Research topic:Patna

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From: Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names | Date: 2005 | Author: | Copyright information

Patna, India, UK India (Bihār): founded in the 5th century bc as Pāṭaliputra, and capital of the ancient Kingdom of Magadha, its present name is probably simply a shortened version of the original from pāṭala ‘pale red’ and putra ‘son’. It might come, however, from the Hindi paṭṭana ‘city’. It was abandoned in the 7th century, but refounded in 1541 as Patna by Afghans. The name Azimabad, adopted for a period from 1704, was a tribute to 'Azīm al‐Shain, who made his court here; he was a grandson of Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (1658–1707).

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JOHN EVERETT-HEATH. "Patna." Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names. Oxford University Press. 2005. 4 Feb. 2009 <>.

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