At 10 o'clock on the night of 18th April, 1930, a group of six revolutionaries led by Ganesh
Ghosh, captured the Police Armoury in Chittagong. Another group of ten revolutionaries
led by Loknath Pal took over the Auxiliary Force Armoury along with its Lewis guns
and 303 army rifles. Telephone and telegraph communications and movement by rail were
All the revolutionary groups then gathered outside the Police Armoury where Master
Surya Sen, dressed in an immaculate white khadi dhoti and a stiffly ironed Gandhi cap,
took a military salute, and hoisted the National Flag amid shouts of Bande Mataram
and Inquilab Zindabad.
The band of revolutionaries then dispersed into the nearby villages of the Chittagong
hill ranges. Despite the burning of several villages, punitive fines on many others, and
combing operations amidst a reign of terror, the villagers, most of them Muslim, gave food
and shelter to the revolutionary outlaws and enabled them to survive for 3 years. Master
Surya Sen was finally arrested on 16th February 1933, and tried and hanged on 12 January,
- The Tokyo Olympics were the first Olympics to be held on Asian soil. India made a bold
bid to regain her lost supremacy in world hockey. India was coached by Habul Mukherjee,
who used to play hockey in a dhoti in his heydays. The team went on a
two-and-a-half month tour to New Zealand and Malaysia before heading to
- In the pool matches, India finished at
the top with 12 points. India beat Belgium 2-0, was held to a draw by both Germany and
Spain, beat Hong Kong 6-0, Malaysia 3-1, Canada 3-0 and Holland 2-1. In the semi-final,
India beat Australia 3-1 to set up their third consecutive clash with Pakistan in the
- The final was played on a cold afternoon on November 23, 1964, at the
Kamazawa Park in Tokyo. The first half was
played at a scorching pace but no goal was scored.
There was an unruly incident with some of the Pakistanis attacking the
Indian players. The match was briefly interrupted for the
tempers to cool down. Manager Inder Mohan Mahajan couldn't bear the tension
and started pacing outside the field, all the while keeping in touch on the
progress of this grim battle for Olympic supremacy.
- The forward line comprising Harbinder Singh and Joginder Singh was
irresistible that day. 5 minutes into the second half, a
penalty corner was awarded to India which was taken by India's 'Rock of Gibralter'
- Prithipal had been fantastic in the Tokyo Olympics thus far, and had
scored 11 goals. However, this penalty corner was to be his most important. His stinging
shot was deflected off the goalkeeper's pad and stopped by Pakistan's full back Munir Dar
with his foot. Centre-half Mohinder Lal converted the resultant penalty stroke
in the 41st minute to give
India a 1-0 lead.
- IHF President Ashwini Kumar did the running commentary for Akashvani in
the final at Tokyo. Each move forward by India was a potential goal in his
eyes. And when Mohinder Lal converted the penalty stroke, a hysterical
Ashwini Kumar cried himself hoarse. It was an instant in which Akashvani and
Ashwini Kumar were made for each other, a sound-byte that would become
frozen in time.
- Pakistan fought back ferociously in the closing stages of the match and gave India many
anxious moments. Shankar Lakshman, the Indian custodian, played superbly and saved two
sizzling penalty corner hits. India held on to its slender lead to win its seventh gold medal in eight Olympic Games.
Shankar Lakshman, one of India's best ever goalkeepers, was declared the Man of the Match.
- Euphoria swept the land. There was a massive reception at Palam Airport to welcome
Charanjit Singh's returning heroes. The players were driven in a motor cavalcade through
the streets of Delhi and Jalandhar. Admiring fans sought their autographs on currency
- Left-in Udham Singh (1952-1964) joined right-half Leslie Claudius (1948-1960) as the
only Indians to have won 3 Gold Medals and 1 Silver Medal in the Olympic
hockey. Udham Singh passed away in his native village
Sansarpur on March 23, 2000.
- V. J. Peter played in the 1960, 1964 and 1968 Olympics Games. After he retired, his
brother V. J. Phillips played in the 1972 and 1976 Games. Thus the two brothers
represented India over a period of 16 years, winning for India 1 Gold, 1 Silver and 2
Bronzes in 5 Olympics. V. J. Peter died in Chennai on June 30, 1998. V. J.
Phillips is presently a Sports Officer with the Railways, and umpires
hockey matches in Chennai.
- India's record in the 1964 Olympics at Tokyo was as follows :
- Played : 9
- Won : 7
- Drawn : 2
- Goals For : 22
- Goals Against : 5
- The following were the members of the 1964 Indian Olympic Team :
- Charanjit Singh (captain)
- Shankar Lakshman (goalkeeper)
- Rajendran Christie
- Prithipal Singh
- Dharam Singh
- Gurbux Singh
- Mohinder Lal
- Jagjit Singh
- Rajinder Singh
- Joginder Singh
- Haripal Kaushik
- Harbinder Singh
- Bandu Patil
- Victor John Peter
- Udham Singh
- Darshan Singh
- Syed Ali
- Balbir Singh Kular
Photo Courtesy : Wills Book of Excellence -