Kelly Taylor


Titanoides primaevus

Click here to see the skeleton

Special thanks to Martin Jehle for his generous contributions to the text.

The Pantodonts were the first group of mammals to achieve large size after the demise of the dinosaurs.

North American pantodonts were generally larger. Paleocene representatives include both generalized forms like Pantolambda or Caenolambda and more specialized members like Titanoides and Barylambda.

Bear-like Titanoides, an animal of approximately 150 kg, had saberlike upper canines, large front limbs and strong claws at its plantigrade feet. No mammal of today has a comparable anatomy of the massive limbs, but several extinct groups like the Eocene to Pleistocene chalicotheres show similar adaptations. Titanoides may have utilized its claws to dig for food or to tear tough plants. 

- Order Pantodonta, family Titanoideidae (only genus in this family)
- Late Paleocene of the Western Interior of North America
- Similar to other pantodonts apart from his long canines and claws
- Claws may have laid bare underground roots and tubers, which were then pulled up by the hooklike lower canines and sliced off by the sabrelike upper canines.

In this painting I chose to go conservative on Titanoides coloration because even though the environment it inhabited was heavily forested, it was one of the largest known animals of its respective fauna. If this holds true it is possible that Titanoides did not need any cryptic camouflage coloring to conceal itself 


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