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   The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.  2000.

Appendix I

Indo-European Roots
DEFINITION:To grow, nourish.
Derivatives include old, haughty, altitude, enhance, alumnus, coalesce, and prolific.
   I. Suffixed (participial) form *al-to-, “grown.” 1a. alderman, old, from Old English eald, ald, old; b. elder1, from Old English (comparative) ieldra, eldra, older, elder; c. eldest, from Old English (superlative) ieldesta, eldesta, eldest; d. Germanic compound *wer-ald- (see w-ro-). a–d all from Germanic *alda-. 2. alt, alto, haughty, hawser; altimeter, altiplano, altitude, altocumulus, altostratus, enhance, exalt, hautboy, from Latin altus, high (“grown tall”), deep.
   II. Suffixed form *al-mo-. alma mater, from Latin almus, nurturing, nourishing.
   III. Suffixed form *al-o-. adolescent, adult, alible, aliment, alimony, altricial, alumnus; coalesce, from Latin alere, to nourish, and alumnus, fosterling, step-child, originally a participle of alere (“being nourished,” < *al-o-mno-).
   IV. Suffixed (causative) form *ol-eye-. abolish, from Latin abolre, to retard the growth of, abolish (ab-, from; see apo-).
   V. Compound form *pro-al- (pro-, forth; see per1). proletarian, proliferous, prolific, from Latin prls, offspring.
   VI. Extended form *aldh-. althea, from Greek althein, althainein, to get well. (Pokorny 2. al- 26.)
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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