conduct of its general policy.
The Permanent Council may set up other permanent or provisional
organs, commissions or committees, for a particular question or for a series of
identified questions, with a view to their study and preparation of their solutions
for the presentation to the Permanent Council.
A Secretariat of the Permanent Council shall be set up. Its
seat for one year shall always be in the capital city of the President of the
Permanent Council for that year. A Section of the Secretariat shall function permanently
in the seat of the League of Nations in Geneva.
The common policy of the Permanent Council shall be imbued
with the general principles contained in all major international acts of the post-war
policy, such as the Covenant of the League of Nations, the Paris Pact, the General
Arbitration Act, possible conventions on disarmament and the Locarno Pact. The
present Pact may not contain anything that would run counter to the principles
and purposes of the Covenant of the League of Nations.
The Convention on the alliance between Romania and Czechoslovakia
of 23 April 1921, between Romania and Yugoslavia of 7 June 1921, and between Czechoslovakia
and Yugoslavia of 31 August 1922, which were renewed on 21 May 1929 and amended
by the provisions of the present Pact, as well as by the General Act on Conciliation,
Arbitration and Judicial Consideration signed by the three States of the Little
Entente in Belgrade on 21 May 1929, are hereby renewed for an indefinite period
The present Pact shall be ratified and the exchange of the
instruments of ratification shall be made in Prague during the first obligatory
meeting at the latest. The Pact shall come into force on the date of the exchange
of the instruments of ratification.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the afore-mentioned Plenipotentiaries have
signed this Pact.
DONE in Geneva on 16 February 1933, in three identical copies.
L.S. (signed) B.D. JevtiŠ
L.S. (signed) N. Titulescu
L.S. (signed) E. Benes
Sources: Slu×bene novine (Official Gazette),
1933, No. 75-XXIV.
FMOFA Collection, 1933, p. 47.
Recueil des traites SDN, v. CXXXIX, p. 233.
Martens, NRG, 3-eme serie, v. XXVIII, p. 223.
Note: - The Pact was enacted on 29 March 1933
and the instruments of ratification were exchanged on 30 May 1933. At their session
in Belgrade in December 1932, the three ministers decided to emphasise the need
to strengthen the defence system of the Little Entente. The reasons for this were
many: the general developments in the Danubian region, Italy's activities and
influence in the region, the surge of revanchism and the change of the regime
in Hungary with cooperation geared more to Rome and Berlin, as well as intensified
demands for the revision of borders, the demands for a Danubian federation and
the gaining of the right to armament by Germany. The coming of Hitler to power
demanded that the organization be called the "new" Little Entente (Benes).
Thay is why the Permanent Council of the Little Entente, at its session in Geneva,
adopted this Pact in keeping with the spirit of the League of Nations and the
past treaties which were renewed for an indefinite period of time. The ties and
relations between the three States were being strengthened at the time and they
could no longer conclude treaties without the mutual consent. The Governments
of the States of the Little Entente issued an official statement in Geneva on
1 March 1933 to the effect that the new Pact did not contain any secret provisions
of a military nature, as misrepresented by the propaganda of the "other side".
They asked the Secretary General of the League of Nations to inform the other
member cuntries of the League that there do not exist secret agreements, that
reports about this (in the press) were incorrect and that their mutual obligations
are in compliance with the treaties registered with the League of Nations.