FIDE - Uniting the Chess World
Founded in Paris on 20 July 1924, the World Chess Federation (Federation
Internationale des Echecs, known as FIDE from its French acronym) is recognized
by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as the supreme body, responsible
for the organization of chess and its championships at global and continental
levels. Following its recognition as an International Organization in 1989,
FIDE was recognized by the IOC in June 1999
as an International Sports Federation.
the founding of FIDE, chess had existed as a sport played at competitive level
for centuries. In its over 2000 years history from its origins in India and
outlying countries in Asia, the game had undergone a series of changes and
metamorphosed into its present day from by the 15th century. In those days, there was no common code
governing the Laws of Chess or uniform regulations for international
competitions, the only binding forces were that it was a gentleman`s sport in
which the players were expected to act in a certain form of decorum and the
enduring beauty of the game to its practitioners.
with a membership of 161 countries, is one of the most dynamic sports
organizations in the world. It brings together men and women of different
races, creeds and political persuasion as it carries out its main task of
developing the activities of millions of chess players around the world.
and aim of FIDE are the diffusion and development of chess among all nations of
the world, as well as the raising of the level of chess culture and knowledge
on a sporting, scientific, creative and cultural basis.
supports a close international cooperation of the chess devotees in all fields
of chess activity, thereby also aiming to improve friendly harmony among
the rules of chess and the provisions pertaining to the organization of the
Chess Olympiad, World Championships and all other FIDE competitions. It awards
the international chess titles of Grandmaster, International Master, FIDE
Master, Woman Grandmaster, Woman International Master, FIDE Woman
Master, International Arbiter and other titles.
The Story of the World Chess Championship
The World Chess Championship is undoubtedly one of FIDE's most prestigious events. Throughout history, chess players have known who were the strongest (or at least the most famous) players of their day. Before the advent of FIDE and a clearly established system of qualification tournaments was put in place, there were those players who clearly held sway over their counterparts in the world and in this sense, became known as World Champions. But, at the same time, there were instances of World Champions who kept avoiding worthy challengers or choosing weaker opponents and chess was the poorer for it.
Although efforts were made by the players in 1922, some two years before the birth of FIDE, to establish regulations for the World Champions, it was not until 1948, however, when FIDE, playing it's clearly established role as custodian of the game of chess, just as in the case with other sports federations, decided to take over the management and administration of the World Chess Championships.
Following the death of World Champion Alexander Alekhine in 1946, FIDE went on to organize the World Championship Tournament among the leading players at the time and Grandmaster Mikhail Botvinnik became World Champion. Since then, FIDE has successfully organized a series of qualifying tournaments, starting from the National Championships to Zonal Tournaments, played in the FIDE zones around the world, including the performance on the rating list from FIDE's over 5000 tournaments globally, to the preliminaries and final matches of the World Chess Championship. These series of qualification tournaments and matches as instituted by FIDE, have seen the emergence of such great names in chess history as Smyslov, Tal, Petrosian, Spassky, Fischer, Karpov and Kasparov.
FIDE trough its various organs introduced a series of measures to fine-tune the system of qualifications as well as the cycles of the World Championship but by far the most significant change introduced, was the series of knockout matches, which was the brainchild of FIDE President Kirsan Ilyumzhinov. The idea was to have the top 100 players in the world engaged in a series of elimination matches over a one-month period. It was also a system which focused on improving the financial circumstances of more players as against the old system, where only a few people were benefiting as professionals in the cycle. FIDE also sought to use this system of matches to bring in both Grandmasters Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov in a unification tournament, but following the refusal of Kasparov to honor the invitation, FIDE had no choice than to ensure the continuity of the World Chess Championships in line with its established rules and regulations.
Thus after a series of
discussions at various meetings of FIDE, the $5,000,000 World Chess
Championship based on the knockout format was inaugurated with the
preliminaries and semi-final rounds in Groningen, while the finals
were staged at the Olympic Museum in Lausanne. The success of these
exciting knockout matches, which showcased chess as a true modern
sport, led the FIDE General Assembly to overwhelmingly approve the
proposal of the Presidential Board to institute the yearly World
Championship cycle with a prize fund of $3,000,000 beginning with
the 1999 Championship in Las Vegas. Follow the links for round by
Results of the 1999 World Chess Championship in Las Vegas, USA.
Results of the 2000 World Chess Championship in New Delhi, India/ Tehran, Iran.
Results of the 2001-02 World Chess Championship in Moscow, Russia.
Results of the 2004 World Chess Championship in Tripoli, Libya.
H.E. Kirsan Ilyumzhinov was born on the 5th
of April 1962 in Elista, Republik of Kalmykia, Russia. The Russian diplomat and
polotician was elected in 1995. Mr. Ilyumzhinov had prior to this time, being a
major chess sponsor following his contribution to the successful hosting of the
1994 Chess Olympiad in Moscow. Since his election as FIDE President, he has
sponsored 3 World Championship events namely, the Karpov – Kamsky Match in
Elista (1996), the World Chess Championship in Groningen and Lausanne
(1997/1998) and the World Chess Championship in Las Vegas (1999). As President
of Republic of Kalmykia, his Republic played host to the 33rd Chess
Olympiad and 69th FIDE Congress in Elista 1998.
Mr. Florencio Campomanes was born on the 22nd
of February 1927 in Manila, Philippines. The Philippine chess player and
politician was elected as the 5th FIDE President in 1982. He was
Zone President from 1966 to 1970 and FIDE Deputy President for Asia between
1974 and 1982. He was credited with organizing the 1978 Karpov - Kortchnoi
World Championship Match in Baguio City as well as the 1992 Chess Olympiad in
Manila among other chess events in various parts of the world. One of the most
achievements of Mr. Campomanes has been the chess explosion in his native Asia
and the world wide growth of the game.
Mr. Fridrik Olafsson was born on the 26th
of January 1935 in Reykjavik, Iceland. The Icelandic Lawyer and Chess
Grandmaster became the 4th FIDE President in 1978.As Chess
Grandmaster he won a number of International Tournaments, and one of his major
works is the book on the Spassky – Fischer Match of 1972. In 1982 Mr. Olafsson
was appointed Secretary to the Icelandic Parliament.
The late Max Euwe was born on the 20th
of May 191 in Watergraafsmeer. The Dutch Professor of mathematics and mechanics
became the 3rd President of FIDE in 1970. He also had a
distinguished chess playing career having won many international chess
tournaments and defeating World Champion Alexander Alekhin to become World
Chess Champion in the period 1935 to 1937.
The late Folke Rogard was born on the 6th
of July 1899 in Stockholm. A Swedish lawyer by profession, he became the 2nd
FIDE President in 1949 after having held the position of President of the
Swedish Chess Federation and between 1947 and 1949, the office of
Vice-President of FIDE.
FIDE President 1924-1949
The late Alexander Rueb was born on the
27th of December 1882 at The Hague, Netherlands. A Dutch lawyer
and diplomat, Mr. Rueb was one of the founders of FIDE, becoming the
1st FIDE President in 1924. He was also an International
Arbiter of Chess Composition.
FIDE Commissions and Committees
Titles and Ratings Committee
Swiss Pairings Committee
Chess Events Commission
World Championship Cycle Committee
Youth and Junior Events Committee
Committee on Assistance to Chess Developing Countries
Committee on Chess in School
Committee on Women’s Chess
Committee on International Organizations
Chess Art and Exhibition Committee
Computer Chess Committee
Chess Composition Committee
Chess Philately Committee
Chess Information, Publication and Statistics Committee
Permament Commission for Chess Compositions
World Championship Cycle
Chess Olympiad for Men And Women
World Team Championship
European Team Championship
Panamerican Team Championship
Asian Team Championship
African Team Championship
Continental Individual Championship
Asian Women’s Championship
Continental Club Cups
European Club Cup
Asian Cities Team Championship
Junior Individual Championships
World Junior Girls Championship
World Boys Girls-18 Championship
World Boys Girls-16 Championship
World Youth-10,12,14 Festival
European Junior Championship
Pan-American Junior Championship
Asian Junior Championship
African Junior Championship
Asian Boys-16 Championship
European Youth-10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Festival
Pan-AmericanYouth-10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Festival
European Youth Rapid Championship
World Youth Rapid Championship
World Youth Team Events
World Team-26 Championship
Other Individual Tournaments
World Women’s Senior Championship
World Amateur Women Championship