Unesco Water

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The Millennium Development Goals and Water

 

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

By 2015, reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day

Children in a Madras slum
Children in a Madras slum

The main indicators for progress towards this goal are:
   - Proportion of population living on less than $1 per day;
   - Poverty gap ratio, which is the mean distance below the $1 a day poverty line;
   - Share of the poorest quintile in national consumption.

By 2015, reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Closeup of a child eating rice
Closeup of a child eating rice

The main indicators for progress towards this goal are:
   - Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age;
   - Proportion of population below the minimum level of dietary energy consumption.

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Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education

By 2015, ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling

Primary school class in Baghdad, Iraq
Primary school class in Baghdad, Iraq

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Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015

A women's literacy class in Sudan
A women's literacy class in Sudan

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Goal 4: Reduce child mortality

By 2015, reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five

A woman bathes her daughter in a Haitian street
A woman bathes her daughter in
a Haitian street

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Goal 5: Improve maternal health

By 2015, reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality rate

Young mother breastfeeding her child
Young mother breastfeeding
her child

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Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

By 2015, halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

Children washing their hands in a bucket of water
Children washing their hands in a bucket
of water

By 2015, halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other diseases

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Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

By 2015, integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources

Mangrove in Papua New Guinea
Mangrove in Papua New Guinea

By 2015, reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water

Water reserve in the enclosure of a house
Water reserve in the enclosure of a house

 

Achieve significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020

Man with his children in Phnom Penh slum
Man with his children in Phnom Penh slum

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Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development

Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory

Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction - nationally and internationally.

Address the least developed countries' special needs

This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction.

Deal comprehensively with developing countries' debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term

According to the WWDR, during the last decade, many governments preoccupied by debt and deficit reduction have significantly reduced their expenditures on environment-related infrastructure and services.

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In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and productive work for youth

In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries

In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies - especially information and communication technologies

ICTS can go a long way in enhancing capacity-building and knowledge in the water domain. According to the WWDR, there are at present about 45,000 courses available internationally for online learning, including thirty in hydrology and water resources.

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