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Subviral Agent: Satellites
Nucleic Acid: DNA and RNA
General Host: Bacteria, Fungi
Invertebrates, Plants

Agent 81. Satellites


Definition

Satellites are sub-viral agents composed of nucleic acid molecules that depend for their productive multiplication on co-infection of a host cell with a helper virus. Satellite nucleic acids have substantially distinct nucleotide sequences from those of the genomes of either their helper virus or host. When a satellite encodes the coat protein in which its nucleic acid is encapsidated it is referred to as a satellite virus.

Categories of Satellites

Group           81.001.   Satellite Viruses
Type                81.001.4. Single-Stranded RNA Satellite Viruses
Subgroup 1:                81.001.4.01.   Chronic Bee-Paralysis Virus Associated Satellite
Subgroup 2:                81.001.4.02.   Tobacco Necrosis Virus Satellite
Group           81.002.   Satellite Nucleic Acids
Type                81.002.2. Single-Stranded Satellite DNAs
Type                81.002.3. Double-Stranded Satellite RNAs
Type                81.002.4. Single-Stranded Satellite RNAs
Subgroup 1:                81.002.4.01.   Large Satellite RNAs
Subgroup 2:                81.002.4.02.   Small Linear Satellite RNAs
Subgroup 3:                81.002.4.03.   Circular Satellite RNAs

Group 81.001. Satellite Viruses


Type 81.001.4. Single-Stranded RNA Satellite Viruses


Subgroup 1:    81.001.04.01. Chronic Bee-Paralysis Virus Associated Satellite

List of Species

81.001.4.01.001. Chronic bee-paralysis satellite virus


Subgroup 2:    81.001.04.02. Tobacco Necrosis Virus Satellite

List of Species

81.001.4.02.001. Maize white line mosaic satellite virus [M55012]
81.001.4.02.002. Panicum mosaic satellite virus [M17182]
81.001.4.02.003. Tobacco mosaic satellite virus [M25782]
81.001.4.02.004. Tobacco necrosis satellite virus [V01468]






Group 81.002. Satellite Nucleic Acids


Type 81.002.2. Single-Stranded Satellite DNAs


List of Species

81.002.2.01.001. Tomato leaf curl virus satellite DNA [AB116230]


Type 81.002.3. Double-Stranded Satellite RNAs


List of Species

81.002.3.01.001. satellite of Saccharomyces cerevisiae M virus
81.002.3.01.001.    (M satellites of yeast)
81.002.3.01.003. satellite of Trichomonas vaginalis T1 virus [U15991]




List of Tentative Species

81.002.3.81.002. satellite of Ustilago maydis killer M virus


Type 81.002.4. Single-Stranded Satellite RNAs


Subgroup 1:    81.002.4.01. Large Satellite RNAs

List of Species

81.002.4.01.001. Arabis mosaic virus large satellite RNA [D00664]
81.002.4.01.002. Bamboo mosaic virus satellite RNA [L22762]
81.002.4.01.003. Chicory yellow mottle virus large satellite RNA [D00686]
81.002.4.01.004. Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus satellite RNA
81.002.4.01.005. Grapevine fanleaf virus satellite RNA [D00442]
81.002.4.01.006. Myrobalan latent ringspot virus satellite RNA
Strawberry latent ringspot virus satellite RNA [X69826]
81.002.4.01.009. Tomato black ring virus satellite RNA [X05689]
81.002.4.01.009.    (TBRV-G serotype satellite RNA)
81.002.4.01.010. Beet ringspot virus satellite RNA
81.002.4.01.010.    (TBRV-G serotype satellite RNA)













List of Tentative Species

81.002.4.81.011. Beet necrotic yellow vein virus satellite-like RNA5


Subgroup 2:    81.002.04.02 Small Linear Satellite RNAs

List of Species

81.002.4.02.001. Cucumber mosaic virus satellite RNA (several types) [M10686]
81.002.4.02.005. Cymbidium ringspot virus satellite RNA [D00720]
81.002.4.02.010. Pea enation mosaic virus satellite RNA [U03564]
81.002.4.02.011. Groundnut rosette virus satellite RNA [AF202870]
81.002.4.02.002. Panicum mosaic virus small satellite RNA
81.002.4.02.003. Peanut stunt virus satellite RNA [Z98198]
81.002.4.02.004. Turnip crinkle virus satellite RNA [X12749]
81.002.4.02.007. Tomato bushy stunt virus satellite RNA, B10
Tomato bushy stunt virus satellite RNA, B1
[AF022788]
[AF022787]











List of Tentative Species

81.002.4.82.006. Tobacco necrosis virus small satellite RNA
81.002.4.82.008. Robinia mosaic virus satellite RNA



Subgroup 3:    81.002.04.03. Circular Satellite RNAs

List of Species

81.002.4.03.001. Arabis mosaic virus small satellite RNA [M21212]
81.002.4.03.002. Cereal yellow dwarf virus-RPV satellite RNA [M63666]
was 64.0.5.4.02.    (Barley yellow dwarf virus satellite RNA)
81.002.4.03.003. Chicory yellow mottle virus satellite RNA [D00721]
81.002.4.03.003. Lucerne transient streak virus satellite RNA [X01984]
81.002.4.03.004. Solanum nodiflorum mottle virus satellite RNA [J02386]
81.002.4.03.005. Subterranean clover mottle virus satellite RNA (2 Types) [M33001]
81.002.4.03.006. Tobacco ringspot virus satellite RNA [M14879]
81.002.4.03.007. Velvet tobacco mottle virus satellite RNA [J02439]











Contributed by

Mayo MA, Berns KI, Fritsch C, Kaper JM, Jackson AO, Leibowitz MJ, Taylor JM


Last Updated 25-Aug-03 by Cornelia Büchen-Osmond
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