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|| ||BIDMONFA: Vera Menchik|
|| ||Caissanist: <Polgar's dad is a chess coach, he brought all his daughters up playing the game since they were barely out of the diaper.> So far as I know the only people Laszlo has ever coached are his daughters. According to Susan Polgar, he is not even a particularly strong player--"He is today at best 1500-1600. He was much weaker when he taught me."|
There was an interesting article about the Polgars in Psychology Today a few months back. Laszlo Polgar did not choose chess as the focus for raising his daughters, at least not ahead of time. Rather, he had a theory that a good way to raise happy and successful children is to intense specialization in particular subject. But he didn't choose a particular area of specialization until Susan was four. When she showed interest in the game, Mommy and Daddy decided that this was a good area to concentrate on.
|| ||veigaman: Susan said that he wrote the famous chess books when she was younger instead of her father which means chess is just marketing.|
|| ||CapablancaFan: Was Vera the first notable female GM?|
|| ||Gypsy: Chessmetrics Player Profile: Vera Menchik (*1906, +1944); Best World Rank #52; Highest Rating 2535; (1929).|
|| ||duchamp64: The 100th anniversary of her birth today! Rest in peace, Vera.|
|| ||blackburne: VERA MENCHIK
Article in spanish with biography, results, and espectacular games in:
|| ||Rocafella: Why shelter in the basement when she had an air raid shelter?|
|| ||Knight13: <Vera Menchik was Women's World Champion from 1927 until 1944, when a German air raid destroyed her London residence, killing her and two others.> Hitler was laughing, right?|
|| ||Rocafella: Spot the taste anybody|
|| ||zev22407: A new site on women playing chess is www.chessbabes.org|
|| ||Akuni: <CapablancaFan> She was not a GM as the GM was given only to the five original GMs (Lasker, Alekhine, Capa, Tarrasch and Marshall) after they won a strong tournament (St. Petersbug 1914 I think), and to exceptional soviet players who were given they title "Grandmaster of the Soviet Union". Otherwise it was used informally until FIDE instated and regulated it in 1950. |
However she was the first woman to succesfully participate successfully in international tournaments such as Hastings as well as winning ever Women's Championships she was in by huge scores (+78 -1 =4).
|| ||Petrosianic: <Was Vera the first notable female GM?>|
The first woman GM was Nona Gaprindashvili in 1978. But Vera was at least IM strength.
|| ||FHBradley: The biographical detail about the Vera Menchik club is misleading in that it was Becker who became the first member of the club. During the Carlsbad tournament of 1929, Becker apparently expressed some doubts about whether it was appropriate that Vera Menchik should have received an invitation, adding that everyone (meaning, of course, every man) who would manage to lose a game against her should be elected to the Menchik club. The next day Becker lost his game to Menchik. During the dinner, he was unanimously elected the first member of the newly founded club. So it one calls it a quip by Becker, one had better add he was its first victim.|
|| ||blackburne: Vera Menchik club, with all members, in the link (in spanish):|
|| ||Honza Cervenka: Here is one of Vera's finest: Sultan Khan vs Menchik, 1931|
|| ||eternaloptimist: I think it is worthy of note that she had a winning record against Max Euwe: 2 wins, 2 draws & only 1 loss to him! She was definitely a strong player.|
|| ||brankat: A great predecessor of our very own <Open Defence>, <Robin01> and <jessicafischerqueen>> :-)|
|| ||percyblakeney: In the four World Championship tournaments between 1931 and 1937 Menchik scored +43 -0 =0.|
|| ||Cibator: <Rocafella>, <Knight13>: Her death was actually caused by a V1 flying bomb - Germany was almost incapable of conventional air raids by 1944. There was little point in trying to shelter from "doodlebugs" when they could appear at any time and any place within range of the launch sites. So if one of them had your name on it ....|
|| ||percyblakeney: If Menchik had survived the war and kept playing she could have stayed World Champion for a longer period than Lasker. The first World Championship after Menchik's death was contested in 1950, 23 years after she won the title. If there had existed a women's World Championship before 1927 she could probably have won it already in 1923, when she started playing in men's tournaments.|
The Soviet World Champions of the 1950's never played in men's tournaments in the way Menchik did, and the difference in strength between Rudenko, Rubtsova and Bykova wasn't big. In the first post-war Championship 1� point separated the three (their later matches were fairly even), and an old opponent of Menchik's from her +43 -0 =0 days, Clarice Benini, won with black against Bykova and drew Rubtsova.
The difference in strength between the Champions of the 1950's and later players was made clear when Gaprindashvili turned up, playing Bykova for the title in 1962. Gaprindashvili won 7 and drew 4 of the 11 games. Menchik may well have been able to keep the title until then, if she really had wanted to.
|| ||TheTamale: My brother and I were once on the same postal chess team. Our captain solicited team names. My offerings were the Virile Men-Chicks and the Near-Mieses. My brother's was the Albin Sevilles. And his idea was chosen!|
|| ||gazzawhite: Were there any strong women players before Menchik's time? e.g. Anybody who was considered the strongest female player of their time, but did not have the opportunity to win a world championship (like Philidor)?|
|| ||Caissanist: Louis Paulsen had a sister Amalie Paulsen who was said to be a very strong player in her own right, though so few of her games have survived that there's really no way of knowing. Unfortunately she never played in tournaments--probably at that time (1858) this was something that a "respectable" woman was not expected to do.|
|| ||GrahamClayton: Vera Menchik was a member of the West London Chess Club. Here is a recollection of her by Margaret Brown:|
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