Jack Russell Terrier
|Area of Origin:
|Date of Origin:
||Parson Jack Russell
Jack Russell Terrier was developed in 19th century England by
a clergyman named John Russell. This feisty little terrier was
used to hunt small game, particularly fox, by digging the quarry
out of its den. The energetic and playful Jack Russell makes
a good family companion. Some of the Jack Russell's talents
include: hunting, tracking, agility, and performing tricks.
is a dog that thrives on action and adventure. In the process,
it often finds itself in the middle of trouble. It is a true
hunter at heart and will explore, wander, chase and dig when
it gets a chance. It is very playful and intelligent. It gets
along well with children and strangers. It can be scrappy with
strange dogs, but is better than many terriers. It does well
with horses, but it may chase cats and is not good with rodents.
It may tend to bark and dig. It makes an ideal companion for
an active person with a good sense of humor who wants a lot
of entertainment-and mischief-in one dog.
Jack Russell needs a lot of mental and physical stimulation
every day. It is not a dog that can sit around inside. It needs
a long walk or strenuous game every day, plus a short training
session. It enjoys the chance to explore on its own, but it
must do so only in a safe area because it tends to go off in
search of trouble, and some go down holes and must be dug out!
It can live outdoors in temperate climates. It does best when
allowed access to a house and yard, and it is not a good apartment
dog. Coat care for the smooth type consists only of weekly brushing
to remove dead hair; for the broken coat it also consists of
occasional hand stripping.
Official Breed Standard
A strong, active, lithe working Terrier of
great character with flexible body of medium length. His smart movement
matches his keen expression. Tail docking is optional and the coat
may be smooth, rough or broken.
A lively, alert and active Terrier with a
keen intelligent expression.
Bold and fearless, friendly but quietly confident.
Head and Skull:
The skull should be flat and of moderate
width gradually decreasing in width to the eyes and tapering to
a wide muzzle with very strong jaws. There should be a well defined
stop but not over pronounced. The length from the stop to the nose
should be slightly shorter than from the stop to the occiput with
the cheek muscles well developed. The nose should be black.
Small dark and with keen expression. MUST
not be prominent and eyelids should fit closely. The eyelid rims
should be pigmented black. Almond shape.
Button or dropped of good texture and great
Deep wide and powerful jaws with tight-fitting
pigmented lips and strong teeth closing to a scissor bite.
Strong and clean allowing head to be carried
Shoulders well sloped back and not heavily
loaded with muscle. Forelegs straight in bone from the shoulder
to the toes whether viewed from the front or the side and with sufficient
length of upper arm to ensure elbows are set under the body, with
sternum clearly in front of shoulder blades.
Chest deep rather than wide, with good clearance
and the brisket located at the height mid-way between the ground
and the withers. The body should be proportioned marginally longer
than tall, measuring slightly longer from the withers to the root
of the tail than from the withers to the ground. Back level. Ribs
should be well sprung from the spine, flattening on the sides so
that the girth behind the elbows can be spanned by two hands - about
40 cm to 43 cm. The loins should be short, strong and deeply muscled.
Strong and muscular, balanced in proportion
to the shoulder, hind legs parallel when viewed from behind while
in free standing position. Stifles well angulated and hocks low
Round, hard, padded, not large, toes moderately
arched, turned neither in or out.
May droop at rest. When moving should be
erect and if docked the tip should be on the same level as ears.
True, free and springy.
May be smooth, broken or rough. Must be weather-proof,
White MUST predominate with black, tan or
Ideal is 25 cm (10") to 30 cm (12")
in height with the weight in kgs being equivalent of 1 kg to each
5 cm in height, ie a 25 cm high dog should weigh approximately 5
kgs and a 30 cm high dog should weigh 6 kgs.
Any departure from the foregoing points should
be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should
be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. However,
the following weaknesses should be particularly penalised:
(a) Lack of true Terrier characteristics.
(b) Lack of balance, ie over exaggeration of any points.
(c) Sluggish or unsound movement.
(d) Faulty mouth.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.