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Guacamole (called guacamol in Central America and Cuba) is an avocado-based relish or dip.


[edit] History

A molcajete and tejolote

Of Aztec origin, it was originally valued for its high fat and vitamin content. Guacamole was originally made by mashing the avocado with a molcajete (a type of mortar and pestle) and adding tomatoes and salt. After the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, guacamole became popular in Spain. Since avocados failed to grow well in Spain guacamole remained an American food.

The name guacamole comes from Mexican Spanish via Nahuatl āhuacamolli, from āhuacatl (="avocado") + molli (="sauce"). In Spanish it is pronounced [ɣʷakaˈmole]; in American English it is pronounced /ˌgwɑːkəˈmoʊli/, and in British English sometimes /ˌgwækəˈmoʊli/.

[edit] Ingredients

Ripe avocados, lime, and salt are common to most recipes. Lime or lemon juice is added not only for flavour but also to slow the reaction of the enzyme that causes browning. If the avocado is mashed without being diced into small cubes, the guacamole will brown sooner.

Other common ingredients include minced tomatoes, minced or grated red onion, black pepper, chili pepper, garlic, cumin, cilantro, and worcestershire sauce.[citation needed] Adding a few drops of coconut milk or regular milk can increase the smooth texture of the guacamole and add a subtle hint of sweetness.

Traditional Mexican standard ingredients include avocados, minced tomatoes and white onions, cilantro (lots of it), lime, garlic salt, and salt and pepper (added to taste).

[edit] Commercial guacamole

Bowl of guacamole, freshly made with tomatoes, red onions, lime and coriander

There are many types of pre-made guacamole available in stores. Fresh guacamole is available and is often available refrigerated. The non-fresh guacamole most like fresh is preserved by freezing or sometimes high pressure packaging.[1] Other non-fresh preparations need higher levels of fillers and artificial preservatives to be shelf stable.

One of the world's largest food companies, Kraft Foods, came under fire with consumer complaints and lawsuits regarding Kraft's commercial guacamole[2]. The main issue was that Kraft's guacamole contained less than 2 percent avocado and contains hydrogenated oils and artificial colors to try to approximate the consistency and color of avocados.

[edit] References

[edit] External links

Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/article on
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