Upper Sorbian (hornjoserbska rýŔ, hornjosreb╣Šina) belongs to the Slavic group of the Indoeuropean family of languages. About 50 thousand people in the Lusatia region of the German Federal Republic in Budy╣in town (Bautzen in German) and its surrounding speak it. There also is another Slavic language in Germany near the ChoÂobuz town (Cottbus), the Lower Sorbian (delnjoserbska rýc, about 20 thousand users). Both languages are quite similar to each other, but the Lower Sorbian is slightly more alike Polish, while the Upper Sorbian resembles some Czech attributes.

Literature in both Sorbian languages has been developing since sixteenth century. From the early medieval period until the end of the second world war Sorbs were under permanent pressure of German politics which aimed at denationalisation of Sorbs. Only in the last sixty years have thay had cultural autonomy and language rights in the Germany state (until 1990 the East Germany).