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   The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.  2000.
 

Appendix I

Indo-European Roots
 
ENTRY:ant-
DEFINITION:Front, forehead. Oldest form *2ent-, colored to *2ant-.
Derivatives include along, end, advance, and antique.
   I. Inflected form (locative singular) *anti, “against,” with derivatives meaning in front of, before; also end. 1. un-2; along, from Old English and-, indicating opposition, from Germanic *andi- and *anda-. 2. end, from Old English ende, end, from Germanic *andja-. 3. ancient1, ante, ante-, anterior; advance, advantage, vanguard, from Latin ante, before, in front of, against. 4. anti-; enantiomer, enantiomorph, from Greek anti, against, and enantios, opposite. 5. Compound form *anti-kwo-, “appearing before, having prior aspect” (*kw-, appearance; see okw-). antic, antique, from Latin antquus, former, antique. 6. Reduced form *ti-. a. until, from Old Norse und, until, unto; b. elope, from Middle Dutch ont-, away from. Both a and b from Germanic *und-. 7. Variant form *anto-. Vedanta, from Sanskrit anta, end.
   II. Probable inflected form (ablative plural) *ant-bhi, “from both sides,” whence *ambhi, around. See ambhi-. (Pokorny ant-s 48.)
 
 
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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