NSDC/Natural Satellites Data Center 
 GUIDE FOR THE SATELLITES OF JUPITER 
The planet Jupiter has rings and three families of satellites, orbiting around it: The tables below provide the main characteristics of these satellites.

The rings

Rings and inner satellites:  Distance to the center of Jupiter Size of the ring Thickness Albedo
Halo 92 000 km 30 500 km 20 000 km 0.05
main ring 122 500 km 52 060 km less than 30 km 0.05
satellite Metis (J-16) 128 000 km - - -
Gossamer inside 128 940 km 52 060 km  ?  0.05
satellite Adrasthea (J-15) 129 000 km - - -
Gossamer outside 181 000 km 40 000 km  ?  0.05
satellite Amalthea (J-5) 181 000 km - - -
 
The inner satellites
 
Metis - J 16
Adrasteia - J 15
Amalthea - J 5
Thebe - J 14
semi-major axis in km
127 979
128 980
181 200
221 895
period of revolution
7h 4.5m
7h 9.5m
11h 57.4m
16h 11.3m
eccentricity
<0.005
<0.005
0.003
0.015
inclination on the jovian equator
<0.1 °
<0.3 °
0.4 °
0.8°
size in km
40
26 x 20 x 16
262 x 146 x 134
55 x 55 x 45
highest magnitude at the opposition
17.5
18.9
14.1
15.7
maximum apparent geocentric distance to Jupiter at opposition
41.8 arcsec
42.3 arcsec
59.4 arcsec
72.8 arcsec
 
The galilean satellites
 
Io - J 1
Europa - J 2
Ganymedes - J 3
Callisto - J 4
semi-major axis in km
422 000
671 000
1 070 000
1 883 000
period of revolution
1.769 138 d
3.551 181 d
7.154 553 d
16.689 018 d
eccentricity
0.004
0.009
0.002
0.007
inclination on the jovian equator
0.02 to 0.04 °
0.42 to 0.51 °
0.06 to 0.30 °
0.15 to 0.74°
size in km
3637
3130
5268
4806
highest magnitude at the opposition
5.02
5.29
4.61
5.65
maximum apparent geocentric distance to Jupiter at opposition
2 min 27 arcsec
3 min 54 arcsec
6 min 13 arcsec
10 min 56 arcsec
 
The outer satellites
The outer satellites present also several families of satellites since some have retrograde orbits:
  •  the direct satellites (known as "Himalia" family)
  • the retrograde satellites (known as "Pasiphae" family)

  •  
    The "Himalia" family: direct revolution

    satellites:

    a in km

    P in days

    eccentricity

    inclination

    d in km

    mv

    ap

    S/2000 J1 - Themisto - J 18

    7 450 000

    130

    0.20

    46°

    8

    21

    0.72°

    ? (S/2003 J6)

    10 943 414

    234

    0.7593650

    22.41299°

    3

    22.5

    1.04°

    ? (S/2003 J1)

    10 999 886

    236

    0.7915189

    35°.16912

    3

    22.5

    1.05°

    S/1974 J1 - Leda - J 13

    11 150 000

    240.5

    0.116 to 0.210

    27.46

    10

    20

    1.08°

    Himalia - J 6

    11 443 000

    250.1

    0.112 to 0.207

    27.50

    170

    14.8

    1.11°

    Lysithea - J 10

    11 700 000

    258.5

    0.081 to 0.155

    28.30

    24

    18.4

    1.13°

    Elara - J 7

    11 716 000

    259.1

    0.155 to 0.272

    26.63

    80

    16.8

    1.13°

    S/2000 J11

    12 623 008

    288.5

    0.2152076

    28.55170°

    4

    22.4

    1.22°

    S/2003 J20 - Carpo - J 46

    17 056 041

    455.07

    0.2949233

    55.14678°

    3.4

    22.7

    1.60°

     
     
    The "Pasiphae" family: retrograde revolution

    satellites:

    a in km

    P in days

    eccentricity

    inclination

    d in km

    mv

    ap

    S/2003 J3

    18 290 718

    505

    0.2414308

    143.72940°

    1

    23.6

    1.74°

    S/2003 J12

    18 951 537

    533.0

    0.3759365

    145.75566

    1.3

    23.8

    1.82°

    S/2001 J10 - Euporie - J 34

    19 509 118

    555.2

    0.1013045

    146.36697°

    2.5

    23.0

    1.89°

    S/2000 J10 - Chaldene - J 21

    20 299 459

    591.7

    0.1553197

    165.62039°

    3.8

    22.3

    1.96°

    S/2003 J16

    20 434 426

    596.76

    0.2686663

    148.62255°

    1.5

    23.0

    1.98°

    S/2003 J21- Mneme - J 40

    20 500 279

    599.65

    0.2079635

    147.95000°

    2.5

    23.1

    1.99°

    S/2003 J6 - Helike - J 45 20 540 266 601.40 0.1374936 154.58669 1.2 23.5 1.99

    S/2000 J3 - Iocaste - J 24

    20 642 860

    606.3

    0.2686209

    149.90562°

    5.2

    21.8

    2.00°

    S/2003 J18

    20 682 998

    607.68

    0.1382573

    146.46769°

    2.0

    23.0

    2.00°

    S/2001 J2 - Thyone - J 29

    20 769 899

    610.0

    0.2832751

    148.28637°

    3

    22.1

    2.01°

    S/2001 J9 - Orthosie - J 35

    20 849 889

    613.6

    0.2862675

    140.90225°

    2

    23.1

    2.02°

    S/2000 J5 - Harpalyke - J 22

    20 917 717

    617.3

    0.2002700

    149.28845°

    4.3

    22.2

    2.02°

    S/2001 J7 - Euanthe - J33

    20 983 136

    620.9

    0.1427372

    146.02964°

    2.5

    23.3

    2.03°

    S/2000 J7 - Praxidike - J 27

    21 098 102

    624.6

    0.1458198

    146.35342°

    6.8

    21.2

    2.04°

    Ananke - J 12

    21 048 000

    624.1

    0.083 to 0.452

    148.9

    20

    18.9

    2.04°

    S/2001 J3 - Hermippe - J 30

    21 047 986

    624.6

    0.2479097

    149.78466°

    4

    21.8

    2.04°

    S/2003 J22 - Telxinoe - J 42 21 316 679 635.82 0.2383310 150.96450 2 22.7 2.08

    S/2000 J9 - Taygete - J 20

    21 671 854

    650.1

    0.2460425

    163.54516°

    5

    21.9

    2.10°

     S/2000 J4 - Erinome - J 25

    21 867 753

    661.1

    0.3464728

    160.90878°

    3.2

    22.4

    2.12°

    S/2003 J15

    22 011 816

    667.17

    0.1126740

    140.84784°

    1.4

    23.3

    2.13°

    S/2001 J11 - Aitne - J 31

    22 274 405

    679.3

    0.3112272

    164.34322°

    3

    23.2

    2.15°

    S/2001 J8 - Kale - J 37

    22 300 644

    679.4

    0.3250225

    164.79435°

    2

    22.5

    2.16°

    S/2003 J11 - Kallichore - J 44

    22 335 351

    681.94

    0.2233774

    163.86678

    1

    23.4

    2.16°

    S/2003 J9

    22 381 517

    684.0

    0.2687371

    164.45956

    1.3

    23.6

    2.16°

    S/2003 J17

    22 510 605

    689.98

    0.1868664

    163.73957°

    2.0

    23.0

    2.17°

    S/2001 J5 - Sponde - J 36

    22 548 244

    690.3

    0.5188893

    155.21973°

    2

    23.0

    2.18°

    S/2003 J19

    22 745 922

    700.83

    0.3336170

    162.90141°

    1.5

    23.5

    2.20°

    S/2000 J6 - Isonoe - J 26

    22 804 699

    704.9

    0.2809114

    165.03895°

    3.8

    22.5

    2.21°

    S/2003 J8 - Hegemone - J 39

    23 006 327

    715

    0.2494340

    152.32987°

    3

    22.5

    2.23°

    S/2003 J4

    23 195 569

    722

    0.2044198

    144.86276°

    2

    22.7

    2.24°

    Carme - J 11

    23 280 000

    726.3

    0.132 to 0.414

    164.9

    30

    18.0

    2.25°

    S/2000 J8 - Megaclite - J 19

    23 439 084

    734.1

    0.5277172

    151.69961°

    5.4

    21.5

    2.27°

    S/2003 J1 - Eukelade - J 47 23 485 280 735.27 0.2827807 163.99770 2.5 23.1 2.27

    S/2003 J13 - Cyllene - J 48

    23 544 835

    737.80

    0.4118488

    141.00635°

    2.5

    23.0

    2.28°

    Pasiphae - J 8

    23 658 000

    744.2

    0.184 to 0.668

    151.4

    36

    17.0

    2.29°

    S/2003 J7 - Aoede - J 41

    23 743 830

    747

    0.4050509

    159.40791°

    1.3

    23.6

    2.29°

    S/2002 J1 - Arche - J 43

    23 765 118

    748.7

    0.2236835

    163.25372°

    3.5

    23.0

    2.30°

    S/2001 J6 - Pasithee - J 38

    23 780 137

    748.76

    0.2795065

    165.56765

    1.8

    23.2

    2.30°

    S/2001 J4 - Eurydone - J 32

    23 830 940

    752.4

    0.3255418

    150.42990°

    2.5

    22.6

    2.31°

    Sinope - J 9

    23 848 000

    753.2

    0.108 to 0.425

    158.1

    28

    18.3

    2.31°

    S/2003 J23 23 991 011 759.15 0.3089309 149.22383 1.3 23.6 2.32

    S/2003 J5

    24 019 614

    761

    0.2095471

    165.00518°

    3.5

    22.0

    2.32°

    S/2000 J2 - Kalyke - J 23

    24 135 612

    767

    0.3177403

    165.79188°

    5

    21.5

    2.33°

    S/2003 J10

    24 184 590

    768.4

    0.2137608

    164.09424

    1.8

    23.6

    2.33°

    S/2001 J1 - Autonoe - J 28

    24 413 086

    778.0

    0.4586342

    152.05566°

    4

    22.0

    2.36°

    S/1999 J1 - Callirhoe - J 17

    24 596 240

    736

    0.206

    143°

    8

    20.5

    2.38°

    S/2003 J14 - Kore - J 49

    24 974 033

    807.20

    0.2217381

    140.88606°

    1.7

    23.3

    2.40°

    S/2003 J2

    28 493 817

    983

    0.3797206

    151.82729°

    2

    23.2

    2.71°

     



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