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Professor Patrick D. Nunn

Professor of Oceanic Geoscience

Director of Research and Graduate Affairs

Associate Dean (Research and Services), Faculty of Islands and Oceans

Main Interests

  • Geomorphology
  • Quaternary geology
  • Environmental change
  • Human-environment relationships
  • Oceanic islands
  • Sea-level change
  • Tectonics
  • Geoarchaeology
  • Myths and geology

 

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Current Departmental Activity

  Lecturer-in-charge

  • GE101     Introduction to Physical Geography
  • GE306    Pacific Geoscience
  • GE409    Environmental Change in the Pacific Basin


Academic Background


1977 B.Sc (Joint Honours in Geography and Geology), 2A, from University of London King's College

1977 A.K.C. (Theology), from University of London King's College

1983 Ph.D. from University College London for a thesis in the Department of Geography entitled The Terraces of the River Thames in Central London

1998 Appointed to the honorary position of Adjunct Senior Fellow in the Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies at the Australian National University


Prizes


1997 Pacific Islands team leader, International Study Team for Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise, Grand Prix (First Prize), Seventh Nikkei Global Environmental Technology Award

2003 Herbert E. Gregory Medal of the Pacific Science Association, awarded only once every five years for distinguished service to science in the Pacific. Awarded at the 20th Pacific Science Congress, Bangkok, Thailand.

 2007 As member of the Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), awarded the Nobel Peace Prize [pdf link to certificate]


Books and Monographs

Nunn, P.D. 1994 Oceanic Islands. Oxford, Blackwell. 418 pp.
[Reviews] [Contents]

Nunn, P.D. 1996 Emerged shorelines of the Lau Islands. Fiji Mineral Resources Department, Memoir 4, 99 pp.

Nunn, P.D. 1997 Keimami sa vakila na liga ni Kalou (Feeling the hand of God): human and nonhuman impacts on Pacific island environments. Suva, Fiji: School of Social and Economic Development, The University of the South Pacific. (3rd revised edition), 72 pp.

Nunn, P.D. 1998 Pacific Island Landscapes. Suva, Fiji: Institute of Pacific Studies, The University of the South Pacific. 302 pp.
[Reviews] [Contents]

Nunn, P.D. 1999. Environmental Change in the Pacific Basin: chronologies, causes, consequences. London: Wiley, 357 pp. [74 figures, 59 plates, 62 tables].
[Reviews] [Contents]

Nunn, P.D. 2007. Climate, Environment and Society in the Pacific during the Last Millennium. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 316 p.
[Contents] [Press release] [Ordering information]

Nunn, P.D. 2008. Vanished Islands and Hidden Continents of the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press [manuscript: 534 pages]. Due out in September 2008.
[Ordering details with 20% discount] [Brief Contents]

Waddell, E. and P. D. Nunn 1994 (eds) The Margin Fades: Geographical Itineraries in a World of Islands. Suva: Institute of Pacific Studies, The University of the South Pacific, 297 pp.


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Selected Recent Journal Articles

2007

Horrocks, M. and Nunn, P.D. 2007. Evidence for introduced taro (Colocasia esculenta) and lesser yam (Dioscorea esculenta) in Lapita-era (ca. 3050-2500 cal. yr BP) deposits from Bourewa, southwest Viti Levu Island, Fiji. Journal of Archaeological Science, 34, 739-748. [pdf1 link]

Nunn, P.D. 2007. The AD 1300 Event in the Pacific Basin. The Geographical Review, 97, 1-23. [pdf link]

Nunn, P.D. 2007. Space and place in an ocean of islands: thoughts on the attitudes of the Lapita people towards islands and their colonization. South Pacific Studies, 27, 24-35. [pdf2 link]

Nunn, P.D. 2007. Review of Gössling, S. and Hall, C.M. (eds). 2006. Tourism and Global Environmental Change: ecological, social, economic and political interrelationships. London: Routledge. Geographical Research, 45, 203-204.

Nunn, P.D. 2007. Echoes from a distance: progress report on research into the Lapita occupation of the Rove Peninsula, southwest Viti Levu Island, Fiji. In: Bedford, S., Sand, C. and Connaughton, S. (eds). Oceanic Explorations: Lapita and Western Pacific Settlement. Canberra: Australian National University (Terra Australis 26), pp. 163-176. [pdf3 link]

Nunn, P.D. 2007. Holocene sea-level change and human response in Pacific Islands. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth and Environmental Sciences, 98, 117-125.

Nunn, P.D. and Mimura, N. 2007. Promoting sustainability on vulnerable island coasts: a case study of the smaller Pacific Islands. In: McFadden, L., Nicholls, R.J. and Penning-Rowsell, E. (eds). Managing Coastal Vulnerability. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 193-221.

Nunn, P.D. and Pastorizo, M.R. 2007. Geological histories and geohazard potential of Pacific Islands illuminated by myths. In: Piccardi, L. and Masse, W.B. (eds). Myth and Geology. London: Geological Society of London, Special Publication 273, pp. 143-163. [abstract/ pdf/ Review].

Nunn, P.D., Hunter-Anderson, R., Carson, M.T., Thomas, F., Ulm, S. and Rowland, M. 2007. Times of plenty, times of less: chronologies of last-millennium societal disruption in the Pacific Basin. Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 35, 385-401. [pdf4 link]

Nunn, P.D., Ishimura, T., Dickinson, W.R., Katayama, K., Thomas, F., Kumar, R., Matararaba, S., Davidson, J. and Worthy, T. 2007. The Lapita occupation at Naitabale, Moturiki Island, central Fiji. Asian Perspectives 46, 96-132. [abstract/ (part1).pdf/ (part2).pdf].


2006

Anderson, A., Roberts, R., Dickinson, W.R., Clark, G., Burley, D., de Biran, A., Hope, G. and Nunn, P.D. 2006. Times of sand: sedimentary history and archaeology at the Sigatoka Dunes, Fiji.  Geoarchaeology, 21, 131-154.

Kumar, R., Nunn, P.D., Field, J.E. and de Biran, A. 2006. Human responses to climate change around AD 1300: a case study of the Sigatoka Valley, Viti Levu Island, Fiji. Quaternary International, 151, 133-143. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2006. Island origins and environments. In: Baldacchino, G. (ed). A World of Islands: A Physical and Human Approach. Malta: Agenda, pp. 5-37. [pdf]

Nunn, P.D. and Kumar, R. 2006. Coastal history in the Asia-Pacific region. In: Harvey, N. (ed.). Global Change and Integrated Coastal Management: The Asia-Pacific Region. Berlin: Springer, pp. 93-116.

Nunn, P.D. and Mimura, N. 2006. Promoting sustainability on vulnerable island coasts: a case study of the smaller Pacific Islands. In: McFadden, L. (ed). Managing Coastal Vulnerability: An Integrated Approach. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 193-220.

Nunn, P.D., Baniala, M., Harrison, M. and Geraghty, P. 2006. Vanished islands in Vanuatu: new research and a preliminary geohazard assessment. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 36, 37-50. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D., Heorake, T., Tegu, E., Oloni, B., Simeon, K., Wini, L., Usuramo, S. and Geraghty, P. 2006. Geohazards revealed by myths in the Pacific: a study of islands that have disappeared in Solomon Islands. South Pacific Studies, 27, 37-49. [pdf]

Nunn, P.D., Kumar, R., Matararaba, S. and Ishimura, T. 2006. The earliest human settlement in the Fiji Islands. Domodomo (Journal of the Fiji Museum), 19, 27-33.

Nunn, P.D., Keally, C.T., King, C., Wijaya, J. and Cruz, R. 2006. Human responses to coastal change in the Asia-Pacific region. In: Harvey, N. (ed.). Global Change and Integrated Coastal Management: The Asia-Pacific Region. Berlin: Springer, pp. 117-161.

Nunn, P.D., Matararaba, S., Kumar, R., Pene, C. Yuen, L. and Pastorizo, M.R. 2006. Lapita on an island in the mangroves? The earliest human occupation at Qoqo Island, southwest Viti Levu, Fiji.  Archaeology in New Zealand, 49, 205-212. [pdf].


2005

Nunn, P.D. 2005. Reconstructing tropical paleoshorelines using archaeological data: examples from the Fiji Archipelago, southwest Pacific. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue, 42, 15-25. [abstract].

Nunn, P.D., Geraghty, P., Nakoro, E., Nasila, A. and Tukidia, S. 2005. Vuniivilevu and Burotu: the geography, ethnography, and hazard implications of vanished islands in Fiji. People and Culture in Oceania, 21, 83-109.

Nunn, P.D., Matararaba, S., Ishimura, T., Kumar, R. and Nakoro, E. 2005. Reconstructing the Lapita-era geography of northern Fiji: a newly-discovered Lapita site on Yadua Island and its implications. New Zealand Journal of Archaeology, 26, 41-55. [abstract].

Nunn, P.D., Pene, C., Matararaba, S., Kumar, R., Singh, P., Dredregasa, I., Gwilliam, M., Heorake, T., Kuilanisautabu, L., Nakoro, E., Narayan, L., Pastorizo, M.R., Robinson, S., Saunivalu, P. and Tamani, F. 2005. Human occupations of caves of the Rove Peninsula, southwest Viti Levu Island, Fiji.  South Pacific Journal of Natural Science, 23, 16-23. [pdf].


2004

Kumar, R., Nunn, P.D. and Dickinson, W.R. 2004. The emerging pattern of earliest human settlement in Fiji: four new Lapita sites on Viti Levu Island. Archaeology in New Zealand, 47, 108-117. [pdf]

Kumar, R., Nunn, P.D., Katayama, K., Oda, H., Matararaba, S. and Osborne, T. 2004. The earliest-known humans in Fiji and their pottery: the first dates from the 2002 excavations at Naitabale (Naturuku), Moturiki Island.  South Pacific Journal of Natural Science, 22, 15-21.

Nunn, P.D. 2004. Understanding and adapting to sea-level change. In: Harris, F. (ed.) Global Environmental Issues. Chichester: Wiley, 45-64.

Nunn, P.D. 2004. Fiji. In: Bird, E. (ed.). The World’s Coastline: Online. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 54 web pages.

Nunn, P.D. 2004. Myths and the formation of Niue Island, central South Pacific. The Journal of Pacific History, 39, 99-108. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2004. Through a mist on the ocean: human understanding of island environments. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, 95, 311-325. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2004. An unusual potsherd from Seputu, Laucala Island, northeast Fiji. Domodomo (Journal of the Fiji Museum), 17, 19-20.

Nunn, P.D. and Britton, J.M.R. 2004. The long-term evolution of Niue Island. In: Terry, J. and Murray, W. (Eds). Niue Island: Geographical Perspectives on the Rock of Polynesia. Paris: INSULA (International Scientific Council for Island Development), 31-74.

Nunn, P.D. and Kumar, R. 2004. Alluvial charcoal in the Sigatoka Valley, Viti Levu island, Fiji. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 214, 153-162. [abstract].

Nunn, P.D. and Kumar, R. 2004. New scientific evidence for exploitation and settlement of coastal hinterlands in Fiji around AD 785.  Domodomo (Journal of the Fiji Museum), 17, 21-24.

Nunn, P.D., Matararaba, S. and Areki, F. 2004. A Lapita site on Ovalau Island, central Fiji Islands. Archaeology in New Zealand, 47, 215-219. [pdf]

Nunn, P.D., Kumar, R., Matararaba, S., Ishimura, T., Seeto, J., Rayawa, S., Kuruyawa, S., Nasila, A., Oloni, B., Rati Ram, A., Saunivalu, P., Singh, P. and Tegu, E. 2004. Early Lapita settlement site at Bourewa, southwest Viti Levu Island, Fiji. Archaeology in Oceania, 39, 139-143. [pdf].

Thomas, F.R., Nunn, P.D., Osborne, T.,  Kumar, R., Areki, F., Matararaba, S., Steadman, D. and Hope, G. 2004. Recent archaeological findings at Qaranilaca Cave, Vanuabalavu Island, Fiji. Archaeology in Oceania, 39, 42-49. [pdf]


2003

Hay, J.E., Mimura, N., Campbell, J., Fifita, S., Koshy, K., McLean, R.F., Nakalevu, T., Nunn, P. and de Wet, N. 2003. Climate Variability and Change and Sea-Level Rise in the Pacific Islands Region. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 108 pp.

Katayama, K., Nunn, P.D., Kumar, R., Matararaba, S. and Oda, H. 2003. Reconstruction of a Lapita lady skeleton unearthed from the Moturiki Island, Fiji (Preliminary Report). Anthropological Science, 111, 404-405.

Kumar, R. and Nunn, P.D. 2003. Inland and coastal Lapita settlement on Vitilevu Island, Fiji: new data. Domodomo (Journal of the Fiji Museum), 16, 15-20.

Kumar, R., Nunn, P.D., Katayama, K., Oda, H., Matararaba, S. and Osborne, T. 2003. An early human settlement site in Fiji: the first dates from the 2002 excavations at Naitabale, Moturiki Island. Institute of Applied Sciences, The University of the South Pacific, Technical Report No. 2003/06.

Nunn, P.D. 2003. Fished-up or thrown-down: the geography of Pacific Island origin myths. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 93, 350-364. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2003. Nature-society interactions in the Pacific Islands. Geografiska Annaler, 85 B, 219-229. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2003. Revising ideas about environmental determinism: human-environment relations in the Pacific Islands. Asia-Pacific Viewpoint, 44, 63-72. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. and Omura, A. 2003. Quaternary shorelines of Kaibu Island, southwest Pacific Ocean: implications for Last Interglacial sea-level history and uplift of the Lau-Colville Ridge. Quaternary Australasia, 21, 33-38. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D., Kumar, R. and Matararaba, S. 2003. Recent research relating to Lapita settlement in Fiji. In: Sand, C. (editor). Pacific Archaeology: Assessments and Prospects (Proceedings of the International Conference for the 50th Anniversary of the First Lapita Excavation, Kone-Nouméa 2002). Nouméa: Services des Musées et du Patrimoine, 183-186.

Nunn, P.D., Matararaba, S. and Kumar, R. 2003. An early Lapita site on Moturiki Island, central Fiji: preliminary report. Domodomo (Journal of the Fiji Museum), 16, 7-14.

Terry, J.P. and Nunn, P.D.  2003. Interpreting features of carbonate geomorphology on Niue Island, a raised coral atoll. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Suppl.-Vol. 131, 43-57.


2002

Nunn, P.D. 2002. Review of Arnberger, H. and Arnberger, E. 2001. The Tropical Islands of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The Geographical Journal, 168, 280-281 [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2002. Reefs. In: Goudie, A.S. (editor in chief). Encyclopedia of Global Change: environmental change and human society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Volume 2, 298-304.

Nunn, P.D., Ollier, C.D., Hope, G.S., Rodda, P., Omura, A. and Peltier, W.R. 2002. Late Quaternary sea-level and tectonic changes in northeast Fiji. Marine Geology, 187, 299-311. [abstract].


2001

Nunn, P.D. 2001. Sea-level change in the Pacific. In: Noye, J. and Grzechnik, M. (editors). Sea-Level Changes and their Effects. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, 1-23.

Nunn, P.D. 2001. On the convergence of myth and reality: examples from the Pacific Islands. The Geographical Journal, 167, 125-138 [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2001. Shoreline erosion and algal deposition around Eluvuka (Treasure) island, Mamanuca Group, western Fiji, with comments on nearby islands.  The University of the South Pacific, Institute of Applied Sciences, Environmental Studies Report 104.

Nunn, P.D. 2001. Ecological crises or marginal disruptions: the effects of the first humans on Pacific Islands. New Zealand Geographer, 57, 11-20. [abstract].

Nunn, P.D. 2001. Demographic change: peopling of the Pacific Islands. In: Munn, R.E. (ed). Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume 3. Wiley: London, 273-277.

Nunn, P.D. and Britton, J.M.R. 2001. Human-environment relationships in the Pacific Islands around AD 1300. Environment and History, 7, 3-22. [abstract].

Nunn, P.D. and Peltier, W.R. 2001. Far-field test of the ICE-4G (VM2) model of global isostatic response to deglaciation: empirical and theoretical Holocene sea-level reconstructions for the Fiji Islands, Southwest Pacific. Quaternary Research, 55, 203-214. [abstract].

Nunn, P.D., Thaman, R., Duffy, L., Finikaso, S., Ram, N. and Swamy, M. 2001. Age of a charcoal layer in fluvial sediments, Keiyasi, Sigatoka Valley, Fiji: possible indicator of a severe drought throughout the Southwest Pacific 4500-5000 years ago. South Pacific Journal of Natural Science, 19, 5-10.

Ramoli, A. and Nunn, P.D. 2001. Naigani Island and its historical connections with Ovalau and Moturiki Islands: convergences between legend and fact. Domodomo (Journal of the Fiji Museum), 13, 19-28.


2000

Klein, R.J.T., Buckley, E.N., Aston, J., Nicholls, R.J., Ragoonaden, M., Capobianco, M., Mizutani, N. and Nunn, P.D. 2000. Coastal adaptation. In: Metz, B., Davidson, O.R., Martens, J.W., van Rooijen, S.N.M. and Van Wie McGrory, L.L. (editors). IPCC Special Report on Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 349–372.

Nunn, P.D. 2000. Illuminating sea-level fall around AD 1220-1510 (730-440 cal yr BP) in the Pacific Islands: implications for environmental change and cultural transformation. New Zealand Geographer, 56, 46-54.

Nunn, P.D. 2000. Coastal changes over the past two hundred years around Ovalau and Moturiki Islands, Fiji: implications for coastal-zone management. Australian Geographer, 31, 21-39. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2000. Significance of emerged Holocene corals around Ovalau and Moturiki islands, Fiji, southwest Pacific. Marine Geology, 163, 345-351.

Nunn, P.D. 2000. Environmental catastrophe in the Pacific Islands about AD 1300. Geoarchaeology, 15, 715-740. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D. 2000. Reefs. In: Hancock, P.L. and Skinner, B.J. (editors). Oxford Companion to the Earth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 177-180.

Nunn, P.D. 2000. Oceanic Islands. In: Hancock, P.L. and Skinner, B.J. (editors). Oxford Companion to the Earth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 740-742.

Nunn, P.D. 2000. Environmental change in the Pacific Basin. In: Lal, B. V. and Fortune, K. (editors). The Pacific Islands: An Encyclopedia. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 40-43.

Nunn, P.D. and Matararaba, S. 2000. New finds of Lapita pottery in northeast Fiji.  Archaeology in Oceania, 35, 96-97. [pdf].

Nunn, P.D., Matararaba, S. and Ramos, J. 2000. Investigations of anthropogenic sediments in Qaranilaca (cave), Vanuabalavu Island, Fiji. Archaeology in New Zealand, 43, 125-156.


1999

Clark, J.T., Cole, A.O. and Nunn, P.D. 1999. Environmental change and human prehistory on Totoya island, Fiji.  In Galipaud, J-C. and Lilley, I. (editors). The Pacific from 5000 to 2000 BP: Colonizations and Transformations. Paris: Editions de IRD (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement), 227-240.

Nunn, P.D. 1999. Geomorphology of the Pacific Islands. In: Rapaport, M. (editor). The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society. Honolulu: Bess Press, 43-55.

Nunn, P.D. 1999. Pacific Island beaches – a diminishing resource? Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) Newsletter, 5 (2), 1-3.
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Nunn, P.D. (editor). 1999. Special Issue on Kadavu. Domodomo (Journal of the Fiji Museum), Volume 12.

Nunn, P.D. 1999. Early human settlement and the possibility of contemporaneous volcanism, western Kadavu, Fiji. Domodomo (Journal of the Fiji Museum), 12, 36-49.

Nunn, P.D. 1999. Lapita pottery from Moturiki Island, central Fiji. Archaeology in New Zealand, 42, 309-313.

Nunn, P.D. and Omura, A. 1999. Penultimate Interglacial emerged reef around Kadavu Island, Southwest Pacific: implications for late Quaternary island-arc tectonics and sea-level history. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 42, 219-227.

Nunn, P.D., Veitayaki, J., Ram-Bidesi, V. and Vunisea, A. 1999. Coastal issues for oceanic islands: implications for human futures. Natural Resources Forum, 23, 195-207.


1998

Dickinson, W.R., Burley, D.V., Nunn, P.D., Anderson, A., Hope, G., de Biran, A., Burke, C. and Matararaba, S. 1998. Geomorphic and archaeological landscapes of the Sigatoka Dunes site, Viti Levu, Fiji: interdisciplinary investigations. Asian Perspectives, 37, 1-31.[pdf]

Mimura, N. and Nunn, P.D. 1998. Trends of beach erosion and shoreline protection in rural Fiji. Journal of Coastal Research, 14, 37-46.

Nunn, P.D. (editor). 1998. Consequences of Sea-level Change during the Holocene in the Pacific Basin. Special section of the Journal of Coastal Research, 14, 1-46.

Nunn, P.D. 1998. Consequences of Sea-level Change during the Holocene in the Pacific Basin: Introduction. Journal of Coastal Research, 14, 1-2.

Nunn, P.D. 1998. Sea-level changes over the past 1000 years in the Pacific. Journal of Coastal Research, 14, 23-30.

Nunn, P.D. 1998. “Rocks and Relief”, “Climate and Weather”, “Environmental Change”. In: Chandra, R. and Mason, K. (editors). An Atlas of Fiji. Suva: Geography Department, The University of the South Pacific, 18-19, 20-23, 24-25 (respectively).

Nunn, P.D. 1998. Late Quaternary tectonic change on the islands of the northern Lau-Colville Ridge, southwest Pacific. In: Stewart, I.S. and Vita-Finzi, C. (editors). Coastal Tectonics. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 146, 269-278.

Nunn, P.D. 1998. Sea-level changes in the Pacific: past, present and future. In: Terry, J. (editor). Climate and Environmental Change in the Pacific Basin.  Suva: School of Social and Economic Development, The University of the South Pacific, 103-111.

Nunn, P.D. 1998. Humans in the Pacific Islands: illuminating the past and future. Journal of Pacific Studies, 22, 173-189.


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Research Activities

Photo 1: Lapita potsherd from Naitabale, Moturiki, Central Fiji. The island of Moturiki in central Fiji was the focus of a major research project led by Patrick Nunn in 2002. The results have just been published (see 2007 publication list above). The finds included some spectacular pieces of Lapita-era pottery, dating from 1000-500 BC.
Photo 3: 2800-year old skeleton from Naitabale, Moturiki, Central Fiji. A key discovery of the 2002 research on Moturiki Island was of a complete human burial, dated to about 800 BC. Named Mana by its discoverer, the skull was particularly well preserved and was able to be reconstructed (see next photo).
Photo 4: The reconstructed head of Mana, a woman who lived on Moturiki Island in central Fiji about 800 BC. This is the first time that the face of the Lapita people has ever been seen.
Photo 5: The Lapita site at Bourewa, Viti Levu, Fiji. In 2003, the Lapita-era settlement at Bourewa (near Natadola in southwest Viti Levu Island, Fiji) was discovered by a team led by Patrick Nunn. It has since been excavated on six occasions, each under the direction of Patrick Nunn assisted by Roselyn Kumar and Sepeti Matararaba. The most recent summary publication is available above (see 2007 publications – Echoes...). The Bourewa site is believed to be the earliest in the Fiji archipelago, established around 1100 BC.
Photo 6: In places the shell midden at Bourewa is almost 2 metres thick. Here Patrick Nunn is measuring a particularly deep part. The bottom of the shell midden in such places is a good indicator of the age of thee earliest period of settlement.
Photo 7: Roselyn Kumar has assisted with all six phases of field research at Bourewa. She is currently studying for her PhD at the University of the South Pacific, using the Bourewa shell midden to try and determine the course of climate changes during Lapita times.
Photo 8: Sepeti Matararaba (with glasses) has assisted with all six phases of field research at Bourewa. Sepeti works for the Fiji Museum and is here in conversation with graduate student Teddy Fong.
Photo 9: The last phase of field research at Bourewa took place over an eight-week period between November 2007 and February 2008. This shows a view at the end of this period; 27 pits were excavated, most 2 metres by 2 metres. The pits were left open, and it is hoped that the site will be preserved in the national interest.
Photo 10: The largest piece of decorated Lapita pottery found during the 2007-2008 excavation was discovered in the wall of a pit by Roselyn Kumar. It was upside down when she extracted it, she thought it was undecorated. Then she turned it over and, for the first time in 3000+ years, these eyes stared out at her. The fine decoration on this sherd was enhanced by lime infilling by its Lapita manufacturers.

Contact information:
Email: nunn_p@usp.ac.fj
Phone: 323 2946 (Country Code 679)
Office Number M102A (Marine Campus)

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School of Geography
Faculty of Islands and Oceans
The University of the South Pacific
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