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The kidneys are organs that filter wastes from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. The medical field that studies the kidneys and diseases of the kidney is called nephrology. The prefix nephro- meaning kidney is from the Ancient Greek word nephros ; the adjective renal meaning related to the kidney is from Latin rēnēs, meaning kidneys. In humans, the kidneys are located in the posterior part of the abdomen. There is one on each side of the spine; the right kidney sits just below the liver, the left below the diaphragm and adjacent to the spleen. Above each kidney is an adrenal gland . The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity caused by the liver results in the right kidney being slightly lower than the left one while the left kidney is located slightly more medial.The kidneys are retroperitoneal. They are approximately at the vertebral level T12 to L3. The upper parts of the kidneys are partially protected by the eleventh and twelfth ribs, and each whole kidney is surrounded by two layers of fat which help to cushion it. Congenital absence of one or both kidneys, known as unilateral or bilateral renal agenesis, can occur. (From the Wikpedia article Kidney.)

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Recent Publications on Kidney:

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New kidney allocation policy seeks balance of justice and utility.
Alcoholic ketoacidosis is a poorly diagnosed medical emergency usually...
2nd February, 2008
Am J Transplant. 2008 Feb;8(2):263-4.
Do nonmelanoma skin cancers develop from extra-cutaneous stem cells?
A hypothesis is presented that nonmelanoma skin cancers can develop from...
2nd February, 2008
Department of Angiology, Pszczyna, Poland. Int J Cancer. 2008 Jan 31;.
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Frameless stereotaxy-assisted clipping of distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysm: Technical note and case series.
Objective: Microsurgery for the clipping of cerebral aneurysms requires a...
2nd February, 2008
Department of Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Comput Aided Surg. 2008 Jan;13(1):41-46.
DOI Direct Link
Association of urokinase gene 3'-UTR T/C polymorphism with calcium oxalate urolithiasis in children.
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Urokinase is synthesized by various cells...
2nd February, 2008
Department of Urology, Uludag University School of Medicine, Bursa, Int Urol Nephrol. 2008 Feb 1;.
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Effects of 1-deamino-1-monocarb-arginine-vasotocin on sodium ion and water excretion by rat kidneys.
Injection of 1-deamino-1-monocarb-arginine-vasotocin (0.05 mug/100 g body...
2nd February, 2008
Laboratory of Kidney Physiology, I. M. Setchenov Institute of Evolutional Bull Exp Biol Med. 2007 May;143(5):563-5.
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BioNews Results for Kidney:

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AMAG Pharmaceuticals Provides Additional Clinical Information on Ferumoxytol as an Intravenous Iron Replacement Therapeutic in Chronic Kidney Disease...
Business Wire:  Matching: kidney
Temple University Hospital, Temple University School of Medicine and Crozer-Keystone Health System Collaborate
DiGiTAL50:  Jan 31 2008 9:58AM Matching: kidney
Kidney Cysts: Not All Created Equal
Johns Hopkins Medicine:  Jan 31 2008 7:30AM Matching: kidney
National Kidney Foundation to Present 2008 Champion of Hope Awards at Annual Golden Gala Benefit
Ascribe:  Jan 30 2008 2:20PM Matching: kidney
AMAG Pharmaceuticals Provides Additional Clinical Information on Ferumoxytol as an Intravenous Iron Replacemen
Genetic Engineering News:  Jan 30 2008 10:58PM Matching: kidney
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Kidney Clinical Trials:

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CCB Safety Study in Treatment of Hypertension of ADPKD
Kidney, Polycystic, Autosomal Dominant
Effects of Mycophenolate Mofetil On Anti-HLA Antibody Levels In Patients Awaiting Cadaveric Renal Transplant
Kidney Failure, Chronic;   Diabetic Nephropathies;   Glomerulonephritis, IGA;   Hypertension, Renal
Interferon Alfa-2b With or Without Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma (Kidney Cancer)
Kidney Cancer
Renal Function Evaluation After Reduction of Ciclosporine A Dose in Renal Transplant Patients
Kidney Transplantation;   Primary Prevention;   Kidney Failure
Study Comparing Two Sirolimus Regimens vs. Tacrolimus and Mycophenolate Mofetil Regimen in Kidney Transplant Recipients
Graft Rejection;   Kidney Failure;   Kidney Transplant

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Kidney Patents:

US Patent No.Title
7323171 Methods of treating skin conditions using inhibitors of the CD2/LFA-3 interaction
7323337 Gene transfer into primate embryonic stem cells using VSV-G pseudotyped simian immunodeficiency virus vectors
7323440 De-immunized MOG (poly)peptide constructs
7323445 Methods and compositions for healing and repair of articular cartilage
7323446 Growth factor homolog ZVEGF4

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Companies working in the area of Kidney from Bioportfolio's Biocorporate database :

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Advanced Cell Technology Incorporated

Advanced Cell Technology Announces License of its Cloning Patents to Immerge Biotherapeutics, INC., a Joint Venture Between Novartis Pharma Ag and Biotransplant, Inc. Worcester, MA, April 16, 2002...        View full profile

AEterna Laboratories Incorporated

�terna Laboratories Inc. is a biopharmaceutical company focused on the treatment of cancer. The company�s lead product, Neovastat�, is the focus of a number of clinical trials including pivotal trials...        View full profile

Aksys Limited

Aksys was founded in 1991 to provide hemodialysis products and services for patients suffering from end-stage renal disease ("ESRD"), commonly known as chronic kidney failure. The Company has...        View full profile

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BioPortfolio Ltd. offers e-mail and postal lists for Kidney scientists - we have details of around 52924 individuals working on Kidney .

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Wikipedia excerpt, where present, licenced under the GNU Free Documentation License. Resources from the NCBI applied. Selected MeSH subject headings created and maintained by the US NLM are used in conjunction with additional keywords. 2006-2008 MeSH.

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