| The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.|
|DEFINITION:||To grow, nourish. |
Derivatives include old, haughty, altitude, enhance, alumnus, coalesce, and prolific.
I. Suffixed (participial) form *al-to-, grown. 1a. alderman, old, from Old English eald, ald, old; b. elder1, from Old English (comparative) ieldra, eldra, older, elder; c. eldest, from Old English (superlative) ieldesta, eldesta, eldest; d. Germanic compound *wer-ald- (see w-ro-). ad all from Germanic *alda-. 2. alt, alto, haughty, hawser; altimeter, altiplano, altitude, altocumulus, altostratus, enhance, exalt, hautboy, from Latin altus, high (grown tall), deep.
II. Suffixed form *al-mo-. alma mater, from Latin almus, nurturing, nourishing.
III. Suffixed form *al-o-. adolescent, adult, alible, aliment, alimony, altricial, alumnus; coalesce, from Latin alere, to nourish, and alumnus, fosterling, step-child, originally a participle of alere (being nourished, < *al-o-mno-).
IV. Suffixed (causative) form *ol-eye-. abolish, from Latin abolre, to retard the growth of, abolish (ab-, from; see apo-).
V. Compound form *pro-al- (pro-, forth; see per1). proletarian, proliferous, prolific, from Latin prls, offspring.
VI. Extended form *aldh-. althea, from Greek althein, althainein, to get well. (Pokorny 2. al- 26.)
|The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.|