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Bootstrap Institute logo 
. March 9, 2005
Curriculum Vitae
Dr. Doug EngelbartDr. Douglas C. Engelbart,
Director, Bootstrap Institute,
incorporated in 1988 as a California corporation (but operated more like a non-profit institute in our quest to form strategic alliances aimed at dramatically improving organizations and society at large.)  2

January 30, 1925, Portland, Oregon.  2A

1948. B.S. (electrical engineering), Oregon State University where he was Senior Honor Student and member of Phi Kappa Phi, Tau Beta Pi, Sigma Tau, Eta Kappa Nu, Blue Key
1952. B.Eng., University of California at Berkeley.
1955. PhD (electrical engineering, with specialty in computers), University of California at Berkeley where he was a Sigma XI
1994. Honorary Doctorate, Oregon State University.*
2001. Honorary Doctorate, Santa Clara University.*  2B

1990-present. Director, Bootstrap Institute, Palo Alto, CA Working closely with industry and government stakeholders on the practical application of his work, and continuing with speaking engagements, seminars, and publications. Part time Visiting Scholar at Stanford University.
1989-90. Director, Bootstrap Project, Stanford University (18-month project). Laid the groundwork for a multi-corporate Bootstrap Initiative for cooperative advanced research in collaborative knowledge development, including: (1) requirements for an open hyperdocument system (OHS); (2) exploratory pilots in which to co-evolve associated work methods with successive OHS prototypes; and (3) strategies for in-house deployment and continuous improvement. Developed a three-day management seminar to communicate the underlying strategic framework to executives.
1984-89. Senior Scientist, McDonnell Douglas ISG, San Jose, CA, upon the company acquiring Tymshare in 1984. Worked closely with the Aerospace Components on issues of integrated information-system architectures and associated evolutionary strategies (an extension of work at Stanford Research Institute during 1957-77).
1977-84. Senior Scientist, Tymshare, Inc., Cupertino, CA. Tymshare had bought the commercial rights to NLS, renamed it AUGMENT, and set the system up as a principal line of business in their newly formed Office Automation Division.
1959-77. Director, Augmentation Research Center, Stanford Research International. Directed own research laboratory of up to 47 people, pioneering modern interactive working environment. Developed oN-Line System (NLS) which integrated many firsts in computer technology, including the mouse, display editing, windows, cross-file editing, idea/outline processing, hypermedia, and groupware (incl. shared-screen teleconferencing and computer-supported meeting room. Initiated ARPANet's Network Information Center (NIC).
1957-59. Researcher, Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International) Worked on magnetic computer components; fundamental study of digital-device phenomena, and miniaturization scaling potential.
1955-56. Assistant Professor, electrical engineering, University of California at Berkeley.
1948-51.Electrical engineer, NACA Ames Laboratory, Mountain View, CA (now NASA).
1944-46.US Navy, electronic/radar technician, WW II.  2C.

See biographical sketch by Christina Engelbart.  2D

* Seven patents relating to bi-stable gaseous plasma digital devices resulting from work 1954-58:
* Twelve patents relating to all-magnetic digital devices resulting from work 1954-58:
* A patent for the computer mouse. Note: Since 1959, the mouse was the only one of Engelbart's historical "firsts" then deemed patentable.
(cf Patents.)  2E

2005. Certificate of Special Congressional Recognition. - "In recognition of outstanding and invaluable service to the community." The certificate, dated February 23, 2005, has the Seal of "Member of Congress, United States of America" and is signed by Michael M. Honda, Member of Congress.
2005. Inducted into the Silicon Valley Engineering Council Hall of Fame. - "Dr. Engelbart's extraordinary commitment to advanced computing revolutionized the way we communicate and collaborate, and paved the way for the digital age.... His life's work is an inspiration to engineers of the future."
2002. Elected to the CHI Academy of the ACM. - "For Leadership in the Field of Computer Human Interaction." The announcement was made in April 2002.
2002. "Douglas C. Engelbart Day." - Oregon State Governor John Kitzhaber proclaimed January 24, 2002 as "Douglas C. Engelbart Day" in honor of the OSU alumnus credited with inventing the computer mouse, e-mail, the concept of windows, hypertext, the pointer cursor, and numerous other inventions that have revolutionized the way people interact with computers.
2001. Industry Hall Of Fame. - Awarded by CRN, in conjunction with the Computer History Museum of San Jose, CA for having "made significant contributions in developing, founding or advancing technology." Presented on November 12, 2001 at Comdex in Las Vegas, NV.
2001. Lovelace Medal. - Awarded by The British Computer Society for having "made a contribution of major significance in the advancement of information systems or which adds significantly to the understanding of the development of Information Systems." Presented on October 25, 2001 in London, England.
2001. Douglas C. Engelbart Room. - Cyberia Corporate Services named one of their training rooms in honor of Douglas C. Engelbart.
2001. Webby Lifetime Achievement Award . -- For playing an integral role in the creative, technical, or professional progress of the Internet.
2000. National Medal of Technology. -- Bestowed by U.S. President Clinton. Citation: "For creating the foundations of personal computing including continuous real-time interaction based on cathode-ray tube displays and the mouse, hypertext linking, text editing, on-line journals, shared-screen teleconferencing, and remote collaborative work. [story and photographs]
2000. Inductee, The Computer Hall of Fame. -- Named one of the top computer industry innovators of all time by voters on the Internet.
1999. Software Visionary Award. -- Presented by the Software Development Forum "for helping to usher in an era of personal computing, office automation and global connectivity" on June 29, 1999 at its Second Annual Event.
1999. IEEE John Von Neumann Medal Award. -- "For creating the foundations of real-time, interactive, personal computing including CRT displays, windows, the mouse, hypermedia linking and conferencing, and on-line journals." The award, sponsored by IBM Corporation, was presented at the annual IEEE Honors Ceremony on June 12, 1999 in London, England.
1999. Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science. -- Presented "For visionary development of computer software and hardware that revolutionized human-computer interactions, as exemplified by his invention of "The Mouse". "Dr. Engelbart's seminal innovations initiated a truly fundamental change in computing that makes possible easy access to the power of computers for millions of individuals." The award was presented on April 29, 1999. in the Benjamin Franklin National Memorial in Philadelphia, PA.
1999. Weldon B. "Hoot" Gibson Achievement Award. -- First recipient of SRI International's award which "recognizes outstanding contributions by an SRI employee that has had a noteworthy impact on improving the standard of living and on the peace and prosperity of society, and has added special luster to the reputation of SRI." The award was presented on March 2, 1999 at SRI's International Building Auditorium.
1998. Stanford Symposium celebrates Doug Engelbart's Unfinished Revolution. -- On December 9, 1998 an all-day symposium entitled "Engelbart's Unfinished Revolution" was held at Stanford University's Memorial Auditorium to "celebrate the innovations of SRI alumnus and 'hero' of the revolution, Douglas Engelbart."
1998. Inductee, OSU Engineering Hall of Fame. -- Oregon State award presented on October 18, 1998 at the Oregon State Alumni Center.
1998. Ronald H. Brown American Innovators Award. -- Presented by the U.S. Department of Commerce and the Patent and Trademark Office at the awards ceremony held on October 14, 1998. at the Herbert C. Hoover Building in Washington, D.C.
1998. Inductee, National Inventors Hall of Fame. -- The National Inventors Hall of Fame celebrates the creative and entrepreneurial spirit of great inventors on September 19, 1998 in Akron, Ohio.
1998. George R. Stibitz Computer Pioneer Award. -- Presented by the American Computer Museum in conjunction with the Computer Science Department of Montana State University, Bozeman, MT in May 1998.
1997. ACM A.M. Turing Award. -- Presented May 10, 1998 during the ACM Awards Banquet, held in conjunction with ACM's Policy 98 Conference in Washington, DC. "for over 30 years of inspiring vision into the future of interactive and organizational computing and his invention and/or innovation of key technologies."
1997. Lemelson-MIT Prize. -- Presented April 10 at the Smithsonian Museum of American History in Washington DC, with a check for $500,000. This award is sponsored by the Lemelson-MIT Awards Program "to provide positive role models for American youngsters, and celebrate excellence in creativity, invention and innovation ... Engelbart's contributions to the future of computing extend beyond his revolutionary innovations," said Lemelson. "His achievements signal the importance of vision and determination that will inspire future generations of innovators."
1997. Inductee into the Discovery Online Hackers' Hall of Fame.
1996. ASIS Special Award. -- Awarded by the American Society for Information Science "which confers recognition on special achievements during a career" at their annual awards banquet on October 23, 1996.
1996. Distinguished Engineering Alumnus. -- Awarded on September 25, 1996 by the University of California, Berkeley, Engineering Alumni Society. This award "... honors Douglas C. Engelbart - who by his vision and invention has changed the way we work and create - has brought distinction to the College of Engineering and it's alumni."
1996. Certificate of Merit. -- Awarded by The Franklin Institute, Committee on Science and the Arts, "for unique and critical contributions in the development of the computer for the modern world" Presented in the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the ENIAC Computer, Philadelphia, PA, May 1, 1996.
1995. SoftQuad Web Award. -- Presented at the World Wide Web conference, Boston, MA, December 13, 1995. "Commemorating a lifetime of imagination and achievement and for his contribution to computing, communication, collaborative work and the foundations of the World Wide Web."
1995. Editors' Choice Award. -- Presented at the 10th Annual MacUser Awards Ceremony, San Francisco, CA, January 3.
1994. Engelbart Award. -- Established by the International Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia as an award "for excellence in scholarship to be awarded to the authors of the best paper presented at the annual SIGLINK conference... in perpetuity."
1994. Certificate of Appreciation from Smart Valley Inc. -- For "significant contribution toward furthering the goals of Smart Valley, Inc."
1994. Price Waterhouse Lifetime Achievement Award. -- Presented at the Computerworld Smithsonian awards program in Washington, DC, on June 6th to recognize "outstanding dedication, courage and cooperative spirit" in the area of information technology. In conjunction with this award, the Smithsonian has recorded an oral history of/by Engelbart to be added to their permanent research collection, and to the special display set aside for these awards in the Smithsonian Exhibit on the Information Age.
1993. IEEE Computer Pioneer Award. -- Presented by the IEEE Computer Society January 7, "as an acknowledgment of his seminal contributions in computer science, in particular those in the field of Human Computer Interaction. This award was established to recognize and honor the vision of outstanding individuals whose efforts have resulted in the creation and continued vitality of the electronic computer industry."
1992. Pioneer of the Electronic Frontier. -- Presented in Washington DC by the Electronic Frontier Foundation on March 19, naming Engelbart as "one of our era's true visionaries."
1991. Lifetime Achievement Award. -- Presented by the Dominican College of San Rafael, CA, Oct. 18.
1991. Distinguished Alumnus Award. -- Presented by the UC Berkeley Computer Science and Engineering Department on May 25, "for Pioneering Contributions to the Conception and Design of Interactive Computer Systems."
1991. American Ingenuity Award. -- Presented March 14 at the National Association of Manufacturers' Congress of American Industry in Washington DC, with a trophy and medallion inducting him into the American Ingenuity Hall of Fame. This award is sponsored by Coors "to honor individuals who have forever changed the way we do business in the United States. This annual award recognizes individuals whose accomplishments are due largely to innovation and perseverance... who have had the courage to bring forth new ideas, but may have done so without widespread recognition." The panel of judges included a U.S. Senator and senior executives from industry. Recognition for this award was noted in the Congressional Record by Senator John Seymour on March 14 (Vol.137, No. 44, pp. S3453-4).
1990. ACM Software System Award. -- To Engelbart and two researchers from his historic SRI lab for their pioneering work on the early versions of the NLS system. Presented at the ACM computer conference in San Antonio, TX, March 5, 1991, as "a fitting recognition of the importance of this seminal work on interactive system design."
1990. Lifetime Achievement Award for Vision, Inspiration, and Contribution. -- Presented by the Electronic Networking Association in San Francisco, CA, May 1990.
1989. Citation for Distinguished Service and Outstanding Contributions in His Field. -- Presented by the Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity at a National Conference in St. Louis, Missouri (also awarded to Robert Stempel, then president of GM).
1987. Lifetime Achievement Award for Technical Excellence. -- Presented by PC Magazine at COMDEX in Las Vegas, NV, Nov. 1987, stating "Engelbart's contribution to personal computing is almost inestimable."
1987. E.B. Lemon Distinguished Alumni Award. -- Presented by the Oregon State University Alumni Association on May 9, 1987 for "significantly contributing to society and whose accomplishments and career has brought credit to his alma mater." A room in the new Engineering Building was also named in his honor. 2F

* Elected Member, National Academy of Engineering, Washington, DC, since 1996.
* Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, since 1994.
* Network Member, Global Business Network
* National Academy of Science Committee on Augmentation of Human Intellect, 1989.
* Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, Advisory Board Member, ongoing.
* The Technology Center of Silicon Valley, Advisory Council Member, ongoing.
* National Academy of Science panel on the future role of computers in research libraries, 1968-70.
* IEEE member since 1947 (AIEE & IRE); treasurer, vice-chairman, also chairman of San Francisco Chapter of IEEE Professional Group on Electronic Computers (PGEC) 1957-59.  2G

Public life
Has participated as keynote speaker at several dozen conferences in the U.S. and abroad and been interviewed for numerous newspaper and magazine articles as well as on radio and on TV (cf The press).  2H

Technical publications
Has written more than two dozen technical articles impacting on how society may perform better (cf Engelbart papers).  2I

Footnotes  9

Re Honorary Doctorate, Oregon State University. Citation, dated June 12, 1994:  9A

Upon recommendation of the Faculty Committee on Honorary Doctorates, and with the approval of the State Board of Higher Education, the President of the University has selected the following recipient to receive an honorary doctorate: DOUGLAS C. ENGELBART, Doctor of Engineering  9A1

Douglas C. Engelbart, a 1948 graduate of OSU in electrical engineering, is one of the true pioneers in the computing industry. Almost every person who uses a personal computer, at home or in the office likely has been influenced by his creative mind.  9A2

Engelbart has had an enormous impact on modern computing, yet he has received little recognition for his efforts. He invented the concept of computer "windows," which allow users access to multiple directories or files, and presents them in a more visual manner.  9A3

He also is credited with the invention of the computer mouse, a handy gadget that allows the user to quickly and efficiently move the cursor to a desired location.  9A4

These inventions emerged from a comprehensive strategic framework which Engelbart formulated in 1962 as an effort to integrate computer systems. Other now-common features developed in that early effort include integrated electronic mail, hypermedia, structured document files, and multi-tool integration.  9A5

Today, many of these features are found on software marketed by industry giants, including Apple Computer and Microsoft, and by hundreds of smaller companies around the world.  9A6

During his distinguished career, he has been a university educator, a research scientist, and an administrator. Since 1990, Engelbart has directed the Bootstrap Institute in Palo Alto, Calif., an organization that works closely with government and industry on the development of advanced knowledge.  9A7

Engelbart has received numerous awards for his achievements, including the American Ingenuity Award. [>].  9A8

Re Honorary Doctorate, Santa Clara University.  Citation, dated June 17, 2001:  9B

The President and Board of Trustees of Santa Clara University Hereby Confer Upon Douglas C. Engelbart The Degree of Doctor of Science Honoris Causa.  9B1

A modern-day pioneer, you are one of a handful of trailblazers who helped to transform this region from the Valley of the Heart's Delight to the Silicon Valley, known around the world as the center of the high-tech revolution.  9B2

Over the past 30 years, you have imagined and created some of the most important tools in computer technology, including display editing, windows, hypermedia, and the mouse itself. At your hand began the clicking and double-clicking that is now heard around the world.  9B3

Today your concepts and inventions are widely recognized as central to the development of the industry, but this was not always the case. Over the years, you and your ideas were sometimes met with confusion, rejection, and outright hostility. But, as you once said of your life, 'The rate at which a person can mature is directly proportional to the embarrassment he can tolerate. I have tolerated a lot.'  9B4

A true visionary, you forged on through this storm of adversity, intent on bringing your ideas to life, and the world is a better place because of your perseverance.  9B5

In 1988, you and your daughter founded the Bootstrap Institute to highlight the many challenges we face as a society and to explore more effective ways to communicate and solve problems. Along with your technological creations, the Institute illustrates your devotion to collaboration, and your belief in boosting our collective capabilities.  9B6

For your brilliant mind, for your fearless pursuit of innovation, and for the countless ways your creations have advanced this valley and the world, Santa Clara University is proud to honor you today.  9B7

Affixed with the seal of the University and given at Santa Clara on the seventeenth day of June in the year of Our Lord two thousand one.
Signed: Paul Locatelli, S.J., President of the University
Signed: Edward A. Panelli, Chairman of the Board of Trustees. [>].

Imagine what we can accomplish together
Above space serves to put hyperlinked targets at the top of the window
mouse 1967.jpg
Mouse, 1967  11

Press clipping:  11A
From a letter in Time of November 20, 2000, by Curtis R. Carlson, President and CEO, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA.:  11A1
Your article on Xerox noted that its research center Xerox PARC was responsible for the computer mouse. Douglas C. Engelbart and his team at SRI International (which was then known as Stanford Research Institute) invented the mouse and created the foundations for personal computing. The patent for the mouse was filed in 1967, three years before Xerox PARC was established in 1981.  11A2

Genesis of the mouse:  11B
From the introduction of Augmenting human intellect: A conceptual framework (1962):   11B1
Let us consider an augmented architect at work. He sits at a working station that has a visual display screen some three feet on a side; this is his working surface, and is controlled by a computer (his "clerk") with which he can communicate by means of a small keyboard and various other devices.  11B2

He is designing a building. He has already dreamed up several basic layouts and structural forms, and is trying them out on the screen. The surveying data for the layout he is working on now have already been entered, and he has just coaxed the clerk to show him a perspective view of the steep hillside building site with the roadway above, symbolic representations of the various trees that are to remain on the lot, and the service tie points for the different utilities. The view occupies the left two-thirds of the screen. With a pointer he indicates two points of interest, moves his left hand rapidly over the keyboard, and the distance and elevation between the points indicated appear on the right-hand third of the screen.  11B3

From Vannevar Bush's, As we may think (1945, quoted by Engelbart in Augmenting human intellect).  11B4
"Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library. It needs a name, and to coin one at random, "memex" will do. A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.  11B4A

"It consists of a desk, and while it can presumably be operated from a distance, it is primarily the piece of furniture at which he works. On the top are slanting translucent screens, on which material can be projected for convenient reading. There is a keyboard, and sets of buttons and levers. Otherwise it looks like an ordinary desk.  11B4B

"In one end is the stored material. The matter of bulk is well taken care of by improved microfilm. Only a small part of the interior of the memex is devoted to storage, the rest to mechanism. Yet if the user inserted 5000 pages of material a day it would take him hundreds of years to fill the repository, so he can be profligate and enter material freely.  11B4C

"Most of the memex contents are purchased on microfilm ready for insertion. Books of all sorts, pictures, current periodicals, newspapers, are thus obtained and dropped into place.Business correspondence takes the same path. And there is provision for direct entry.On the top of the memex is a transparent platen. On this are placed longhand notes, photographs, memoranda, all sort of things. When one is in place, the depression of a lever causes it to be photographed onto the next blank space in a section of the memex film, dry photography being employed.  11B4D

"There is, of course, provision for consultation of the record by the usual scheme of indexing. If the user wishes to consult a certain book, he taps its code on the keyboard, and the title page of the book promptly appears before him, projected onto one of his viewing positions. Frequently-used codes are mnemonic, so that he seldom consults his code book; but when he does, a single tap of a key projects it for his use. Moreover, he has supplemental levers. On deflecting one of these levers to the right he runs through the book before him, each page in turn being projected at a speed which just allows a recognizing glance at each. If he deflects it further to the right, he steps through the book 10 pages at a time; still further at 100 pages at a time. Deflection to the left gives him the same control backward.  11B4E

"A special button transfers him immediately to the first page of the index. Any given book of his library can thus be called up and consulted with far greater facility than if it were taken from a shelf. As he has several projection positions, he can leave one item in position while he calls up another. He can add marginal notes and comments, taking advantage of one possible type of dry photography, and it could even be arranged so that he can do this by a stylus scheme, such as is now employed in the telautograph seen in railroad waiting rooms, just as though he had the physical page before him.  11B4F

"All this is conventional, except for the projection forward of present-day mechanisms and gadgetry. If affords an immediate step, however, to associative indexing, the basic idea of which is a provision whereby any item may be caused at will to select immediately and automatically another. This is the essential feature of the memex. The process of tying two items together is the important thing.   11B4G

"When the user is building a trail, he names it, inserts the name in his code book, and taps it out on his keyboard. Before him are the two items to be joined, projected onto adjacent viewing positions. At the bottom of each there are a number of blank code spaces, and a pointer is set to indicate one of these on each item. The user taps a single key, and the items are permanently joined. In each code space appears the code word. Out of view, but also in the code space, is inserted a set of dots for photocell viewing; and on each item these dots by their positions designate the index number of the other item.  11B4H

"Thereafter, at any time, when one of these items is in view, the other can be instantly recalled merely by tapping a button below the corresponding code space. Moreover, when numerous items have been thus joined together to form a trail, they can be reviewed in turn, rapidly or slowly, by deflecting a lever like that used for turning the pages of a book. It is exactly as though the physical items had been gathered together to form a new book. It is more than this, for any item can be joined into numerous trails."  11B4I

The Creation. 1508 (detail, Michelangelo)  11C