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The history of Slovenske ¾eleznice

The development path of Slovenske ¾eleznice leads us past old Austria, which Slovenia formed part of until 1918, when Slovenians could witness the start and flourishing of railways in their country. Therefore, the table unavoidably contains major events from the histories of both Austrian and Slovenian railways.


Close to Idrija, the head forester Jettmar manufactures a forest railway called "lauf" to supply a local mine with wood. With a track width of 342 mm, the line is made entirely from wood, as are the wagons, except that their wheels are cast iron. The wagons are carried downwards by their weight, while the forest workers push them upwards. The Idrija "lauf" is probably the first forest railway in the world.


On 20 June, the WRB line is completed, namely Vienna - Wiener Neustadt, becoming the first section of the subsequent railway connection between the capital and Trieste.


On 23 February, the General Directorate of the National Railways is established in Austria.


On 5 May, the WRB line Wiener Neustadt - Gloggnitz is completed. The railway reaches the northern foot of the awe-inspiring Alpine ridge of the Semmering. (At the end of the year, WRB is renamed Wien-Gloggnitzer Bahn - WGB.)


On 21 October, the line of the Southern National Railway (SStB) Mürzzuschlag (southern foot of the Semmering) - Graz is opened. The line is leased by WGB. For now, the Semmering has no line.


On 2 June, the SStB line Graz - Celje is opened. This one is also leased by WGB.


Under the leadership of the genial construction engineer Carl Ghega, the construction of the line over the Semmering begins.


On 16 September, the line of the Southern National Railway (SStB) to Ljubljana is opened. Traffic on it begins a day later. It is still operated by WGB.


The Southern National Railway (SStB) introduces its own administration on its lines and takes over the WGB lines.


On 15 May, the line over the Semmering is opened to freight transport and, on 17 June, to all transport.


On 28 July, the Southern National Railway (SStB) reaches Trieste and, in the process, its goal.


On 1 August, the first express train in old Austria begins to run twice a week on the Vienna - Ljubljana line and soon afterwards every day on the Vienna – Trieste line.


Due to the nationalisation of those private railways finding themselves in debt and being sequestered by the state, on 1 August the Imperial Royal (Austrian) National Railways appears – Kaiserlich königliche (österreichische) Staatsbahnen – kkStB.


The Tauern rail line is completed, thereby rounding off the system of "new Alpine railways", the last great railway project of Austria-Hungary. (The Pyhrn and the Karavanken-Bohinj-Karst lines of Klagenfurt/Villach – Jesenice – Goriza – Trieste St. Andrew were already completed in 1906.)


After the disintegration of Austria-Hungary, in the successor countries the former parts of Austrian railways are integrated or renamed national railways, in Slovenia they become the National Railways of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenians.


The Southern Railway, surviving the fall of the monarchy, finds itself in an impossible situation. It is renamed Donau-Save-Adria Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (DSA, DOSAG) with its headquarters in Vienna.


The Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenians is replaced by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, consequently, the railways are also renamed the Yugoslav National Railways (JD®).


Was part of World War I reparations, 40 express, 30 passenger and 40 freight steam engines are supplied to Yugoslavia by Germany.


On 21 April, Ferrovie dello Stato (FS) completes the electrification of the lines Trieste - Postojna and Pivka - Rijeka, which formed part of Italian territory from 1918 to 1945. After World War II, Slovenia "inherits" seventeen Italian group 626 electric locomotives.


JD® ceases to exist, and when it is divided between DRB, FS and MAV, in NDH Croatian National Railways (HD®) appears, and in Serbia (again) Serb National Railways (SD®).


In the process of introducing self-management to JD® in 1951-54, it is renamed the Yugoslav Railways - J®.


The first six series 731 diesel hydraulic switch engines , a product of the Austrian factory Jenbacher Werke, arrive at the J®. Their manufacture under licence is taken on by Duro Dakoviae at Slavonski Brod, producing a total of 38 by 1965.


On 6 November, the first four sets of railbuses arrive in Slovenia. The last of these "go¹e" still ran in the area of ®G Ljubljana in 1990 on the Trebnje – Sevnica line, and in 1991 on the Divača – Pula line. After independence, they are given to Croatian Railways.


In January, the first seven series 661 diesel electric engines arrive in Slovenia from the USA, a product of the General Motors factory and immediately receive the nickname "Kennedy".


The supply of light four-axle series 642 diesel electric engines begins, manufactured by the Duro Dakoviae factory under a French licence. Up until 1972, 21 of them arrive in Slovenia. They are nicknamed "evrofime" or "durice".


On 29 November, the electrification of the Postojna - Ljubljana line is completed.


The first ten six-axle type 362 electric engines made by the Italian company Ansaldo are supplied. These are the first electric locomotives manufactured for Slovenia.


The Polish factory Pafawag starts to supply to Slovenia, for its suburban transport purposes, with electric engines of the series 311/315 - the popular "gomulke".


On 27 November, the electrification of the Ljubljana – Jesenice line is completed.


The factory Jenbacher Werke manufactures the first two powerful diesel hydraulic switch engines of the 732 series for the J®.


On 27 November, the electrification of the Zalog - Zidani Most line is completed.


The supply of 22 modified light four-axle series 643 diesel electric engines , made by the French factory Brissonneau et Lotz SA from the town of Creil, to Yugoslavia begins and lasts continues till 1978. Manufacturing under licence is taken on by Duro Dakoviae.


The supply of 40 light type 342 four-axle electric engines , a product of the Italian company ASGEN, to Slovenia starts and is concluded in 1970. Railway workers somewhat mockingly call them "mopeds".


On 5 November, the electrification of the Zidani Most - Rimske Toplice line is completed.


On 14 December, the electrification of the Zidani Most - Dobova line is completed.


From Germany, ten double series 711 diesel hydraulic engines arrive in Slovenia. As the engines are made by the MTU factory from the Daimler-Benz group, railway workers call them "Mercedes".


On 21 May, the electrification of the Rimske Toplice - Celje line is completed.


In June, the electrification of the Celje - Poljčane line is completed.


From Italy, the first of Fiat's series 813/814 diesel mechanic engines arrive, and start to replace the now poor condition "go¹e" railbuses on side lines. The last ones are supplied in 1976.


The beginning of the supply of 25 series 644 diesel electric engines from the Spanish factory Macosa, manufacturing them under a GM licence. They are nicknamed "Spaniards".


In December, the electrification of the Poljčane - Maribor line is completed.


In December, the French factory Alsthom supplies the first of 39 modern six-axle series 363 electric locomotives to Slovenia. Since they are very nicely shaped, railway workers call them "Brigittes" after the French actress Brigitte Bardot.


On 27 December, the electrification of the Divača – Koper line is completed.


On 27 May, the electrification of the Maribor - ©pilje line is completed.


On 11 April, the 33-110 steam engine ends the period of steam traction in Slovenia with one final and special journey from Ljubljana to Postojna.


On 27 November, remote traffic management, the so-called telecommand, starts to operate on the Ljubljana - Jesenice line .


On 24 August, telecommand starts to operate on the Divača - Koper line .


In the Maribor TVT Boris Kidrič, the manufacture of new series 713/715 diesel hydraulic engines begins. As they are driven by engines carrying the MBB trademark, they are nicknamed "Messerschmitts".


On 5 November, the first two diesel electric engines of the series 664-100, manufactured by General Motors and assembled by the Duro Dakoviae factory, arrive from Slavonski Brod in Slovenia. They are immediately nicknamed "Reagan".


Beginning of the regular operations of the Slovenian Museum Train, initially composed of a 17-006 steam engine and six ancient passenger wagons.


At the end of the year, the first redesigned and modernised 813/814-100 diesel mechanic engine exits the Maribor TVT factory, its shape being reminiscent of the 713/715 "Messerschmittes".


With a new timetable, in co-operation with Croatian Railways, on 2 June Slovenian lines begin to host the EuroCity Mimara train with its state-of-the-art and air-conditioned carriages.


After the disintegration of Yugoslavia, the railways in Slovenian are renamed Slovenske ¾eleznice or ‘S®’.


On 10 June, Slovenske ¾eleznice becomes a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). Simultaneously with the new owner code number 79, replacing the Yugoslav 72, at the end of September vehicles are also marked with the new logotype of Slovenske ¾eleznice designed by the architect Nino Kovačevič.


On 17 September, on its promotional journey between Rače and Hoče, the Italian electric engine ETR 460 with its tilting mechanism, correctly called Pendolino, achieves an absolute speed record on Slovenian lines of 208.2 km/h.


On 16 August, the first Siemens two-part electric engine Desiro, assembled in TVT Nova in Maribor, arrives at CD Moste. Ten two-part sets of the S® 312-0 type and twenty three-part sets of the S® 312-1 type are ordered to, gradually over two years, replace the outdated "gomulke", namely Polish electric engines of the S® 311/315 type.


On 5 September, the official first journey of the new ICS train (InterCity Special or InterCity Slovenia) takes place from Ljubljana to Maribor and back; this is a three-part electric engine of the S® 310 type with the tilting mechanism "Pendolino" manufactured by the Italian factory FiatFerroviaria on the basis of the Italian ETR 460. In total, three three-part sets are supplied in order for them to start to operating regularly between Ljubljana and Maribor on 24 September, when the winter timetable begins.


On 26 September, the official inaugural journey of the new Desiro, Siemens two-part electric engines of the S® 312-0 type takes place from Maribor to Ljubljana.


On 16 May, the Primer Minister of the Republic of Slovenia Dr Janez Drnov¹ek and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Hungary Viktor Orban officially open the new rail link between Slovenia and Hungary at Hodo¹.


In mid-June at the Maribor factory TVT Nova, Slovenske ¾eleznice officially accepts the last of the thirty sets of the Siemens Desiros, new electric engines of the S® 312 type.

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