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Lewis and Clark National Historical Park
Cape Disappointment State Park (WA)
 
Cape Disappointment

After missing the entrance to what was later named the Columbia River, English explorer John Meares dubbed the massive headland jutting out into the Pacific Ocean “Cape Disappointment.” That was in 1788. Almost 20 years later, Capt. William Clark and members of the Corps of Discovery explored the headland in their final push to the Pacific Ocean.

Today Cape Disappointment State Park offers 27 miles of ocean beach, two lighthouses, hiking trails, camping and the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center.

Perched on a cliff 200 feet above the mouth of the Columbia River, the center tells the story of the Corps of Discovery’s journey, focusing particularly on their Pacific Coast stay. It’s a wonderful stop for families, with interactive exhibits that let children try to pack a canoe without tipping it, follow a treasure hunt and check out what the Corps had for its inaugural meal (hint: it was served on china) to what it ate during the rainy winter at Fort Clatsop (roots and sometimes dog figured into the menu.)

During winter and spring, trained volunteers come to the center to help visitors spot passing Gray whales on their migration. You can also learn about the nearby North Head and Cape Disappointment Lighthouses. Cape Disappointment Lighthouse is the oldest operating lighthouse on the West Coast. The lighthouses both function to protect mariners from the rough and ever-changing Columbia River Bar in the treacherous area known as the Graveyard of the Pacific.

There are several short hikes nearby, many of which follow routes that Capt. Clark and the Corps took to explore the ocean beach below. The park produces a helpful guide, “Hiking Trails of Cape Disappointment State Park” available at the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center.

The world renowned designer Maya Lin is working with Washington State Parks to redevelop a portion of Cape Disappointment as part of her Confluence Project.

The park offers breathtaking views of the Pacific Ocean and Columbia River, with old-growth forest, lakes, freshwater and saltwater marshes, as well as streams and tidelands along the ocean. Three vacation rentals are available.

Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center:  Open year-round from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily. Admission into the center is $3 per adult and $1 per child ages 7 to 17. Children ages 6 and under enter for free.

North Head Lighthouse: Open seasonally to visitors (tours cost $1 per person). No Federal or State passes. Call the park office at (360) 642-3078 for hours and tour information.

The Colbert House Museum:  Open May 26 through Sept. 30 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Friday through Sunday.

 
historic photo
The Washington State Historical Society
This historic photo shows a view to the southeast of the beach adjacent to McKenzie Head with Cape Disappointment in the background. The low isthmus is where Clark’s excursion party crossed the cape and then camped on the beach on the night of November 18, 1805.
 

In 1788, while in search of the Columbia River, English Captain John Meares missed the passage over the river bar and named the nearby headland Cape Disappointment for his failure in finding the river. In 1792, American Captain Robert Gray successfully crossed the river bar and named the river "Columbia" after his ship, the Columbia Rediviva. Only a few years later, in 1805, the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at Cape Disappointment.

The Cape Disappointment Lighthouse was constructed in 1856 to warn seamen of the treacherous river bar known by then as "the graveyard of the Pacific." This is the oldest functioning lighthouse on the West Coast.

In 1862, Cape Disappointment was armed with smoothbore cannons to protect the mouth of the Columbia River from enemies. The installation was expanded to become Fort Canby in 1875. The fort was named after General Edward Canby, who was killed in the Modoc Indian War. The fort continued to be improved until the end of World War II. Gun batteries still sit uptop the park.

 
Waikiki Beac-h-Cape Disappointment State Park
Cliff Vancura of Otak, Inc.
This photograph is a present-day view of waves from the Pacific Ocean crashing on the rocky bluffs of Cape Disappointment. On top of these bluffs is the proposed location of the Memorial to Thomas Jefferson.
 

More Information

History & Culture of Cape Disappointment State Park

Cape Disappointment - Washington State Parks

Cape Disappointment - Vacation Rentals & Information

Maya Lin Confluence Project

Discovery Trail
Discovery Trail
Discovery Trail is an 8-mile walk/bike trail running through Cape Disappointment State Park
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North Head Lighthouse
North Head Lighthouse
North Head LIghthouse, in Cape Disappointment State Park
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Fort Columbia (WA)
Fort Columbia (WA)
Fort Columbia, near Chinook, Washington is just a short distance from Station Camp and Dismal Nitch
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Station Camp (WA)
Station Camp, the site of the Corps' historic vote
Station Camp, the site of the Corps' historic vote
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Netul River Trail - Fort Clatsop  

Did You Know?
The Netul River Trail, which is located at Fort Clatsop, is 1 1/2 miles in length. It connects Fort Clatsop with Netul Landing.

Last Updated: October 20, 2006 at 21:03 EST