A LEAGUE OF THEIR OWN
Red Stockings Ownership Help Form the
After the Red
Stockings were dropped from the National League in 1880, Opie Caylor (a former sports
writer for the Cincinnati Enquirer), Justus Thorner (owner of the National League Red
Stockings in 1879) and several other Cincy business owners had pledged to bring pro
baseball back to the Queen City.
In November 1881
Caylor had arranged a meeting (with baseball men from cities that were currently
unrepresentative by a major league team) to discuss forming a new major league. This
meeting took place at the Gibson Hotel in Cincinnati. Attending this meeting were
representatives for Cincinnati, Philadelphia, St Louis, Louisville, Pittsburgh &
Brooklyn. The league that they would form would be named the American Association. The
leagues battle cry would be "Liberty To All".
In the American
Associations first season, the league would play an 80 game season and consist of six
teams. The new league consisted of ALL brand new teams. The Baltimore Orioles, Louisville
Eclipse and Pittsburgh Alleghenys (Pirates). The other three franchises
took the names of previous major league clubs in their markets. The Philadelphia
Athletics, St Louis Brown Stockings (Cardinals) and the Cincinnati Red
Stockings. The American Association Cincinnati Red Stockings franchise is NOT the same
team as the Red Stockings franchise of the National League from 1876 to 1880. This team is
brand new. While there is a common misconception that the current Reds are directly linked
to the 1869 Red Stockings, it is simply not true. The only thing linking the current Reds
to the Red Stockings was the club name which endored until 1890. There are just to many
gaps in the chain between 1869 and 1881 to link them directly. While it is paining to say
so, the current Cincinnati Reds team began in 1882. That is where the club records date
© Photo courtesy of Lyons
& Burford Publishing.
Red Stockings won the American Association pennant. This would be the first in 10
league championships the franchise would see to date. The 1882 team also experimented with
multi-colored uniforms to identify the players position.
1882 Red Stockings began contracting players for the team to begin play in the new major
league circuit right away. Caylor signed pitching great Will White, third baseman Hick
Carpenter and outfielders Joe Sommer & Harry Wheeler. All four played for the
defunct Red Stockings of the National League a couple years prior. In between the National
League Red Stockings club and the new American Association Red Stockings club, Carpenter
played for the Worcester Ruby Legs (Phillies). While Will White played for
the Detriot Wolverines who replaced the Red Stockings in the National League. Wheeler and
Sommer were both out of the majors during 1881.
Hick Carpenter had
a great year. His batting average was second in the league (.342) with a slugging
percentage that was fifth in the Association (.422). He scored 78 runs, 15 doubles, 5
triples and lead the league in hits with 120 and RBI's with 67.
Will White would
have a terrific year leading the American Association in wins, notching 42 on the season
with only 12 losses. He also led the league in complete games (52), shut outs (8) &
batters faced (1,900).
Sommer & Carpenter were joined by left handed hitter and first baseman Ecky Stearns,
short stop Chick Fulmer and outfielder Jimmy Macullar. Caylor also hired the twenty seven
year old Pop Snyder to play catcher and manage the team. Snyder won a National League
Championship in 1878 with Harry Wrights Boston Red Caps (Braves). And he would play at the
catcher position for the 1882 Red Stockings. His batting average was .291 with a slugging
percentage of .353. He drove in 50 runs which was a career high for him.
acquired rookie second baseman Bid McPhee. A position he would hold until he retired in
1899. McPhee would go on to be one of the premier second basemen of the 19th century. He
was finally awarded admission into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2000 for his great
achievements as a player. He was eleced to Cooperstown with Marty Brenneman, Tony Perez
and Sparky Anderson. The most from one organization ever to be elected at the same time.
Bid McPhee is also one of two Hall of Famers that spent his entire career with the Reds.
The other being Johnny Bench.
"LIBERTY TO ALL"
the Cincinnati Red Stockings took the field on April 13th at the Bank Street Grounds for
its first practice game against a local Picked Nine, the batting order was Joe Sommer left
field, Bid McPhee second base, Hick Carpenter third base, Ecky Stearns right field, Rudy
Kemmler started in center field, Pop Snyder catcher, Chick Fulmer short stop, Dave Rowe
started at first base and Will White on the mound. The Red Stockings would win the game 6
victory was not without a price, Will Whites arm went out halfway through the game. Snyder
had to insert first baseman David Rowe to finish the game. Snyder himslef would gash open
his head when the opposing teams batter took a wild swing. A few days after the win Hick
Carpenter went down with a sprained ankle. Outfielder Joe Sommer hurt his foot and both
Snyder & White wound up on the disabled list.......... Not a bad start for the new Red
started the 1882 regular season on the road. Playing the Pittsburgh Alleghenys (Pirates)
on May 2nd and losing 10-9 in a cliffhanger. May 2nd 1882 marks the very first game of the
Cincinnati Reds franchise. The past Red Stockings teams were actually different teams. And
as a result of the different teams, the current Reds records begin in 1882.
June 13th, during a 12 game winning streak, the Cincinnati Red Stockings took over first
place in the Association. Cincinnati would never release the top spot for the rest of the
season. On September 16th, the Cincinnati Red Stockings beat the Louisville Eclipse 6-1.
The victory would give the Red Stockings the American Association pennant, marking the
first of 10 league championships the franchise would win to date. Cincinnati would finish
the season with a record of 55-25 and would be 11½ games ahead of the Phildelphia
A's. The Red Stockings winning percentage was .688 which is currently the highest in
conclussion of the championship season, Red Stockings owner O.P. Caylor invited the
National League's Cleveland Blues to Cincinnati for a best of three "State of
Ohio" championship series. The Association forbade the contest, so the Red Stockings
released all of their players from their contracts in order to make the series happen. He
invented an anonymous "wealthy admirer" to pay the players salaries which they
would have lost. Unfortunately the Cincinnati Reds Stockings lost the series 2 games to 1.
had also arranged to play a three game series that had his American Association pennant
winner play the National League pennant winner Chicago White Stockings (Cubs).
by the loss to the Cleveland Blues, he still planned on proceeding with the Chicago White
Stockings (Cubs) in what would be the FIRST time
two pennant winners would play each other in a post season series. Many baseball
historians consider this series the first World Series. On October 6th Cincinnati beat the
Chicago 4-0 in game 1 of the 1882 Series. Chicago returned the favor the following day by
beating Cincinnati 2-0. The series was never complete due to the fact that both teams had
other exhibition games schuduled. Cincinnati was to play a series against the Association
St Louis Brown Stockings (Cardinals) and the White Stockings(Cubs)
were to play a series against the National League Providence Grays.
all of the exhibition games were completed, Cincinnati was fined $100 dollars by the
Association for disobeying a direct order. The fine was by no stretch a lot even for a
team in 1882. But the Red Stockings claimed that they finished the season in the red
despite winning a pennant. So owner Justus Thorner would sell his shares of the club.
Shortly there after, it was discovered that the Red Stockings actually did finish the
season with a profit. But it was to late for Thorner. Thorner would later get back at the
1883 seaon saw the Association expand from six teams to eight. In addition to the
Cincinnati Red Stockings, Philadelphia Athletics, Louisville Eclipse, Pittsburgh
Alleghenys (Pirates), Baltimore Orioles and the St
Louis Browns (Cardinals). The Association added the
New York Metropolitans and the Columbus Buckeyes.
National League also had some changes. The National League moved two of its franchises
into American Association markets. The Worcester Ruby Legs would relocate and become the
New York Gothoms (Giants). And the Troy Haymakers would
relocate and become the Philadelphia Quakers (Phillies). Remaining in place were the
Boston Beaneaters (Braves), Chicago White Stockings (Cubs),
Providence Grays, Detroit Wolverines, Cleveland Blues and the Buffalo Bison.
with the expansion and relocation of clubs in bouth league. The American Association and
National League both expanded their schudules to 98 games.
though the Red Stockings had won the Association pennant handily, Caylor knew his team had
flaws. Caylor managed to make some good acquisitions by bringing in outfielders Pop
Corkhill & Charley Jones. And Long John Reilly to play first base. Reilly & Jones
both played with the National League Red Stockings a few years prior. Reilly's return to
Cincinnati was most impressive. He finished second in the American Association in slugging
percentage (.485), at bats (437), runs scored (103), hits (136), total bases (212), RBI's
(79), triples (14) and extra base hits (44). His batting average on the season was .311
which was fifth in the league......not bad.
to the Red Stockings from the 1882 squad was player/manager Pop Snyder, second baseman Bid
McPhee, third baseman Hick Carpenter, shortstop Chick Fulmer and outfielder Joe Sommer.
The pitching staff was Will White (43-22), Harry McCormick (8-6) and rookie Ren Deacon
1883 season's opening day would be May 1st . And on that day the Reds had a pre-game
ceremony to celebrate the 1882 pennant winning team. The American Association flag
measured 18 feet by 9 feet, and was displayed on a flag pole at the Bank Street Grounds.
The Reds would open the season with an extra inning victory over the St Louis Browns (Cardinals).
July would destroy the Baltimore Orioles 23-0. The spanking set a club record for most
runs scored in a shut out win. On September 12th Cincinnati flogged the Pittsburgh
Allegheney's (Pirates) 27-5. In doing so, the Red
Stockings had two players from the same team collect six hits in a single game. A record
that still stands. But as the season progressed Cincinnati d\found their hopes of
repeating as league champions disintegrate. The St Louis Browns (Cardinals)
and Philadelphia Athletics were going neck and neck for the pennant. While Cincinnati
wasn't that far behind, the Red Stockings eventually would finish the season in third
place with a record of 61-37. Only 5 games behind the Philadelphia A's for the American
a disappointing 3rd place finish, the Red Stockings were hit with another blow. A new
major league was forming called the Union Association. The UA placed a team in Cincinnati
which was named the Cincinnati Outlaw Reds. Fitting name for the team seeing as how
the owner was none other then former Red Stockings owner Justus Thorner. Still angry about
being squeezed out of ownership of the Red Stockings, he wanted to run the Red Stockings
out of the city. His first move was to swipe the Red Stockings lease from the Bank Street
Grounds. The Outlaw Reds proceeded to rename their new ballpark the Union Grounds in honor
of their league. This turn of events forced the Red Stockings to find a new location to
play. So the team secured new grounds on the site of an old brickyard at Findlay Street
and Western Avenue, three blocks from the newly christened Union Grounds. It was there
were they would build their new ballpark. The Red Stockings followed suite with the Outlaw
Reds by naming their ballpark after their league. So the Red Stockings new ballpark was
known as American Park. It was this site where Cincinnati would tear down and build three
ballparks. The other two parks were the Palace of the Fans and the Crosley Field.
result of the new major league, the American Association ballooned to twelve teams. The
expansion was an attempt to keep the Union Association out of certain markets. New to the
American Association were the Toledo Blue Stockings, Brooklyn Grays (Dodgers),
Indianapolis Hoosiers & Washington Nationals. The Nationals would fold mid season and
would be replaced by the Richmond Virginians. Returning to the A.A. was the Cincinnati Red
Stockings, Philadelphia Athletics, Louisville Eclipse, Pittsburgh Alleghenys (Pirates),
Baltimore Orioles and the St Louis Browns (Cardinals). The Association added the
New York Metropolitans and the Columbus Buckeyes.
American Association also decided to expand the number of games to be played during the
season from 98 to 108.
National League had all of their teams returning from the previous year. Returning were
the Boston Beaneaters (Braves), Chicago White Stockings (Cubs),
Providence Grays, Detroit Wolverines, Cleveland Blues, New York Gothoms (Giants),
Philadelphia Quakers (Phillies) and the Buffalo Bison.
Instead of expanding like the Association, the League chose to sit tight with eight teams.
However, the National League did expanded their schudule to 112 match ups for the season.
And the League decided to allow pitchers to throw overhanded.
all of the shenanigans effecting the Red Stockings by the Union Association. Cincinnati
went out to try and tried to build another pennant winner. New to the starting line up was
Jimmy Peoples at shortstop and outfielder Tom Mansell. Returning to Cincinnati was Pop
Snyder as player/manager, first baseman John Reilly, second baseman Bid McPhee,
third baseman Hick Carpenter and ourfielders Pop Corkhill & Charley Jones.
Reilly had a great year as always. He finished second in the Association in batting
average (.339), hits (152), total bases (247), triples (19), and RBI's (91). He also
finished second in the league in hit by pitches with 14.
pitching staff would be rounded out with the return of Will White (34-18). In addition to
White was Bill Mountjoy (19-12), Ren Deagle (3-1) and Gus Shallix (11-10). Pop Corkhill
even pitched in a game.
1884 season kicked off with a loss to the Columbus Buckeyes, their Ohio state rivals. The
loss was the first game played in the Red Stockings new ballpark. On May 9th the Red
Stockings were hosting a game against the Toledo Blue Stockings, who were another Ohio
team. This game saw the debut of the first black player to play in the major leagues.
Fleet Walker and his brother Welday both played for the Blue Stockings. They would only
play for one season after the Association followed the National League in its ban on
colored players. It would be sixty plus years before Jackie Robinson dismantled the color
the Red Stockings had a successful season, the club didn't finish in first. Cincinnati
finished with a record of 68-41 placing them 8 games behind the New York Mets. The
Providence Grays won the National League pennant. Both league decided to pit the two
league champions against each other. The concept was inspired by the 1882 post season
series between the Red Stockings had with the Chicago White Stockings (Cubs).
Union Association would fold after one season. Two of the clubs were looking to relocate
into the National League. The two franchises were the Union Association pennant winning St
Louis Maroons and the Cincinnati Outlaw Reds. The Cleveland Blues and Detriot Wolverines
of the National League were having financial troubles and appeared to be folding. With
both teams folding, the NL would replace the franchises with the Outlaw Reds and the
Maroons. The Blues finally did fold giving the St Louis Maroons an NL spot. But the
Detriot Wolverines at the last minute decided to hang in there and stayed in business, so
the Outlaw Reds were out. Ironically, it was the Detriot franchise that replaced the
Cincinnati Red Stockings in National League in 1881 after the club was dropped.
then the loss of the Cleveland Blues and the addition to the St Louis Maroons, the
National League remained the same. Everyone returning were the Boston Beaneaters (Braves),
Chicago White Stockings (Cubs), Providence Grays, Detroit
Wolverines, New York Giants, Philadelphia Quakers (Phillies) and the Buffalo Bisons.
the failure of the Union Association the previous year. The American Association would
contract the league back down to eight teams. The teams contracted were the Toledo Blue
Stockings, Indianapolis Hoosiers, Richmond Virginians and the Columbus Buckeyes. Returning
to the A.A for 1885 was the Cincinnati Red Stockings, Philadelphia Athletics, Louisville
Colonels, Pittsburgh Alleghenys (Pirates), Baltimore Orioles, St Louis
New York Metropolitans and Brooklyn Grays (Dodgers) . The Association would
follow the National League's lead and expand the season to 112 games on the year.
the off season, the Red Stockings ownership would change. Aaron Stern would resign and be
replaced by local brewer and city treasurer George Herancourt. Caylor would remain and
hire himself as field manager for 1885 replacing Pop Snyder. Snyder would remain as the
Red Stockings catcher. One of Caylors first moves was to sign pitcher Tony Mullane. But
the pitcher was suspended and fined $1,000 for the 1885 season from the Association for
contract jumping. Mulane violated an oral agreement with the St Louis Browns (Cardinals)
to come to Cincinnati for $5,000.
starting line up had two new additions, outfielder Jim Clinton and short stop Frank
Fennelly. Fennelley would lead the league in RBI.s with 89. Returing to the line up were
Pop Snyder at catcher, John Reilly at first base, Bid McPhee at second base and Hick
Carpenter at third base. Returing to the outfield was Pop Corkhill & Charley Jones.
pitching staff consisted of Will White (18-15), Larry McKeon (20-13), Billy Mountjoy
(10-7), Gus Shallix (6-4) and George Pechiney (7-4).
started the season on April 19th in Louisville and proceeded to beat the Colonels 4-1. The
following day, the Red Stockings played another game against the Colonels in Cincinnati.
The Red Stockings won the match 3-1. Cincinnati continued to well. But while the Red
Stockings were doing well, so were the St Louis Browns (Cardinals). By May 31st St Louis's
record was 22-5 on the season. While the Red Stockings were 19-12. Placing Cincinnati 5
games behind the Browns (Cardinals).
June 7th, the Association decided to follow the lead of the National League and
allow overhand pitching. This change in baseball would see the decline of many star
pitchers, such as Red Stockings great Will White. Although, the change did very little to
help the Red Stockings baseball season. St Louis would remain in first place for the rest
of the season and would win their first league pennant. Cincinnati finished the year with
a record of 63-49, placing them 16 games behind St Louis.
the 1886 season, the National League went through some franchise changes once again. After
spending eight years and winning two National League pennants in 1879 & 1884, the
Providence Grays folded. The Buffalo Bisons also closed up shop after the 1885 season. The
National League replaced Buffalo with the Kansas City Cowboys and replaced Providence with
the Washington Nationals.
to the National League were the St Louis Maroons, Boston Beaneaters (Braves),
Chicago White Stockings (Cubs), Detroit Wolverines, New York
Giants, and the Philadelphia Quakers (Phillies). The National League also
expanded the season yet again to 120 games.
American Association clubs remained the same. With the Cincinnati Red Stockings,
Philadelphia Athletics, Louisville Colonels, Pittsburgh Alleghenys (Pirates),
Baltimore Orioles, New York Metropolitans, Brooklyn Grays (Dodgers)
and the St Louis Browns (Cardinals). The Association would also
expand their season. The Association expanded to 135 games.
the off season, Red Stockings owner George Herancourt sold his share of the club to
wealthy brewer John Hauck.
Cincinnati Red Stockings starting line up would remain pretty much the same. John Reilly
at first base, Bid McPhee at second base, Hick Carpenter at third base and Frank Fennelly
at shortstop. Kid Baldwin replaced Pop Snyder behind the plate. Although Snyder would
remain with the Red Stockings as a utility player. Bid McPhee had a terrific
year with 40 stolen bases, 139 runs, 150 hits, 23 RBI's, 23 doubles, 59 base on balls and
70 RBI's. He even led the league in home runs with 8. McPhee and shortstop Frank Fennely
cranked the first back to back home runs in franchise history.
rest of the starting line up was Charley Jones, Pop Corkhill and newcomer Fred Lewis in
the outfield. While the pitching staff consisted of new comer George Pechiney (15-21),
Larry McKeon (8-8) and newcomer Tony Mullane (33-27). Will White returned for the 1886. It
turned out to be his last year in the majors. Plagued with injuries from the previous
season and problems adjusting to the changing times of over handed pitching in the majors.
White retired at the age of 31. He was a great pitcher for the Red Stockings and
some would argue the greatest the Reds franchise has ever had.
played for the two Cincinnati Red Stockings franchises. The National League club that was
dropped after the 1880 season. And the new American Association club which began play in
1882. His record while playing for the National League Red Stockings was 91-94. And his
record for the Association Red Stockings club was 136-69. Add both Red Stockings clubs
records up and his grand total is 227-164 with an ERA of 2.25.
Red Stockings started the season on April 17th with a loss to the Louisville Colonels. But
early in the season the club was hit with injuries to three of the clubs staters. John
Reilly , Hick Carpenter and Pop Corkhill. Clubs in those days did not stock that many
extra players. So it left the club scrambling to sign replacements. By seasons end
Cincinnati was 65-73, finishing 27½ games behind the two time pennant winning St
Louis Browns (Cardinals).
1887 season saw the expansion of the American Association's baseball season go to 135
games. And the National League expand to 124 games.
two established leagues also had some slight franchise changes. The American Association
remained an eight team circuit and had seven of the eight teams from 1886 return. The
Cincinnati Red Stockings, Philadelphia Athletics, Louisville Colonels, Baltimore Orioles,
New York Metropolitans, Brooklyn Grays (Dodgers) and the St Louis Browns (Cardinals).
New to the Association was a new team called the Cleveland Blues. Cleveland had a team
named the Blues in the National League from 1879 to 1884 but the club folded. The new
Blues would replace the Pittsburgh Alleghenys (Pirates). The Alleghenys (Pirates)
were charter members of the American Association in 1882 and would be the first
Association team to jump to the National League.
National also remained an eight team circuit. Seeing the return of the Boston Beaneaters (Braves),
Chicago White Stockings (Cubs), Detroit Wolverines, New York
Giants, Philadelphia Quakers (Phillies) and the Washington
Nationals. The St Louis Maroons and the Kansas City Cowboys folded after the 1886 season.
St Louis would be replaced by a new team called the Indianapolis Hoosiers. While the
Pittsburgh Alleghenys (Pirates) (fresh from the American
Association) would replace the defunct Kansas City Cowboys.
ownership of the Red Stockings during the off season would shift back to former majority
owner Aaron Stern. And his first order of business was to replace Caylor as manager. He
would be replaced by Gus Schmelz. Schmelz managed the defunct Columbus Buckeyes of the
American Association and the defunct St Louis Maroons of the National League. His Buckeyes
club almost captured the 1884 Association pennant.
during the offseason, the Red Stockings and St Louis Browns (Cardinals)
would conduct the first baseball trade. Cincinnati would trade backup catcher Jack Boyle
to St Louis for right fielder Hugh Nicol. Nicols had 89 base on balls for the 1887 season
and would set a club record for drawing five walks in a game.The record has since been
tied. To Nicols credit, his achievement transpired during an era when five balls
constituted a walk, not four. Nicols also stole 138 bases on the season. Setting a major
league single season record that still stands.
new to the starting line up was rookie outfielder Geore Tebeau. Returning to the starting
line up from 1886 was Kid Baldwin behind the plate, John Reilly at first base, Bid McPhee
at second base, Hick Carpenter at third base and Frank Fennelly at shortstop. Pop Corkhill
joined Tebeau & Nicol in the outfield.
pitching staff consisted of ace Tony Mullane who had 31 wins and 17 loses. He was joined
by Elmer Smith who's record was 34-17 and Billy Serad who's record was 10-11 with 1 save.
Cincinnati's pitching staff would be the best in the Association with an ERA of 2.94.
Schmelz did field a solid team in 1887. But despite having the number one pitching staffin
the league, the mighty St Louis Browns (Cardinals) could not be overtaken. The
club ran away with the Associations pennant. It would be the clubs third consecutive
league championship. The Red Stockings finished second witha record of 84-54. Placing them
14 games behind St Louis.
the 1888 baseball season, the National League would follow the lead of the American
Association and expand the number of games played to 135. All of the National Leagues
teams from 1887 would return.
American Association saw the dismantling of the New York Metroplotians and the eventual
disolving of the team. The Mets had been in the Association since 1883 and were league
champions in 1884. The club was replaced by a new team called the Kansas City Cowboys. The
Association was rounded out with the return of the other seven clubs. The Cincinnati Red
Stockings, Philadelphia Athletics, Louisville Colonels, Baltimore Orioles, Brooklyn
Bridegrooms (Dodgers) and the St Louis Browns (Cardinals).
Red Stockings starting line up consisted of the entire 1887 staff with the exception of
catcher Kid Baldwin. Kid Baldwin would shared catching duties with 30 year old Jim Keenan.
First baseman John Reilly had another great year. His batting average was .321 and led the
Association with a .501 slugging percentage. He also finished first with RBI's (103),
total bases (264), extra bases (55) and home runs (13). Reilly also had 82 stolen bases
and 110 hits on the season.
Red Stockings pitching staff would see the addition of Lee Viau who had a record of 27-14.
Tony Mullane's record was 26-16 and lefty Elmer Smith was 22-17.
believed that Cincinnati would be the team to topple the three time League Champion Browns
club. Seeing as how the strong club would remain in tact from 1887. And looking at how the
Browns more or less gutted their championship team before the season, at the request of
manager Charlie Comiskey.
Red Stockings on paper were by far the best looking team. Cincinnati's infield consisting
of second baseman Bid McPhee, shortstop Fennelly, third baseman Carpenter and first
baseman Reilly. 1888 would mark the fourth year that the Red Stockings infield would be
the same. Something which was rare in its day. And the club had very solid pitching in
Tony Mullan and Elmer Smith.
first two months of the season, the Red Stockings maintained first place. And appeared to
be proving the sports writers correct. But after Bid McPhee injured his leg during a game
in Cleveland, leaving him benched for the next three weeks. The Red Stockings sunk in the
standings. By the conclusion of the season the Red Stockings were in fourth place behind
the surprise team of the Association. And the surprise team was none other then the St
Louis Browns (Cardinals). The club had just captured
their fourth straight Association pennant. Cincinnati finished the season with a record of
80-54 placing them 11½ games behind St Louis.
the 1889 season, the Detriot Wolverines of the National League would fold leaving an
eighth spot vacant for a new team. This spot was vacated by the Cleveland Blues of the
American Association. The Association was beginning to crumble and the Blues would become
the second franchise to bolt the Association for the greening pastures of the National
League. The Pittsburgh Alleghenys (Pirates) did the deed two years prior.
While in the process of switching leagues, the Cleveland Blues would change their team
nick name to the Cleveland Spiders.
American Association would fill the vacancy left by the Blues with a new team called the
Columbus Solons. The Association's other seven teams would all remain.
1889 Cincinnati Red Stockings saw the return of catcher Jim Keenan, first baseman John
Reilly, second baseman Bid McPhee, third baseman Hick Carpenter and outfielders George
Tebeau & Hugh Nicol. The club was joined by rookies Ollie Beard at shortstop and 22
year old Bug Holiday in the outfield. Holiday had a great rookie year. He finished first
in the Association in home runs with 19. And he finished second in the league in slugging
percentage (.497) and total bases (280). Holiday also had 104 RBI's, 181 hits, 107 runs
scored and 28 doubles.
pitching staff consisted of four starters. Tony Mullane (11-9 with 5 saves), Lee Viau
(22-20), Elmer Smith (9-12) and new comer Jesse Duryea. Duryea was a 29 year old rookie
who posted a record of 32-19 and and ERA of 2.56 in his first season.His ERA was second in
the Red Stockings having solid pitching, the club could not match up with the Brooklyn
Bridegrooms (Dodgers). Brooklyn would win the
American Association pennant by 18 games of the Cincinnati Reds Stockings. Cincinnati
would finish the season with a record of 76-63 placing them in fourth place yet again.
1889 season would mark the last year that the Red Stockings would play in the Association.
Fed up with the political shananigans going on within the league pinheads, the Red
Stockings would leave the American Association for the National League along with the
Baltimore Orioles and the American Association Champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms (Dodgers).
With the exit of all three of the teams, it would mark a total of five clubs over a four
year period to bolt the Association for the National League.
" To the President and Members of
the American Association of Base Ball Clubs: the Cincinnati Club, through its president
and secretary, hereby tenders its resignation as a member of your
association"........Aaron Stern president & Harry Stern secretary of the
Cincinnati Red Stockings.