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Wednesday, January 02, 2008



Lawmaker: History wrong on Gen. Malvar

By Maricel V. Cruz, Reporter

For a Southern Tagalog lawmaker, history is wrong in naming Manuel L. Quezon as the second President of the Philippine Republic serving after Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.

In House Bill 2594, Rep. Rodolfo Valencia of Oriental Mindoro is pushing to declare General Miguel Malvar—a prominent revolutionary hero—as the second Philippine President in an effort to rectify his place in the succession of the country’s heads of state.

Historical records validate Malvar’s ascension to the presidency, Valencia said.

“General Malvar took over the revolutionary government after General Emilio Aguinaldo, first President of the Republic, was captured on March 23, 1901, and [was] exiled in Hong Kong by the American colonial government—since he was next in command,” the Mindoro congressman explained.

The Philippine revolutionary junta legitimized Malvar’s ascendancy to the position, Valencia said, citing historical accounts.

He added that the distinguished Filipino historian, Teodoro Agoncillo, had written that Malvar “took over the leadership of the Filipino government, or what remained of it, and harassed the Americans by his guerilla tactics.” Malvar served as President of the revolutionary government from the time of Aguinaldo’s capture on March 23, 1901, to April 16, 1902, historical records show.

The book Army of First Philippine Republic by Professor Luis Camara Dery of the De La Salle University’s History Department gives further credence to Malvar’s rightful place in history, Valencia said.

He added that Malvar’s distinguished achievements and indispensable contributions need no further enumeration, but it is necessary for surviving generations to preserve his legacies and correct history.




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