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The Consumer Price Indexes (CPI) program produces monthly data on changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services.

May 2008 CPI data are scheduled to be released on June 13, 2008, at 8:30 am Eastern Time.

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General Overview:

Data Available | Coverage | Reference Period | Source of Data | Forms of Publication | Uses of the Data | Major Research in Progress| Measurement Issues

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Economic News Releases:

Current

Archived

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Get Detailed CPI Statistics:
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Tables Created by BLS:

Consumer Price Index History Table:

CPI Detailed Report Tables:

  • Consumer Price Index (complete text and tables), April 2008 (PDF 491K)
  • Consumer Price Index Detailed Report (complete text and tables), March 2008 (PDF 491K)
  • Consumer Price Index Detailed Report (complete text and tables), February 2008 (PDF 491K)
  • Consumer Price Index Detailed Report (complete text and tables), January 2008 (PDF 491K)
  • Consumer Price Index Detailed Report Tables 30-39, semiannual average indexes, first half 2007 (PDF 494K)
  • Consumer Price Index Detailed Report Tables 30-39, Second half 2007 Semiannual Averages (PDF 188k)
  • Consumer Price Index Detailed Report Tables 1A-23A, Annual Averages 2007 (PDF 188k)
  • Archived CPI Detailed Report Tables October 2000-current

Relative Importance of Items in the Consumer Price Index

Department Store Inventory Price Indexes

  • April 2008 (PDF)
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Special Notices:

Expenditure Weight Update
Effective with the January 2008 release the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has updated the consumption expenditure weights in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) to the 2005-06 period. The updated expenditure weights for these indexes replace the 2003-2004 weights that were introduced effective with the January 2006 CPI release. As originally announced by BLS in December 1998, CPI expenditure weights will continue to be updated at two year intervals subsequent to the 2008 updating.

Each year with the release of the January CPI, seasonal adjustment factors are recalculated to reflect price movements from the just-completed calendar year. This routine annual recalculation may result in revisions to seasonally adjusted indexes for the previous 5 years. BLS made available recalculated seasonally adjusted indexes, as well as recalculated seasonal adjustment factors, for the period January 2003 through December 2007, on Friday, February 15, 2008.

For information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, including revised indexes, seasonal factors, methodology, and actions taken in 2007, see our page on seasonal adjustment.

Effective with the release in February 2007 of the January 2007 Consumer Price Index (CPI), the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) began to publish its consumer price indexes rounded to three decimal places. Percent changes will be calculated from the three decimal place indexes. Those percent changes will continue to be published to one decimal place. For additional information, please see "Publishing Consumer Price Indexes to Three Decimal Places: Questions and Answers".

Soon after the publication of September CPI data on October 17th, 2007, the Social Security Administration (SSA) announced the annual increase in its benefit payments for the coming year. This change will mean automatic increases in payments from Social Security's Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs. The increase will be effective with December 2007 payments received in January 2008. Specific information on the size of the increase is available on the SSA website at http://www.ssa.gov/OACT/COLA/colasummary.html.

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Publications and Other Documentation:
[How to view a PDF file].

Reports
  • CPI research series using current methods
  • Reconciliation Between the CPI and PCE Price Index. The Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) undertook a joint project to detail and quantify the differences between the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Chain-type Price Index. A paper summarizing these differences can be found on the BEA website at http://www.bea.gov/papers/pdf/cpi_pce.pdf. The latest reconciliation tables can be found at http://www.bea.gov/national/nipaweb/nipa_underlying/pce-cpi.asp.
  • Treatment of Owner-Occupied Housing in the CPI - Paper presented to the Federal Economic Statistics Advisory Committee (FESAC) on December 9, 2005 (PDF)
  • Updating the Housing Age-Bias Regression model in the Consumer Price Index (PDF)
  • NEW Guidelines for Quality Adjustment of New Vehicle Prices (PDF)
  • NEW Experimental Consumer Price Index for Americans 62 years of Age and Older, 1982-2007 (PDF)
  • Response Rates for the Consumer Price Indexes, 2003 (PDF)
  • Response Rates for the Consumer Price Indexes, 2004 (PDF)
  • Response Rates for the Consumer Price Indexes, 2005 (PDF)
  • Response Rates for the Consumer Price Indexes, 2006 (PDF)
  • Response Rates for the Consumer Price Indexes, 2007 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2003 - December 2003 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2004 - December 2004 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2005 - December 2005 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2006 - December 2006 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2007 - December 2007 (PDF)
  • Consumer Price Index Users Survey (PDF 262K)
  • Hedonic Quality Adjustment in the U.S. CPI for:
Recent Monthly Labor Review articles related to the Consumer Price Index CPI Fact Sheets
 Latest Numbers

CPI-U, US City Average, All Items:

History (NSA)  +0.6% in Apr 2008

History (SA)  +0.2% in Apr 2008

History (NSA)  +3.9% since Apr 2007

CPI-U, US City Average, All Items Less Food and Energy:

History (NSA)  +0.1% in Apr 2008

History (SA)  +0.1% in Apr 2008

History (NSA)  +2.3% since Apr 2007

CPI-U, US City Average, Medical Care:

History (NSA)  +0.1% in Apr 2008

History (SA)  +0.2% in Apr 2008

History (NSA)  +4.3% since Apr 2007

CPI-W, US City Average, All Items:

History (NSA)  +0.7% in Apr 2008

History (SA)  +0.2% in Apr 2008

History (NSA)  +4.2% since Apr 2007

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» SA- Seasonally Adjusted
» NSA- Not Seasonally Adjusted
» Click on the History icon for 10 years of historical data.


 Regional Resources

Select a Region from the map or pick a Metro Area from the list.

Regional Map
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» Note: Titles shortened for space


    

 

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